Attributes of Hamadryas februa

Gray Cracker
Hamadryas februa (Hübner, [1823])

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Biblidinae
Identification: Upperside is mottled brown and white; forewing cell bar with some red; hindwing eyespots have orange scales before the black crescents. Underside of hindwing is white; submarginal eyespots are composed of a brown ring around a black crescent in a white center.
Wing Span: 2 3/4 - 3 3/8 inches (7 - 8.6 cm).
Life History: Adults rest on tree trunks head downward with their wings spread open. Males perch on trees and make a cracking sound when they dart out at passing insects (and people). Eggs are laid singly under leaves or sepals of the host plant; caterpillars are solitary and build resting platforms out of dung pellets. Before dark, adults gather on a single tree, then disperse to roost in nearby trees or shrubs.
Flight: Many flights; throughout the year in the tropics, August-October in South Texas.
Caterpillar Hosts: Vines (Dalechampia) and herbs (Tragia) in the family Euphorbiaceae.
Adult Food: Sap and rotting fruit.
Habitat: Subtropical forest and edges, cultivated areas with trees.
Range: Argentina north through tropical America to Mexico. A rare stray to the lower Rio Grande Valley of South Texas.
Conservation: Not required for a rare stray.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Hamadryas februa

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Hamadryas februa - Gray_Cracker_2007-10-26_02crop_Gary_Jue.jpg

Hamadryas februa - Gray_Cracker_2007-10-26_02crop_Gary_Jue.jpg
Hamadryas februa - Gray_Cracker_2007-10-26_01crop_Gary_Jue.jpg

Hamadryas februa - Gray_Cracker_2007-10-26_01crop_Gary_Jue.jpg


The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 14, 2013 mgrosselet Veracruz-Llave, Mexico August 27, 2013 Details
March 07, 2011 Leslie Dilbert Copán, Honduras May 22, 2013 Details
February 29, 2008 David Trently Tamaulipas, Mexico November 15, 2012 Details
February 15, 2011 JimConrad Yucatan, Mexico November 11, 2011 Details
July 29, 2008 naomiblinick Guanacaste, Costa Rica May 25, 2011 Details
November 17, 2007 legacy.reporter (Charles Bordelon) Hidalgo County, Texas, United States March 09, 2010 Details
November 17, 2007 legacy.reporter (Charles Bordelon) Hidalgo County, Texas, United States October 19, 2009 Details
October 26, 2007 Gary Jue (Gary Jue) Hidalgo County, Texas, United States July 24, 2009 Details
January 01, 2006 legacy.reporter Texas, United States, Victoria County January 24, 2008 Details
October 14, 2006 legacy.reporter (Mike Overton, Paul Opler) Tamaulipas, Mexico October 01, 2007 Details
October 16, 2006 legacy.reporter (Mike Overton, Paul Opler) Tamaulipas, Mexico October 01, 2007 Details
October 17, 2006 legacy.reporter (Mike Overton, Paul Opler) Tamaulipas, Mexico October 01, 2007 Details
October 16, 2006 legacy.reporter (Mike Overton, Paul Opler) Tamaulipas, Mexico October 01, 2007 Details
October 15, 2006 legacy.reporter (Mike Overton, Paul Opler) Tamaulipas, Mexico October 01, 2007 Details
September 26, 2006 legacy.reporter Jalisco, Mexico January 31, 2007 Details
August 27, 2002 legacy.reporter (North American Butterfly Association (NABA) of South Texas)) Cameron County, Texas, United States January 29, 2007 Details
July 13, 2003 legacy.reporter (North American Butterfly Association (NABA) of South Texas)) Texas, United States, Willacy County January 29, 2007 Details
August 03, 2002 legacy.reporter (North American Butterfly Association (NABA) of South Texas)) Texas, United States, Victoria County January 29, 2007 Details
July 28, 2004 legacy.reporter (North American Butterfly Association (NABA) of South Texas)) Texas, Nueces County, United States January 29, 2007 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Sinaloa, Mexico December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Sonora, Mexico December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Nuevo Leon, Mexico December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Tamaulipas, Mexico December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Hidalgo County, New Mexico, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Hidalgo County, Texas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Texas, La Salle County, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Texas, Starr County, United States December 31, 2004 Details