Attributes of Polygonia interrogationis

Question Mark
Polygonia interrogationis (Fabricius, 1798)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Forewing hooked; upperside is red-orange with black spots. Upperside hindwing of summer form is mostly black with a short tail; that of winter form has much orange and a longer, violet-tipped tail. Underside is light brown; hindwing with pearly white question mark in center.
Wing Span: 2 1/4 - 3 inches (5.7 - 7.6 cm).
Life History: Males find females by perching on leaves or tree trunks in the afternoon, flying to chase other insects and even birds. Females lay eggs singly or stacked under leaves of plants that are usually not the hosts. Caterpillars must find a host plant; they then eat leaves and live alone. Adults of the winter form hibernate; some staying in the north, many migrating to the south.
Flight: Overwintered adults fly and lay eggs in the spring until the end of May. The summer form emerges and flies from May-September, laying eggs that develop into the winter form; these adults appear in late August and spend the winter in various shelters.
Caterpillar Hosts: American elm (Ulmus americanus), red elm (Ulmus rubra), hackberry (Celtis), Japanese hop (Humulus japonicus), nettles (Urtica), and false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica).
Adult Food: Rotting fruit, tree sap, dung, carrion. Only when these are unavailable do Question Marks visit flowers such as common milkweed, aster, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Wooded areas with some open space, city parks, suburbs, fencerows.
Range: Southern Canada and all of the eastern United States except peninsular Florida, west to the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains, south to southern Arizona and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Polygonia interrogationis

Click on an image to view full size and to see additional details.







Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-Bob-Moul-487.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-Bob-Moul-487.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar1_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar1_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar2_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar2_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-AWT-1.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-AWT-1.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Question-Mark-LeCroy.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Question-Mark-LeCroy.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - QuestionMark-Simons.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - QuestionMark-Simons.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis2.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis2.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis3.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis3.jpg




The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

How to use the map:
Click on the map and move your mouse to pan.
Zoom by using the plus [+] and minus [-] on the left side of the map.
To change which map layers are displayed, click on the plus sign [+] on the right side of the map and turn on/off the data layers and base layers.

*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

See more recently verified sightings of all species.

You don't have Javascript enabled. Hover for more information! But don't worry: you can still use this web site! You have two options:
  • enable Javascript in your browser and then refresh this page, for a much enhanced experience.
  • click the Update button every time you want to update the selection.
Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 22, 2014 SaraJE Ontario, Canada June 02, 2015 Details
May 28, 2015 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States May 31, 2015 Details
May 02, 2015 Bethburger Palm Beach County, Florida, United States May 29, 2015 Details
May 28, 2015 Jonathan Clark La Salle Parish, Louisiana, United States May 29, 2015 Details
May 25, 2015 stephen stedman Johnson County, Tennessee, United States May 28, 2015 Details
April 23, 2015 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States May 26, 2015 Details
May 23, 2015 Doug Bruce Unicoi County, Tennessee, United States May 24, 2015 Details
May 24, 2015 Doug Bruce Carter County, Tennessee, United States May 24, 2015 Details
May 18, 2015 Sleonard09 Muskegon County, Michigan, United States May 21, 2015 Details
May 18, 2015 John Schwartz Kane County, Illinois, United States May 20, 2015 Details
May 16, 2015 Doug Bruce Knox County, Tennessee, United States May 17, 2015 Details
April 26, 2015 jchandlerl@att.net Dallas County, Texas, United States May 11, 2015 Details
May 11, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States May 11, 2015 Details
September 18, 2014 domnsky Cedar County, Iowa, United States May 10, 2015 Details
May 10, 2015 Smileysydney1 Okfuskee County, Oklahoma, United States May 10, 2015 Details
May 10, 2015 Tammy James Cleveland County, Oklahoma, United States May 10, 2015 Details
April 26, 2015 kaywhipkey Hillsborough County, Florida, United States May 06, 2015 Details
April 26, 2015 Jonathan Clark Catahoula Parish, Louisiana, United States May 06, 2015 Details
May 04, 2015 inthelikeness Comanche County, Texas, United States May 04, 2015 Details
April 29, 2015 Ioana Texas, United States May 01, 2015 Details
April 30, 2015 whbauer Bexar County, Texas, United States May 01, 2015 Details
April 08, 2015 KristyBaker Hidalgo County, Texas, United States April 30, 2015 Details
April 25, 2015 Wendylittle Charleston County, South Carolina, United States April 26, 2015 Details
April 25, 2015 arcturusangel Gregg County, Texas, United States April 25, 2015 Details
March 27, 2015 neflodonata Florida, United States April 23, 2015 Details
April 15, 2015 klynnjensen Brazoria County, Texas, United States April 15, 2015 Details
April 13, 2015 NancyJ St Landry Parish, Louisiana, United States April 13, 2015 Details
April 07, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 13, 2015 Details
April 11, 2015 CA Ivy Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, United States April 13, 2015 Details
September 25, 2012 DWIH Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States April 05, 2015 Details
September 09, 2014 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States April 03, 2015 Details
July 05, 2014 ellenjones6 Franklin County, New York, United States March 23, 2015 Details
March 15, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States March 16, 2015 Details
March 16, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States March 16, 2015 Details
March 04, 2015 ahaik Ouachita Parish, Louisiana, United States March 04, 2015 Details
September 10, 2011 Indy Entomologist Boone County, Indiana, United States February 21, 2015 Details
July 11, 2002 Indy Entomologist Clinton County, Indiana, United States February 21, 2015 Details
May 29, 2012 JMJaskula Jasper County, Indiana, United States February 18, 2015 Details
October 03, 2014 arcturusangel Texas, United States, Wood County December 21, 2014 Details
March 02, 2014 Ken Cheeks Richmond County, Georgia, United States December 16, 2014 Details
October 17, 2014 stephen stedman Putnam County, Tennessee, United States December 04, 2014 Details
May 17, 2014 Ken Cheeks McCormick County, South Carolina, United States December 01, 2014 Details
October 05, 2014 stephen stedman Benton County, Tennessee, United States November 30, 2014 Details
July 13, 2014 Cub21rak Lake County, Indiana, United States November 23, 2014 Details
October 01, 2014 rh connors Houston County, Tennessee, United States November 22, 2014 Details
October 23, 2013 TheWayfarer21 Onslow County, North Carolina, United States September 26, 2014 Details
September 04, 2014 Doug Bruce Carroll County, Tennessee, United States September 14, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 Doug Bruce Obion County, Tennessee, United States September 09, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 stephen stedman Crockett County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 Doug Bruce Lake County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2014 Details