Attributes of Limenitis archippus

Viceroy
Limenitis archippus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Limenitidinae
Identification: Upperside is orange and black, resembling the Monarch (Danaus plexippus), except the Viceroy has a black line across the hindwing and a single row of white dots in the black marginal band. Where Monarchs are rare in Florida, Georgia, and the Southwest, Viceroys are brown instead of orange and mimic the Queen (Danaus gilippus).
Wing Span: 2 1/2 - 3 3/8 inches (6.3 - 8.6 cm).
Life History: During most of the day, males perch on vegetation or patrol around the host plants to find females. Females lay eggs at the tip of host plant leaves, depositing only two or three eggs on a plant before moving to another. Caterpillars eat their eggshells after they hatch, then at night feed on catkins and leaves. Young caterpillars make a ball of leaf bits, dung, and silk which hangs off the leaf on which they are feeding; the dangling mass may distract predators. Third-stage caterpillars make a shelter from a rolled leaf tip in which to spend the winter. The Viceroy is a Mullerian mimic of the Monarch, and it is also distasteful.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-September in most of its range, all year in Florida.
Caterpillar Hosts: Trees in the willow family (Salicaceae) including willows (Salix), and poplars and cottonwoods (Populus).
Adult Food: Early in the season when few flowers are available Viceroys feed on aphid honeydew, carrion, dung, and decaying fungi. Later generations feed more often at flowers, favoring composites including aster, goldenrod, joe-pye weed, shepherd's needle, and Canada thistle.
Habitat: Moist open or shrubby areas such as lake and swamp edges, willow thickets, valley bottoms, wet meadows, and roadsides.
Range: Northwest Territories south along the eastern edges of the Cascade and Sierra Nevada mountains to central Mexico, east through all the eastern United States.
Conservation: The Obsolete Viceroy (subspecies obsoleta) has lost much of its habitat due to development, water impoundment, and the exotic aggressive saltcedar.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Restore riparian habitats in the Southwest. Conserve extant habitats.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Limenitis archippus

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Limenitis archippus - limenitis_archippus_obsoleta_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Limenitis archippus - limenitis_archippus_obsoleta_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg








Limenitis archippus - Viceroy-Simons.jpg

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Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippus.jpg
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Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippusSanders.jpg

Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippusSanders.jpg













The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 17, 2016 aarongunnar Dane County, Wisconsin, United States September 25, 2016 Details
August 21, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States September 25, 2016 Details
August 26, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States September 25, 2016 Details
September 11, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States September 25, 2016 Details
September 20, 2016 WhitterC Wagoner County, Oklahoma, United States September 23, 2016 Details
September 17, 2016 Anne Wills Mason County, West Virginia, United States September 18, 2016 Details
September 16, 2016 margueritehamilton Ontario, Canada September 17, 2016 Details
September 16, 2016 Jeff Trahan Howard County, Arkansas, United States September 17, 2016 Details
September 11, 2016 Anne Wills Putnam County, West Virginia, United States September 16, 2016 Details
September 04, 2016 Doug Bruce Obion County, Tennessee, United States September 12, 2016 Details
August 26, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States September 11, 2016 Details
August 28, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States September 11, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 Kzfisherman Newton County, Indiana, United States September 10, 2016 Details
June 04, 2015 johngor Ontario, Canada September 10, 2016 Details
September 08, 2016 gpstewart Caldwell County, Texas, United States September 09, 2016 Details
September 01, 2016 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States September 09, 2016 Details
September 07, 2016 hmclin Adams County, Pennsylvania, United States September 08, 2016 Details
September 03, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States September 06, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 Anne Wills Putnam County, West Virginia, United States September 06, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 Anne Wills Cabell County, West Virginia, United States September 06, 2016 Details
September 03, 2016 curtis.lehman Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States September 04, 2016 Details
September 03, 2016 chrissmith102568 Durham County, North Carolina, United States September 03, 2016 Details
August 31, 2016 AJ Trently Fayette County, Tennessee, United States September 01, 2016 Details
July 27, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States August 30, 2016 Details
August 21, 2016 Paul Tavares Manitoba, Canada August 30, 2016 Details
August 18, 2016 crazyhorse Clay County, Missouri, United States August 27, 2016 Details
July 22, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2016 Details
July 28, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2016 Details
July 26, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2016 Details
August 22, 2016 monikawood Tioga County, Pennsylvania, United States August 24, 2016 Details
August 20, 2016 Allen Gathman Alexander County, Illinois, United States August 21, 2016 Details
August 19, 2016 philohela Lincoln County, Nevada, United States August 19, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 elegrand Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 15, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 elegrand Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 15, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 monikawood Steuben County, New York, United States August 11, 2016 Details
August 06, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States August 07, 2016 Details
July 11, 2016 air3bwm Floyd County, Indiana, United States August 04, 2016 Details
August 24, 2013 DCLinck St Francis County, Arkansas, United States July 30, 2016 Details
September 14, 2014 Allen Gathman Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, United States July 26, 2016 Details
July 23, 2016 Kzfisherman Kankakee County, Illinois, United States July 25, 2016 Details
July 20, 2016 CA Ivy Muskogee County, Oklahoma, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 14, 2016 M Kuhlman Missoula County, Montana, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 13, 2016 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 13, 2016 Details
July 08, 2016 altairpilot Grant County, Washington, United States July 09, 2016 Details
June 23, 2016 jvkopple2 Antrim County, Michigan, United States July 06, 2016 Details
July 04, 2016 Jonathan Clark Catahoula Parish, Louisiana, United States July 05, 2016 Details
June 25, 2016 Jonathan Clark La Salle Parish, Louisiana, United States July 04, 2016 Details
July 03, 2016 Doug Bruce Gibson County, Tennessee, United States July 04, 2016 Details
May 06, 2016 gunhilda Payne County, Oklahoma, United States July 04, 2016 Details
June 04, 2016 mellielong Orange County, Florida, United States June 09, 2016 Details