Attributes of Polygonia interrogationis

Question Mark
Polygonia interrogationis (Fabricius, 1798)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Forewing hooked; upperside is red-orange with black spots. Upperside hindwing of summer form is mostly black with a short tail; that of winter form has much orange and a longer, violet-tipped tail. Underside is light brown; hindwing with pearly white question mark in center.
Wing Span: 2 1/4 - 3 inches (5.7 - 7.6 cm).
Life History: Males find females by perching on leaves or tree trunks in the afternoon, flying to chase other insects and even birds. Females lay eggs singly or stacked under leaves of plants that are usually not the hosts. Caterpillars must find a host plant; they then eat leaves and live alone. Adults of the winter form hibernate; some staying in the north, many migrating to the south.
Flight: Overwintered adults fly and lay eggs in the spring until the end of May. The summer form emerges and flies from May-September, laying eggs that develop into the winter form; these adults appear in late August and spend the winter in various shelters.
Caterpillar Hosts: American elm (Ulmus americanus), red elm (Ulmus rubra), hackberry (Celtis), Japanese hop (Humulus japonicus), nettles (Urtica), and false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica).
Adult Food: Rotting fruit, tree sap, dung, carrion. Only when these are unavailable do Question Marks visit flowers such as common milkweed, aster, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Wooded areas with some open space, city parks, suburbs, fencerows.
Range: Southern Canada and all of the eastern United States except peninsular Florida, west to the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains, south to southern Arizona and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Polygonia interrogationis

Click on an image to view full size and to see additional details.







Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-Bob-Moul-487.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-Bob-Moul-487.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar1_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar1_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar2_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar2_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-AWT-1.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-AWT-1.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Question-Mark-LeCroy.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Question-Mark-LeCroy.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - QuestionMark-Simons.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - QuestionMark-Simons.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis2.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis2.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis3.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis3.jpg




The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

How to use the map:
Click on the map and move your mouse to pan.
Zoom by using the plus [+] and minus [-] on the left side of the map.
To change which map layers are displayed, click on the plus sign [+] on the right side of the map and turn on/off the data layers and base layers.

*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

See more recently verified sightings of all species.

You don't have Javascript enabled. Hover for more information! But don't worry: you can still use this web site! You have two options:
  • enable Javascript in your browser and then refresh this page, for a much enhanced experience.
  • click the Update button every time you want to update the selection.
Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 31, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States November 28, 2016 Details
November 04, 2016 randimal Hidalgo County, Texas, United States November 15, 2016 Details
April 15, 2016 Ashlea.Jimenez Texas, Tarrant County, United States November 12, 2016 Details
October 10, 2016 V.Gajewski Shelby County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
October 26, 2016 lilkriskattn Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States October 26, 2016 Details
October 24, 2016 Jeff Trahan Howard County, Arkansas, United States October 25, 2016 Details
September 01, 2016 foneillnkc Platte County, Missouri, United States October 24, 2016 Details
October 03, 2016 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States October 18, 2016 Details
September 23, 2016 Jeff Trahan Hempstead County, Arkansas, United States September 26, 2016 Details
July 10, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States September 25, 2016 Details
July 22, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States September 25, 2016 Details
July 23, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States September 25, 2016 Details
August 06, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States September 25, 2016 Details
September 17, 2016 Anne Wills Mason County, West Virginia, United States September 18, 2016 Details
June 21, 2016 KS.trailwalker Anderson County, Kansas, United States September 17, 2016 Details
September 04, 2016 Doug Bruce Obion County, Tennessee, United States September 12, 2016 Details
September 01, 2016 Vvvoid Bartholomew County, Indiana, United States September 10, 2016 Details
June 25, 2015 johngor Ontario, Canada September 10, 2016 Details
September 10, 2016 lilkriskattn Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States September 10, 2016 Details
September 10, 2016 MareBear3 Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States September 10, 2016 Details
September 09, 2016 lilkriskattn Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States September 09, 2016 Details
September 01, 2016 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States September 07, 2016 Details
August 22, 2016 Kdn3Kdn3 Burlington County, New Jersey, United States September 05, 2016 Details
September 04, 2016 stephen stedman Macon County, Tennessee, United States September 05, 2016 Details
September 01, 2016 East7007 Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, United States September 03, 2016 Details
August 31, 2016 rdhealy1951@aol.com Hart County, Kentucky, United States August 31, 2016 Details
August 28, 2016 Hailee Rae De Witt County, Illinois, United States August 28, 2016 Details
August 19, 2016 digginflowers Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States August 22, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 S. J. Stedman (Susan E. Pirolo) Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 22, 2016 Details
August 21, 2016 Charles Gough Fayette County, Kentucky, United States August 21, 2016 Details
August 16, 2016 kmarkdaniel Hendricks County, Indiana, United States August 17, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 Doug Bruce Overton County, Tennessee, United States August 15, 2016 Details
August 14, 2016 Veggie Steve Warren County, Ohio, United States August 14, 2016 Details
July 27, 2016 air3bwm Floyd County, Indiana, United States August 06, 2016 Details
July 02, 2016 Marion_Stelts Los Alamos County, New Mexico, United States August 02, 2016 Details
April 22, 2016 gpstewart Texas, United States, Williamson County July 28, 2016 Details
July 25, 2016 Ansel Oommen Kings County, New York, United States July 27, 2016 Details
July 24, 2016 Joe Bartok Ontario, Canada July 24, 2016 Details
October 17, 2014 Allen Gathman Scott County, Missouri, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 18, 2016 JulieRobertsTowe Sullivan County, Tennessee, United States July 20, 2016 Details
July 09, 2016 fragglecat Texas, Travis County, United States July 20, 2016 Details
July 18, 2016 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 19, 2016 Details
July 17, 2016 stephen stedman Macon County, Tennessee, United States July 17, 2016 Details
July 09, 2016 Allen Gathman Madison County, Missouri, United States July 13, 2016 Details
June 29, 2016 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States July 09, 2016 Details
July 01, 2016 kkuecker26 Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, United States July 05, 2016 Details
July 03, 2016 stephen stedman Gibson County, Tennessee, United States July 04, 2016 Details
June 11, 2016 holla for the environment Ontario, Canada July 04, 2016 Details
July 02, 2016 stephen stedman Crockett County, Tennessee, United States July 03, 2016 Details
June 07, 2016 Bonnie Morrison Howard County, Texas, United States July 01, 2016 Details