Attributes of Polygonia interrogationis

Question Mark
Polygonia interrogationis (Fabricius, 1798)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Forewing hooked; upperside is red-orange with black spots. Upperside hindwing of summer form is mostly black with a short tail; that of winter form has much orange and a longer, violet-tipped tail. Underside is light brown; hindwing with pearly white question mark in center.
Wing Span: 2 1/4 - 3 inches (5.7 - 7.6 cm).
Life History: Males find females by perching on leaves or tree trunks in the afternoon, flying to chase other insects and even birds. Females lay eggs singly or stacked under leaves of plants that are usually not the hosts. Caterpillars must find a host plant; they then eat leaves and live alone. Adults of the winter form hibernate; some staying in the north, many migrating to the south.
Flight: Overwintered adults fly and lay eggs in the spring until the end of May. The summer form emerges and flies from May-September, laying eggs that develop into the winter form; these adults appear in late August and spend the winter in various shelters.
Caterpillar Hosts: American elm (Ulmus americanus), red elm (Ulmus rubra), hackberry (Celtis), Japanese hop (Humulus japonicus), nettles (Urtica), and false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica).
Adult Food: Rotting fruit, tree sap, dung, carrion. Only when these are unavailable do Question Marks visit flowers such as common milkweed, aster, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Wooded areas with some open space, city parks, suburbs, fencerows.
Range: Southern Canada and all of the eastern United States except peninsular Florida, west to the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains, south to southern Arizona and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Polygonia interrogationis

Click on an image to view full size and to see additional details.







Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-Bob-Moul-487.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-Bob-Moul-487.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar1_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar1_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar2_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - polygonia_interrogationis_caterpillar2_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-AWT-1.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia-interrogationis-AWT-1.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Question-Mark-LeCroy.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Question-Mark-LeCroy.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - QuestionMark-Simons.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - QuestionMark-Simons.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis2.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis2.jpg
Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis3.jpg

Polygonia interrogationis - Polygonia_interrogationis3.jpg




The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

How to use the map:
Click on the map and move your mouse to pan.
Zoom by using the plus [+] and minus [-] on the left side of the map.
To change which map layers are displayed, click on the plus sign [+] on the right side of the map and turn on/off the data layers and base layers.

*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

See more recently verified sightings of all species.

You don't have Javascript enabled. Hover for more information! But don't worry: you can still use this web site! You have two options:
  • enable Javascript in your browser and then refresh this page, for a much enhanced experience.
  • click the Update button every time you want to update the selection.
Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 02, 2015 whhowe Ontario County, New York, United States August 03, 2015 Details
August 01, 2015 Melinda Fawver Montgomery County, Tennessee, United States August 02, 2015 Details
May 02, 2015 lostpineslife Bastrop County, Texas, United States August 01, 2015 Details
August 01, 2015 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States August 01, 2015 Details
July 28, 2015 Buckeye Bruce Franklin County, Ohio, United States July 31, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 Deb Hoagland Sandoval County, New Mexico, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 26, 2015 jim8435wisc Dodge County, Wisconsin, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 19, 2015 Kzfisherman McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 Jonathan Clark La Salle Parish, Louisiana, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 roseanna Muhlenberg County, Kentucky, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 26, 2015 Melinda Fawver Maury County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 Doug Bruce Marshall County, Tennessee, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 24, 2015 JRonan17 Herkimer County, New York, United States July 26, 2015 Details
June 15, 2015 Happyhealy Hart County, Kentucky, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 26, 2015 alin Westchester County, New York, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 03, 2015 NigelBI Washington (Block Island) County, Rhode Island, United States July 22, 2015 Details
September 26, 2014 mellielong Lincoln County, West Virginia, United States July 19, 2015 Details
July 29, 2013 Tindomul1of9 Bronx County, New York, United States July 19, 2015 Details
September 19, 2014 mellielong Johnson County, Kentucky, United States July 18, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 Mary Franceline Malone Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States July 17, 2015 Details
July 16, 2015 Fritz Riedel Calvert County, Maryland, United States July 17, 2015 Details
July 16, 2015 South Laurel Laurel County, Kentucky, United States July 16, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 aarongunnar Dunn County, Wisconsin, United States July 13, 2015 Details
July 10, 2015 Jnewfeld Illinois, United States July 13, 2015 Details
July 10, 2015 KZelewsky Cook County, Illinois, United States July 12, 2015 Details
July 11, 2015 stephen stedman Smith County, Tennessee, United States July 11, 2015 Details
June 30, 2015 Indy Artist Hamilton County, Indiana, United States July 07, 2015 Details
June 16, 2015 Sue Orlowski Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States July 07, 2015 Details
July 04, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 07, 2015 Details
July 03, 2015 Tovah Goodhue County, Minnesota, United States July 06, 2015 Details
July 05, 2015 Rachael Stivers Marshall County, Illinois, United States July 06, 2015 Details
July 05, 2015 Negscott Cheatham County, Tennessee, United States July 05, 2015 Details
June 17, 2015 stephen stedman Smith County, Tennessee, United States July 02, 2015 Details
October 01, 2002 Joe Saunders Mercer County, West Virginia, United States July 02, 2015 Details
July 02, 2015 Bill Emch Lee County, South Carolina, United States July 02, 2015 Details
June 29, 2015 unknown Texas, Randall County, United States June 29, 2015 Details
June 28, 2015 ravelis02 Kankakee County, Illinois, United States June 28, 2015 Details
June 28, 2015 roseanna Casey County, Kentucky, United States June 28, 2015 Details
June 24, 2015 Bill Emch Chester County, South Carolina, United States June 28, 2015 Details
June 05, 2015 OhioHick Washington County, Maryland, United States June 27, 2015 Details
September 17, 2011 Clarentine Goochland County, Virginia, United States June 27, 2015 Details
April 20, 2015 ncrosbyrd McIntosh County, Georgia, United States June 23, 2015 Details
June 09, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada June 22, 2015 Details
June 16, 2015 Dan and Mary Fisher Eau Claire County, Wisconsin, United States June 19, 2015 Details
May 09, 2015 adamschaffer Benton County, Arkansas, United States June 19, 2015 Details
June 19, 2015 Lcrosa Bexar County, Texas, United States June 19, 2015 Details
June 17, 2015 billanddogs St Lawrence County, New York, United States June 17, 2015 Details
June 09, 2015 Lcrosa Bexar County, Texas, United States June 17, 2015 Details
May 16, 2015 Ioana Dallas County, Texas, United States June 17, 2015 Details
May 14, 2015 quick3beers Hamilton County, Ohio, United States June 15, 2015 Details