Attributes of Junonia coenia

Common Buckeye
Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822]

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Upperside is brown. Forewing with 2 orange cell bars and 2 eyespots; part of white subapical band appears in the largest, lower eyespot. Hindwing has 2 eyespots; upper one is largest and contains a magenta crescent. Underside of hindwing is brown or tan in the wet season (summer) form and rose-red in the dry season (fall) form.
Wing Span: 1 5/8 - 2 3/4 inches (4.2 - 7 cm).
Life History: Males perch during the day on low plants or bare ground to watch for females, flying periodically to patrol or to chase other flying insects. Females lay eggs singly on leaf buds or on upperside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars are solitary and eat leaves. Caterpillars and adults overwinter but only in the south.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-October, throughout the year in the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Plants from the snapdragon family including snapdragon (Antirrhinum) and toadflax (Linaria); the plantain family including plantains (Plantago); and the acanthus family including ruellia (Ruellia nodiflora).
Adult Food: Favorite nectar sources are composites including aster, chickory, gumweed, knapweed, and tickseed sunflower. Dogbane, peppermint, and other flowers are also visited.
Habitat: Open, sunny areas with low vegetation and some bare ground.
Range: Resident in the southern United States and north along the coasts to central California and North Carolina; south to Bermuda, Cuba, Isle of Pines, and southern Mexico. Adults from the south's first brood migrate north in late spring and summer to temporarily colonize most of the United States and parts of southern Canada. Comments: The eyespots may be used to scare away predators.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Junonia coenia

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Junonia coenia - Junonia_coeniaKsGrantJuly21-05CarolAdams-crop.jpg

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 22, 2015 John LeBlanc Henrico County, Virginia, United States August 24, 2015 Details
August 16, 2015 Jonathan Clark Grant Parish, Louisiana, United States August 21, 2015 Details
August 16, 2015 Doug Bruce Overton County, Tennessee, United States August 21, 2015 Details
August 21, 2015 Photoman60 Cook County, Illinois, United States August 21, 2015 Details
April 21, 2015 grayhairstreak Brewster County, Texas, United States August 20, 2015 Details
August 13, 2015 Tindomul1of9 Putnam County, New York, United States August 19, 2015 Details
August 16, 2015 Tindomul1of9 Queens County, New York, United States August 19, 2015 Details
July 17, 2015 Chesaloosa Caroline County, Maryland, United States August 18, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 John LeBlanc Henrico County, Virginia, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 12, 2015 Cathy110 James City County, Virginia, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 12, 2015 underwood.jones Wyandotte County, Kansas, United States August 14, 2015 Details
August 10, 2015 stomlins701 Elmore County, Alabama, United States August 14, 2015 Details
August 10, 2015 dudesocky Gaston County, North Carolina, United States August 13, 2015 Details
August 08, 2015 Doug Bruce Lawrence County, Tennessee, United States August 12, 2015 Details
August 11, 2015 amealer Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States August 11, 2015 Details
August 09, 2015 stephen stedman Giles County, Tennessee, United States August 10, 2015 Details
July 24, 2015 Ken Cheeks Burke County, Georgia, United States August 07, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 arcturusangel Harrison County, Texas, United States August 04, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 Doug Bruce Robertson County, Tennessee, United States August 04, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 PONYRCR Los Angeles County, California, United States August 02, 2015 Details
August 01, 2015 Doug Bruce Montgomery County, Tennessee, United States August 01, 2015 Details
July 26, 2015 Doug Bruce Maury County, Tennessee, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 28, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 Doug Bruce Marshall County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 04, 2015 Jonathan Clark La Salle Parish, Louisiana, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 04, 2015 Ken Cheeks Aiken County, South Carolina, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 24, 2015 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 25, 2015 Details
July 16, 2015 jrossbell@gmail.com Morgan County, Kentucky, United States July 23, 2015 Details
July 11, 2010 mellielong Lincoln County, West Virginia, United States July 19, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 stephen stedman Clay County, Tennessee, United States July 19, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 stephen stedman Pickett County, Tennessee, United States July 19, 2015 Details
July 08, 2015 cedarbees Wilson County, Tennessee, United States July 19, 2015 Details
July 01, 2015 LDWFR1 Bossier Parish, Louisiana, United States July 18, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 Carolyn Seaton York County, South Carolina, United States July 18, 2015 Details
July 16, 2015 stephen stedman Smith County, Tennessee, United States July 16, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States July 12, 2015 Details
July 12, 2015 marshallbw72 Williamson County, Tennessee, United States July 12, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 stomlins701 Elmore County, Alabama, United States July 10, 2015 Details
July 08, 2015 Bill Emch Chester County, South Carolina, United States July 08, 2015 Details
July 06, 2015 SMulhearn Contra Costa County, California, United States July 07, 2015 Details
July 04, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 07, 2015 Details
July 03, 2015 N Weasel Santa Clara County, California, United States July 04, 2015 Details
July 02, 2015 ezeemonee Santa Barbara County, California, United States July 02, 2015 Details
May 18, 2015 Richard1948 Monterey County, California, United States June 29, 2015 Details
May 30, 2015 Ken Cheeks Aiken County, South Carolina, United States June 28, 2015 Details
June 15, 2015 Bill Emch Chester County, South Carolina, United States June 28, 2015 Details
June 26, 2015 LoveYourPetExpo Shasta County, California, United States June 26, 2015 Details
May 26, 2015 ncrosbyrd McIntosh County, Georgia, United States June 23, 2015 Details
April 22, 2015 Teresa Jacobs Clinch County, Georgia, United States June 22, 2015 Details