Attributes of Limenitis archippus

Viceroy
Limenitis archippus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Limenitidinae
Identification: Upperside is orange and black, resembling the Monarch (Danaus plexippus), except the Viceroy has a black line across the hindwing and a single row of white dots in the black marginal band. Where Monarchs are rare in Florida, Georgia, and the Southwest, Viceroys are brown instead of orange and mimic the Queen (Danaus gilippus).
Wing Span: 2 1/2 - 3 3/8 inches (6.3 - 8.6 cm).
Life History: During most of the day, males perch on vegetation or patrol around the host plants to find females. Females lay eggs at the tip of host plant leaves, depositing only two or three eggs on a plant before moving to another. Caterpillars eat their eggshells after they hatch, then at night feed on catkins and leaves. Young caterpillars make a ball of leaf bits, dung, and silk which hangs off the leaf on which they are feeding; the dangling mass may distract predators. Third-stage caterpillars make a shelter from a rolled leaf tip in which to spend the winter. The Viceroy is a Mullerian mimic of the Monarch, and it is also distasteful.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-September in most of its range, all year in Florida.
Caterpillar Hosts: Trees in the willow family (Salicaceae) including willows (Salix), and poplars and cottonwoods (Populus).
Adult Food: Early in the season when few flowers are available Viceroys feed on aphid honeydew, carrion, dung, and decaying fungi. Later generations feed more often at flowers, favoring composites including aster, goldenrod, joe-pye weed, shepherd's needle, and Canada thistle.
Habitat: Moist open or shrubby areas such as lake and swamp edges, willow thickets, valley bottoms, wet meadows, and roadsides.
Range: Northwest Territories south along the eastern edges of the Cascade and Sierra Nevada mountains to central Mexico, east through all the eastern United States.
Conservation: The Obsolete Viceroy (subspecies obsoleta) has lost much of its habitat due to development, water impoundment, and the exotic aggressive saltcedar.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Restore riparian habitats in the Southwest. Conserve extant habitats.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Limenitis archippus

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Limenitis archippus - limenitis_archippus_obsoleta_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Limenitis archippus - limenitis_archippus_obsoleta_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg








Limenitis archippus - Viceroy-Simons.jpg

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Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippusSanders.jpg

Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippusSanders.jpg













The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 14, 2014 agathman Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, United States July 26, 2016 Details
July 23, 2016 Kzfisherman Kankakee County, Illinois, United States July 25, 2016 Details
July 20, 2016 CA Ivy Muskogee County, Oklahoma, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 14, 2016 M Kuhlman Missoula County, Montana, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 13, 2016 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 13, 2016 Details
July 08, 2016 altairpilot Grant County, Washington, United States July 09, 2016 Details
June 23, 2016 jvkopple2 Antrim County, Michigan, United States July 06, 2016 Details
July 04, 2016 Jonathan Clark Catahoula Parish, Louisiana, United States July 05, 2016 Details
June 25, 2016 Jonathan Clark La Salle Parish, Louisiana, United States July 04, 2016 Details
July 03, 2016 Doug Bruce Gibson County, Tennessee, United States July 04, 2016 Details
May 06, 2016 gunhilda Payne County, Oklahoma, United States July 04, 2016 Details
June 04, 2016 mellielong Orange County, Florida, United States June 09, 2016 Details
May 28, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States June 05, 2016 Details
August 19, 2015 Trailmaker Jefferson County, Ohio, United States May 10, 2016 Details
May 10, 2016 hiker96 Leavenworth County, Kansas, United States May 10, 2016 Details
May 09, 2016 monstermoose Henry County, Indiana, United States May 09, 2016 Details
May 06, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States May 07, 2016 Details
May 03, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States May 07, 2016 Details
April 25, 2016 ncrosbyrd Monroe County, Florida, United States May 03, 2016 Details
April 27, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 27, 2016 Details
March 21, 2016 Clara4 Graham County, Arizona, United States April 21, 2016 Details
August 22, 2015 SkrentnyJeff Putnam County, Illinois, United States February 20, 2016 Details
July 07, 2005 Ilse Gebhard Kalamazoo County, Michigan, United States January 20, 2016 Details
November 21, 2015 Sue Allie Lake County, Florida, United States December 31, 2015 Details
June 23, 2015 routledge_SaultCollege Mackinac County, Michigan, United States December 30, 2015 Details
June 01, 2015 Joe Bartok Ontario, Canada November 30, 2015 Details
July 29, 2015 Joe Bartok Ontario, Canada November 30, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 Cathy Miller Charleston County, South Carolina, United States November 23, 2015 Details
June 26, 2015 Larkspur Kent County, Michigan, United States November 14, 2015 Details
September 13, 2015 Niayre Cobb County, Georgia, United States October 15, 2015 Details
October 14, 2015 stephen stedman Crockett County, Tennessee, United States October 14, 2015 Details
October 09, 2015 Doug Bruce Crockett County, Tennessee, United States October 12, 2015 Details
October 11, 2015 S. J. Stedman Barren County, Kentucky, United States October 12, 2015 Details
September 02, 2015 gpstewart Texas, United States, Williamson County October 09, 2015 Details
October 09, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States October 09, 2015 Details
October 06, 2015 Doug Bruce Tipton County, Tennessee, United States October 07, 2015 Details
September 09, 2015 roseanna Pulaski County, Kentucky, United States October 06, 2015 Details
October 04, 2015 cosmic_cat Texas, Marion County, United States October 05, 2015 Details
September 27, 2015 Doug Bruce Loudon County, Tennessee, United States September 28, 2015 Details
September 15, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada September 26, 2015 Details
September 24, 2015 Paul Tavares Ontario, Canada September 26, 2015 Details
September 07, 2015 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States September 22, 2015 Details
September 09, 2015 aarongunnar Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States September 22, 2015 Details
September 09, 2015 aarongunnar Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States September 22, 2015 Details
September 11, 2015 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States September 22, 2015 Details
September 11, 2015 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States September 22, 2015 Details
September 14, 2015 underwood.jones Wyandotte County, Kansas, United States September 15, 2015 Details
September 13, 2015 stephen stedman Jackson County, Tennessee, United States September 13, 2015 Details
August 28, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada September 12, 2015 Details
September 10, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada September 12, 2015 Details