Attributes of Polygonia comma

Eastern Comma
Polygonia comma (Harris, 1842)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Small with short hindwing projections. Forewing above is brownish-orange with dark spots; one dark spot at center of bottom edge. Hindwing above has two patterns: summer form is mostly black, winter form is orange with black spots; both have a dark border containing pale spots. Underside is brown; hindwing with a central silver or white comma which is swollen at both ends.
Wing Span: 1 3/4 - 2 1/2 inches (4.5 - 6.4 cm).
Life History: Males perch on leaves or tree trunks to watch for females, flying aggressively to chase other insects or even birds. Eggs are laid singly or in stacks under host plant leaves or stems. Caterpillars are usually solitary and feed on leaves at night. Older caterpillars make daytime shelters by pulling leaf edges together with silk. Winter form adults hibernate, some first migrating to the south.
Flight: Overwintered adults fly and lay eggs in the spring until the end of April. The summer form emerges and flies from May-September, laying eggs that develop into the winter form. These adults appear in September or October and soon seek shelter in which to overwinter.
Caterpillar Hosts: All members of the elm and nettle families including American elm (Ulmus americana), hops (Humulus), nettle (Urtica), false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica), and wood nettle (Laportea canadensis).
Adult Food: Rotting fruit and tree sap.
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands; woods near rivers, marshes, swamps, and other water sources.
Range: Eastern half of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains from southern Canada to central Texas and the Gulf Coast.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Polygonia comma

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Polygonia comma - Polygonia_comma.jpg

Polygonia comma - Polygonia_comma.jpg


The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 20, 2014 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States July 22, 2014 Details
June 30, 2014 patricia silvernail Jackson County, Georgia, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 12, 2014 schmev24 Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 Mapper Union County, Illinois, United States July 21, 2014 Details
May 13, 2014 SuperSpy Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States July 20, 2014 Details
August 17, 2008 Jake a Bob Bradford County, Pennsylvania, United States July 20, 2014 Details
March 10, 2006 roseanna Pulaski County, Kentucky, United States July 18, 2014 Details
May 31, 2014 Rick Henle Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States July 17, 2014 Details
July 06, 2014 treichard Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States July 15, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 treichard Sussex County, New Jersey, United States July 14, 2014 Details
July 01, 2014 jim8435wisc Columbia County, Wisconsin, United States July 12, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 treichard Sussex County, New Jersey, United States July 12, 2014 Details
October 22, 2011 JMJaskula Jasper County, Indiana, United States July 09, 2014 Details
June 26, 2014 Peggy O Taylor County, Wisconsin, United States July 09, 2014 Details
April 22, 2013 julmast Elkhart County, Indiana, United States July 06, 2014 Details
March 15, 2014 jgrenshaw13 Brown County, Indiana, United States July 06, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 mrcnaturally Westchester County, New York, United States July 06, 2014 Details
July 04, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 05, 2014 Details
June 29, 2014 rfranklinb Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States July 02, 2014 Details
June 27, 2014 pomarinejaeger Osceola County, Michigan, United States July 01, 2014 Details
June 29, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada June 30, 2014 Details
June 24, 2014 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada June 25, 2014 Details
June 24, 2014 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada June 25, 2014 Details
May 31, 2014 JReuter Boone County, Missouri, United States June 10, 2014 Details
May 25, 2014 Doug Bruce Meigs County, Tennessee, United States June 09, 2014 Details
May 20, 2014 Sean Werle Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States June 05, 2014 Details
May 20, 2014 Sean Werle Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States June 05, 2014 Details
May 29, 2014 mabdy8 Boone County, Missouri, United States May 31, 2014 Details
March 10, 2014 ddodd Marshall County, Alabama, United States May 23, 2014 Details
May 22, 2014 ddodd Marshall County, Alabama, United States May 23, 2014 Details
May 11, 2014 K Stilwell Tazewell County, Virginia, United States May 15, 2014 Details
April 28, 2014 Chip Krilowicz Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States April 29, 2014 Details
April 19, 2014 CatyAnnsClicks Williams County, Ohio, United States April 23, 2014 Details
April 11, 2014 sdbarker7277 Bledsoe County, Tennessee, United States April 22, 2014 Details
March 02, 2014 vldeloach Cherokee County, Georgia, United States April 21, 2014 Details
March 09, 2014 vldeloach Cherokee County, Georgia, United States April 21, 2014 Details
April 12, 2014 hmclin York County, Pennsylvania, United States April 15, 2014 Details
April 12, 2014 mrcnaturally Westchester County, New York, United States April 12, 2014 Details
April 01, 2014 miller.je2 Fauquier County, Virginia, United States April 07, 2014 Details
April 25, 2013 John Many Wings Frederick County, Maryland, United States April 07, 2014 Details
April 06, 2014 Doug Bruce Hamblen County, Tennessee, United States April 07, 2014 Details
August 04, 2013 Martha Veasey Sawyer Sevier County, Tennessee, United States April 06, 2014 Details
April 03, 2014 sschott Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States April 05, 2014 Details
May 09, 2013 curtis.lehman Marshall County, West Virginia, United States March 26, 2014 Details
March 21, 2014 LindaWest Cocke County, Tennessee, United States March 22, 2014 Details
October 15, 2010 Brian Taber James City County, Virginia, United States March 16, 2014 Details
March 15, 2014 Melinda Fawver Meigs County, Tennessee, United States March 16, 2014 Details
March 09, 2014 Doug Bruce Campbell County, Tennessee, United States March 15, 2014 Details
November 02, 2013 cblue Georgia, United States, Whitfield County March 04, 2014 Details
August 22, 2013 Sean Werle Chittenden County, Vermont, United States February 11, 2014 Details