Attributes of Polygonia gracilis

Hoary Comma
Polygonia gracilis (Grote & Robinson, 1867)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Upperside is dark red-orange, borders darker; hindwing with yellow submarginal spots. Underside is gray-brown; outer half much lighter, frosted white or silver-gray. Silver spot at center of hindwing is fishhook-shaped.
Wing Span: 1 1/2 - 2 1/4 inches (3.9 - 5.7 cm).
Life History: In the afternoons, males perch on plants in valley bottoms to seek females. Eggs are laid on petioles and undersides of host plant leaves. Caterpillars eat leaves and rest underneath. Adults hibernate.
Flight: Overwintered adults emerge and lay eggs in the spring until June; the new generation appears in July and flies until September, then hibernates.
Caterpillar Hosts: Currants and gooseberries (Ribes), western azalea (Rhododendron occidentale), and mock azalea (Menziesia glabella).
Adult Food: Sap and nectar from flowers of sweet everlasting (Gnaphalium) among others.
Habitat: From foothills to treeline woodland streamsides, brushlands.
Range: Boreal North America south of the tundra. Central Alaska south to central California and northern New Mexico; east across southern Canada and the Great Lakes region to New England and the Maritimes.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported. Note:The Zephyr, subspecies zephyrus, was previously treated as a separate subspecies.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Polygonia gracilis

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Polygonia gracilis - 1712_29.jpg

Polygonia gracilis - 1712_29.jpg




The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 09, 2008 ddodd Larimer County, Colorado, United States February 12, 2014 Details
August 28, 2012 ddodd Larimer County, Colorado, United States February 12, 2014 Details
September 19, 2013 tamico Gunnison County, Colorado, United States February 10, 2014 Details
May 15, 2013 Rick Henle Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States February 06, 2014 Details
October 30, 2013 Savage_loves_Butterflies Laramie County, Wyoming, United States November 01, 2013 Details
October 05, 2013 snowcat Yakima County, Washington, United States October 23, 2013 Details
September 11, 2013 swittwa Pierce County, Washington, United States October 14, 2013 Details
June 22, 2012 carrie.munill Union County, Oregon, United States October 08, 2013 Details
August 24, 2012 mogle Deschutes County, Oregon, United States October 08, 2013 Details
September 17, 2013 sagebird52 Albany County, Wyoming, United States September 19, 2013 Details
July 17, 2013 jamesheintz1 Skagit County, Washington, United States September 16, 2013 Details
September 10, 2013 kdg54ca7775 British Columbia, Canada September 16, 2013 Details
September 01, 2013 PDunwiddie British Columbia, Canada September 16, 2013 Details
June 26, 2013 Brett Budach Ontario, Canada August 21, 2013 Details
September 06, 2012 gdofseattle Okanogan County, Washington, United States August 17, 2013 Details
July 22, 2013 jamesheintz1 Yakima County, Washington, United States August 10, 2013 Details
July 22, 2013 jamesheintz1 Yakima County, Washington, United States August 10, 2013 Details
July 16, 2013 BOGwalker Custer County, South Dakota, United States August 02, 2013 Details
October 05, 2012 randimal Pend Oreille County, Washington, United States August 02, 2013 Details
July 14, 2013 John Barry Pierce County, Washington, United States July 30, 2013 Details
June 15, 2013 ed.vermeulen@jetdelivery.com Alpine County, California, United States June 24, 2013 Details
March 31, 2013 plex1ppus Spokane County, Washington, United States April 01, 2013 Details
July 11, 2012 Oldwarrior Teller County, Colorado, United States February 24, 2013 Details
July 17, 1996 legacy.reporter (John B. Vernon) Elko County, Nevada, United States December 01, 2012 Details
July 22, 1997 legacy.reporter (R. Stanford-A. Warren) Greenlee County, Arizona, United States December 01, 2012 Details
May 01, 2001 legacy.reporter (Ray Stanford) Navajo County, Arizona, United States December 01, 2012 Details
November 15, 2002 legacy.reporter (Ray & Kit Stanford) Greenlee County, Arizona, United States December 01, 2012 Details
April 14, 2005 legacy.reporter (Ray & Kit Stanford) Pinal County, Arizona, United States December 01, 2012 Details
September 15, 2012 buddhasghost Pierce County, Washington, United States October 02, 2012 Details
April 22, 2012 Jdammarell Pend Oreille County, Washington, United States September 28, 2012 Details
August 12, 2012 plex1ppus Okanogan County, Washington, United States September 22, 2012 Details
September 15, 2012 PDunwiddie Pierce County, Washington, United States September 18, 2012 Details
September 16, 2012 PDunwiddie King County, Washington, United States September 18, 2012 Details
September 01, 2012 PDunwiddie Pierce County, Washington, United States September 03, 2012 Details
August 25, 2012 John Barry King County, Washington, United States August 27, 2012 Details
July 31, 2012 DanielleM Park County, Wyoming, United States August 17, 2012 Details
July 15, 2012 Peggy O Taylor County, Wisconsin, United States July 18, 2012 Details
July 01, 2012 PDunwiddie Kittitas County, Washington, United States July 02, 2012 Details
June 23, 2012 amdurso Cache County, Utah, United States July 01, 2012 Details
May 27, 2012 PDunwiddie Yakima County, Washington, United States June 04, 2012 Details
May 06, 2012 PDunwiddie Skagit County, Washington, United States May 08, 2012 Details
March 15, 2012 joeschelling Bernalillo County, New Mexico, United States March 23, 2012 Details
July 16, 2009 sararobinson Yellowstone National Park County, Wyoming, United States March 08, 2012 Details
July 19, 2011 Nancy Lea Sandy Natrona County, Wyoming, United States March 08, 2012 Details
October 15, 2011 ScottFromWyoming Park County, Wyoming, United States March 04, 2012 Details
June 20, 2009 sararobinson Carbon County, Montana, United States February 01, 2012 Details
July 17, 1996 legacy.reporter (John B. Vernon) Elko County, Nevada, United States January 01, 2012 Details
July 14, 1977 legacy.reporter (George T. Austin) Clark County, Nevada, United States January 01, 2012 Details
March 22, 1977 legacy.reporter (George T. Austin) Clark County, Nevada, United States January 01, 2012 Details
June 28, 1978 legacy.reporter (George T. Austin) Clark County, Nevada, United States January 01, 2012 Details