Attributes of Adelpha californica

California Sister
Adelpha californica (Butler, 1865)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Limenitidinae
Identification: This is a medium to large sized brown-black colored butterfly with a relatively narrow dorsal forewing postdiscal creamy white colored band above with a relatively large orange patch on the forewing. Superficially similar looking above to Lorquin's Admiral (Limenitis lorquini) but can be readily separated by the lower placement of the orange forewing patch and the blue lines on the ventral surface of the wings. Can be difficult to separate from Bredow's Sister (Adelpha bredowii) which does not occur in the U.S. and the Arizona Sister (Adelpha eulalia) which does occur in the U.S. Ranges of californica and eulalia are not known to overlap in the USA. Generally, this species is smaller than eulalia. It is less violet below. The dark and bluish ventral hindwing postdiscal bands are poorly developed, sinuous. There are two basal orange bars on the HW below while eulalia has only one. The blue bar along outer edge of white HW bar is incomplete while eulalia's is complete. Rounder orange patch above at apex of forewing in californica; eulalia's tends to be narrower and more linear in shape. Dark borders on forewings above in californica narrower than in eulalia. Range alone will separate these species in the U.S., but note Arizona Sister occurs in eastern Mojave Desert mountain ranges in SE California and in much of southern Nevada.
Wing Span: Usually 2.5-4 inches.
Life History: Two or three broods with main flights overlapping from late March into October, adults sometimes lasting into the winter months. Adults often occur and perch on or near hostplants in canyons with water.
Flight:
Caterpillar Hosts: Various oaks, especially Quercus chrysolepis.
Adult Food: Come to mud, water and rotting fruit. Occasionally come to flowers in the fall months.
Habitat: Occurs in foothills and mid-elevation mountains in oak woodland and mixed coniferous forests, often along the edges of woods or in riparian canyons with small streams. Adults stray higher into Canadian and even occasionally Hudsonian Zone.
Range: Most of California (rarely in deserts or Great Basin), southern Oregon and more northern portions of Nevada. Adults will stray into western edges of deserts in California in the fall months to seek water at springs or streams.
Conservation: Not usually required, usually abundant where found.
NCGR: G5. Demonstrably secure globally.
Management Needs: None noted. Common species.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Adelpha californica

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 27, 2014 Bixia Calaveras County, California, United States June 18, 2014 Details
March 04, 2014 MAKI Los Angeles County, California, United States May 29, 2014 Details
March 17, 2014 mmjdelgado Santa Barbara County, California, United States March 31, 2014 Details
March 02, 2014 mmjdelgado Santa Barbara County, California, United States March 31, 2014 Details
March 15, 2014 John Koerner Los Angeles County, California, United States March 18, 2014 Details
September 08, 2013 outdoorjoe2 Siskiyou County, California, United States March 11, 2014 Details
May 05, 2013 icosahedron Sonoma County, California, United States January 17, 2014 Details
August 28, 2010 diwalks2 San Diego County, California, United States December 13, 2013 Details
November 28, 2013 gerryq Humboldt County, California, United States December 03, 2013 Details
November 16, 2013 rweiler1023 Sonoma County, California, United States November 23, 2013 Details
May 12, 2013 Robert Gorman Riverside County, California, United States November 15, 2013 Details
August 28, 2013 mntgirl77 Shasta County, California, United States November 14, 2013 Details
June 01, 2013 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States November 14, 2013 Details
October 26, 2013 Intrinsic3141 Mariposa County, California, United States October 30, 2013 Details
October 18, 2013 philipnott Marin County, California, United States October 18, 2013 Details
October 05, 2013 mudgrub12 Placer County, California, United States October 10, 2013 Details
May 18, 2013 MisakoHill Santa Cruz County, California, United States October 10, 2013 Details
July 20, 2013 zormski Lane County, Oregon, United States October 09, 2013 Details
August 03, 2011 rdcook Sonoma County, California, United States September 09, 2013 Details
August 29, 2013 whbauer California, United States September 03, 2013 Details
July 22, 2013 Josiah Gilbert Monterey County, California, United States August 27, 2013 Details
July 20, 2013 rgpickett California, United States July 21, 2013 Details
July 17, 2013 Ralph S. Carlson Los Angeles County, California, United States July 19, 2013 Details
June 06, 2013 Josiah Gilbert San Luis Obispo County, California, United States July 14, 2013 Details
July 06, 2013 waterfall1813 Los Angeles County, California, United States July 08, 2013 Details
June 14, 2013 Ralph S. Carlson Los Angeles County, California, United States June 24, 2013 Details
April 27, 2013 KarenBP San Diego County, California, United States May 01, 2013 Details
June 28, 1985 legacy.reporter (George T. Austin) Carson City County, Nevada, United States December 01, 2012 Details
July 01, 1985 legacy.reporter (George T. Austin) Carson City County, Nevada, United States December 01, 2012 Details
June 28, 1985 legacy.reporter (George T. Austin) Douglas County, Nevada, United States December 01, 2012 Details
July 01, 1985 legacy.reporter (George T. Austin) Douglas County, Nevada, United States December 01, 2012 Details
June 28, 1985 legacy.reporter (George T. Austin) Washoe County, Nevada, United States December 01, 2012 Details
July 01, 1985 legacy.reporter (George T. Austin) Washoe County, Nevada, United States December 01, 2012 Details
September 12, 2009 jeffmci9 Jeff Davis County, Texas, United States September 11, 2012 Details
June 12, 2012 sonofbert Mendocino County, California, United States June 25, 2012 Details
June 20, 2012 Steve McWilliams Riverside County, California, United States June 21, 2012 Details
May 28, 2012 shakespearenut Los Angeles County, California, United States May 30, 2012 Details
April 22, 2011 G Hanson Placer County, California, United States May 25, 2012 Details
June 11, 2011 deweidemann Napa County, California, United States May 13, 2012 Details
October 12, 2010 lilimax Riverside County, California, United States January 26, 2012 Details
June 26, 2012 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Mono County, California, United States January 01, 2012 Details
October 20, 2011 Greg Dean Mariposa County, California, United States October 25, 2011 Details
September 30, 2011 shakespearenut Los Angeles County, California, United States October 21, 2011 Details
September 17, 2011 feller53 San Mateo County, California, United States September 20, 2011 Details
August 13, 2011 Jebflutterby San Mateo County, California, United States September 08, 2011 Details
September 08, 2011 r.barbaro@sbcglobal.net Nevada County, California, United States September 08, 2011 Details
August 14, 2011 rstrand Los Angeles County, California, United States August 15, 2011 Details
September 25, 2010 guy_incognito San Bernardino County, California, United States August 14, 2011 Details
July 03, 2011 trishy Mendocino County, California, United States July 29, 2011 Details
July 14, 2011 JenMay Los Angeles County, California, United States July 15, 2011 Details