Attributes of Danaus gilippus

Queen
Danaus gilippus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Danainae
Identification: Upperside is chestnut brown; black borders of forewings have 2 rows of white spots; white spots are scattered at the forewing apex. Underside of hindwing has black veins; black borders of both wings have 2 rows of white spots. Upperside of male hindwing has a black scale patch. Very similar to the Soldier (Danaus eresimus), but is more brown and has less defined wing veins on the upperside. Underside hindwing lacks band of pale spots present in the Soldier. Queens in the southwest (and sometimes in the southeast) have pale veins on the upperside of the hindwings, which are lacking in the Soldier.
Wing Span: 2 5/8 - 3 7/8 inches (6.7 - 9.8 cm).
Life History: To find females, males patrol all day. Females lay eggs singly on leaves, stems, and flower buds; which the caterpillars eat. Adults roost communally.
Flight: All year in Florida and South Texas, July-August in the north.
Caterpillar Hosts: Milkweeds and milkweed vines. Some of the milkweeds contain cardiac glycosides which are stored in the bodies of both the caterpillar and adult. These poisons are distasteful and emetic to birds and other vertebrate predators. After tasting a Queen, a predator might associate the bright warning colors of the adult or caterpillar with an unpleasant meal, and avoid Queens in the future.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including milkweeds, fogfruit, and shepherd's needle.
Habitat: Open, sunny areas including fields, deserts, roadsides, pastures, dunes, washes, and waterways.
Range: Resident in extreme southern United States south through tropical lowlands of the West Indies and Central America to Argentina. Regular stray and sometime colonist in the plains; rarely along Atlantic coastal plain to Massachusetts and the Great Plains. Comments: The Florida Viceroy (Limenitis archippus floridensis) is also inedible and mimics the Queen.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Danaus gilippus

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 10, 2014 maurinespencer Texas, Lamar County, United States August 20, 2014 Details
August 11, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States August 14, 2014 Details
August 08, 2014 jacobsjd Orange County, Florida, United States August 10, 2014 Details
July 31, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States August 03, 2014 Details
July 03, 2013 gpstewart Texas, Travis County, United States July 30, 2014 Details
August 31, 2008 doris potter Cochise County, Arizona, United States July 28, 2014 Details
July 25, 2014 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States July 27, 2014 Details
July 24, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States July 25, 2014 Details
July 17, 2014 ottoc Bernalillo County, New Mexico, United States July 24, 2014 Details
July 19, 2014 inthelikeness Comanche County, Texas, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 18, 2014 Ralph S. Carlson Los Angeles County, California, United States July 18, 2014 Details
July 04, 2014 mprocter Texas, Navarro County, United States July 04, 2014 Details
February 17, 2014 totonka Collier County, Florida, United States July 02, 2014 Details
July 01, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States July 02, 2014 Details
June 25, 2014 Ralph S. Carlson Los Angeles County, California, United States June 27, 2014 Details
June 19, 2014 jvkopple2 Rooks County, Kansas, United States June 20, 2014 Details
June 14, 2014 Englishman Hernando County, Florida, United States June 17, 2014 Details
May 13, 2014 Gary The Villages Sumter County, Florida, United States May 27, 2014 Details
May 15, 2014 ddodd Brewster County, Texas, United States May 20, 2014 Details
April 29, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States May 08, 2014 Details
May 03, 2014 Englishman Hernando County, Florida, United States May 06, 2014 Details
November 04, 2012 John429 Maricopa County, Arizona, United States April 24, 2014 Details
February 10, 2013 alexnetherton Cameron County, Texas, United States April 17, 2014 Details
April 15, 2014 Nvenezio Hays County, Texas, United States April 16, 2014 Details
January 23, 2014 janazak Distrito Federal, Mexico April 03, 2014 Details
August 25, 2013 LLJohnson Dominican Republic March 26, 2014 Details
January 10, 2014 DJHiker Guantanamo, Cuba March 23, 2014 Details
November 17, 2013 bflyguys Murray County, Oklahoma, United States March 23, 2014 Details
March 01, 2014 John van Dort Francisco Morazán, Honduras March 01, 2014 Details
February 13, 2014 herobiscuit Texas, Kleberg County, United States February 21, 2014 Details
August 16, 2000 Indy Entomologist Boone County, Indiana, United States February 06, 2014 Details
February 01, 2014 Robert Gorman Orange County, California, United States February 04, 2014 Details
December 14, 2013 plex1ppus Lee County, Florida, United States January 11, 2014 Details
August 20, 1975 stomlins701 Texas, Kendall County, United States December 28, 2013 Details
July 31, 2010 diwalks2 Orange County, California, United States December 19, 2013 Details
September 06, 2013 Jason Beason Delta County, Colorado, United States December 08, 2013 Details
March 09, 2013 J_Martineau Lee County, Florida, United States December 03, 2013 Details
August 13, 2010 Robert Gorman Orange County, California, United States December 02, 2013 Details
November 26, 2013 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States November 27, 2013 Details
September 13, 2013 Birdingfrog Gulf County, Florida, United States November 20, 2013 Details
November 16, 2013 Robert Gorman Riverside County, California, United States November 20, 2013 Details
November 20, 2013 lmreid71 Guadalupe County, Texas, United States November 20, 2013 Details
November 11, 2013 hotairballoon Texas, Taylor County, United States November 18, 2013 Details
November 19, 2012 colleen mccarthy-evans Santa Barbara County, California, United States November 16, 2013 Details
November 13, 2013 Robert Gorman Orange County, California, United States November 13, 2013 Details
November 03, 2013 rougir@aol.com Hidalgo County, Texas, United States November 11, 2013 Details
November 08, 2013 whbauer Bexar County, Texas, United States November 08, 2013 Details
October 26, 2013 Nancee Cobb Bay County, Florida, United States October 29, 2013 Details
October 21, 2013 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States October 28, 2013 Details
October 15, 2012 Robert Gorman Orange County, California, United States October 25, 2013 Details