Attributes of Junonia coenia

Common Buckeye
Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822]

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Upperside is brown. Forewing with 2 orange cell bars and 2 eyespots; part of white subapical band appears in the largest, lower eyespot. Hindwing has 2 eyespots; upper one is largest and contains a magenta crescent. Underside of hindwing is brown or tan in the wet season (summer) form and rose-red in the dry season (fall) form.
Wing Span: 1 5/8 - 2 3/4 inches (4.2 - 7 cm).
Life History: Males perch during the day on low plants or bare ground to watch for females, flying periodically to patrol or to chase other flying insects. Females lay eggs singly on leaf buds or on upperside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars are solitary and eat leaves. Caterpillars and adults overwinter but only in the south.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-October, throughout the year in the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Plants from the snapdragon family including snapdragon (Antirrhinum) and toadflax (Linaria); the plantain family including plantains (Plantago); and the acanthus family including ruellia (Ruellia nodiflora).
Adult Food: Favorite nectar sources are composites including aster, chickory, gumweed, knapweed, and tickseed sunflower. Dogbane, peppermint, and other flowers are also visited.
Habitat: Open, sunny areas with low vegetation and some bare ground.
Range: Resident in the southern United States and north along the coasts to central California and North Carolina; south to Bermuda, Cuba, Isle of Pines, and southern Mexico. Adults from the south's first brood migrate north in late spring and summer to temporarily colonize most of the United States and parts of southern Canada. Comments: The eyespots may be used to scare away predators.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Junonia coenia

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Junonia coenia - Junonia_coeniaKsGrantJuly21-05CarolAdams-crop.jpg

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
May 27, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States May 28, 2016 Details
May 27, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States May 28, 2016 Details
May 20, 2016 cosmic_cat Little River County, Arkansas, United States May 23, 2016 Details
May 18, 2016 Emviv Santa Barbara County, California, United States May 22, 2016 Details
May 15, 2016 Lois Stacey Calhoun County, South Carolina, United States May 18, 2016 Details
May 09, 2016 tompkinsc Lexington County, South Carolina, United States May 10, 2016 Details
May 07, 2016 kellylafleur Lee County, Florida, United States May 08, 2016 Details
May 02, 2016 cosmic_cat Gregg County, Texas, United States May 03, 2016 Details
May 01, 2016 Doug Bruce Roane County, Tennessee, United States May 02, 2016 Details
April 27, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 27, 2016 Details
February 23, 2016 Clara4 Graham County, Arizona, United States April 21, 2016 Details
April 19, 2016 ezeemonee Santa Barbara County, California, United States April 20, 2016 Details
April 14, 2016 Lisa Nicholas Dallas County, Texas, United States April 17, 2016 Details
April 15, 2016 CA Ivy Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, United States April 16, 2016 Details
April 03, 2016 cosmic_cat Texas, United States, Wood County April 05, 2016 Details
March 22, 2016 ncrosbyrd McIntosh County, Georgia, United States March 29, 2016 Details
March 22, 2016 ncrosbyrd McIntosh County, Georgia, United States March 29, 2016 Details
March 27, 2016 Englishman Hernando County, Florida, United States March 28, 2016 Details
March 26, 2016 PDunwiddie Bexar County, Texas, United States March 28, 2016 Details
March 17, 2016 gpstewart Texas, Travis County, United States March 17, 2016 Details
March 03, 2016 gpstewart Burnet County, Texas, United States March 03, 2016 Details
February 25, 2016 MAKI Ventura County, California, United States February 28, 2016 Details
June 02, 2015 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States February 28, 2016 Details
June 07, 2015 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States February 28, 2016 Details
May 01, 2012 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States February 27, 2016 Details
June 27, 2014 billwx Le Flore County, Oklahoma, United States February 27, 2016 Details
July 02, 2014 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States February 27, 2016 Details
September 29, 2010 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States February 24, 2016 Details
September 29, 2009 AJ Trently Lewis County, Tennessee, United States February 23, 2016 Details
November 04, 2015 SkrentnyJeff Cook County, Illinois, United States February 20, 2016 Details
August 22, 2015 SkrentnyJeff Putnam County, Illinois, United States February 20, 2016 Details
September 08, 2015 sshively Rapides Parish, Louisiana, United States January 22, 2016 Details
January 10, 2016 cosmic_cat Texas, Marion County, United States January 22, 2016 Details
June 18, 2015 Paige680 Johnson County, Texas, United States January 18, 2016 Details
December 30, 2015 msandell St Johns County, Florida, United States January 05, 2016 Details
August 07, 2015 Josiah Gilbert San Luis Obispo County, California, United States December 30, 2015 Details
May 16, 2015 Josiah Gilbert San Luis Obispo County, California, United States December 29, 2015 Details
December 15, 2015 Doug Bruce Roane County, Tennessee, United States December 28, 2015 Details
September 04, 2015 Terry W. Johnson Monroe County, Georgia, United States December 21, 2015 Details
November 25, 2015 Cathy Miller Chatham County, Georgia, United States December 21, 2015 Details
July 12, 2015 CA Ivy (Jon C. Ivy) Adair County, Oklahoma, United States December 10, 2015 Details
December 08, 2015 Doug Bruce Roane County, Tennessee, United States December 08, 2015 Details
October 28, 2015 Drive Me Buggy Alachua County, Florida, United States December 03, 2015 Details
December 03, 2015 Doug Bruce Roane County, Tennessee, United States December 03, 2015 Details
November 13, 2015 PDunwiddie Humboldt County, California, United States November 16, 2015 Details
November 13, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States November 13, 2015 Details
November 13, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States November 13, 2015 Details
November 10, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States November 11, 2015 Details
November 08, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States November 08, 2015 Details
November 06, 2015 Holly638 St Charles County, Missouri, United States November 07, 2015 Details