Attributes of Junonia coenia

Common Buckeye
Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822]

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Upperside is brown. Forewing with 2 orange cell bars and 2 eyespots; part of white subapical band appears in the largest, lower eyespot. Hindwing has 2 eyespots; upper one is largest and contains a magenta crescent. Underside of hindwing is brown or tan in the wet season (summer) form and rose-red in the dry season (fall) form.
Wing Span: 1 5/8 - 2 3/4 inches (4.2 - 7 cm).
Life History: Males perch during the day on low plants or bare ground to watch for females, flying periodically to patrol or to chase other flying insects. Females lay eggs singly on leaf buds or on upperside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars are solitary and eat leaves. Caterpillars and adults overwinter but only in the south.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-October, throughout the year in the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Plants from the snapdragon family including snapdragon (Antirrhinum) and toadflax (Linaria); the plantain family including plantains (Plantago); and the acanthus family including ruellia (Ruellia nodiflora).
Adult Food: Favorite nectar sources are composites including aster, chickory, gumweed, knapweed, and tickseed sunflower. Dogbane, peppermint, and other flowers are also visited.
Habitat: Open, sunny areas with low vegetation and some bare ground.
Range: Resident in the southern United States and north along the coasts to central California and North Carolina; south to Bermuda, Cuba, Isle of Pines, and southern Mexico. Adults from the south's first brood migrate north in late spring and summer to temporarily colonize most of the United States and parts of southern Canada. Comments: The eyespots may be used to scare away predators.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Junonia coenia

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 23, 2017 cosmic_cat Texas, United States, Upshur County April 23, 2017 Details
March 21, 2017 Jeff Trahan Vernon Parish, Louisiana, United States April 14, 2017 Details
April 08, 2017 Steve Krotzer Greene County, Mississippi, United States April 12, 2017 Details
April 06, 2017 rseidler Red River Parish, Louisiana, United States April 11, 2017 Details
June 17, 2016 Christine Stanke Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States April 10, 2017 Details
July 16, 2016 Christine Stanke Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, United States April 10, 2017 Details
March 29, 2017 Steve Krotzer Monroe County, Mississippi, United States April 10, 2017 Details
April 07, 2017 Jeff Trahan McCurtain County, Oklahoma, United States April 09, 2017 Details
March 14, 2017 Steve Krotzer Perry County, Mississippi, United States April 09, 2017 Details
April 06, 2017 Jeff Trahan Red River Parish, Louisiana, United States April 09, 2017 Details
April 01, 2017 RichHubie Mendocino County, California, United States April 08, 2017 Details
April 03, 2017 njschulz Dallas County, Texas, United States April 06, 2017 Details
June 12, 2016 Christine Stanke Washington County, Wisconsin, United States April 03, 2017 Details
June 15, 2016 Christine Stanke Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States April 03, 2017 Details
March 10, 2017 cosmic_cat Texas, United States, Upshur County March 12, 2017 Details
February 27, 2017 the janitors kid Brevard County, Florida, United States March 09, 2017 Details
November 16, 2016 JC Finch Putnam County, Tennessee, United States February 20, 2017 Details
February 14, 2017 JeanEvoy De Soto County, Florida, United States February 15, 2017 Details
May 24, 2015 JoseBonner Bexar County, Texas, United States February 08, 2017 Details
January 23, 2017 Anonymoth Brazoria County, Texas, United States February 03, 2017 Details
January 23, 2017 Jonathan Clark St Bernard Parish, Louisiana, United States February 03, 2017 Details
January 30, 2017 the janitors kid Brevard County, Florida, United States February 02, 2017 Details
January 21, 2017 mellielong Pasco County, Florida, United States January 27, 2017 Details
June 15, 2016 Lepidopteron Contra Costa County, California, United States January 25, 2017 Details
March 28, 2016 J_Martineau Lee County, Florida, United States January 05, 2017 Details
December 10, 2016 Allen Gathman New Madrid County, Missouri, United States January 03, 2017 Details
September 04, 2016 aarongunnar Sauk County, Wisconsin, United States December 27, 2016 Details
September 17, 2016 aarongunnar Dane County, Wisconsin, United States December 27, 2016 Details
October 03, 2016 heisiar Dane County, Wisconsin, United States December 24, 2016 Details
December 08, 2016 mellielong Polk County, Florida, United States December 20, 2016 Details
November 05, 2016 ncrosbyrd McIntosh County, Georgia, United States December 12, 2016 Details
November 27, 2016 the janitors kid Brevard County, Florida, United States December 08, 2016 Details
October 02, 2016 CA Ivy Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States December 05, 2016 Details
November 07, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States December 05, 2016 Details
December 02, 2016 Jeff Trahan Little River County, Arkansas, United States December 04, 2016 Details
July 31, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States November 28, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States November 28, 2016 Details
November 24, 2016 billd Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 25, 2016 Details
November 14, 2016 billd Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 24, 2016 Details
November 22, 2016 billd Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 24, 2016 Details
October 07, 2016 cosmic_cat Gregg County, Texas, United States November 20, 2016 Details
November 18, 2016 tolbos Macomb County, Michigan, United States November 18, 2016 Details
November 17, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States November 17, 2016 Details
November 11, 2016 Jeff Trahan Benton County, Arkansas, United States November 15, 2016 Details
November 13, 2016 Doug Bruce Campbell County, Tennessee, United States November 14, 2016 Details
October 27, 2016 Lisa17 Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States November 13, 2016 Details
November 13, 2016 Redheart Canyonlands Bandera County, Texas, United States November 13, 2016 Details
November 02, 2016 randimal Hidalgo County, Texas, United States November 12, 2016 Details
October 29, 2016 billd Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 09, 2016 Details
November 09, 2016 RichHubie Mendocino County, California, United States November 09, 2016 Details