Attributes of Danaus gilippus

Queen
Danaus gilippus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Danainae
Identification: Upperside is chestnut brown; black borders of forewings have 2 rows of white spots; white spots are scattered at the forewing apex. Underside of hindwing has black veins; black borders of both wings have 2 rows of white spots. Upperside of male hindwing has a black scale patch. Very similar to the Soldier (Danaus eresimus), but is more brown and has less defined wing veins on the upperside. Underside hindwing lacks band of pale spots present in the Soldier. Queens in the southwest (and sometimes in the southeast) have pale veins on the upperside of the hindwings, which are lacking in the Soldier.
Wing Span: 2 5/8 - 3 7/8 inches (6.7 - 9.8 cm).
Life History: To find females, males patrol all day. Females lay eggs singly on leaves, stems, and flower buds; which the caterpillars eat. Adults roost communally.
Flight: All year in Florida and South Texas, July-August in the north.
Caterpillar Hosts: Milkweeds and milkweed vines. Some of the milkweeds contain cardiac glycosides which are stored in the bodies of both the caterpillar and adult. These poisons are distasteful and emetic to birds and other vertebrate predators. After tasting a Queen, a predator might associate the bright warning colors of the adult or caterpillar with an unpleasant meal, and avoid Queens in the future.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including milkweeds, fogfruit, and shepherd's needle.
Habitat: Open, sunny areas including fields, deserts, roadsides, pastures, dunes, washes, and waterways.
Range: Resident in extreme southern United States south through tropical lowlands of the West Indies and Central America to Argentina. Regular stray and sometime colonist in the plains; rarely along Atlantic coastal plain to Massachusetts and the Great Plains. Comments: The Florida Viceroy (Limenitis archippus floridensis) is also inedible and mimics the Queen.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Danaus gilippus

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 18, 2016 Nancy Witthuhn Ness County, Kansas, United States July 23, 2016 Details
July 19, 2016 fragglecat Texas, Travis County, United States July 20, 2016 Details
October 17, 2009 fragglecat DeWitt County, Texas, United States July 20, 2016 Details
July 13, 2016 cassiegang@live.com Texas, Mitchell County, United States July 16, 2016 Details
May 19, 2016 Bdog Riverside County, California, United States May 24, 2016 Details
May 11, 2016 silversea_starsong Los Angeles County, California, United States May 14, 2016 Details
November 09, 2015 Clara4 Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States April 21, 2016 Details
November 01, 2015 ncrosbyrd Hidalgo County, Texas, United States April 05, 2016 Details
November 01, 2015 ncrosbyrd Hidalgo County, Texas, United States April 05, 2016 Details
September 11, 2015 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States April 01, 2016 Details
January 08, 2013 Tommie Rogers Hidalgo County, Texas, United States February 05, 2016 Details
January 16, 2016 mellielong Orange County, Florida, United States January 29, 2016 Details
September 09, 2015 rosacmchenry@sbcglobal.net Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States January 19, 2016 Details
December 14, 2015 seemor123 Glades County, Florida, United States December 31, 2015 Details
December 29, 2015 frank47 Florida, United States December 31, 2015 Details
December 17, 2015 monp24 Hidalgo County, Texas, United States December 26, 2015 Details
December 01, 2015 ncrosbyrd Broward County, Florida, United States December 08, 2015 Details
October 28, 2015 Pappy Florida, United States December 03, 2015 Details
October 23, 2015 beckerla Pasco County, Florida, United States December 03, 2015 Details
November 01, 2015 Ellen Mee Broward County, Florida, United States December 03, 2015 Details
November 01, 2015 Ellen Mee Broward County, Florida, United States December 03, 2015 Details
October 23, 2015 beckerla Pasco County, Florida, United States December 03, 2015 Details
November 16, 2015 jrknost1 Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States December 03, 2015 Details
November 13, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States November 13, 2015 Details
July 30, 2015 COA1955 Morgan County, Colorado, United States November 09, 2015 Details
October 29, 2015 Martin and Sara Galveston County, Texas, United States November 02, 2015 Details
October 31, 2015 cdubharper Texas, Travis County, United States November 02, 2015 Details
September 23, 2015 rhislop Contra Costa County, California, United States September 24, 2015 Details
August 27, 2015 Boslwe Pima County, Arizona, United States September 03, 2015 Details
August 29, 2015 marevan Maricopa County, Arizona, United States August 30, 2015 Details
April 21, 2015 grayhairstreak Brewster County, Texas, United States August 20, 2015 Details
August 14, 2015 lfleming99 San Bernardino County, California, United States August 15, 2015 Details
July 14, 2015 David Oakley Benton County, Arkansas, United States August 08, 2015 Details
July 28, 2015 marystarr Yavapai County, Arizona, United States August 04, 2015 Details
July 28, 2015 Jonathan Clark Cameron Parish, Louisiana, United States July 31, 2015 Details
July 14, 2015 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 22, 2015 GordonH_TX Texas, Taylor County, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 21, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 11, 2015 neflodonata Duval County, Florida, United States July 11, 2015 Details
November 05, 2014 ncrosbyrd Hidalgo County, Texas, United States June 04, 2015 Details
November 20, 2013 ncrosbyrd Hidalgo County, Texas, United States June 04, 2015 Details
April 28, 2015 severett Maricopa County, Arizona, United States May 31, 2015 Details
March 30, 2015 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States May 29, 2015 Details
May 01, 2015 mbowling Jeff Davis County, Texas, United States May 17, 2015 Details
August 06, 2014 DJKinseth Lancaster County, Nebraska, United States May 14, 2015 Details
August 17, 2014 benvogt Lincoln County, Nebraska, United States May 14, 2015 Details
April 06, 2015 KristyBaker Hidalgo County, Texas, United States April 30, 2015 Details
March 29, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States April 22, 2015 Details
March 25, 2015 Bixia Maricopa County, Arizona, United States April 08, 2015 Details
July 12, 2014 azukoff Finney County, Kansas, United States April 08, 2015 Details