Attributes of Polygonia interrogationis

Question Mark
Polygonia interrogationis (Fabricius, 1798)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Forewing hooked; upperside is red-orange with black spots. Upperside hindwing of summer form is mostly black with a short tail; that of winter form has much orange and a longer, violet-tipped tail. Underside is light brown; hindwing with pearly white question mark in center.
Wing Span: 2 1/4 - 3 inches (5.7 - 7.6 cm).
Life History: Males find females by perching on leaves or tree trunks in the afternoon, flying to chase other insects and even birds. Females lay eggs singly or stacked under leaves of plants that are usually not the hosts. Caterpillars must find a host plant; they then eat leaves and live alone. Adults of the winter form hibernate; some staying in the north, many migrating to the south.
Flight: Overwintered adults fly and lay eggs in the spring until the end of May. The summer form emerges and flies from May-September, laying eggs that develop into the winter form; these adults appear in late August and spend the winter in various shelters.
Caterpillar Hosts: American elm (Ulmus americanus), red elm (Ulmus rubra), hackberry (Celtis), Japanese hop (Humulus japonicus), nettles (Urtica), and false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica).
Adult Food: Rotting fruit, tree sap, dung, carrion. Only when these are unavailable do Question Marks visit flowers such as common milkweed, aster, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Wooded areas with some open space, city parks, suburbs, fencerows.
Range: Southern Canada and all of the eastern United States except peninsular Florida, west to the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains, south to southern Arizona and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Polygonia interrogationis

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 18, 2014 hml180 Comal County, Texas, United States April 22, 2014 Details
April 13, 2014 Nvenezio Hays County, Texas, United States April 13, 2014 Details
March 30, 2014 Doug Bruce Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States March 31, 2014 Details
March 15, 2014 mdolomieu1 Greene County, Missouri, United States March 21, 2014 Details
June 14, 2013 curtis.lehman Clay County, West Virginia, United States March 17, 2014 Details
September 20, 2011 rosenthal.k Loudoun County, Virginia, United States March 16, 2014 Details
August 09, 2013 Brian Taber James City County, Virginia, United States March 16, 2014 Details
March 15, 2014 Doug Bruce Meigs County, Tennessee, United States March 16, 2014 Details
August 01, 2013 Zeus79 Macomb County, Michigan, United States March 07, 2014 Details
March 02, 2014 ellendj Clarke County, Georgia, United States March 04, 2014 Details
July 30, 2013 paramaniac Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States February 26, 2014 Details
August 19, 2013 Jackcorsentino Montgomery County, Tennessee, United States February 06, 2014 Details
September 28, 2013 tom nolan Burlington County, New Jersey, United States January 29, 2014 Details
August 24, 2013 mcwikstrom Bremer County, Iowa, United States January 16, 2014 Details
November 09, 2013 lbell007 Texas, United States January 16, 2014 Details
July 17, 1972 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 28, 2013 Details
July 19, 1972 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 28, 2013 Details
September 30, 2013 Sparks7 Burnet County, Texas, United States November 27, 2013 Details
November 08, 2013 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States November 08, 2013 Details
October 31, 2013 lorispencer Logan County, Arkansas, United States November 02, 2013 Details
October 19, 2013 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States October 25, 2013 Details
October 20, 2013 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States October 22, 2013 Details
October 13, 2013 Doug Bruce Hardeman County, Tennessee, United States October 15, 2013 Details
October 12, 2013 Doug Bruce Carroll County, Tennessee, United States October 13, 2013 Details
October 09, 2013 stephen stedman Haywood County, Tennessee, United States October 12, 2013 Details
October 10, 2013 Doug Bruce Gibson County, Tennessee, United States October 11, 2013 Details
September 18, 2013 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States October 11, 2013 Details
October 09, 2013 Barren butters Barren County, Kentucky, United States October 10, 2013 Details
October 08, 2013 Doug Bruce Haywood County, Tennessee, United States October 09, 2013 Details
October 09, 2013 stephen stedman Crockett County, Tennessee, United States October 09, 2013 Details
October 07, 2013 stephen stedman Tipton County, Tennessee, United States October 07, 2013 Details
October 06, 2013 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States October 06, 2013 Details
September 29, 2013 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States September 30, 2013 Details
September 28, 2013 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States September 28, 2013 Details
September 22, 2013 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States September 26, 2013 Details
September 23, 2013 CA Ivy Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States September 24, 2013 Details
August 10, 2013 dandtkienzle De Soto County, Mississippi, United States September 20, 2013 Details
May 04, 2013 juliereid Ontario, Canada September 18, 2013 Details
September 18, 2013 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States September 18, 2013 Details
May 24, 2012 khettich Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States September 17, 2013 Details
September 01, 2005 giardini57 Elbert County, Georgia, United States September 17, 2013 Details
September 02, 2013 patricia silvernail Jackson County, Georgia, United States September 17, 2013 Details
September 14, 2013 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States September 14, 2013 Details
August 14, 2013 dncms Knox County, Ohio, United States September 05, 2013 Details
September 02, 2013 joeerino Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States September 03, 2013 Details
March 22, 2012 michaeloberg Webster County, Iowa, United States August 31, 2013 Details
August 12, 2013 dharlette Suffolk County, New York, United States August 30, 2013 Details
August 26, 2013 Lmapster3 Berks County, Pennsylvania, United States August 28, 2013 Details
August 11, 2013 DColuzzi Macomb County, Michigan, United States August 27, 2013 Details
August 22, 2013 mimidharp@yahoo.com King George County, Virginia, United States August 24, 2013 Details