Attributes of Junonia coenia

Common Buckeye
Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822]

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Upperside is brown. Forewing with 2 orange cell bars and 2 eyespots; part of white subapical band appears in the largest, lower eyespot. Hindwing has 2 eyespots; upper one is largest and contains a magenta crescent. Underside of hindwing is brown or tan in the wet season (summer) form and rose-red in the dry season (fall) form.
Wing Span: 1 5/8 - 2 3/4 inches (4.2 - 7 cm).
Life History: Males perch during the day on low plants or bare ground to watch for females, flying periodically to patrol or to chase other flying insects. Females lay eggs singly on leaf buds or on upperside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars are solitary and eat leaves. Caterpillars and adults overwinter but only in the south.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-October, throughout the year in the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Plants from the snapdragon family including snapdragon (Antirrhinum) and toadflax (Linaria); the plantain family including plantains (Plantago); and the acanthus family including ruellia (Ruellia nodiflora).
Adult Food: Favorite nectar sources are composites including aster, chickory, gumweed, knapweed, and tickseed sunflower. Dogbane, peppermint, and other flowers are also visited.
Habitat: Open, sunny areas with low vegetation and some bare ground.
Range: Resident in the southern United States and north along the coasts to central California and North Carolina; south to Bermuda, Cuba, Isle of Pines, and southern Mexico. Adults from the south's first brood migrate north in late spring and summer to temporarily colonize most of the United States and parts of southern Canada. Comments: The eyespots may be used to scare away predators.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Junonia coenia

Click on an image to view full size and to see additional details.






Junonia coenia - Junonia-coenia-Bob-Moul-496.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia-coenia-Bob-Moul-496.jpg
Junonia coenia - Junonia-coenia-Bob-Moul-497.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia-coenia-Bob-Moul-497.jpg




Junonia coenia - Junonia-coenia-Mark-Collier.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia-coenia-Mark-Collier.jpg
Junonia coenia - CommonBuckeye_small.jpg

Junonia coenia - CommonBuckeye_small.jpg
Junonia coenia - CommonBuckeye-Simons.jpg

Junonia coenia - CommonBuckeye-Simons.jpg
Junonia coenia - CommonBuckeye2_small.jpg

Junonia coenia - CommonBuckeye2_small.jpg
Junonia coenia - Junonia_coeniaKsGrantJuly21-05CarolAdams-crop.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia_coeniaKsGrantJuly21-05CarolAdams-crop.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia_coenia.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia_coenia.jpg
Junonia coenia - Junonia_coenia2.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia_coenia2.jpg
Junonia coenia - Junonia_coenia3.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia_coenia3.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

How to use the map:
Click on the map and move your mouse to pan.
Zoom by using the plus [+] and minus [-] on the left side of the map.
To change which map layers are displayed, click on the plus sign [+] on the right side of the map and turn on/off the data layers and base layers.

*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

See more recently verified sightings of all species.

You don't have Javascript enabled. Hover for more information! But don't worry: you can still use this web site! You have two options:
  • enable Javascript in your browser and then refresh this page, for a much enhanced experience.
  • click the Update button every time you want to update the selection.
Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
June 15, 2012 Robert Gorman Riverside County, California, United States December 16, 2014 Details
July 27, 2014 Jeff Trahan Caldwell Parish, Louisiana, United States December 10, 2014 Details
October 25, 2014 Doug Bruce Greene County, Tennessee, United States December 06, 2014 Details
October 26, 2014 Doug Bruce Anderson County, Tennessee, United States December 06, 2014 Details
October 06, 2014 dbruce Washington County, Mississippi, United States December 06, 2014 Details
October 08, 2014 dbruce Marshall County, Mississippi, United States December 04, 2014 Details
October 08, 2014 dbruce Benton County, Mississippi, United States December 04, 2014 Details
September 24, 2014 rponce12 San Diego County, California, United States December 02, 2014 Details
September 27, 2014 Nancee Cobb Bay County, Florida, United States November 21, 2014 Details
October 24, 2014 Mike Dillon Texas, Panola County, United States November 16, 2014 Details
September 28, 2014 systanfield Richland County, South Carolina, United States September 29, 2014 Details
September 20, 2014 WendyJG Lee County, Illinois, United States September 29, 2014 Details
September 26, 2014 aut2bhomeincarolina Clarendon County, South Carolina, United States September 29, 2014 Details
August 23, 2014 stomlins701 Calhoun County, Florida, United States September 29, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 FaythMichelle Henry County, Georgia, United States September 24, 2014 Details
September 18, 2014 Carol Thornton-Anderson Oldham County, Kentucky, United States September 18, 2014 Details
September 17, 2014 grosh Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, United States September 17, 2014 Details
September 12, 2013 grosh Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, United States September 17, 2014 Details
September 15, 2014 Catzman Butte County, California, United States September 15, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 Doug Bruce Gibson County, Tennessee, United States September 14, 2014 Details
September 07, 2014 digginflowers Page County, Virginia, United States September 14, 2014 Details
September 14, 2014 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States September 14, 2014 Details
September 02, 2014 Doug Bruce Bedford County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 stephen stedman Lake County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 stephen stedman Obion County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 S. J. Stedman Lake County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 gunhilda Comanche County, Oklahoma, United States September 02, 2014 Details
August 31, 2014 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States September 01, 2014 Details
September 01, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States September 01, 2014 Details
August 29, 2014 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States August 29, 2014 Details
July 28, 2014 iinv003 Union County, North Carolina, United States August 28, 2014 Details
August 20, 2014 Englishman Hernando County, Florida, United States August 28, 2014 Details
August 23, 2014 plex1ppus Lincoln County, Washington, United States August 27, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States August 21, 2014 Details
August 14, 2014 sbruenjes Worcester County, Maryland, United States August 19, 2014 Details
August 17, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 18, 2014 Details
July 22, 2014 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States August 17, 2014 Details
September 14, 2013 Krish49 Shawnee County, Kansas, United States August 17, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 treichard Page County, Virginia, United States August 16, 2014 Details
August 10, 2014 GenevieveDutton Pasco County, Florida, United States August 13, 2014 Details
July 27, 2014 gldearman Jefferson County, Florida, United States August 10, 2014 Details
August 05, 2014 H. Hooper Leon County, Florida, United States August 10, 2014 Details
February 19, 2013 rob77897@gmail.com Manatee County, Florida, United States August 10, 2014 Details
July 24, 2014 shastamax Siskiyou County, California, United States August 09, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 06, 2014 Details
July 30, 2014 Aleeeex Yavapai County, Arizona, United States August 01, 2014 Details
July 23, 2014 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States July 30, 2014 Details
July 23, 2014 frogbandit Humboldt County, California, United States July 30, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 maria.hoffman6@gmail.com Suffolk County, New York, United States July 30, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 30, 2014 Details