Attributes of Adelpha californica

California Sister
Adelpha californica (Butler, 1865)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Limenitidinae
Identification: This is a medium to large sized brown-black colored butterfly with a relatively narrow dorsal forewing postdiscal creamy white colored band above with a relatively large orange patch on the forewing. Superficially similar looking above to Lorquin's Admiral (Limenitis lorquini) but can be readily separated by the lower placement of the orange forewing patch and the blue lines on the ventral surface of the wings. Can be difficult to separate from Bredow's Sister (Adelpha bredowii) which does not occur in the U.S. and the Arizona Sister (Adelpha eulalia) which does occur in the U.S. Ranges of californica and eulalia are not known to overlap in the USA. Generally, this species is smaller than eulalia. It is less violet below. The dark and bluish ventral hindwing postdiscal bands are poorly developed, sinuous. There are two basal orange bars on the HW below while eulalia has only one. The blue bar along outer edge of white HW bar is incomplete while eulalia's is complete. Rounder orange patch above at apex of forewing in californica; eulalia's tends to be narrower and more linear in shape. Dark borders on forewings above in californica narrower than in eulalia. Range alone will separate these species in the U.S., but note Arizona Sister occurs in eastern Mojave Desert mountain ranges in SE California and in much of southern Nevada.
Wing Span: Usually 2.5-4 inches.
Life History: Two or three broods with main flights overlapping from late March into October, adults sometimes lasting into the winter months. Adults often occur and perch on or near hostplants in canyons with water.
Flight:
Caterpillar Hosts: Various oaks, especially Quercus chrysolepis.
Adult Food: Come to mud, water and rotting fruit. Occasionally come to flowers in the fall months.
Habitat: Occurs in foothills and mid-elevation mountains in oak woodland and mixed coniferous forests, often along the edges of woods or in riparian canyons with small streams. Adults stray higher into Canadian and even occasionally Hudsonian Zone.
Range: Most of California (rarely in deserts or Great Basin), southern Oregon and more northern portions of Nevada. Adults will stray into western edges of deserts in California in the fall months to seek water at springs or streams.
Conservation: Not usually required, usually abundant where found.
NCGR: G5. Demonstrably secure globally.
Management Needs: None noted. Common species.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Adelpha californica

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
October 05, 2016 RichHubie Mendocino County, California, United States October 06, 2016 Details
September 20, 2016 Protobikes Tulare County, California, United States October 05, 2016 Details
September 16, 2016 nay882002 San Luis Obispo County, California, United States September 16, 2016 Details
September 01, 2016 rebeccafm Tulare County, California, United States September 09, 2016 Details
August 08, 2016 MAKI Mariposa County, California, United States September 04, 2016 Details
August 11, 2016 RichHubie Mendocino County, California, United States August 14, 2016 Details
July 27, 2016 Tmack135 San Diego County, California, United States July 31, 2016 Details
June 10, 2016 ncrosbyrd Kern County, California, United States July 21, 2016 Details
June 12, 2016 ncrosbyrd Tulare County, California, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 03, 2016 diwalks2 San Diego County, California, United States July 06, 2016 Details
February 26, 2016 MAKI Ventura County, California, United States February 28, 2016 Details
September 27, 2015 MAKI Santa Barbara County, California, United States October 12, 2015 Details
September 03, 2015 Selwyn Quan Santa Clara County, California, United States September 06, 2015 Details
August 31, 2015 Brad Jonasson Lane County, Oregon, United States September 02, 2015 Details
August 07, 2015 Fritz Riedel San Luis Obispo County, California, United States August 10, 2015 Details
June 28, 2015 Selwyn Quan Santa Clara County, California, United States July 01, 2015 Details
April 26, 2015 Nancy Asquith Contra Costa County, California, United States June 29, 2015 Details
April 16, 2015 Richard1948 Monterey County, California, United States June 28, 2015 Details
April 12, 2015 Selwyn Quan Santa Clara County, California, United States April 15, 2015 Details
April 11, 2015 mbharasz Santa Clara County, California, United States April 13, 2015 Details
March 14, 2015 MAKI Ventura County, California, United States March 15, 2015 Details
April 30, 2014 Josiah Gilbert San Luis Obispo County, California, United States December 26, 2014 Details
April 30, 2014 Josiah Gilbert San Luis Obispo County, California, United States December 26, 2014 Details
September 18, 2014 Ralph S. Carlson Los Angeles County, California, United States September 19, 2014 Details
August 23, 2014 Heather Hill 3 Amador County, California, United States August 26, 2014 Details
August 25, 2014 Mark W. Stockslager Jackson County, Oregon, United States August 25, 2014 Details
August 22, 2014 Ralph S. Carlson Los Angeles County, California, United States August 23, 2014 Details
August 05, 2014 Nancy Hamlett Los Angeles County, California, United States August 12, 2014 Details
April 27, 2014 Bixia Calaveras County, California, United States June 18, 2014 Details
March 04, 2014 MAKI Los Angeles County, California, United States May 29, 2014 Details
March 17, 2014 mmjdelgado Santa Barbara County, California, United States March 31, 2014 Details
March 02, 2014 mmjdelgado Santa Barbara County, California, United States March 31, 2014 Details
March 15, 2014 John Koerner Los Angeles County, California, United States March 18, 2014 Details
September 08, 2013 outdoorjoe2 Siskiyou County, California, United States March 11, 2014 Details
May 05, 2013 icosahedron Sonoma County, California, United States January 17, 2014 Details
August 28, 2010 diwalks2 San Diego County, California, United States December 13, 2013 Details
November 28, 2013 gerryq Humboldt County, California, United States December 03, 2013 Details
November 16, 2013 rweiler1023 Sonoma County, California, United States November 23, 2013 Details
May 12, 2013 Robert Gorman Riverside County, California, United States November 15, 2013 Details
August 28, 2013 mntgirl77 Shasta County, California, United States November 14, 2013 Details
June 01, 2013 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States November 14, 2013 Details
October 26, 2013 Intrinsic3141 Mariposa County, California, United States October 30, 2013 Details
October 18, 2013 philipnott Marin County, California, United States October 18, 2013 Details
October 05, 2013 mudgrub12 Placer County, California, United States October 10, 2013 Details
May 18, 2013 MisakoHill Santa Cruz County, California, United States October 10, 2013 Details
July 20, 2013 zormski Lane County, Oregon, United States October 09, 2013 Details
August 03, 2011 rdcook Sonoma County, California, United States September 09, 2013 Details
August 29, 2013 whbauer California, United States September 03, 2013 Details
July 22, 2013 Josiah Gilbert Monterey County, California, United States August 27, 2013 Details
July 20, 2013 rgpickett California, United States July 21, 2013 Details