Family Nymphalidae

Subfamily: Libytheinae (Snouts)

Libytheana carinenta American Snout

Subfamily: Danainae (Milkweed Butterflies)

Danaus eresimus Soldier
Danaus cleophile Caribbean Queen or Jamaican Monarch
Lycorea halia Tiger Mimic-Queen
Tithorea tarricina Cream-spotted Tigerwing or Variable Prestonian
Dircenna klugii Klug's Clearwing
Melinaea lilis Mimc Tigerwing
Mechanitis polymnia Polymnia Tigerwing
Ithomia patilla Patilla Clearwing
Oleria paula Paula's Clearwing
Oleria zea Zea Clearwing or Bar-celled Oleria
Ceratinia tutia Tutia Clearwing
Episcada salvinia Salvin's Clearwing or Salvin's Ticlear
Pteronymia cotytto Cotytto Clearwing
Hypoleria lavinia Lavinia Clearwing
Greta annette White-spotted Clearwing or White-spotted Greta
Greta diaphanus Antillean Clearwing

Subfamily: Heliconiinae (Longwings)

Altinote ozomene Lamplight Actinote
Actinote anteas Anteas Actinote
Philaethria dido Scarce Bamboo Page
Dione moneta Mexican Silverspot
Dione juno Juno Longwing
Agraulis vanillae Gulf Fritillary
Dryas iulia Julia Heliconian
Dryadula phaetusa Banded Orange Heliconian
Eueides isabella Isabella's Heliconian
Heliconius charithonia Zebra Heliconian
Heliconius hewitsonii Hewitson's Longwing
Heliconius sara Sara Longwing
Heliconius hortense Mexican Longwing
Heliconius erato Erato Heliconian
Heliconius hecale Hecale Longwing
Heliconius ismenius Tiger-striped Longwing
Heliconius cydno Cydno Longwing
Heliconius pachinus Pachinus Longwing
Euptoieta claudia Variegated Fritillary
Euptoieta hegesia Mexican Fritillary
Speyeria diana Diana Fritillary
Speyeria cybele Great Spangled Fritillary
Speyeria aphrodite Aphrodite Fritillary
Speyeria idalia Regal Fritillary
Speyeria nokomis Nokomis Fritillary
Speyeria edwardsii Edwards' Fritillary
Speyeria coronis Coronis Fritillary
Speyeria zerene Zerene Fritillary
Speyeria carolae Carol's Fritillary
Speyeria callippe Callippe Fritillary
Speyeria egleis Great Basin Fritillary
Speyeria adiaste Unsilvered Fritillary
Speyeria atlantis Atlantis Fritillary
Speyeria hesperis Northwestern Fritillary
Speyeria hydaspe Hydaspe Fritillary
Speyeria mormonia Mormon Fritillary
Boloria alaskensis Mountain Fritillary
Boloria eunomia Bog Fritillary
Boloria selene Silver-bordered Fritillary
Boloria bellona Meadow Fritillary
Boloria frigga Frigga Fritillary
Boloria improba Dingy Fritillary
Boloria kriemhild Relict Fritillary
Boloria epithore Pacific Fritillary
Boloria polaris Polaris Fritillary
Boloria freija Freija Fritillary
Boloria natazhati Cryptic Fritillary
Boloria alberta Alberta Fritillary
Boloria astarte Astarte Fritillary
Boloria chariclea Arctic Fritillary

Subfamily: Limenitidinae (Admirals and Relatives)

Historis acheronta Tailed Cecropian
Smyrna blomfildia Blomfild's Beauty
Smyrna karwinskii Karwinski's Beauty
Limenitis arthemis Red-spotted Purple or White Admiral
Limenitis arthemis astyanax 'Astyanax' Red-spotted Purple
Limenitis arthemis arizonensis Arizona Red-spotted Purple
Limenitis lorquini Lorquin's Admiral
Limenitis weidemeyerii Weidemeyer's Admiral
Adelpha bredowii Bredow's Sister
Adelpha eulalia Arizona Sister
Adelpha californica California Sister
Adelpha paraena massilia Massilia Sister
Adelpha tracta Tracta Sister
Adelpha fessonia Band-celled Sister
Adelpha donysa Donysa Sister
Adelpha gelania Antillean Sister
Adelpha basiloides Spot-celled Sister
Adelpha iphicleola Iphicleola Sister or Confusing Sister
Adelpha cytherea Cytherea Sister
Adelpha salmoneus Golden-banded Sister
Adelpha barnesia Barnes' Sister
Adelpha naxia naxia Naxia Sister
Adelpha phylaca Phylaca Sister or Cecropia Sister
Marpesia chiron Many-banded Daggerwing
Marpesia berania fruhstorferi Orange Daggerwing
Marpesia petreus Ruddy Daggerwing
Marpesia eleuchea Antillean Daggerwing
Marpesia zerynthia Waiter Daggerwing

Subfamily: Apaturinae (Emperors)

Asterocampa celtis Hackberry Emperor
Asterocampa leilia Empress Leilia
Asterocampa clyton Tawny Emperor
Asterocampa idyja Dusky Emperor
Doxocopa thoe Hispaniolan Emperor
Doxocopa pavon Pavon Emperor
Doxocopa cyane Mexican Emperor
Doxocopa callianira Nicaraguan Emperor or Guatemalan Emperor
Doxocopa laure Silver Emperor

Subfamily: Biblidinae (Tropical Brushfoots)

Biblis hyperia Red Rim
Mestra amymone Common Mestra
Catonephele mexicana East-Mexican Banner
Catonephele numilia Blue-frosted Banner
Eunica tatila Florida Purplewing
Eunica monima Dingy Purplewing
Myscelia cyananthe Blackened Bluewing
Myscelia cyaniris Whitened Bluewing
Myscelia ethusa Mexican Bluewing
Myscelia aracynthia Hispaniolan Bluewing
Hamadryas februa Gray Cracker
Hamadryas amphichloe Pale Cracker
Hamadryas glauconome Glaucous Cracker
Hamadryas atlantis Black-patched Cracker
Hamadryas feronia Variable Cracker
Hamadryas guatemalena Guatemalan Cracker
Hamadryas iphthime Brownish Cracker
Hamadryas fornax Orange Cracker
Hamadryas amphinome Red Cracker
Bolboneura sylphis Variable Banner or Crinkled Banner
Epiphile adrasta Common Banner
Lucinia sida Caribbean Banner
Pyrrhogyra neaerea Banded Banner
Nica flavilla Little Banner
Temenis laothoe Orange Banner
Dynamine theseus White Sailor
Dynamine tithia Tithian Sailor
Dynamine postverta Mexican Sailor
Dynamine artemesia Small-eyed Sailor
Dynamine dyonis Blue-eyed Sailor
Callicore lyca Six-spotted Eighty-eight
Callicore astarte Blue-stitched Eighty-eight
Callicore pitheas Two-eyed Eighty-eight
Callicore texa Yellow-rimmed Eighty-eight
Callicore tolima Blue-and-orange Eighty-eight
Diaethria anna Anna's Eighty-eight
Diaethria clymena Cramer's Eighty-eight
Diaethria asteria Mexican Eighty-eight
Diaethria astala Astala Eighty-eight or Navy Eighty-eight
Diaethria pandama Orange-striped Eighty-eight

Subfamily: Nymphalinae (True Brushfoots)

Colobura dirce Dirce Beauty
Colobura annulata New Beauty
Hypanartia godmanii Godman's Mapwing
Hypanartia paullus Antillean Mapwing
Hypanartia lethe Orange Mapwing
Poladryas minuta Dotted Checkerspot
Poladryas arachne Arachne Checkerspot
Chlosyne janais Crimson Patch
Chlosyne ehrenbergi White-rayed Patch
Chlosyne definita Definite Patch
Chlosyne eumeda Eumeda (Medial) Patch
Chlosyne marina Marina Patch
Chlosyne melitaeoides Red-spotted Patch
Chlosyne erodyle Erodyle Checkerspot
Chlosyne poecile Poecile Checkerspot
Chlosyne endeis Banded Patch
Chlosyne melanarge Black Patch
Chlosyne hippodrome Simple Checkerspot
Chlosyne rosita Rosita Patch
Chlosyne theona Theona Checkerspot
Chlosyne cyneas Black Checkerspot
Chlosyne fulvia Fulvia Checkerspot
Chlosyne leanira Leanira Checkerspot
Chlosyne nycteis Silvery Checkerspot
Chlosyne gorgone Gorgone Checkerspot
Chlosyne californica California Patch
Chlosyne lacinia Bordered Patch
Chlosyne harrisii Harris' Checkerspot
Chlosyne hoffmanni Hoffmann's Checkerspot
Chlosyne whitneyi Rockslide Checkerspot
Chlosyne acastus Sagebrush Checkerspot
Chlosyne gabbii Gabb's Checkerspot
Chlosyne palla Northern Checkerspot
Dymasia dymas Tiny Checkerspot
Texola elada Elada Checkerspot
Antillea pelops Antillean Crescent
Eresia clio Clio Crescent
Eresia ithomioides Variable Crescent
Eresia phillyra Longwing Crescent
Castilia eranites Mimic Crescent
Castilia ofella White-dotted Crescent
Castilia myia Mayan Crescent
Castilia griseobasalis Gray-based Crescent
Janatella leucodesma Whitened Crescent
Phyciodes graphica Vesta or Graphic Crescent
Phyciodes picta Painted Crescent
Phyciodes orseis California Crescent
Phyciodes pallida Pale Crescent
Phyciodes mylitta Mylitta Crescent
Phyciodes phaon Phaon Crescent
Phyciodes pallescens Mexican Crescent
Phyciodes tharos Pearl Crescent
Phyciodes cocyta Northern Crescent
Phyciodes incognitus Mimic Crescent
Phyciodes batesii Tawny Crescent
Phyciodes pulchella Field Crescent
Anthanassa frisia Cuban Crescent
Anthanassa tulcis Tulcis Crescent
Anthanassa texana Texan Crescent
Anthanassa ptolyca Black Crescent
Anthanassa argentea Chestnut Crescent
Anthanassa atronia Brown Crescent
Anthanassa drusilla Orange-patched Crescent
Anthanassa sitalces Montane Crescent
Tegosa anieta Black-bordered Crescent
Tegosa guatemalena Guatemalan Crescent
Euphydryas gillettii Gillette's Checkerspot
Euphydryas phaeton Baltimore Checkerspot
Euphydryas editha Edith's Checkerspot
Euphydryas chalcedona Chalcedon Checkerspot
Euphydryas anicia Anicia Checkerspot
Euphydryas colon Colon Checkerspot
Junonia coenia Common Buckeye
Junonia genoveva Mangrove Buckeye
Junonia evarete Tropical Buckeye
Anartia jatrophae White Peacock
Anartia fatima Banded Peacock
Anartia chrysopelea Caribbean Peacock
Anartia lytrea Godart's Peacock
Siproeta stelenes Malachite
Siproeta epaphus Rusty-tipped Page
Polygonia comma Eastern Comma
Polygonia satyrus Satyr Comma
Polygonia faunus Green Comma
Polygonia gracilis Hoary Comma
Polygonia zephyrus Zephyr Comma
Polygonia progne Gray Comma
Polygonia oreas Oreas Comma
Aglais milberti Milbert's Tortoiseshell
Aglais urticae Small Tortoiseshell
Nymphalis vaualbum Compton Tortoiseshell
Nymphalis antiopa Mourning Cloak
Nymphalis californica California Tortoiseshell
Vanessa atalanta Red Admiral
Vanessa cardui Painted Lady
Vanessa annabella West Coast Lady
Vanessa virginiensis American Lady
Inachis io European Peacock

Subfamily: Charaxinae (Leafwings)

Consul electra Pearly Leafwing
Consul fabius Tiger-striped Leafwing
Siderone galanthis Red-striped Leafwing
Zaretis ellops Seasonal Leafwing
Anaea troglodyta floridalis Florida Leafwing
Anaea aidea Tropical Leafwing
Anaea andria Goatweed Leafwing
Memphis eurypyle Pointed Leafwing
Memphis glycerium Angled Leafwing
Memphis echemus Chestnut Leafwing
Memphis intermedia Bahaman Leafwing
Memphis pithyusa Pale-spotted Leafwing
Memphis forreri Forrer's Leafwing
Archaeoprepona demophon One-spotted Prepona
Archaeoprepona demophoon Two-spotted Prepona

Subfamily: Satyrinae (Satyrs and Wood-Nymphs)

Manataria hercyna maculata White-spotted Satyr
Morpho deidamia Scarce Morpho
Caligo brasiliensis sulana Dark Owl-Butterfly
Caligo atreus Atreus Owl
Cithaerias pireta Rusted Clearwing-Satyr
Pierella helvina Red-washed Satyr
Pierella luna Moon Satyr
Enodia portlandia Southern Pearly-eye
Enodia anthedon Northern Pearly-eye
Enodia creola Creole Pearly-eye
Satyrodes eurydice Eyed Brown
Satyrodes appalachia Appalachian Brown
Coenonympha haydenii Hayden's Ringlet
Coenonympha tullia Common Ringlet
Cyllopsis hedemanni Stub-tailed Gemmed-Satyr
Cyllopsis gemma Gemmed Satyr
Cyllopsis caballeroi Cowboy Gemmed-Satyr
Cyllopsis pyracmon Nabokov's Satyr
Cyllopsis pephredo Big-spiked Gemmed-Satyr
Cyllopsis nayarit Nayarit Gemmed-Satyr
Cyllopsis pertepida Canyonland Satyr
Cyllopsis hilaria Two-toned Gemmed-Satyr
Paramacera xicaque Pine Satyr
Neonympha areolatus Georgia Satyr
Neonympha helicta Helicta Satyr
Neonympha mitchellii Mitchell's Satyr
Megisto cymela Little Wood-Satyr
Megisto viola Viola's Wood-Satyr
Megisto rubricata Red Satyr
Euptychia westwoodi Westwood's Satyr
Euptychia insolata Insolata Satyr
Hermeuptychia sosybius Carolina Satyr
Hermeuptychia hermes Hermes Satyr
Cissia pseudoconfusa Gold-stained Satyr
Cissia pompilia Plain Satyr
Magneuptychia libye Blue-gray Satyr
Cepheuptychia glaucina Dirty-blue Satyr
Pareuptychia metaleuca White-banded Satyr
Pareuptychia ocirrhoe White Satyr
Satyrotaygetis satyrina Wide-bordered Satyr
Taygetis thamyra Thamyra Satyr
Erebia vidleri Vidler's Alpine
Erebia rossii Ross' Alpine
Erebia disa Disa Alpine
Erebia mancinus Taiga Alpine
Erebia magdalena Magdalena Alpine
Erebia mackinleyensis Mt. McKinley Alpine
Erebia fasciata Banded Alpine
Erebia epipsodea Common Alpine
Erebia discoidalis Red-disked Alpine
Erebia pawlowskii Yellow-dotted Alpine
Erebia youngi Four-dotted Alpine
Erebia callias Colorado Alpine
Erebia kozhantshikovi Reddish Alpine
Neominois ridingsii Ridings' Satyr
Neominois wyomingo Wyoming Satyr
Oeneis philipi Philip's Arctic
Oeneis polixenes Polixenes Arctic
Oeneis jutta Jutta Arctic
Oeneis melissa Melissa Arctic
Oeneis alpina Sentinel Arctic
Oeneis bore White-veined Arctic
Oeneis chryxus Chryxus Arctic
Oeneis alberta Alberta Arctic
Oeneis nevadensis Great Arctic
Oeneis macounii Macoun's Arctic
Oeneis uhleri Uhler's Arctic
Cercyonis pegala Common Wood-Nymph
Cercyonis meadii Mead's Wood-Nymph
Cercyonis sthenele Great Basin Wood-Nymph
Cercyonis oetus Small Wood-Nymph
Gyrocheilus patrobas Red-bordered Satyr
Oxeoschistus tauropolis Yellow-patched Satyr or Starred Oxeo
Calisto pulchella Sugarcane Calisto
Calisto confusa Confused Calisto
Calisto obscura Obscure Calisto
Calisto batesi Bates' Calisto
Calisto herophile Cuban Calisto

Subfamily: Morphinae (Morphos)

Morpho polyphemus White Morpho
Morpho helenor Common Morpho
Opsiphanes boisduvallii Orange Owl-Butterfly
Opsiphanes cassina Split-banded Owl-Butterfly
Opsiphanes tamarindi Narrow-banded Owl-butterfly

Description

The Nymphalidae are members of the Superfamily Papilionoidea, the true butterflies. Distributed worldwide, butterflies of this family are especially rich in the tropics. They are highly variable, and there are more species in this family than in any other. Adults vary in size from small to large, and their front legs are reduced, unable to be used for walking. Wing shape is also highly variable: some species have irregular margins (anglewings and commas), and others have long taillike projections (daggerwings). Browns, oranges, yellows, and blacks are frequent colors, while iridescent colors such as purples and blues are rare. Adults of some groups are the longest-lived butterflies, surviving 6-11 months. Adult feeding behavior depends on the species, where some groups primarily seek flower nectar while others only feed on sap flows, rotting fruit, dung, or animal carcasses. Males exhibit perching and patrolling behaviors when seeking mates. Egg-laying varies widely, as some species lay eggs in clustsers, others in columns, and others singly. Caterpillar appearance and behavior vary widely. Brushfoots overwinter as larvae or adults.