Attributes of Junonia coenia

Common Buckeye
Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822]

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Upperside is brown. Forewing with 2 orange cell bars and 2 eyespots; part of white subapical band appears in the largest, lower eyespot. Hindwing has 2 eyespots; upper one is largest and contains a magenta crescent. Underside of hindwing is brown or tan in the wet season (summer) form and rose-red in the dry season (fall) form.
Wing Span: 1 5/8 - 2 3/4 inches (4.2 - 7 cm).
Life History: Males perch during the day on low plants or bare ground to watch for females, flying periodically to patrol or to chase other flying insects. Females lay eggs singly on leaf buds or on upperside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars are solitary and eat leaves. Caterpillars and adults overwinter but only in the south.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-October, throughout the year in the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Plants from the snapdragon family including snapdragon (Antirrhinum) and toadflax (Linaria); the plantain family including plantains (Plantago); and the acanthus family including ruellia (Ruellia nodiflora).
Adult Food: Favorite nectar sources are composites including aster, chickory, gumweed, knapweed, and tickseed sunflower. Dogbane, peppermint, and other flowers are also visited.
Habitat: Open, sunny areas with low vegetation and some bare ground.
Range: Resident in the southern United States and north along the coasts to central California and North Carolina; south to Bermuda, Cuba, Isle of Pines, and southern Mexico. Adults from the south's first brood migrate north in late spring and summer to temporarily colonize most of the United States and parts of southern Canada. Comments: The eyespots may be used to scare away predators.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Junonia coenia

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
November 27, 2016 the janitors kid Brevard County, Florida, United States December 08, 2016 Details
October 02, 2016 CA Ivy Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States December 05, 2016 Details
November 07, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States December 05, 2016 Details
December 02, 2016 Jeff Trahan Little River County, Arkansas, United States December 04, 2016 Details
July 31, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States November 28, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States November 28, 2016 Details
November 24, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 25, 2016 Details
November 14, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 24, 2016 Details
November 22, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 24, 2016 Details
October 07, 2016 cosmic_cat Gregg County, Texas, United States November 20, 2016 Details
November 18, 2016 tolbos Macomb County, Michigan, United States November 18, 2016 Details
November 17, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States November 17, 2016 Details
November 11, 2016 Jeff Trahan Benton County, Arkansas, United States November 15, 2016 Details
November 13, 2016 Doug Bruce Campbell County, Tennessee, United States November 14, 2016 Details
October 27, 2016 Lisa17 Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States November 13, 2016 Details
November 13, 2016 Redheart Canyonlands Bandera County, Texas, United States November 13, 2016 Details
November 02, 2016 randimal Hidalgo County, Texas, United States November 12, 2016 Details
October 29, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 09, 2016 Details
November 09, 2016 RichHubie Mendocino County, California, United States November 09, 2016 Details
November 06, 2016 Doug Bruce Bledsoe County, Tennessee, United States November 08, 2016 Details
October 15, 2016 cosmic_cat Hardin County, Texas, United States November 06, 2016 Details
October 14, 2016 cosmic_cat Texas, Tyler County, United States November 06, 2016 Details
November 05, 2016 cosmic_cat Texas, United States, Wood County November 06, 2016 Details
October 30, 2016 brainerd Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States November 05, 2016 Details
November 04, 2016 the janitors kid Brevard County, Florida, United States November 05, 2016 Details
October 30, 2016 the janitors kid Brevard County, Florida, United States November 02, 2016 Details
October 26, 2016 the janitors kid Brevard County, Florida, United States November 01, 2016 Details
October 28, 2016 Alvin Williams Lee County, Florida, United States November 01, 2016 Details
October 23, 2016 Doug Bruce Campbell County, Tennessee, United States October 31, 2016 Details
October 13, 2016 Doug Bruce Hardeman County, Tennessee, United States October 31, 2016 Details
October 02, 2016 Doug Bruce Anderson County, Tennessee, United States October 31, 2016 Details
October 28, 2016 stephen stedman Hardin County, Tennessee, United States October 31, 2016 Details
July 29, 2016 milesmarshall18 Baltimore County, Maryland, United States October 29, 2016 Details
August 20, 2016 Cekeys Montgomery County, Maryland, United States October 29, 2016 Details
October 15, 2016 ezeemonee St Marys County, Maryland, United States October 29, 2016 Details
October 01, 2016 gregsnyder Texas, Tarrant County, United States October 29, 2016 Details
September 08, 2016 Welowright Coosa County, Alabama, United States October 27, 2016 Details
October 21, 2016 gpstewart Texas, McCulloch County, United States October 27, 2016 Details
October 29, 2013 ddodd Marshall County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
July 27, 2015 anna_holmes Madison County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
August 25, 2016 Geni Certain Talladega County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
September 12, 2016 Welowright Coosa County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
September 20, 2016 Stott Noble Jefferson County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
October 16, 2016 mercretas Brevard County, Florida, United States October 25, 2016 Details
October 24, 2016 Jeff Trahan Howard County, Arkansas, United States October 25, 2016 Details
October 13, 2016 dbruce Lee County, Mississippi, United States October 25, 2016 Details
October 24, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States October 24, 2016 Details
October 16, 2016 AmyNinRoundRock Texas, United States, Williamson County October 23, 2016 Details
October 17, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States October 19, 2016 Details
October 16, 2016 cosmic_cat Jefferson County, Texas, United States October 18, 2016 Details