Attributes of Polygonia comma

Eastern Comma
Polygonia comma (Harris, 1842)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Small with short hindwing projections. Forewing above is brownish-orange with dark spots; one dark spot at center of bottom edge. Hindwing above has two patterns: summer form is mostly black, winter form is orange with black spots; both have a dark border containing pale spots. Underside is brown; hindwing with a central silver or white comma which is swollen at both ends.
Wing Span: 1 3/4 - 2 1/2 inches (4.5 - 6.4 cm).
Life History: Males perch on leaves or tree trunks to watch for females, flying aggressively to chase other insects or even birds. Eggs are laid singly or in stacks under host plant leaves or stems. Caterpillars are usually solitary and feed on leaves at night. Older caterpillars make daytime shelters by pulling leaf edges together with silk. Winter form adults hibernate, some first migrating to the south.
Flight: Overwintered adults fly and lay eggs in the spring until the end of April. The summer form emerges and flies from May-September, laying eggs that develop into the winter form. These adults appear in September or October and soon seek shelter in which to overwinter.
Caterpillar Hosts: All members of the elm and nettle families including American elm (Ulmus americana), hops (Humulus), nettle (Urtica), false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica), and wood nettle (Laportea canadensis).
Adult Food: Rotting fruit and tree sap.
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands; woods near rivers, marshes, swamps, and other water sources.
Range: Eastern half of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains from southern Canada to central Texas and the Gulf Coast.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Polygonia comma

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Polygonia comma - Polygonia_comma.jpg

Polygonia comma - Polygonia_comma.jpg


The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 08, 2015 BeckieP Hartford County, Connecticut, United States February 11, 2016 Details
July 03, 2015 dpgbfly1 Kanabec County, Minnesota, United States January 28, 2016 Details
July 07, 2015 dpgbfly1 Mille Lacs County, Minnesota, United States January 28, 2016 Details
July 04, 2009 Ilse Gebhard Kalamazoo County, Michigan, United States January 19, 2016 Details
May 21, 2010 AJ Trently Decatur County, Tennessee, United States January 01, 2016 Details
July 10, 2015 J_Martineau Chisago County, Minnesota, United States December 17, 2015 Details
August 24, 2011 Corey1487 Quebec, Canada December 09, 2015 Details
October 21, 2015 H Hooper Greene County, Virginia, United States November 14, 2015 Details
November 08, 2015 Paul Tavares Ontario, Canada November 10, 2015 Details
November 04, 2015 aarongunnar Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States November 06, 2015 Details
June 06, 2015 adormady Ontario, Canada October 23, 2015 Details
October 19, 2015 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States October 23, 2015 Details
October 15, 2015 Shane Miller Beaver County, Pennsylvania, United States October 18, 2015 Details
October 15, 2015 joep01 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States October 16, 2015 Details
October 14, 2015 stephen stedman Crockett County, Tennessee, United States October 14, 2015 Details
October 13, 2015 stephen stedman Franklin County, Tennessee, United States October 13, 2015 Details
October 11, 2015 S. J. Stedman Barren County, Kentucky, United States October 12, 2015 Details
October 07, 2015 stephen stedman Van Buren County, Tennessee, United States October 08, 2015 Details
October 04, 2015 Doug Bruce Anderson County, Tennessee, United States October 06, 2015 Details
October 05, 2015 Doug Bruce McNairy County, Tennessee, United States October 06, 2015 Details
September 24, 2015 IndyLindy Wells County, Indiana, United States September 26, 2015 Details
June 13, 2015 wayne13114 Oswego County, New York, United States September 25, 2015 Details
September 14, 2015 Joe Bartok Ontario, Canada September 16, 2015 Details
September 07, 2015 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada September 16, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 Trailmaker Jefferson County, Ohio, United States September 13, 2015 Details
June 09, 2015 uponahill Ontario, Canada September 12, 2015 Details
September 07, 2015 Doug Bruce Perry County, Tennessee, United States September 11, 2015 Details
September 04, 2015 commentator Ontario, Canada September 09, 2015 Details
May 20, 2015 ozcomomoths Ozark County, Missouri, United States September 05, 2015 Details
September 02, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States September 03, 2015 Details
July 24, 2015 theresaawilson Jefferson County, Indiana, United States September 01, 2015 Details
August 26, 2015 South Laurel Laurel County, Kentucky, United States August 30, 2015 Details
June 30, 2014 BMcNaught Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, United States August 26, 2015 Details
August 24, 2015 ms722 Robertson County, Tennessee, United States August 26, 2015 Details
August 21, 2015 grosenberry Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States August 25, 2015 Details
July 19, 2015 Kappa1965 Sussex County, New Jersey, United States August 24, 2015 Details
August 15, 2015 jim8435wisc Wood County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2015 Details
August 15, 2015 K Stilwell Tazewell County, Virginia, United States August 24, 2015 Details
August 21, 2015 Kzfisherman Grant County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2015 Details
August 16, 2015 julesinthe woods Wabash County, Indiana, United States August 19, 2015 Details
July 21, 2015 labon010 Redwood County, Minnesota, United States August 16, 2015 Details
August 09, 2015 Niayre Cobb County, Georgia, United States August 14, 2015 Details
August 08, 2015 Doug Bruce Lawrence County, Tennessee, United States August 12, 2015 Details
August 09, 2015 Doug Bruce Giles County, Tennessee, United States August 10, 2015 Details
August 01, 2015 Melinda Fawver Montgomery County, Tennessee, United States August 02, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 02, 2015 Details
July 19, 2015 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 31, 2015 Details
July 21, 2015 aarongunnar Dunn County, Wisconsin, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 dendroica5 Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 08, 2015 jvkopple2 Kalkaska County, Michigan, United States July 24, 2015 Details