Attributes of Junonia coenia

Common Buckeye
Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822]

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Upperside is brown. Forewing with 2 orange cell bars and 2 eyespots; part of white subapical band appears in the largest, lower eyespot. Hindwing has 2 eyespots; upper one is largest and contains a magenta crescent. Underside of hindwing is brown or tan in the wet season (summer) form and rose-red in the dry season (fall) form.
Wing Span: 1 5/8 - 2 3/4 inches (4.2 - 7 cm).
Life History: Males perch during the day on low plants or bare ground to watch for females, flying periodically to patrol or to chase other flying insects. Females lay eggs singly on leaf buds or on upperside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars are solitary and eat leaves. Caterpillars and adults overwinter but only in the south.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-October, throughout the year in the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Plants from the snapdragon family including snapdragon (Antirrhinum) and toadflax (Linaria); the plantain family including plantains (Plantago); and the acanthus family including ruellia (Ruellia nodiflora).
Adult Food: Favorite nectar sources are composites including aster, chickory, gumweed, knapweed, and tickseed sunflower. Dogbane, peppermint, and other flowers are also visited.
Habitat: Open, sunny areas with low vegetation and some bare ground.
Range: Resident in the southern United States and north along the coasts to central California and North Carolina; south to Bermuda, Cuba, Isle of Pines, and southern Mexico. Adults from the south's first brood migrate north in late spring and summer to temporarily colonize most of the United States and parts of southern Canada. Comments: The eyespots may be used to scare away predators.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Junonia coenia

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
June 10, 2016 ncrosbyrd Kern County, California, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 14, 2016 stephen stedman Moore County, Tennessee, United States July 21, 2016 Details
June 28, 2016 Joseph Miller Reno County, Kansas, United States July 19, 2016 Details
September 12, 2015 agathman Pemiscot County, Missouri, United States July 18, 2016 Details
July 11, 2016 Doug Bruce Roane County, Tennessee, United States July 17, 2016 Details
May 20, 2012 PhotoTime Texas, Smith County, United States July 16, 2016 Details
June 27, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States July 15, 2016 Details
July 03, 2016 CA Ivy Benton County, Arkansas, United States July 14, 2016 Details
July 13, 2016 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 13, 2016 Details
July 10, 2016 RichHubie Mendocino County, California, United States July 12, 2016 Details
July 10, 2016 PONYRCR Los Angeles County, California, United States July 12, 2016 Details
July 08, 2016 ezeemonee Santa Barbara County, California, United States July 11, 2016 Details
July 08, 2016 Jeff Trahan Jackson Parish, Louisiana, United States July 09, 2016 Details
July 08, 2016 Jeff Trahan Jackson Parish, Louisiana, United States July 09, 2016 Details
July 03, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States July 08, 2016 Details
July 04, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States July 08, 2016 Details
July 03, 2016 Doug Bruce Gibson County, Tennessee, United States July 04, 2016 Details
July 04, 2016 gunhilda Payne County, Oklahoma, United States July 04, 2016 Details
July 02, 2016 Doug Bruce Crockett County, Tennessee, United States July 03, 2016 Details
July 02, 2016 Doug Bruce Gibson County, Tennessee, United States July 03, 2016 Details
July 03, 2016 cosmic_cat Harrison County, Texas, United States July 03, 2016 Details
June 19, 2016 Doug Bruce Meigs County, Tennessee, United States June 28, 2016 Details
June 25, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States June 28, 2016 Details
June 11, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States June 25, 2016 Details
June 03, 2016 tjrickert Brevard County, Florida, United States June 24, 2016 Details
June 19, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States June 23, 2016 Details
June 17, 2016 PDunwiddie Humboldt County, California, United States June 22, 2016 Details
May 30, 2016 Melinda Fawver Obion County, Tennessee, United States June 17, 2016 Details
June 09, 2016 PDunwiddie St Charles County, Missouri, United States June 14, 2016 Details
June 04, 2016 billwx Noble County, Oklahoma, United States June 14, 2016 Details
June 12, 2016 Jls363 Sacramento County, California, United States June 13, 2016 Details
June 12, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States June 13, 2016 Details
April 24, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States June 12, 2016 Details
May 06, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States June 12, 2016 Details
April 17, 2016 ncrosbyrd Glynn County, Georgia, United States June 11, 2016 Details
June 02, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States June 07, 2016 Details
June 05, 2016 cosmic_cat Texas, United States, Upshur County June 05, 2016 Details
May 29, 2016 Jonathan Clark La Salle Parish, Louisiana, United States June 02, 2016 Details
August 23, 2013 Bdmc1900 Lancaster County, Nebraska, United States May 30, 2016 Details
May 28, 2016 Doug Bruce Crockett County, Tennessee, United States May 30, 2016 Details
May 29, 2016 PONYRCR Los Angeles County, California, United States May 30, 2016 Details
May 27, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States May 28, 2016 Details
May 27, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States May 28, 2016 Details
May 20, 2016 cosmic_cat Little River County, Arkansas, United States May 23, 2016 Details
May 18, 2016 Emviv Santa Barbara County, California, United States May 22, 2016 Details
May 15, 2016 Lois Stacey Calhoun County, South Carolina, United States May 18, 2016 Details
May 09, 2016 tompkinsc Lexington County, South Carolina, United States May 10, 2016 Details
May 07, 2016 kellylafleur Lee County, Florida, United States May 08, 2016 Details
May 02, 2016 cosmic_cat Gregg County, Texas, United States May 03, 2016 Details
May 01, 2016 Doug Bruce Roane County, Tennessee, United States May 02, 2016 Details