Attributes of Limenitis arthemis

Red-spotted Purple or White Admiral
Limenitis arthemis (Drury, 1773)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Limenitidinae
Identification: These two very different forms had once been considered separate species. WHITE ADMIRAL: Upperside is black with broad white median bands on both wings; hindwing has a marginal row of blue dashes and a submarginal row of red dots. Underside is reddish-brown with white median bands as on the upperside. RED-SPOTTED PURPLE: Upperside is blue to blue-green with much iridescence on the outer part of the hindwing. Underside is dark brown. Forewing has 2 red-orange bars near the base of the leading edge; hindwing has 3 red-orange spots near the base and a submarginal row of red-orange spots. The two forms hybridize where their ranges overlap, creating various intermediate forms which may be found in or near the overlap zone.
Wing Span: 2 1/4 - 4 inches (5.7 - 10.1 cm).
Life History: Males perch 3 feet or more above the ground on trees and tall bushes and rarely patrol for females. Eggs are laid singly on tips of host plant leaves; caterpillars eat leaves. Third-stage caterpillars hibernate.
Flight: Two broods from April-October.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of many species of trees and shrubs including wild cherry (Prunus), aspen, poplar, cottonwood (Populus), oaks (Quercus), hawthorn (Crataegus), deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum), birch (Betula), willows (Salix), basswood (Tilia), and shadbush (Amelanchier).
Adult Food: Sap flows, rotting fruit, carrion, dung, and occasionally nectar from small white flowers including spiraea, privet, and viburnum. White Admirals also sip aphid honeydew.
Habitat: The White Admiral form is usually found in the north in deciduous broad-leaf or mixed evergreen forests dominated by aspen or birch. The Red-Spotted Purple form is usually found further south than the White Admiral, in deciduous or mixed forests, moist uplands, valley bottoms, and coastal plains.
Range: Alaska and subarctic Canada southeast of the Rocky Mountains to central Texas; east to New England and central Florida. Isolated populations in Arizona, New Mexico, and west Texas south into Mexico. The White Admiral form usually occurs north of a line through north central New England, New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Minnesota. The Red-spotted Purple form is usually found south of this line. Much hybridization occurs where these forms meet. Comments: The Red-spotted Purple is a mimic of the poisonous Pipevine Swallowtail (Battus philenor).
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Limenitis arthemis

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Limenitis arthemis - Limenitis_arthemis2.jpg

Limenitis arthemis - Limenitis_arthemis2.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 01, 2014 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States September 06, 2014 Details
September 01, 2014 Nancee Cobb Washington County, Florida, United States September 04, 2014 Details
June 15, 2014 mjowinnate Winneshiek County, Iowa, United States August 17, 2014 Details
August 12, 2014 Gary The Villages Sumter County, Florida, United States August 13, 2014 Details
August 01, 2014 Valley Girl Ontario, Canada August 10, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 Sandy S-G McHenry County, Illinois, United States August 09, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 Molanic Du Page County, Illinois, United States August 09, 2014 Details
August 04, 2014 NigelBI Washington (Block Island) County, Rhode Island, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 02, 2014 Elaine Link Macoupin County, Illinois, United States August 03, 2014 Details
June 15, 2014 susanr Bennington County, Vermont, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 a-o Sussex County, New Jersey, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 16, 2014 lizkulzer Scott County, Minnesota, United States July 17, 2014 Details
June 09, 2014 dendroica5 Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States July 02, 2014 Details
June 18, 2014 Sandra McPherson Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States July 02, 2014 Details
June 11, 2014 razer9672 Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States July 02, 2014 Details
May 17, 2014 Englishman Hernando County, Florida, United States May 27, 2014 Details
April 21, 2014 Alisha726 Richland County, South Carolina, United States April 23, 2014 Details
June 09, 2013 lepisolli Sussex County, New Jersey, United States February 05, 2014 Details
May 11, 2012 birder89 Lawrence County, Ohio, United States January 08, 2014 Details
August 25, 2013 Susan Burnett Suwannee County, Florida, United States November 20, 2013 Details
October 24, 2013 BOGwalker Lafayette County, Florida, United States November 20, 2013 Details
September 26, 2013 annette shells Edgefield County, South Carolina, United States October 25, 2013 Details
September 27, 2013 aut2bhomeincarolina Clarendon County, South Carolina, United States September 30, 2013 Details
July 25, 1999 giardini57 Elbert County, Georgia, United States September 17, 2013 Details
August 25, 2013 patricia silvernail Jackson County, Georgia, United States September 17, 2013 Details
September 15, 2013 Nancee Cobb Leon County, Florida, United States September 15, 2013 Details
September 07, 2013 Nancee Cobb Calhoun County, Florida, United States September 10, 2013 Details
August 14, 2013 quantumjedi Cook County, Illinois, United States August 16, 2013 Details
August 14, 2013 maggiecmeier@yahoo.com Cook County, Illinois, United States August 16, 2013 Details
August 10, 2013 lstuchal Alachua County, Florida, United States August 14, 2013 Details
August 03, 2013 butterflylove Pasco County, Florida, United States August 11, 2013 Details
August 05, 2013 mommyof2sturg Leon County, Florida, United States August 11, 2013 Details
July 31, 2013 Otis Sowell Fluvanna County, Virginia, United States August 10, 2013 Details
July 31, 2013 Otis Sowell Fluvanna County, Virginia, United States August 10, 2013 Details
July 27, 2013 Woody882 La Salle County, Illinois, United States July 28, 2013 Details
July 24, 2013 Nancee Cobb Bay County, Florida, United States July 25, 2013 Details
June 08, 2013 BillyD Tolland County, Connecticut, United States July 24, 2013 Details
June 22, 2012 Glennie McKenzie County, North Dakota, United States July 06, 2013 Details
June 04, 2013 Sean Werle Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States July 03, 2013 Details
April 20, 2013 Terry W. Johnson Monroe County, Georgia, United States May 13, 2013 Details
April 15, 2013 jomarlin Marion County, Florida, United States April 24, 2013 Details
April 14, 2013 AnnaLauren Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, United States April 23, 2013 Details
October 20, 2012 Ken Cheeks Richmond County, Georgia, United States January 30, 2013 Details
June 19, 2005 curtis.lehman Clearfield County, Pennsylvania, United States December 08, 2012 Details
September 17, 1984 legacy.reporter (O Shields-R Wells) Mohave County, Arizona, United States December 01, 2012 Details
March 22, 1994 legacy.reporter (S. M. Nelson) La Paz County, Arizona, United States December 01, 2012 Details
March 31, 2012 vitaly charny (Vitaly Charny) Bibb County, Alabama, United States December 01, 2012 Details
April 07, 2012 legacy.reporter (Kazuo Inagaki) Bibb County, Alabama, United States December 01, 2012 Details
April 08, 2012 vitaly charny (Vitaly Charny) Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, United States December 01, 2012 Details
April 12, 2012 vitaly charny (Vitaly Charny) Dallas County, Alabama, United States December 01, 2012 Details