Attributes of Limenitis archippus

Viceroy
Limenitis archippus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Limenitidinae
Identification: Upperside is orange and black, resembling the Monarch (Danaus plexippus), except the Viceroy has a black line across the hindwing and a single row of white dots in the black marginal band. Where Monarchs are rare in Florida, Georgia, and the Southwest, Viceroys are brown instead of orange and mimic the Queen (Danaus gilippus).
Wing Span: 2 1/2 - 3 3/8 inches (6.3 - 8.6 cm).
Life History: During most of the day, males perch on vegetation or patrol around the host plants to find females. Females lay eggs at the tip of host plant leaves, depositing only two or three eggs on a plant before moving to another. Caterpillars eat their eggshells after they hatch, then at night feed on catkins and leaves. Young caterpillars make a ball of leaf bits, dung, and silk which hangs off the leaf on which they are feeding; the dangling mass may distract predators. Third-stage caterpillars make a shelter from a rolled leaf tip in which to spend the winter. The Viceroy is a Mullerian mimic of the Monarch, and it is also distasteful.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-September in most of its range, all year in Florida.
Caterpillar Hosts: Trees in the willow family (Salicaceae) including willows (Salix), and poplars and cottonwoods (Populus).
Adult Food: Early in the season when few flowers are available Viceroys feed on aphid honeydew, carrion, dung, and decaying fungi. Later generations feed more often at flowers, favoring composites including aster, goldenrod, joe-pye weed, shepherd's needle, and Canada thistle.
Habitat: Moist open or shrubby areas such as lake and swamp edges, willow thickets, valley bottoms, wet meadows, and roadsides.
Range: Northwest Territories south along the eastern edges of the Cascade and Sierra Nevada mountains to central Mexico, east through all the eastern United States.
Conservation: The Obsolete Viceroy (subspecies obsoleta) has lost much of its habitat due to development, water impoundment, and the exotic aggressive saltcedar.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Restore riparian habitats in the Southwest. Conserve extant habitats.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Limenitis archippus

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Limenitis archippus - limenitis_archippus_obsoleta_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Limenitis archippus - limenitis_archippus_obsoleta_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg








Limenitis archippus - Viceroy-Simons.jpg

Limenitis archippus - Viceroy-Simons.jpg
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Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippus2.jpg
Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippus.jpg

Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippus.jpg
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Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippus3.jpg
Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippusSanders.jpg

Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippusSanders.jpg













The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
June 25, 2013 ellenjones6 Franklin County, New York, United States March 22, 2014 Details
July 20, 2013 Ken Cheeks Aiken County, South Carolina, United States February 22, 2014 Details
July 26, 2013 jr.berry Union County, New Jersey, United States January 29, 2014 Details
July 19, 1971 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 28, 2013 Details
September 15, 2013 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States December 23, 2013 Details
November 09, 2013 Gary The Villages Sumter County, Florida, United States November 20, 2013 Details
August 11, 2013 marquy Wayne County, Michigan, United States November 15, 2013 Details
September 07, 2013 dandtkienzle Tunica County, Mississippi, United States October 29, 2013 Details
October 28, 2013 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States October 29, 2013 Details
September 19, 2013 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States October 25, 2013 Details
October 16, 2013 Kimberly Mrozinski Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States October 20, 2013 Details
October 16, 2013 systanfield Richland County, South Carolina, United States October 17, 2013 Details
October 12, 2013 Doug Bruce Carroll County, Tennessee, United States October 13, 2013 Details
October 09, 2013 stephen stedman Haywood County, Tennessee, United States October 12, 2013 Details
October 10, 2013 stephen stedman Gibson County, Tennessee, United States October 11, 2013 Details
October 08, 2013 stephen stedman Haywood County, Tennessee, United States October 09, 2013 Details
September 22, 2012 Carol ONeil James City County, Virginia, United States October 08, 2013 Details
October 08, 2013 stephen stedman Hardeman County, Tennessee, United States October 08, 2013 Details
October 06, 2013 stephen stedman Fayette County, Tennessee, United States October 07, 2013 Details
October 07, 2013 stephen stedman Tipton County, Tennessee, United States October 07, 2013 Details
October 03, 2013 Mary Franceline Malone Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States October 06, 2013 Details
October 06, 2013 systanfield Richland County, South Carolina, United States October 06, 2013 Details
September 27, 2013 Gary The Villages Sumter County, Florida, United States September 30, 2013 Details
September 27, 2013 Kimberly Mrozinski Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States September 30, 2013 Details
September 20, 2013 patricia silvernail Jackson County, Georgia, United States September 27, 2013 Details
September 21, 2013 treichard Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States September 25, 2013 Details
September 22, 2013 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States September 23, 2013 Details
September 19, 2013 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States September 20, 2013 Details
August 31, 2013 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States September 18, 2013 Details
September 03, 2005 giardini57 Elbert County, Georgia, United States September 17, 2013 Details
September 16, 2013 Nancee Cobb Bay County, Florida, United States September 17, 2013 Details
July 27, 2013 WendyJG Winnebago County, Illinois, United States September 16, 2013 Details
September 15, 2013 VidyaVenkat New Castle County, Delaware, United States September 15, 2013 Details
August 29, 2013 spruceridge Ontario, Canada September 12, 2013 Details
August 25, 2013 beakie Polk County, Florida, United States September 10, 2013 Details
September 07, 2013 Nancee Cobb Calhoun County, Florida, United States September 10, 2013 Details
August 03, 2013 Peggy O Taylor County, Wisconsin, United States September 09, 2013 Details
September 08, 2013 treichard Howard County, Maryland, United States September 09, 2013 Details
September 07, 2013 tstoddard York County, Pennsylvania, United States September 08, 2013 Details
August 30, 2013 Jeff Brown Greene County, Ohio, United States September 04, 2013 Details
August 31, 2013 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States September 01, 2013 Details
August 10, 2013 Janet Tubb Ontario, Canada August 30, 2013 Details
August 24, 2013 klavierabend Orange County, New York, United States August 25, 2013 Details
August 25, 2013 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 25, 2013 Details
August 01, 2013 Sean Werle Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States August 23, 2013 Details
July 21, 2013 schmev24 Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States August 23, 2013 Details
July 17, 2013 Lauenstein Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States August 23, 2013 Details
August 11, 2013 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada August 23, 2013 Details
August 10, 2013 dandtkienzle De Soto County, Mississippi, United States August 21, 2013 Details
August 17, 2013 jsherman Oakland County, Michigan, United States August 21, 2013 Details