Attributes of Junonia coenia

Common Buckeye
Junonia coenia Hübner, [1822]

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Upperside is brown. Forewing with 2 orange cell bars and 2 eyespots; part of white subapical band appears in the largest, lower eyespot. Hindwing has 2 eyespots; upper one is largest and contains a magenta crescent. Underside of hindwing is brown or tan in the wet season (summer) form and rose-red in the dry season (fall) form.
Wing Span: 1 5/8 - 2 3/4 inches (4.2 - 7 cm).
Life History: Males perch during the day on low plants or bare ground to watch for females, flying periodically to patrol or to chase other flying insects. Females lay eggs singly on leaf buds or on upperside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars are solitary and eat leaves. Caterpillars and adults overwinter but only in the south.
Flight: Two to three broods from May-October, throughout the year in the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Plants from the snapdragon family including snapdragon (Antirrhinum) and toadflax (Linaria); the plantain family including plantains (Plantago); and the acanthus family including ruellia (Ruellia nodiflora).
Adult Food: Favorite nectar sources are composites including aster, chickory, gumweed, knapweed, and tickseed sunflower. Dogbane, peppermint, and other flowers are also visited.
Habitat: Open, sunny areas with low vegetation and some bare ground.
Range: Resident in the southern United States and north along the coasts to central California and North Carolina; south to Bermuda, Cuba, Isle of Pines, and southern Mexico. Adults from the south's first brood migrate north in late spring and summer to temporarily colonize most of the United States and parts of southern Canada. Comments: The eyespots may be used to scare away predators.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Junonia coenia

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Junonia coenia - Junonia-coenia-Bob-Moul-496.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia-coenia-Bob-Moul-496.jpg
Junonia coenia - Junonia-coenia-Bob-Moul-497.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia-coenia-Bob-Moul-497.jpg




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Junonia coenia - Junonia-coenia-Mark-Collier.jpg
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Junonia coenia - CommonBuckeye2_small.jpg
Junonia coenia - Junonia_coeniaKsGrantJuly21-05CarolAdams-crop.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia_coeniaKsGrantJuly21-05CarolAdams-crop.jpg

Junonia coenia - Junonia_coenia.jpg

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Junonia coenia - Junonia_coenia3.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 23, 2014 plex1ppus Lincoln County, Washington, United States August 27, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States August 21, 2014 Details
August 14, 2014 sbruenjes Worcester County, Maryland, United States August 19, 2014 Details
June 12, 2014 Harford Glen Harford County, Maryland, United States August 18, 2014 Details
August 17, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 18, 2014 Details
July 22, 2014 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States August 17, 2014 Details
September 14, 2013 Krish49 Shawnee County, Kansas, United States August 17, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 treichard Page County, Virginia, United States August 16, 2014 Details
August 10, 2014 GenevieveDutton Pasco County, Florida, United States August 13, 2014 Details
July 27, 2014 gldearman Jefferson County, Florida, United States August 10, 2014 Details
August 05, 2014 H. Hooper Leon County, Florida, United States August 10, 2014 Details
February 19, 2013 rob77897@gmail.com Manatee County, Florida, United States August 10, 2014 Details
July 24, 2014 shastamax Siskiyou County, California, United States August 09, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 06, 2014 Details
July 30, 2014 Aleeeex Yavapai County, Arizona, United States August 01, 2014 Details
July 23, 2014 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States July 30, 2014 Details
July 23, 2014 frogbandit Humboldt County, California, United States July 30, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 maria.hoffman6@gmail.com Suffolk County, New York, United States July 30, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 30, 2014 Details
July 19, 2014 sarguna Santa Clara County, California, United States July 30, 2014 Details
August 22, 2013 TheWayfarer21 Onslow County, North Carolina, United States July 29, 2014 Details
August 30, 2008 doris potter Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States July 28, 2014 Details
July 27, 2014 Doug Bruce Van Buren County, Tennessee, United States July 28, 2014 Details
July 27, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States July 27, 2014 Details
July 23, 2014 RMichaelson Bexar County, Texas, United States July 25, 2014 Details
July 25, 2014 Catnip2430 Richland County, South Carolina, United States July 25, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States July 22, 2014 Details
July 21, 2014 tom nolan Cape May County, New Jersey, United States July 22, 2014 Details
July 17, 2014 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 14, 2014 francineg27371 Montgomery County, North Carolina, United States July 14, 2014 Details
July 14, 2014 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States July 14, 2014 Details
July 13, 2014 systanfield Richland County, South Carolina, United States July 13, 2014 Details
June 29, 2014 Bixia Santa Clara County, California, United States July 07, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 Randy Bodkins Randolph County, West Virginia, United States July 05, 2014 Details
June 27, 2014 jjflossem Hernando County, Florida, United States June 29, 2014 Details
June 29, 2014 John LeBlanc Henrico County, Virginia, United States June 29, 2014 Details
November 06, 2013 Dolan Photographic Wake County, North Carolina, United States June 28, 2014 Details
June 26, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States June 27, 2014 Details
June 22, 2014 J_Bloom4417 Prince Georges County, Maryland, United States June 25, 2014 Details
June 19, 2014 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States June 19, 2014 Details
May 15, 2014 tom nolan Currituck County, North Carolina, United States June 14, 2014 Details
June 07, 2014 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States June 10, 2014 Details
June 10, 2014 systanfield Richland County, South Carolina, United States June 10, 2014 Details
May 31, 2014 arcturusangel Harris County, Texas, United States June 09, 2014 Details
June 06, 2014 kurious_oranj Santa Cruz County, California, United States June 07, 2014 Details
May 29, 2014 CA Ivy Franklin County, Arkansas, United States May 30, 2014 Details
May 27, 2014 Moth Leumas Solano County, California, United States May 28, 2014 Details
April 19, 2014 ddodd Mobile County, Alabama, United States May 23, 2014 Details
May 11, 2014 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States May 12, 2014 Details
April 21, 2014 Englishman Hernando County, Florida, United States April 29, 2014 Details