Attributes of Junonia coenia

Common Buckeye
Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822]

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Upperside is brown. Forewing with 2 orange cell bars and 2 eyespots; part of white subapical band appears in the largest, lower eyespot. Hindwing has 2 eyespots; upper one is largest and contains a magenta crescent. Underside of hindwing is brown or tan in the wet season (summer) form and rose-red in the dry season (fall) form.
Wing Span: 1 5/8 - 2 3/4 inches (4.2 - 7 cm).
Life History: Males perch during the day on low plants or bare ground to watch for females, flying periodically to patrol or to chase other flying insects. Females lay eggs singly on leaf buds or on upperside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars are solitary and eat leaves. Caterpillars and adults overwinter but only in the south.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-October, throughout the year in the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Plants from the snapdragon family including snapdragon (Antirrhinum) and toadflax (Linaria); the plantain family including plantains (Plantago); and the acanthus family including ruellia (Ruellia nodiflora).
Adult Food: Favorite nectar sources are composites including aster, chickory, gumweed, knapweed, and tickseed sunflower. Dogbane, peppermint, and other flowers are also visited.
Habitat: Open, sunny areas with low vegetation and some bare ground.
Range: Resident in the southern United States and north along the coasts to central California and North Carolina; south to Bermuda, Cuba, Isle of Pines, and southern Mexico. Adults from the south's first brood migrate north in late spring and summer to temporarily colonize most of the United States and parts of southern Canada. Comments: The eyespots may be used to scare away predators.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Junonia coenia

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Junonia coenia - Junonia_coeniaKsGrantJuly21-05CarolAdams-crop.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia_coeniaKsGrantJuly21-05CarolAdams-crop.jpg

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 08, 2015 sshively Rapides Parish, Louisiana, United States January 22, 2016 Details
January 10, 2016 cosmic_cat Texas, Marion County, United States January 22, 2016 Details
June 18, 2015 Paige680 Johnson County, Texas, United States January 18, 2016 Details
December 30, 2015 msandell St Johns County, Florida, United States January 05, 2016 Details
August 07, 2015 Josiah Gilbert San Luis Obispo County, California, United States December 30, 2015 Details
May 16, 2015 Josiah Gilbert San Luis Obispo County, California, United States December 29, 2015 Details
December 15, 2015 Doug Bruce Roane County, Tennessee, United States December 28, 2015 Details
September 04, 2015 Terry W. Johnson Monroe County, Georgia, United States December 21, 2015 Details
November 25, 2015 Cathy Miller Chatham County, Georgia, United States December 21, 2015 Details
July 12, 2015 CA Ivy (Jon C. Ivy) Adair County, Oklahoma, United States December 10, 2015 Details
December 08, 2015 Doug Bruce Roane County, Tennessee, United States December 08, 2015 Details
October 28, 2015 Drive Me Buggy Alachua County, Florida, United States December 03, 2015 Details
December 03, 2015 Doug Bruce Roane County, Tennessee, United States December 03, 2015 Details
November 13, 2015 PDunwiddie Humboldt County, California, United States November 16, 2015 Details
November 13, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States November 13, 2015 Details
November 13, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States November 13, 2015 Details
November 10, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States November 11, 2015 Details
November 08, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States November 08, 2015 Details
November 06, 2015 Holly638 St Charles County, Missouri, United States November 07, 2015 Details
November 05, 2015 kenwiggers Story County, Iowa, United States November 06, 2015 Details
November 04, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States November 04, 2015 Details
October 21, 2015 MAKI Santa Barbara County, California, United States November 03, 2015 Details
October 30, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States October 30, 2015 Details
October 29, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States October 29, 2015 Details
October 18, 2015 Tomas2015 Charleston County, South Carolina, United States October 19, 2015 Details
October 16, 2015 cowbug3 Jackson County, Oregon, United States October 18, 2015 Details
October 17, 2015 ButterBelle Blount County, Tennessee, United States October 18, 2015 Details
April 22, 2015 Selwyn Quan Santa Clara County, California, United States October 17, 2015 Details
October 17, 2015 hunter58 Hernando County, Florida, United States October 17, 2015 Details
October 15, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States October 15, 2015 Details
October 14, 2015 stephen stedman Crockett County, Tennessee, United States October 14, 2015 Details
October 05, 2015 Doug Bruce Henderson County, Tennessee, United States October 13, 2015 Details
October 13, 2015 stephen stedman Franklin County, Tennessee, United States October 13, 2015 Details
October 09, 2015 Doug Bruce Tipton County, Tennessee, United States October 12, 2015 Details
October 08, 2015 Linda Fink Jackson County, Oregon, United States October 12, 2015 Details
October 11, 2015 brainerd Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States October 12, 2015 Details
September 14, 2015 MAKI Mendocino County, California, United States October 12, 2015 Details
October 09, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States October 09, 2015 Details
October 07, 2015 stephen stedman Van Buren County, Tennessee, United States October 08, 2015 Details
October 06, 2015 Doug Bruce Tipton County, Tennessee, United States October 07, 2015 Details
October 07, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States October 07, 2015 Details
September 21, 2015 roseanna Pulaski County, Kentucky, United States October 06, 2015 Details
October 05, 2015 Doug Bruce McNairy County, Tennessee, United States October 06, 2015 Details
October 03, 2015 cosmic_cat Webster Parish, Louisiana, United States October 04, 2015 Details
September 27, 2015 Jonathan Clark Catahoula Parish, Louisiana, United States October 04, 2015 Details
September 11, 2015 Bill Link Baltimore County, Maryland, United States October 02, 2015 Details
September 19, 2015 benphalan Del Norte County, California, United States October 02, 2015 Details
October 02, 2015 NormShea Charleston County, South Carolina, United States October 02, 2015 Details
September 25, 2015 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States September 30, 2015 Details
September 18, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States September 29, 2015 Details