Attributes of Junonia coenia

Common Buckeye
Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822]

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Upperside is brown. Forewing with 2 orange cell bars and 2 eyespots; part of white subapical band appears in the largest, lower eyespot. Hindwing has 2 eyespots; upper one is largest and contains a magenta crescent. Underside of hindwing is brown or tan in the wet season (summer) form and rose-red in the dry season (fall) form.
Wing Span: 1 5/8 - 2 3/4 inches (4.2 - 7 cm).
Life History: Males perch during the day on low plants or bare ground to watch for females, flying periodically to patrol or to chase other flying insects. Females lay eggs singly on leaf buds or on upperside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars are solitary and eat leaves. Caterpillars and adults overwinter but only in the south.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-October, throughout the year in the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Plants from the snapdragon family including snapdragon (Antirrhinum) and toadflax (Linaria); the plantain family including plantains (Plantago); and the acanthus family including ruellia (Ruellia nodiflora).
Adult Food: Favorite nectar sources are composites including aster, chickory, gumweed, knapweed, and tickseed sunflower. Dogbane, peppermint, and other flowers are also visited.
Habitat: Open, sunny areas with low vegetation and some bare ground.
Range: Resident in the southern United States and north along the coasts to central California and North Carolina; south to Bermuda, Cuba, Isle of Pines, and southern Mexico. Adults from the south's first brood migrate north in late spring and summer to temporarily colonize most of the United States and parts of southern Canada. Comments: The eyespots may be used to scare away predators.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Junonia coenia

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 21, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States September 26, 2016 Details
September 23, 2016 Jeff Trahan Lafayette County, Arkansas, United States September 26, 2016 Details
September 21, 2016 Justin.Jagielski Daviess County, Kentucky, United States September 25, 2016 Details
July 11, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States September 25, 2016 Details
August 25, 2016 obstinatrician Cook County, Illinois, United States September 24, 2016 Details
August 26, 2016 CobaltKairi DeKalb County, Georgia, United States September 20, 2016 Details
August 29, 2016 firewoman Fayette County, Georgia, United States September 20, 2016 Details
September 16, 2016 lilkriskattn Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States September 20, 2016 Details
September 18, 2016 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States September 19, 2016 Details
September 17, 2016 Anne Wills Mason County, West Virginia, United States September 18, 2016 Details
September 16, 2016 Jeff Trahan Hempstead County, Arkansas, United States September 17, 2016 Details
September 03, 2016 Allen Gathman Stoddard County, Missouri, United States September 16, 2016 Details
September 13, 2016 hmclin York County, Pennsylvania, United States September 15, 2016 Details
September 11, 2016 jtylerbell St Marys County, Maryland, United States September 13, 2016 Details
September 04, 2016 Doug Bruce Obion County, Tennessee, United States September 12, 2016 Details
September 10, 2016 Chris Blomme Ontario, Canada September 12, 2016 Details
August 22, 2016 patrickapeters Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States September 11, 2016 Details
August 28, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States September 11, 2016 Details
September 08, 2016 Hailee Rae De Witt County, Illinois, United States September 08, 2016 Details
September 02, 2016 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States September 08, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 Doug Bruce Houston County, Tennessee, United States September 07, 2016 Details
August 30, 2016 RichHubie Mendocino County, California, United States September 06, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 iangardner Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States September 06, 2016 Details
September 02, 2016 JesseW Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States September 06, 2016 Details
September 03, 2016 Doug Bruce Stewart County, Tennessee, United States September 05, 2016 Details
September 04, 2016 Anne Wills Putnam County, West Virginia, United States September 05, 2016 Details
September 04, 2016 stephen stedman Macon County, Tennessee, United States September 05, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 Hailee Rae De Witt County, Illinois, United States September 05, 2016 Details
August 06, 2016 MAKI Stanislaus County, California, United States September 04, 2016 Details
September 04, 2016 jvkopple2 Kalkaska County, Michigan, United States September 04, 2016 Details
September 02, 2016 digginflowers Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States September 03, 2016 Details
August 30, 2016 digginflowers Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States August 31, 2016 Details
August 28, 2016 Anne Wills Mason County, West Virginia, United States August 29, 2016 Details
August 04, 2016 rdhealy1951@aol.com Hart County, Kentucky, United States August 28, 2016 Details
August 23, 2016 M Kuhlman Cochise County, Arizona, United States August 27, 2016 Details
August 27, 2016 KristenR White County, Tennessee, United States August 27, 2016 Details
July 22, 2016 aarongunnar Dunn County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2016 Details
July 24, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2016 Details
July 27, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2016 Details
August 18, 2016 Ronniefly Santa Clara County, California, United States August 23, 2016 Details
August 22, 2016 Cadcoc Arkansas, United States August 23, 2016 Details
August 21, 2016 Mapper Christian County, Illinois, United States August 23, 2016 Details
August 21, 2016 marshallbw72 Williamson County, Tennessee, United States August 22, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 S. J. Stedman (Susan E. Pirolo) Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 22, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 S. J. Stedman (Larry Little) Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 22, 2016 Details
July 20, 2016 CA Ivy Muskogee County, Oklahoma, United States August 22, 2016 Details
August 20, 2016 Allen Gathman Alexander County, Illinois, United States August 21, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 gldearman Jefferson County, Florida, United States August 20, 2016 Details
August 19, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 20, 2016 Details
August 08, 2016 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States August 20, 2016 Details