Attributes of Polygonia interrogationis

Question Mark
Polygonia interrogationis (Fabricius, 1798)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Forewing hooked; upperside is red-orange with black spots. Upperside hindwing of summer form is mostly black with a short tail; that of winter form has much orange and a longer, violet-tipped tail. Underside is light brown; hindwing with pearly white question mark in center.
Wing Span: 2 1/4 - 3 inches (5.7 - 7.6 cm).
Life History: Males find females by perching on leaves or tree trunks in the afternoon, flying to chase other insects and even birds. Females lay eggs singly or stacked under leaves of plants that are usually not the hosts. Caterpillars must find a host plant; they then eat leaves and live alone. Adults of the winter form hibernate; some staying in the north, many migrating to the south.
Flight: Overwintered adults fly and lay eggs in the spring until the end of May. The summer form emerges and flies from May-September, laying eggs that develop into the winter form; these adults appear in late August and spend the winter in various shelters.
Caterpillar Hosts: American elm (Ulmus americanus), red elm (Ulmus rubra), hackberry (Celtis), Japanese hop (Humulus japonicus), nettles (Urtica), and false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica).
Adult Food: Rotting fruit, tree sap, dung, carrion. Only when these are unavailable do Question Marks visit flowers such as common milkweed, aster, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Wooded areas with some open space, city parks, suburbs, fencerows.
Range: Southern Canada and all of the eastern United States except peninsular Florida, west to the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains, south to southern Arizona and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Polygonia interrogationis

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 28, 2016 Hailee Rae De Witt County, Illinois, United States August 28, 2016 Details
August 19, 2016 digginflowers Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States August 22, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 S. J. Stedman (Susan E. Pirolo) Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 22, 2016 Details
August 21, 2016 Charles Gough Fayette County, Kentucky, United States August 21, 2016 Details
August 16, 2016 kmarkdaniel Hendricks County, Indiana, United States August 17, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 Doug Bruce Overton County, Tennessee, United States August 15, 2016 Details
August 14, 2016 Veggie Steve Warren County, Ohio, United States August 14, 2016 Details
July 27, 2016 air3bwm Floyd County, Indiana, United States August 06, 2016 Details
July 02, 2016 Marion_Stelts Los Alamos County, New Mexico, United States August 02, 2016 Details
April 22, 2016 gpstewart Texas, United States, Williamson County July 28, 2016 Details
July 25, 2016 Ansel Oommen Kings County, New York, United States July 27, 2016 Details
July 24, 2016 Joe Bartok Ontario, Canada July 24, 2016 Details
October 17, 2014 Allen Gathman Scott County, Missouri, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 18, 2016 JulieRobertsTowe Sullivan County, Tennessee, United States July 20, 2016 Details
July 09, 2016 fragglecat Texas, Travis County, United States July 20, 2016 Details
July 18, 2016 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 19, 2016 Details
July 17, 2016 stephen stedman Macon County, Tennessee, United States July 17, 2016 Details
July 09, 2016 Allen Gathman Madison County, Missouri, United States July 13, 2016 Details
June 29, 2016 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States July 09, 2016 Details
July 01, 2016 kkuecker26 Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, United States July 05, 2016 Details
July 03, 2016 stephen stedman Gibson County, Tennessee, United States July 04, 2016 Details
June 11, 2016 holla for the environment Ontario, Canada July 04, 2016 Details
July 02, 2016 stephen stedman Crockett County, Tennessee, United States July 03, 2016 Details
June 07, 2016 Bonnie Morrison Howard County, Texas, United States July 01, 2016 Details
June 19, 2016 Doug Bruce Meigs County, Tennessee, United States June 28, 2016 Details
June 26, 2016 Doug Bruce Pickett County, Tennessee, United States June 28, 2016 Details
June 23, 2016 Jonathan Clark La Salle Parish, Louisiana, United States June 24, 2016 Details
June 19, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States June 23, 2016 Details
June 05, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States June 14, 2016 Details
May 27, 2016 Sue Orlowski Botetourt County, Virginia, United States June 12, 2016 Details
May 08, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States June 12, 2016 Details
June 09, 2016 Chet Gottfried Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States June 10, 2016 Details
June 06, 2016 letsmoveourbootybutts New York, United States June 06, 2016 Details
June 05, 2016 cosmic_cat Texas, United States, Upshur County June 05, 2016 Details
April 21, 2016 ChasMattAmar Charleston County, South Carolina, United States June 04, 2016 Details
May 30, 2016 Doug Bruce Obion County, Tennessee, United States June 02, 2016 Details
May 28, 2016 Doug Bruce Crockett County, Tennessee, United States May 30, 2016 Details
May 21, 2016 Doug Bruce Roane County, Tennessee, United States May 23, 2016 Details
July 07, 2015 jrossbell@gmail.com Morgan County, Kentucky, United States May 18, 2016 Details
May 11, 2016 Jeff Trahan Miller County, Arkansas, United States May 16, 2016 Details
May 15, 2016 CA Ivy Crawford County, Arkansas, United States May 16, 2016 Details
May 11, 2016 KRay0721 Virginia, Virginia Beach County, United States May 11, 2016 Details
May 09, 2016 CA Ivy Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States May 10, 2016 Details
September 10, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada May 06, 2016 Details
July 02, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada April 28, 2016 Details
March 30, 2016 SpadGuy Shenandoah County, Virginia, United States April 27, 2016 Details
April 26, 2016 Ken Bosso East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, United States April 26, 2016 Details
April 22, 2016 Jonathan Clark Grant Parish, Louisiana, United States April 25, 2016 Details
April 16, 2016 stephen stedman Lincoln County, Tennessee, United States April 16, 2016 Details
April 03, 2016 CA Ivy Crawford County, Arkansas, United States April 03, 2016 Details