Attributes of Polygonia comma

Eastern Comma
Polygonia comma (Harris, 1842)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Small with short hindwing projections. Forewing above is brownish-orange with dark spots; one dark spot at center of bottom edge. Hindwing above has two patterns: summer form is mostly black, winter form is orange with black spots; both have a dark border containing pale spots. Underside is brown; hindwing with a central silver or white comma which is swollen at both ends.
Wing Span: 1 3/4 - 2 1/2 inches (4.5 - 6.4 cm).
Life History: Males perch on leaves or tree trunks to watch for females, flying aggressively to chase other insects or even birds. Eggs are laid singly or in stacks under host plant leaves or stems. Caterpillars are usually solitary and feed on leaves at night. Older caterpillars make daytime shelters by pulling leaf edges together with silk. Winter form adults hibernate, some first migrating to the south.
Flight: Overwintered adults fly and lay eggs in the spring until the end of April. The summer form emerges and flies from May-September, laying eggs that develop into the winter form. These adults appear in September or October and soon seek shelter in which to overwinter.
Caterpillar Hosts: All members of the elm and nettle families including American elm (Ulmus americana), hops (Humulus), nettle (Urtica), false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica), and wood nettle (Laportea canadensis).
Adult Food: Rotting fruit and tree sap.
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands; woods near rivers, marshes, swamps, and other water sources.
Range: Eastern half of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains from southern Canada to central Texas and the Gulf Coast.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Polygonia comma

Click on an image to view full size and to see additional details.







Polygonia comma - Polygonia_comma.jpg

Polygonia comma - Polygonia_comma.jpg


The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

How to use the map:
Click on the map and move your mouse to pan.
Zoom by using the plus [+] and minus [-] on the left side of the map.
To change which map layers are displayed, click on the plus sign [+] on the right side of the map and turn on/off the data layers and base layers.

*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

See more recently verified sightings of all species.

You don't have Javascript enabled. Hover for more information! But don't worry: you can still use this web site! You have two options:
  • enable Javascript in your browser and then refresh this page, for a much enhanced experience.
  • click the Update button every time you want to update the selection.
Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 31, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States November 28, 2016 Details
October 23, 2016 Dapdash Marion County, Indiana, United States November 04, 2016 Details
June 20, 2015 dandtkienzle Marshall County, Mississippi, United States November 02, 2016 Details
October 16, 2016 Doug Bruce Morgan County, Tennessee, United States October 31, 2016 Details
September 24, 2016 Doug Bruce Anderson County, Tennessee, United States October 31, 2016 Details
October 20, 2016 davidr Cambria County, Pennsylvania, United States October 22, 2016 Details
June 24, 2014 sirlouie Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States October 22, 2016 Details
June 18, 2016 tom nolan Burlington County, New Jersey, United States October 17, 2016 Details
September 13, 2016 digginflowers Cape May County, New Jersey, United States October 17, 2016 Details
October 15, 2016 Anne Wills Kanawha County, West Virginia, United States October 16, 2016 Details
August 01, 2016 jawinget Monroe County, Illinois, United States October 12, 2016 Details
October 07, 2016 brainerd Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States October 10, 2016 Details
September 26, 2016 Kitty329 Day County, South Dakota, United States September 28, 2016 Details
September 27, 2016 davidboon Macomb County, Michigan, United States September 27, 2016 Details
September 21, 2016 Beerthief Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada September 21, 2016 Details
May 13, 2016 Beerthief Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada September 10, 2016 Details
September 04, 2016 Doug Bruce Obion County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2016 Details
September 03, 2016 Doug Bruce Stewart County, Tennessee, United States September 05, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 Hailee Rae De Witt County, Illinois, United States September 05, 2016 Details
May 10, 2016 johngor Ontario, Canada September 01, 2016 Details
August 06, 2016 Colin Gillette Bradford County, Pennsylvania, United States August 30, 2016 Details
August 17, 2016 Vvvoid Bartholomew County, Indiana, United States August 29, 2016 Details
August 26, 2016 Vvvoid Bartholomew County, Indiana, United States August 29, 2016 Details
August 23, 2016 davidboon Macomb County, Michigan, United States August 23, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 S. J. Stedman (Susan E. Pirolo) Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 22, 2016 Details
August 10, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 11, 2016 Details
August 08, 2016 Randomrover88 Kankakee County, Illinois, United States August 09, 2016 Details
August 02, 2016 Kzfisherman McHenry County, Illinois, United States August 05, 2016 Details
July 28, 2016 davidboon Macomb County, Michigan, United States July 29, 2016 Details
June 17, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 17, 2016 pporonto Oakland County, Michigan, United States July 17, 2016 Details
July 11, 2016 joep01 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States July 12, 2016 Details
July 02, 2016 monikawood Yates County, New York, United States July 11, 2016 Details
June 30, 2016 monikawood Tioga County, Pennsylvania, United States July 05, 2016 Details
July 03, 2016 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 04, 2016 Details
July 02, 2016 Doug Bruce Crockett County, Tennessee, United States July 03, 2016 Details
June 25, 2016 brainerd Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States June 28, 2016 Details
June 19, 2016 Tindomul1of9 Bronx County, New York, United States June 27, 2016 Details
June 21, 2016 whhowe Seneca County, New York, United States June 23, 2016 Details
June 09, 2016 PDunwiddie St Charles County, Missouri, United States June 14, 2016 Details
May 30, 2016 cosmic_cat Texas, United States, Wood County May 31, 2016 Details
June 14, 2015 DStump Douglas County, Nebraska, United States May 30, 2016 Details
May 29, 2016 Doug Bruce Weakley County, Tennessee, United States May 30, 2016 Details
May 20, 2016 Chet Gottfried Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States May 24, 2016 Details
March 28, 2016 Larry Smith Ramsey County, Minnesota, United States May 20, 2016 Details
April 29, 2016 commentator Ontario, Canada May 10, 2016 Details
June 19, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada May 06, 2016 Details
July 26, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada May 06, 2016 Details
August 24, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada April 28, 2016 Details
April 24, 2016 trinectes Prince Georges County, Maryland, United States April 27, 2016 Details