Attributes of Oeneis melissa

Melissa Arctic
Oeneis melissa (Fabricius, 1775)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Satyrinae
Identification: Wings are translucent, wing fringes are often checkered. Upperside is gray-brown with faint or absent eyespots. Underside of hindwing is mottled black and gray; median band is lacking or faint with white outlines.
Wing Span: 1 5/8 - 2 inches (4.2 - 5.1 cm).
Life History: To find females, males perch and patrol rocky areas during the day. Females lay eggs on sedges or in litter around them. Caterpillars feed at night and pupate under mosses and rocks. Two years are required to complete development; the first winter is passed by first-stage caterpillars, the second winter by mature caterpillars.
Flight: One brood from mid-June to early August.
Caterpillar Hosts: Sedges including Carex bigelowii and C. rupestris.
Adult Food: Not reported.
Habitat: Tundra, talus slopes, rocky summits and saddles, frost-heaved clear-cuts.
Range: Holarctic. Siberia and the North American arctic from Alaska east to Baffin Island and Labrador. Isolated populations in the Rocky Mountains south to northern New Mexico and in the White Mountains of New Hampshire (O. m. semidea).
Conservation: Necessary only for subspecies semidea.
NCGR: Oeneis melissa semidea of New Hampshire has The Nature Conservancy Global Rank of G2 - Imperiled globally because of rarity (6 to 20 occurrences), or because of other factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range. (Endangered throughout its range).
Management Needs: Prevent development or trampling of habitat in New Hampshire.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Oeneis melissa

Click on an image to view full size and to see additional details.

Oeneis melissa - 3776_25.jpg

Oeneis melissa - 3776_25.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

How to use the map:
Click on the map and move your mouse to pan.
Zoom by using the plus [+] and minus [-] on the left side of the map.
To change which map layers are displayed, click on the plus sign [+] on the right side of the map and turn on/off the data layers and base layers.

*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

See more recently verified sightings of all species.

You don't have Javascript enabled. Hover for more information! But don't worry: you can still use this web site! You have two options:
  • enable Javascript in your browser and then refresh this page, for a much enhanced experience.
  • click the Update button every time you want to update the selection.
Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 11, 2012 plex1ppus Okanogan County, Washington, United States August 28, 2012 Details
July 10, 2010 stevecary Taos County, New Mexico, United States January 25, 2011 Details
June 30, 2002 legacy.reporter (PR) Yukon-Koyukuk Borough, Alaska, United States January 23, 2008 Details
June 28, 1995 legacy.reporter (F/P) Northwest Arctic Borough, Alaska, United States January 23, 2008 Details
June 30, 1998 legacy.reporter (ALS) Yukon-Koyukuk Borough, Alaska, United States January 23, 2008 Details
July 07, 1996 legacy.reporter (KWP) Denali Borough, Alaska, United States January 23, 2008 Details
June 24, 1999 legacy.reporter (JLH) North Slope Borough, Alaska, United States January 23, 2008 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Coos County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Alaska, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Jackson County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Larimer County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Grand County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Clear Creek County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Gilpin County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Boulder County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Adams County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Mineral County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Pitkin County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Lake County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Park County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Teller County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter El Paso County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Gunnison County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Chaffee County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Fremont County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Custer County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Saguache County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Ouray County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter San Juan County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter San Miguel County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter La Plata County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Rio Grande County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Costilla County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Huerfano County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Las Animas County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Dolores County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Alamosa County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Routt County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Summit County, Colorado, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Glacier County, Montana, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Stillwater County, Montana, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Carbon County, Montana, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Taos County, New Mexico, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Mora County, New Mexico, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Summit County, Utah, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Daggett County, Utah, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Uintah County, Utah, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Duchesne County, Utah, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Park County, Wyoming, United States December 31, 2004 Details