Attributes of Limenitis archippus

Viceroy
Limenitis archippus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Limenitidinae
Identification: Upperside is orange and black, resembling the Monarch (Danaus plexippus), except the Viceroy has a black line across the hindwing and a single row of white dots in the black marginal band. Where Monarchs are rare in Florida, Georgia, and the Southwest, Viceroys are brown instead of orange and mimic the Queen (Danaus gilippus).
Wing Span: 2 1/2 - 3 3/8 inches (6.3 - 8.6 cm).
Life History: During most of the day, males perch on vegetation or patrol around the host plants to find females. Females lay eggs at the tip of host plant leaves, depositing only two or three eggs on a plant before moving to another. Caterpillars eat their eggshells after they hatch, then at night feed on catkins and leaves. Young caterpillars make a ball of leaf bits, dung, and silk which hangs off the leaf on which they are feeding; the dangling mass may distract predators. Third-stage caterpillars make a shelter from a rolled leaf tip in which to spend the winter. The Viceroy is a Mullerian mimic of the Monarch, and it is also distasteful.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-September in most of its range, all year in Florida.
Caterpillar Hosts: Trees in the willow family (Salicaceae) including willows (Salix), and poplars and cottonwoods (Populus).
Adult Food: Early in the season when few flowers are available Viceroys feed on aphid honeydew, carrion, dung, and decaying fungi. Later generations feed more often at flowers, favoring composites including aster, goldenrod, joe-pye weed, shepherd's needle, and Canada thistle.
Habitat: Moist open or shrubby areas such as lake and swamp edges, willow thickets, valley bottoms, wet meadows, and roadsides.
Range: Northwest Territories south along the eastern edges of the Cascade and Sierra Nevada mountains to central Mexico, east through all the eastern United States.
Conservation: The Obsolete Viceroy (subspecies obsoleta) has lost much of its habitat due to development, water impoundment, and the exotic aggressive saltcedar.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Restore riparian habitats in the Southwest. Conserve extant habitats.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Limenitis archippus

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Limenitis archippus - limenitis_archippus_obsoleta_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Limenitis archippus - limenitis_archippus_obsoleta_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg








Limenitis archippus - Viceroy-Simons.jpg

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Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippus2.jpg
Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippus.jpg

Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippus.jpg
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Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippusSanders.jpg

Limenitis archippus - Limenitis_archippusSanders.jpg













The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 07, 2014 GenevieveDutton Pasco County, Florida, United States October 16, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 lmcrotty Morrison County, Minnesota, United States October 14, 2014 Details
October 07, 2014 samcurley Suffolk County, New York, United States October 11, 2014 Details
October 08, 2014 S. J. Stedman Benton County, Mississippi, United States October 10, 2014 Details
October 04, 2014 Doug Bruce Houston County, Tennessee, United States October 04, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 WendyJG Winnebago County, Illinois, United States September 29, 2014 Details
July 26, 2014 WendyJG Winnebago County, Illinois, United States September 28, 2014 Details
September 27, 2014 systanfield Richland County, South Carolina, United States September 27, 2014 Details
September 19, 2014 arcturusangel Bossier Parish, Louisiana, United States September 21, 2014 Details
September 02, 2014 polson123 Columbus County, North Carolina, United States September 20, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 Doug Bruce Gibson County, Tennessee, United States September 14, 2014 Details
September 04, 2014 Doug Bruce Carroll County, Tennessee, United States September 14, 2014 Details
September 06, 2014 HHowell Cocke County, Tennessee, United States September 12, 2014 Details
September 10, 2014 CA Ivy Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, United States September 10, 2014 Details
September 07, 2014 arcturusangel Gregg County, Texas, United States September 08, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 stephen stedman Lake County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 stephen stedman Crockett County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2014 Details
August 17, 2014 b.cn.u Ontario, Canada September 06, 2014 Details
September 06, 2014 South Laurel Laurel County, Kentucky, United States September 06, 2014 Details
August 26, 2014 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States September 05, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 JReuter Boone County, Missouri, United States August 31, 2014 Details
August 11, 2013 TheWayfarer21 Onslow County, North Carolina, United States August 28, 2014 Details
July 19, 2014 schmev24 Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States August 25, 2014 Details
July 26, 2014 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada August 22, 2014 Details
July 31, 2014 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada August 22, 2014 Details
July 07, 2014 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada August 22, 2014 Details
August 18, 2014 digginflowers Seneca County, New York, United States August 22, 2014 Details
August 18, 2014 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States August 19, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 LibbyMegna Berrien County, Michigan, United States August 18, 2014 Details
August 10, 2014 rogerashton Summit County, Ohio, United States August 17, 2014 Details
August 10, 2014 jwilkinson Howard County, Maryland, United States August 16, 2014 Details
July 30, 2014 pomarinejaeger Sanilac County, Michigan, United States August 11, 2014 Details
August 08, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 10, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 10, 2014 Details
July 17, 2014 SteveSass Porter County, Indiana, United States August 09, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 Janet Tubb Ontario, Canada August 09, 2014 Details
August 05, 2014 mhudson26 Pottawatomie County, Kansas, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 06, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 KristyBaker DeKalb County, Tennessee, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 02, 2014 jim8435wisc Adams County, Wisconsin, United States August 05, 2014 Details
August 02, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 04, 2014 Details
July 31, 2014 hmclin York County, Pennsylvania, United States August 03, 2014 Details
July 31, 2014 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States August 03, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 30, 2014 Details
July 24, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada July 27, 2014 Details
July 23, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 27, 2014 Details
July 26, 2014 KristyBaker Rutherford County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2014 Details
June 14, 2014 Chris Blomme Ontario, Canada July 24, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 23, 2014 Details
July 22, 2014 liz.777 Ontario, Canada July 23, 2014 Details