Attributes of Junonia coenia

Common Buckeye
Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822]

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Upperside is brown. Forewing with 2 orange cell bars and 2 eyespots; part of white subapical band appears in the largest, lower eyespot. Hindwing has 2 eyespots; upper one is largest and contains a magenta crescent. Underside of hindwing is brown or tan in the wet season (summer) form and rose-red in the dry season (fall) form.
Wing Span: 1 5/8 - 2 3/4 inches (4.2 - 7 cm).
Life History: Males perch during the day on low plants or bare ground to watch for females, flying periodically to patrol or to chase other flying insects. Females lay eggs singly on leaf buds or on upperside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars are solitary and eat leaves. Caterpillars and adults overwinter but only in the south.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-October, throughout the year in the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Plants from the snapdragon family including snapdragon (Antirrhinum) and toadflax (Linaria); the plantain family including plantains (Plantago); and the acanthus family including ruellia (Ruellia nodiflora).
Adult Food: Favorite nectar sources are composites including aster, chickory, gumweed, knapweed, and tickseed sunflower. Dogbane, peppermint, and other flowers are also visited.
Habitat: Open, sunny areas with low vegetation and some bare ground.
Range: Resident in the southern United States and north along the coasts to central California and North Carolina; south to Bermuda, Cuba, Isle of Pines, and southern Mexico. Adults from the south's first brood migrate north in late spring and summer to temporarily colonize most of the United States and parts of southern Canada. Comments: The eyespots may be used to scare away predators.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Junonia coenia

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Junonia coenia - Junonia-coenia-Bob-Moul-496.jpg
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Junonia coenia - Junonia_coeniaKsGrantJuly21-05CarolAdams-crop.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia_coeniaKsGrantJuly21-05CarolAdams-crop.jpg

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
January 29, 2014 janazak Morelos, Mexico April 21, 2014 Details
November 17, 2013 Lois Stacey Georgia, Screven County, United States April 21, 2014 Details
November 07, 2013 Lisa Nicholas Dallas County, Texas, United States April 18, 2014 Details
April 13, 2014 Nvenezio Hays County, Texas, United States April 13, 2014 Details
November 16, 2013 Airedoc Brunswick County, North Carolina, United States April 08, 2014 Details
August 08, 2013 curtis.lehman Morgan County, West Virginia, United States March 24, 2014 Details
October 27, 2010 julmast Elkhart County, Indiana, United States March 06, 2014 Details
October 08, 2012 JMJaskula Jasper County, Indiana, United States March 06, 2014 Details
August 14, 2011 rosenthal.k Fairfax County, Virginia, United States March 06, 2014 Details
September 09, 2012 Chip Krilowicz Mercer County, New Jersey, United States March 04, 2014 Details
September 11, 2013 Soulbelly Henry County, Georgia, United States March 04, 2014 Details
September 15, 2013 rogerashton Cape May County, New Jersey, United States February 19, 2014 Details
February 15, 2014 Sparks7 Burnet County, Texas, United States February 16, 2014 Details
September 09, 2010 rosenthal.k St Louis County, Missouri, United States February 15, 2014 Details
September 15, 2010 KLongstaff Ventura County, California, United States February 14, 2014 Details
August 11, 2013 mackhitch Logan County, Colorado, United States February 11, 2014 Details
August 25, 2013 tjantscher Appanoose County, Iowa, United States February 06, 2014 Details
September 11, 2012 Chip Krilowicz Mercer County, New Jersey, United States February 05, 2014 Details
July 06, 2013 lehgramma Ocean County, New Jersey, United States February 05, 2014 Details
February 01, 2014 Englishman Hernando County, Florida, United States February 04, 2014 Details
January 31, 2014 PDunwiddie Marin County, California, United States February 04, 2014 Details
September 08, 2013 digginflowers Cape May County, New Jersey, United States January 30, 2014 Details
October 08, 2013 patricia silvernail Jackson County, Georgia, United States January 23, 2014 Details
August 01, 2013 annhsatt Polk County, Florida, United States January 21, 2014 Details
July 13, 2013 Dick Ratliff Madison County, Tennessee, United States January 17, 2014 Details
September 15, 2012 lspivey11 Des Moines County, Iowa, United States January 16, 2014 Details
August 17, 2013 michaeloberg Webster County, Iowa, United States January 16, 2014 Details
September 13, 2013 icosahedron Sonoma County, California, United States January 14, 2014 Details
December 19, 2013 plex1ppus Lee County, Florida, United States January 11, 2014 Details
August 20, 1975 stomlins701 Texas, Kendall County, United States December 28, 2013 Details
April 03, 2012 Robert Gorman Orange County, California, United States December 20, 2013 Details
July 31, 2010 diwalks2 Tuolumne County, California, United States December 13, 2013 Details
November 18, 2013 SeEtta Fremont County, Colorado, United States December 08, 2013 Details
October 02, 2012 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States December 05, 2013 Details
September 15, 2013 wildman Charleston County, South Carolina, United States December 01, 2013 Details
November 19, 2013 Sparks7 Burnet County, Texas, United States November 29, 2013 Details
July 20, 2010 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States November 28, 2013 Details
September 15, 2013 Kelly Evans San Luis Obispo County, California, United States November 17, 2013 Details
November 09, 2013 judielaine Sonoma County, California, United States November 16, 2013 Details
September 10, 2013 Zeus79 Macomb County, Michigan, United States November 15, 2013 Details
November 11, 2013 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States November 11, 2013 Details
October 02, 2013 toddewen Tippecanoe County, Indiana, United States November 10, 2013 Details
November 09, 2013 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States November 09, 2013 Details
September 26, 2013 tjohtotaylor Bartholomew County, Indiana, United States November 07, 2013 Details
November 07, 2013 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States November 07, 2013 Details
October 31, 2013 lorispencer Logan County, Arkansas, United States November 02, 2013 Details
October 28, 2013 Pamela D. Fisher Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States October 30, 2013 Details
October 26, 2013 Intrinsic3141 Mariposa County, California, United States October 30, 2013 Details
October 20, 2013 sobrien East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, United States October 27, 2013 Details
October 25, 2013 Kimberly Mrozinski Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States October 26, 2013 Details