Attributes of Cercyonis pegala

Common Wood-Nymph
Cercyonis pegala (Fabricius, 1775)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Satyrinae
Identification: Geographically variable. Wings are brown. Upperside of forewing has 2 large yellow-ringed eyespots. Lowerside of hindwing has a variable number of small eyespots. Southern and coastal butterflies are larger and have a yellow or yellow-orange patch on the outer part of the forewing. Inland butterflies are smaller and have the yellow forewing patch reduced or absent.
Wing Span: 1 3/4 - 3 inches (4.5 - 7.6 cm).
Life History: Males patrol for females with a dipping flight through the vegetation. In late summer, females lay eggs singly on host plant leaves. Caterpillars hatch but do not feed, instead hibernating until spring.
Flight: One brood from late May-October. Females emerge later than males.
Caterpillar Hosts: Purpletop (Tridens flavus) and other grasses.
Adult Food: Rotting fruit, flower nectar.
Habitat: Large, sunny, grassy areas including prairies, open meadows, bogs, and old fields.
Range: Southern Canada and the continental United States except for most of the Southwest and Texas, southern peninsular Florida, and northern Maine.
Conservation: Isolated populations in Great Basin wetlands may be of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Cercyonis pegala

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Cercyonis pegala - cercyonis_pegala_paladum_caterpillar5_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Cercyonis pegala - cercyonis_pegala_paladum_caterpillar5_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Cercyonis pegala - cercyonis_pegala_paladum_pupa_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Cercyonis pegala - cercyonis_pegala_paladum_pupa_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Cercyonis pegala - CommonWood-nymph_small.jpg

Cercyonis pegala - CommonWood-nymph_small.jpg
Cercyonis pegala - CommonWoodNymph-Simons2.jpg

Cercyonis pegala - CommonWoodNymph-Simons2.jpg
Cercyonis pegala - CommonWoodNymph-Simons.jpg

Cercyonis pegala - CommonWoodNymph-Simons.jpg
Cercyonis pegala - Cercyonis_pegala_Lorna.jpg

Cercyonis pegala - Cercyonis_pegala_Lorna.jpg

Cercyonis pegala - Cercyonis_pegala_alope.jpg

Cercyonis pegala - Cercyonis_pegala_alope.jpg


The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 24, 2014 giardini57 Elbert County, Georgia, United States December 16, 2014 Details
August 04, 2014 CathK Albany County, New York, United States December 12, 2014 Details
October 08, 2014 S. J. Stedman Marshall County, Mississippi, United States December 02, 2014 Details
September 06, 2014 Nancee Cobb Washington County, Florida, United States November 21, 2014 Details
July 22, 2014 Jack Senzig Juneau County, Wisconsin, United States November 17, 2014 Details
August 02, 2014 Therlam Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States September 24, 2014 Details
September 08, 2014 jollygoodyellow Nova Scotia, Canada September 17, 2014 Details
September 01, 2014 LibbyMegna Teton County, Wyoming, United States September 10, 2014 Details
July 25, 2014 b.cn.u Ontario, Canada September 09, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 dendroica5 Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States September 08, 2014 Details
September 01, 2014 KristyBaker White County, Tennessee, United States September 06, 2014 Details
July 15, 2014 Colleen62 Ontario, Canada September 05, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 Colleen62 Ontario, Canada September 04, 2014 Details
August 27, 2014 cyric Hancock County, Maine, United States September 03, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 gunhilda Comanche County, Oklahoma, United States September 02, 2014 Details
August 08, 2014 BeaLaporte New Brunswick, Canada September 01, 2014 Details
August 18, 2014 rocksnstars Oxford County, Maine, United States August 31, 2014 Details
August 24, 2014 Lpassione Kenton County, Kentucky, United States August 30, 2014 Details
July 04, 2014 Chef Patty Chatham County, North Carolina, United States August 28, 2014 Details
August 16, 2014 dbruce (Judy Fuson) Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 28, 2014 Details
July 31, 2014 BRapai Luce County, Michigan, United States August 11, 2014 Details
August 02, 2014 birdmouse Nova Scotia, Canada August 11, 2014 Details
July 28, 2014 mgiffen Modoc County, California, United States August 10, 2014 Details
August 07, 2014 a-o Essex County, Massachusetts, United States August 09, 2014 Details
August 02, 2014 Chris Blomme Ontario, Canada August 06, 2014 Details
July 15, 2014 jani Manitoba, Canada August 05, 2014 Details
July 25, 2014 HansPG Multnomah County, Oregon, United States August 04, 2014 Details
July 17, 2014 doghouse York County, Maine, United States July 29, 2014 Details
July 26, 2014 sseagrave Sheridan County, Wyoming, United States July 28, 2014 Details
July 21, 2014 digginflowers Cape May County, New Jersey, United States July 26, 2014 Details
July 24, 2014 jim8435wisc Dodge County, Wisconsin, United States July 25, 2014 Details
July 24, 2014 Cirsine Erie County, New York, United States July 25, 2014 Details
July 21, 2014 Mogalicous Thurston County, Washington, United States July 24, 2014 Details
July 22, 2014 kniama07 Thurston County, Washington, United States July 24, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada July 24, 2014 Details
July 16, 2014 Sue Orlowski Spokane County, Washington, United States July 22, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 Chet Gottfried Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 accidentalshrike Lake County, Oregon, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 12, 2014 dferris1 Lyon County, Minnesota, United States July 17, 2014 Details
July 04, 2014 trever Marathon County, Wisconsin, United States July 17, 2014 Details
July 16, 2014 doris potter Quebec, Canada July 17, 2014 Details
July 16, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada July 17, 2014 Details
July 15, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada July 16, 2014 Details
July 16, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada July 16, 2014 Details
July 04, 2014 Sue Orlowski Lincoln County, Washington, United States July 14, 2014 Details
July 09, 2014 Sue Orlowski Stevens County, Washington, United States July 14, 2014 Details
July 12, 2014 Daryl Hutton Ontario, Canada July 13, 2014 Details
July 12, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada July 13, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 treichard Sussex County, New Jersey, United States July 12, 2014 Details
July 11, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada July 12, 2014 Details