Attributes of Danaus gilippus

Queen
Danaus gilippus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Danainae
Identification: Upperside is chestnut brown; black borders of forewings have 2 rows of white spots; white spots are scattered at the forewing apex. Underside of hindwing has black veins; black borders of both wings have 2 rows of white spots. Upperside of male hindwing has a black scale patch. Very similar to the Soldier (Danaus eresimus), but is more brown and has less defined wing veins on the upperside. Underside hindwing lacks band of pale spots present in the Soldier. Queens in the southwest (and sometimes in the southeast) have pale veins on the upperside of the hindwings, which are lacking in the Soldier.
Wing Span: 2 5/8 - 3 7/8 inches (6.7 - 9.8 cm).
Life History: To find females, males patrol all day. Females lay eggs singly on leaves, stems, and flower buds; which the caterpillars eat. Adults roost communally.
Flight: All year in Florida and South Texas, July-August in the north.
Caterpillar Hosts: Milkweeds and milkweed vines. Some of the milkweeds contain cardiac glycosides which are stored in the bodies of both the caterpillar and adult. These poisons are distasteful and emetic to birds and other vertebrate predators. After tasting a Queen, a predator might associate the bright warning colors of the adult or caterpillar with an unpleasant meal, and avoid Queens in the future.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including milkweeds, fogfruit, and shepherd's needle.
Habitat: Open, sunny areas including fields, deserts, roadsides, pastures, dunes, washes, and waterways.
Range: Resident in extreme southern United States south through tropical lowlands of the West Indies and Central America to Argentina. Regular stray and sometime colonist in the plains; rarely along Atlantic coastal plain to Massachusetts and the Great Plains. Comments: The Florida Viceroy (Limenitis archippus floridensis) is also inedible and mimics the Queen.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Danaus gilippus

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
October 11, 2016 SRMcknight Juab County, Utah, United States April 22, 2017 Details
November 03, 2012 diwalks2 San Diego County, California, United States April 09, 2017 Details
November 04, 2012 diwalks2 San Diego County, California, United States April 09, 2017 Details
April 05, 2017 hmclin Pinal County, Arizona, United States April 07, 2017 Details
June 18, 2016 JohnBoback Hidalgo County, Texas, United States March 04, 2017 Details
July 04, 2016 Kristie Nelson Mono County, California, United States January 01, 2017 Details
November 27, 2016 totonka Palm Beach County, Florida, United States December 08, 2016 Details
October 02, 2016 CA Ivy Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States December 06, 2016 Details
November 25, 2016 Jeff Trahan Caddo Parish, Louisiana, United States December 04, 2016 Details
November 26, 2016 whbauer Bexar County, Texas, United States November 28, 2016 Details
November 26, 2016 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States November 27, 2016 Details
November 04, 2016 trialsz63 Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, United States November 17, 2016 Details
November 11, 2016 cbruner Imperial County, California, United States November 15, 2016 Details
July 31, 2016 Shirley Wilkerson Brazos County, Texas, United States November 13, 2016 Details
September 19, 2016 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States November 01, 2016 Details
October 27, 2016 Jachan1 Texas, United States, Webb County October 30, 2016 Details
October 29, 2016 gregsnyder Texas, Tarrant County, United States October 29, 2016 Details
August 24, 2016 David Jones Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States October 28, 2016 Details
October 25, 2016 diwalks2 Orange County, California, United States October 27, 2016 Details
October 21, 2016 gpstewart Texas, McCulloch County, United States October 25, 2016 Details
October 22, 2016 AmyNinRoundRock Texas, United States, Williamson County October 23, 2016 Details
October 23, 2016 abwest Bexar County, Texas, United States October 23, 2016 Details
October 08, 2016 stomlins701 Texas, Tarrant County, United States October 14, 2016 Details
October 08, 2016 cbruner Imperial County, California, United States October 09, 2016 Details
September 22, 2016 Pbelvin Texas, United States, Williamson County September 28, 2016 Details
September 21, 2016 rmorgan Denton County, Texas, United States September 27, 2016 Details
September 20, 2016 severett Maricopa County, Arizona, United States September 27, 2016 Details
September 23, 2016 Jeff Trahan Little River County, Arkansas, United States September 26, 2016 Details
September 22, 2016 lostpineslife Bastrop County, Texas, United States September 23, 2016 Details
September 16, 2016 dabidaloca Kern County, California, United States September 20, 2016 Details
September 07, 2016 diwalks2 Orange County, California, United States September 08, 2016 Details
August 11, 2016 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States September 01, 2016 Details
October 05, 2014 mamotimo Dona Ana County, New Mexico, United States September 01, 2016 Details
August 01, 2016 Zenkoop Pima County, Arizona, United States August 01, 2016 Details
July 31, 2016 melina staal Mariposa County, California, United States July 31, 2016 Details
June 01, 2016 gpstewart Texas, United States, Williamson County July 28, 2016 Details
July 18, 2016 Nancy Witthuhn Ness County, Kansas, United States July 23, 2016 Details
July 19, 2016 fragglecat Texas, Travis County, United States July 20, 2016 Details
October 17, 2009 fragglecat DeWitt County, Texas, United States July 20, 2016 Details
July 13, 2016 cassiegang@live.com Texas, Mitchell County, United States July 16, 2016 Details
May 19, 2016 Bdog Riverside County, California, United States May 24, 2016 Details
May 11, 2016 silversea_starsong Los Angeles County, California, United States May 14, 2016 Details
November 09, 2015 Clara4 Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States April 21, 2016 Details
November 01, 2015 ncrosbyrd Hidalgo County, Texas, United States April 05, 2016 Details
November 01, 2015 ncrosbyrd Hidalgo County, Texas, United States April 05, 2016 Details
September 11, 2015 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States April 01, 2016 Details
January 08, 2013 Tommie Rogers Hidalgo County, Texas, United States February 05, 2016 Details
January 16, 2016 mellielong Orange County, Florida, United States January 29, 2016 Details
September 09, 2015 rosacmchenry@sbcglobal.net Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States January 19, 2016 Details
December 14, 2015 seemor123 Glades County, Florida, United States December 31, 2015 Details