Family Hesperiidae

Subfamily: Pyrrhopyginae (Firetips)

Apyrrothrix araxes Dull Firetip

Subfamily: Pyrginae (Spread-wing Skippers)

Phocides pigmalion Mangrove Skipper
Phocides belus Belus Skipper
Phocides palemon Guava Skipper
Phocides urania Urania skipper
Proteides mercurius Mercurial Skipper
Epargyreus zestos Zestos Skipper
Epargyreus clarus Silver-spotted Skipper
Epargyreus spanna Hispaniolan Silverdrop
Epargyreus exadeus Broken Silverdrop
Polygonus leo Hammock Skipper
Polygonus savigny Manuel's Skipper
Chioides albofasciatus White-striped Longtail
Chioides zilpa Zilpa Longtail
Aguna asander Gold-spotted Aguna
Aguna claxon Emerald Aguna
Aguna metophis Tailed Aguna
Typhedanus undulatus Mottled Longtail
Typhedanus ampyx Gold-tufted Skipper
Polythrix octomaculata Eight-spotted Longtail
Polythrix mexicanus Mexican Longtail
Polythrix asine Asine Longtail
Polythrix caunus (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869)
Zestusa dorus Short-tailed Skipper
Codatractus carlos Carlos' Mottled-Skipper
Codatractus alcaeus White-crescent Longtail
Codatractus yucatanus Yucatan Mottled-Skipper
Codatractus arizonensis Arizona Skipper
Codatractus valeriana Valeriana Skipper
Urbanus proteus Long-tailed Skipper
Urbanus viterboana Bluish Longtail
Urbanus belli Double-striped Longtail
Urbanus pronus Pronus Longtail
Urbanus esmeraldus Esmeralda Longtail
Urbanus evona Turquoise Longtail
Urbanus dorantes Dorantes Longtail
Urbanus teleus Teleus Longtail
Urbanus tanna Tanna Longtail
Urbanus simplicius Plain Longtail
Urbanus procne Brown Longtail
Urbanus doryssus White-tailed Longtail
Urbanus albimargo White-edged Longtail
Astraptes fulgerator Two-barred Flasher
Astraptes egregius Small-spotted Flasher
Astraptes alardus Frosted Flasher
Astraptes habana Frosty Flasher
Astraptes alector Gilbert's Flasher
Astraptes anaphus Yellow-tipped Flasher
Autochton cellus Golden Banded-Skipper
Autochton pseudocellus Sonoran Banded-Skipper
Autochton cincta Chisos Banded-Skipper
Autochton vectilucis Central American Banded-Skipper
Autochton neis Broad Banded-Skipper
Autochton longipennis Spike Banded-Skipper
Achalarus lyciades Hoary Edge
Achalarus casica Desert Cloudywing
Achalarus tehuacana Tehuacan or Dark Cloudywing
Achalarus albociliatus Skinner's Cloudywing
Achalarus toxeus Coyote Cloudywing
Thessia jalapus Jalapus Cloudywing
Thorybes drusius Drusius Cloudywing
Thorybes pylades Northern Cloudywing
Thorybes bathyllus Southern Cloudywing
Thorybes confusis Confused Cloudywing
Thorybes diversus Western Cloudywing
Thorybes mexicana Mexican Cloudywing
Cabares potrillo Potrillo Skipper
Celaenorrhinus fritzgaertneri Fritzgaertner's Flat
Celaenorrhinus stallingsi Stallings' Flat
Spathilepia clonius Falcate Skipper
Cogia hippalus Acacia Skipper
Cogia outis Outis Skipper
Cogia caicus Gold-costa Skipper
Cogia calchas Mimosa Skipper
Bungalotis quadratum Pallid Scarlet-eye
Arteurotia tractipennis Starred Skipper
Polyctor cleta Cleta Tufted-Skipper
Polyctor enops Enops Tufted-Skipper
Nisoniades rubescens Purplish-black Skipper
Pellicia arina Glazed Pellicia
Pellicia angra Confused Pellicia
Pellicia dimidiata Morning Glory Pellicia
Noctuana stator Red-studded Skipper
Noctuana lactifera Cryptic Skipper
Windia windi Wind's Skipper
Bolla imbras Rounded Sootywing
Bolla brennus Obscure Bolla
Bolla eusebius Spatulate Sootywing
Bolla clytius Mottled Bolla
Staphylus ceos Golden-headed Scallopwing
Staphylus vulgata Golden-snouted Sootywing
Staphylus hayhurstii Hayhurst's Scallopwing
Staphylus mazans Mazans Scallopwing
Staphylus ascalaphus Central American Sootywing or Mauve Scallopwing
Staphylus azteca Aztec Scallopwing
Gorgythion begga Variegated Skipper
Sostrata nordica Blue-studded Skipper
Paches polla Polla Blue-Skipper
Carrhenes canescens Hoary Skipper
Carrhenes fuscescens Tanned Hoary-Skipper
Xenophanes tryxus Glassy-winged Skipper
Onenses hyalophora Crystal-winged Skipper
Antigonus emorsa White Spurwing
Antigonus nearchus Large Spurwing
Mylon pelopidas Pale Mylon / Dingy Mylon
Mylon lassia Bold Mylon
Systasea pulverulenta Texas Powdered Skipper
Systasea zampa Arizona Powdered Skipper
Achlyodes busirus heros Giant Sicklewing
Achlyodes pallida Pale Sicklewing
Eantis tamenund Northern Sicklewing
Eantis papinianus Cuban Sicklewing
Zera hyacinthinus Bruised Skipper
Quadrus lugubris Tanned Blue-Skipper
Atarnes sallei Orange-spotted Skipper
Grais stigmaticus Hermit Skipper
Timochares ruptifasciata Brown-banded Skipper
Timochares trifasciata Many-banded Skipper
Anastrus sempiternus Common Anastrus
Ebrietas anacreon Common Bent-Skipper
Helias cama Squared Bent-Skipper
Theagenes aegides White-centered Bent-Skipper
Chiomara georgina White-patched Skipper
Chiomara mithrax Slaty Skipper
Gesta invisus False Duskywing
Ephyriades zephodes Zephodes Duskywing
Ephyriades arcas Caribbean Duskywing
Ephyriades brunnea Florida Duskywing
Erynnis icelus Dreamy Duskywing
Erynnis brizo Sleepy Duskywing
Erynnis juvenalis Juvenal's Duskywing
Erynnis telemachus Rocky Mountain Duskywing
Erynnis propertius Propertius Duskywing
Erynnis meridianus Meridian Duskywing
Erynnis scudderi Scudder's Duskywing
Erynnis horatius Horace's Duskywing
Erynnis tristis Mournful Duskywing
Erynnis martialis Mottled Duskywing
Erynnis pacuvius Pacuvius Duskywing
Erynnis zarucco Zarucco Duskywing
Erynnis funeralis Funereal Duskywing
Erynnis baptisiae Wild Indigo Duskywing
Erynnis lucilius Columbine Duskywing
Erynnis afranius Afranius Duskywing
Erynnis persius Persius Duskywing
Aethilla lavochrea Yellow-rimmed Skipper
Aethilla echina Echina Skipper
Anisochoria bacchus Northern Snout-Skipper
Pyrgus centaureae Grizzled Skipper
Pyrgus ruralis Two-banded Checkered-Skipper
Pyrgus xanthus Mountain Checkered-Skipper
Pyrgus scriptura Small Checkered-Skipper
Pyrgus communis Common Checkered-Skipper
Pyrgus albescens White Checkered-Skipper
Pyrgus adepta Central American Checkered-Skipper
Pyrgus philetas Desert Checkered-Skipper
Pyrgus oileus Tropical Checkered-Skipper
Pyrgus crisia Antillean Checkered-Skipper
Heliopyrgus domicella Erichson's White-Skipper
Heliopetes ericetorum Northern White-Skipper
Heliopetes macaira Turk's-cap White-Skipper
Heliopetes laviana Laviana White-Skipper
Heliopetes arsalte Veined White-Skipper
Heliopetes alana Alana White-Skipper
Celotes nessus Common Streaky-Skipper
Celotes limpia Scarce Streaky-Skipper
Pholisora catullus Common Sootywing
Pholisora mejicanus Mexican Sootywing
Hesperopsis libya Mohave Sootywing
Hesperopsis alpheus Saltbush Sootywing
Hesperopsis gracielae MacNeill's Sootywing
Creonpyge creon Creon Skipper

Subfamily: Hesperiinae (Grass Skippers)

Carterocephalus palaemon Arctic Skipper
Piruna pirus Russet Skipperling
Piruna haferniki Chisos Skipperling
Piruna polingii Four-spotted Skipperling
Piruna aea Many-spotted Skipperling
Piruna microstictus Small-spotted Skipperling
Piruna penaea Hour-glass Skipperling
Synapte malitiosa Malicious Skipper
Synapte pecta Northern Faceted-Skipper
Synapte syraces Bold Faceted Skipper
Synapte shiva Faded Faceted Skipper
Synapte salenus Salenus Skipper
Anthoptus epictetus Trailside Skipper
Corticea corticea Redundant Skipper
Vinius tryhana Gold-washed Skipper
Apaustus gracilis Delicate Skipper
Callimormus saturnus Saturnus Skipper
Mnasicles geta Violet-frosted Skipper
Vidius perigenes Pale-rayed Skipper
Monca crispinus Violet-patched Skipper
Nastra lherminier Swarthy Skipper
Nastra neamathla Neamathla Skipper
Nastra julia Julia's Skipper
Cymaenes tripunctus Three-spotted Skipper
Cymaenes alumna Alumna Skipper
Cymaenes trebius Fawn-spotted Skipper
Vehilius inca Inca Skipper
Vehilius stictomenes Pasture Skipper
Lerema accius Clouded Skipper
Lerema ancillaris Liris Skipper
Niconiades nikko Nikko Skipper
Vettius fantasos Fantastic Skipper
Joanna joanna Joanna's Skipper
Perichares philetes Green-backed Ruby-eye
Rhinthon osca Osca Skipper
Decinea percosius Double-dotted Skipper
Decinea decinea Huastecan Skipper
Orthos lycortas Lycortas Skipper
Conga chydaea Hidden-ray Skipper
Ancyloxypha numitor Least Skipper
Ancyloxypha arene Tropical Least Skipper
Oarisma garita Garita Skipperling
Oarisma poweshiek Poweshiek Skipperling
Oarisma edwardsii Edwards' Skipperling
Copaeodes aurantiaca Orange Skipperling
Copaeodes minima Southern Skipperling
Adopaeoides prittwitzi Sunrise Skipper
Thymelicus lineola European Skipper
Hylephila phyleus Fiery Skipper
Pseudocopaeodes eunus Alkali Skipper
Stinga morrisoni Morrison's Skipper
Hesperia uncas Uncas Skipper
Hesperia juba Juba Skipper
Hesperia comma Common Branded Skipper
Hesperia assiniboia Plains Skipper
Hesperia colorado Western Branded Skipper
Hesperia woodgatei Apache Skipper
Hesperia ottoe Ottoe Skipper
Hesperia leonardus Leonard's Skipper
Hesperia pahaska Pahaska Skipper
Hesperia columbia Columbian Skipper
Hesperia metea Cobweb Skipper
Hesperia viridis Green Skipper
Hesperia attalus Dotted Skipper
Hesperia meskei Meske's Skipper
Hesperia dacotae Dakota Skipper
Hesperia lindseyi Lindsey's Skipper
Hesperia sassacus Indian Skipper
Hesperia miriamae Sierra Skipper
Hesperia nevada Nevada Skipper
Atalopedes mesogramma Mesogramma Skipper
Polites rhesus Rhesus Skipper
Polites carus Carus Skipper
Polites peckius Peck's Skipper
Polites sabuleti Sandhill Skipper
Polites draco Draco Skipper
Polites mardon Mardon Skipper
Polites themistocles Tawny-edged Skipper
Polites baracoa Baracoa Skipper
Polites origenes Crossline Skipper
Polites mystic Long Dash
Polites sonora Sonora Skipper
Polites vibex Whirlabout
Wallengrenia otho Southern Broken-Dash
Wallengrenia egeremet Northern Broken-Dash
Pompeius verna Little Glassywing
Pompeius pompeius Pompeius Skipper
Atrytone arogos Arogos Skipper
Choranthus vitellius Vitellius Skipper
Choranthus haitensis Haitian Skipper
Choranthus radians Radians Skipper
Anatrytone logan Delaware Skipper
Anatrytone mazai Glowing Skipper
Anatrytone potosiensis Potosi Skipper
Anatrytone mella Mella Skipper
Problema byssus Byssus Skipper
Problema bulenta Rare Skipper
Ochlodes sylvanoides Woodland Skipper
Ochlodes agricola Rural Skipper
Ochlodes yuma Yuma Skipper
Poanes hobomok Hobomok Skipper
Poanes zabulon Zabulon Skipper
Poanes taxiles Taxiles Skipper
Poanes massasoit Mulberry Wing
Poanes viator Broad-winged Skipper
Poanes aaroni Aaron's Skipper
Poanes yehl Yehl Skipper
Poanes inimica Yellow-stained Skipper
Poanes melane Umber Skipper
Stinga kendamulaza Kendamulaza Skipper
Paratrytone snowi Snow's Skipper
Quasimellana eulogius Common Mellana
Euphyes pilatka Palatka Skipper
Euphyes conspicua Black Dash
Euphyes berryi Berry's Skipper
Euphyes dion Dion Skipper
Euphyes bayensis Bay Skipper
Euphyes dukesi Dukes' Skipper
Euphyes bimacula Two-spotted Skipper
Euphyes arpa Palmetto Skipper
Euphyes vestris Dun Skipper
Pyrrhocalles antiqua Caribbean Skipper
Cynea irma Fogged Skipper
Cynea megalops Megalops Skipper
Atrytonopsis hianna Dusted Skipper
Atrytonopsis loammi Loammi Skipper
Atrytonopsis deva Deva Skipper
Atrytonopsis lunus Moon-marked Skipper
Atrytonopsis vierecki Viereck's Skipper
Atrytonopsis pittacus White-barred Skipper
Atrytonopsis python Python Skipper
Atrytonopsis cestus Cestus Skipper
Atrytonopsis edwardsi Sheep Skipper
Remella duena Guatemalan Remella
Remella vopiscus Cyptic Remella
Amblyscirtes exoteria Large Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes cassus Cassus Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes aenus Bronze Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes linda Linda's Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes oslari Oslar's Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes elissa Elissa Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes hegon Pepper and Salt Skipper
Amblyscirtes texanae Texas Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes carolina Carolina Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes reversa Reversed Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes aesculapius Lace-winged Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes nereus Slaty Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes nysa Nysa Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes eos Dotted Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes vialis Common Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes alternata Dusky Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes celia Celia's Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes belli Bell's Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes tolteca Prenda Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes phylace Orange-headed Roadside-Skipper
Amblyscirtes fimbriata Orange-edged Roadside-Skipper
NotAmblyscirtes simius Simius Roadside-Skipper
Phanes aletes Jeweled Skipper
Virga clenchi Clench's Skipper
Lerodea eufala Eufala Skipper
Lerodea arabus Olive-clouded Skipper
Mnasilus allubita Butler's Skipper
Oligoria maculata Twin-spot Skipper
Calpodes ethlius Brazilian Skipper
Panoquina panoquin Salt Marsh Skipper
Panoquina panoquinoides Obscure Skipper
Panoquina errans Wandering Skipper
Panoquina ocola Ocola Skipper
Panoquina lucas Purple-washed Skipper
Panoquina hecebolus Hecebolus Skipper
Panoquina evansi Evans' Skipper
Saliana esperi Perching Saliana
Neoxeniades luda Luda Skipper
Nyctelius nyctelius Violet-banded Skipper
Thespieus dalman Chalk-marked Skipper or Chocolate-marked Therra
Thespieus macareus Chestnut-marked Skipper

Subfamily: Megathyminae (Giant-Skippers)

Agathymus neumoegeni Orange Giant-Skipper
Agathymus polingi Poling's Giant-Skipper
Agathymus evansi Huachuca Giant-Skipper
Agathymus aryxna Arizona Giant-Skipper
Agathymus baueri Bauer's Giant-Skipper
Agathymus gentryi Gentry's Giant-Skipper
Agathymus mariae Mary's Giant-Skipper
Agathymus stephensi California Giant-Skipper
Agathymus remingtoni Coahuila Giant-Skipper
Agathymus alliae Mojave Giant-Skipper
Megathymus yuccae Yucca Giant-Skipper
Megathymus streckeri Strecker's Giant-Skipper
Megathymus cofaqui Cofaqui Giant-Skipper
Megathymus ursus Ursine Giant-Skipper
Stallingsia maculosus Manfreda Giant-Skipper

Description

The Hesperiidae are members of the Superfamily Hesperioidea. Worldwide in distribution, skippers are richest in the tropics. More than 3,500 species are described, with approximately 275 in North America, many of which are found only in Arizona and Texas. Most skippers are small to medium, usually orange, brown, black, white, or gray. A few have iridescent colors. Skippers have large eyes, short antennae (often with hooked clubs), stout bodies, and three pairs of walking legs. Their flight is often rapid, making wing movement appear blurred. Adults of most species have long probicscises and feed on floral nectar, but some also take up nutrients from bird droppings. Males have scent scales found in modified forewing patches. Males of most species locate mates by perching (grass and giant-skippers), though some patrol, especially in the open-winged skippers. Globular eggs are laid singly.