Attributes of Polygonia interrogationis

Question Mark
Polygonia interrogationis (Fabricius, 1798)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Forewing hooked; upperside is red-orange with black spots. Upperside hindwing of summer form is mostly black with a short tail; that of winter form has much orange and a longer, violet-tipped tail. Underside is light brown; hindwing with pearly white question mark in center.
Wing Span: 2 1/4 - 3 inches (5.7 - 7.6 cm).
Life History: Males find females by perching on leaves or tree trunks in the afternoon, flying to chase other insects and even birds. Females lay eggs singly or stacked under leaves of plants that are usually not the hosts. Caterpillars must find a host plant; they then eat leaves and live alone. Adults of the winter form hibernate; some staying in the north, many migrating to the south.
Flight: Overwintered adults fly and lay eggs in the spring until the end of May. The summer form emerges and flies from May-September, laying eggs that develop into the winter form; these adults appear in late August and spend the winter in various shelters.
Caterpillar Hosts: American elm (Ulmus americanus), red elm (Ulmus rubra), hackberry (Celtis), Japanese hop (Humulus japonicus), nettles (Urtica), and false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica).
Adult Food: Rotting fruit, tree sap, dung, carrion. Only when these are unavailable do Question Marks visit flowers such as common milkweed, aster, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Wooded areas with some open space, city parks, suburbs, fencerows.
Range: Southern Canada and all of the eastern United States except peninsular Florida, west to the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains, south to southern Arizona and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Polygonia interrogationis

Click on an image to view full size and to see additional details.







Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-Bob-Moul-487.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-Bob-Moul-487.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar1_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar1_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar2_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar2_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-AWT-1.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-AWT-1.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Question-Mark-LeCroy.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Question-Mark-LeCroy.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - QuestionMark-Simons.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - QuestionMark-Simons.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis2.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis2.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis3.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis3.jpg




The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

How to use the map:
Click on the map and move your mouse to pan.
Zoom by using the plus [+] and minus [-] on the left side of the map.
To change which map layers are displayed, click on the plus sign [+] on the right side of the map and turn on/off the data layers and base layers.

*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

See more recently verified sightings of all species.

You don't have Javascript enabled. Hover for more information! But don't worry: you can still use this web site! You have two options:
  • enable Javascript in your browser and then refresh this page, for a much enhanced experience.
  • click the Update button every time you want to update the selection.
Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 25, 2013 anna_holmes Madison County, Alabama, United States July 21, 2014 Details
June 26, 2014 Sweettea Gilmer County, Georgia, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 19, 2014 tom nolan (lean year for Question Marks in southern jersey) Burlington County, New Jersey, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 grayhairstreak New Castle County, Delaware, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 01, 2014 jim8435wisc Columbia County, Wisconsin, United States July 12, 2014 Details
July 12, 2014 gspoone Jefferson County, Oklahoma, United States July 12, 2014 Details
June 27, 2014 dwightrholmes Prince Georges County, Maryland, United States July 09, 2014 Details
July 06, 2014 stephen stedman Warren County, Tennessee, United States July 07, 2014 Details
May 21, 2012 julmast Elkhart County, Indiana, United States July 05, 2014 Details
July 01, 2014 lindamae Stark County, Ohio, United States July 05, 2014 Details
June 26, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada June 27, 2014 Details
June 24, 2014 lanaerench Saline County, Kansas, United States June 25, 2014 Details
June 15, 2014 rogerashton Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States June 18, 2014 Details
June 13, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States June 13, 2014 Details
May 25, 2014 Doug Bruce Meigs County, Tennessee, United States June 09, 2014 Details
June 03, 2014 AJ Trently Lauderdale County, Tennessee, United States June 03, 2014 Details
June 02, 2014 meggus Cook County, Illinois, United States June 02, 2014 Details
May 24, 2014 Nala Texas, San Jacinto County, United States June 01, 2014 Details
May 29, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States May 30, 2014 Details
May 30, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States May 30, 2014 Details
March 20, 2014 ddodd Marshall County, Alabama, United States May 23, 2014 Details
April 23, 2014 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States May 15, 2014 Details
May 14, 2014 Ken42 East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, United States May 14, 2014 Details
May 10, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States May 12, 2014 Details
April 19, 2012 inthelikeness Comanche County, Texas, United States April 30, 2014 Details
April 18, 2014 hml180 Comal County, Texas, United States April 22, 2014 Details
April 13, 2014 Nvenezio Hays County, Texas, United States April 13, 2014 Details
March 30, 2014 Doug Bruce Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States March 31, 2014 Details
March 15, 2014 mdolomieu1 Greene County, Missouri, United States March 21, 2014 Details
June 14, 2013 curtis.lehman Clay County, West Virginia, United States March 17, 2014 Details
September 20, 2011 rosenthal.k Loudoun County, Virginia, United States March 16, 2014 Details
August 09, 2013 Brian Taber James City County, Virginia, United States March 16, 2014 Details
March 15, 2014 Doug Bruce Meigs County, Tennessee, United States March 16, 2014 Details
August 01, 2013 Zeus79 Macomb County, Michigan, United States March 07, 2014 Details
March 02, 2014 ellendj Clarke County, Georgia, United States March 04, 2014 Details
July 30, 2013 paramaniac Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States February 26, 2014 Details
August 19, 2013 Jackcorsentino Montgomery County, Tennessee, United States February 06, 2014 Details
September 28, 2013 tom nolan Burlington County, New Jersey, United States January 29, 2014 Details
August 24, 2013 mcwikstrom Bremer County, Iowa, United States January 16, 2014 Details
November 09, 2013 lbell007 Texas, United States January 16, 2014 Details
July 17, 1972 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 28, 2013 Details
July 19, 1972 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 28, 2013 Details
September 30, 2013 Sparks7 Burnet County, Texas, United States November 27, 2013 Details
November 08, 2013 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States November 08, 2013 Details
October 31, 2013 lorispencer Logan County, Arkansas, United States November 02, 2013 Details
October 19, 2013 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States October 25, 2013 Details
October 20, 2013 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States October 22, 2013 Details
October 13, 2013 Doug Bruce Hardeman County, Tennessee, United States October 15, 2013 Details
October 12, 2013 Doug Bruce Carroll County, Tennessee, United States October 13, 2013 Details
October 09, 2013 stephen stedman Haywood County, Tennessee, United States October 12, 2013 Details