Attributes of Limenitis archippus

Viceroy
Limenitis archippus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Limenitidinae
Identification: Upperside is orange and black, resembling the Monarch (Danaus plexippus), except the Viceroy has a black line across the hindwing and a single row of white dots in the black marginal band. Where Monarchs are rare in Florida, Georgia, and the Southwest, Viceroys are brown instead of orange and mimic the Queen (Danaus gilippus).
Wing Span: 2 1/2 - 3 3/8 inches (6.3 - 8.6 cm).
Life History: During most of the day, males perch on vegetation or patrol around the host plants to find females. Females lay eggs at the tip of host plant leaves, depositing only two or three eggs on a plant before moving to another. Caterpillars eat their eggshells after they hatch, then at night feed on catkins and leaves. Young caterpillars make a ball of leaf bits, dung, and silk which hangs off the leaf on which they are feeding; the dangling mass may distract predators. Third-stage caterpillars make a shelter from a rolled leaf tip in which to spend the winter. The Viceroy is a Mullerian mimic of the Monarch, and it is also distasteful.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-September in most of its range, all year in Florida.
Caterpillar Hosts: Trees in the willow family (Salicaceae) including willows (Salix), and poplars and cottonwoods (Populus).
Adult Food: Early in the season when few flowers are available Viceroys feed on aphid honeydew, carrion, dung, and decaying fungi. Later generations feed more often at flowers, favoring composites including aster, goldenrod, joe-pye weed, shepherd's needle, and Canada thistle.
Habitat: Moist open or shrubby areas such as lake and swamp edges, willow thickets, valley bottoms, wet meadows, and roadsides.
Range: Northwest Territories south along the eastern edges of the Cascade and Sierra Nevada mountains to central Mexico, east through all the eastern United States.
Conservation: The Obsolete Viceroy (subspecies obsoleta) has lost much of its habitat due to development, water impoundment, and the exotic aggressive saltcedar.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Restore riparian habitats in the Southwest. Conserve extant habitats.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Limenitis archippus

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Limenitis archippus - limenitis_archippus_obsoleta_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Limenitis archippus - limenitis_archippus_obsoleta_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg








Limenitis archippus - Viceroy-Simons.jpg

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Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippusSanders.jpg

Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippusSanders.jpg













The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 25, 2015 digginflowers Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States August 25, 2015 Details
July 28, 2015 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States August 23, 2015 Details
August 21, 2015 brandahl La Porte County, Indiana, United States August 22, 2015 Details
August 19, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 19, 2015 Details
July 08, 2015 Chesaloosa Caroline County, Maryland, United States August 18, 2015 Details
August 15, 2015 jim8435wisc Wood County, Wisconsin, United States August 18, 2015 Details
August 04, 2015 jim8435wisc Lafayette County, Wisconsin, United States August 16, 2015 Details
August 13, 2015 MarkNenadov Ontario, Canada August 14, 2015 Details
August 10, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 11, 2015 Details
August 09, 2015 JRonan17 Herkimer County, New York, United States August 10, 2015 Details
August 04, 2015 MarkNenadov Ontario, Canada August 10, 2015 Details
August 07, 2015 Jarchibold Saratoga County, New York, United States August 08, 2015 Details
June 14, 2015 Sepp Meier Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States August 07, 2015 Details
August 01, 2015 Kurt R. Schwarz Howard County, Maryland, United States August 07, 2015 Details
July 07, 2015 Jack Senzig Juneau County, Wisconsin, United States August 06, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 Kzfisherman McHenry County, Illinois, United States August 06, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 05, 2015 Details
August 03, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 05, 2015 Details
August 05, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 05, 2015 Details
August 03, 2015 Chris Blomme Ontario, Canada August 04, 2015 Details
July 29, 2015 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 31, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 roseanna Muhlenberg County, Kentucky, United States July 27, 2015 Details
April 24, 2015 Ron Smith Pinellas County, Florida, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 21, 2015 CA Ivy Franklin County, Arkansas, United States July 24, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 Doug Bruce Clay County, Tennessee, United States July 20, 2015 Details
July 10, 2015 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States July 17, 2015 Details
July 12, 2015 2mama2 Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States July 17, 2015 Details
May 30, 2010 Pierre Howard Camden County, Georgia, United States July 16, 2015 Details
June 09, 2015 Sue Orlowski Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States July 13, 2015 Details
July 12, 2015 naturestrider Champaign County, Illinois, United States July 13, 2015 Details
June 30, 2015 AnnL Todd County, Minnesota, United States July 06, 2015 Details
June 28, 2015 Sparks7 Yavapai County, Arizona, United States June 29, 2015 Details
June 28, 2015 roseanna Casey County, Kentucky, United States June 28, 2015 Details
June 25, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada June 26, 2015 Details
April 08, 2011 ncrosbyrd McIntosh County, Georgia, United States June 23, 2015 Details
June 16, 2015 gdabowman Oakland County, Michigan, United States June 19, 2015 Details
June 18, 2015 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States June 18, 2015 Details
June 17, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada June 17, 2015 Details
June 05, 2015 Kimberly Mrozinski Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States June 16, 2015 Details
June 08, 2015 Ken Bosso Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana, United States June 08, 2015 Details
June 02, 2015 mbarchok Alachua County, Florida, United States June 04, 2015 Details
June 01, 2015 Martin and Sara Chambers County, Texas, United States June 01, 2015 Details
May 26, 2015 whbauer Bexar County, Texas, United States May 27, 2015 Details
May 24, 2015 Doug Bruce Carter County, Tennessee, United States May 24, 2015 Details
September 20, 2014 GoldenRose82 Carter County, Kentucky, United States May 17, 2015 Details
May 01, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States May 14, 2015 Details
May 10, 2015 gunhilda Payne County, Oklahoma, United States May 10, 2015 Details
April 12, 2015 cyric Palm Beach County, Florida, United States May 06, 2015 Details
April 29, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 30, 2015 Details
April 25, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 27, 2015 Details