Attributes of Hesperia leonardus

Leonard's Skipper
Hesperia leonardus Harris, 1862

Family: Hesperiidae
Subfamily: Hesperiinae
Identification: Includes three dissimilar subspecies; all have yellow felt inside the male's forewing stigma. Leonard's Skipper (H. l. leonardus): Upperside is red-orange with wide black borders. Underside of hindwing is brick red with a band of white, cream, or yellow spots. Pawnee Skipper (H. l. pawnee): Upperside is red-orange with reduced black markings. Underside of hindwing is yellow-orange and may have a band of faint spots. Individuals intermediate between these 2 subspecies are found in Wisconsin and Minnesota. Pawnee Montane Skipper (H. l. montana): Upperside is brownish red with distinct yellowish spots near the outer margins. Underside is brown with cream spots.
Wing Span: 1 1/4 - 1 3/4 inches (3.2 - 4.5 cm).
Life History: Males perch or patrol near nectar plants to find receptive females. Eggs are scattered on or near the host plants. Caterpillars feed on leaves and live in shelters of tied leaves. First-stage caterpillars hibernate.
Flight: One brood from August-October.
Caterpillar Hosts: Various perennial grasses including little bluestem (Andropogon scoparius), blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis), and bent grass (Agrostis).
Adult Food: Flower nectar, especially from blazing star (Liatris punctata), but also thistles, asters, teasel, and others.
Habitat: Open grassy areas including native prairies, fields, barrens, and meadows.
Range: The Pawnee Skipper occurs from western Montana and southeastern Saskatchewan east to Minnesota, south to Central Colorado and Kansas. Leonard's Skipper ranges from Nova Scotia and Maine west through southern Ontario and the Great Lakes region to Minnesota, south to North Carolina, Louisiana, and Missouri. The Pawnee Montane Skipper occurs only in the South Platte River drainage of Colorado.
Conservation: The Pawnee Montane Skipper is listed as a Threatened species because of its small numbers and small range (25 x 5 miles). This subspecies has The Nature Conservancy rank: T1 - Critically imperiled globally because of extreme rarity (5 or fewer occurrences, or very few remaining individuals), or because of some factor of its biology making it especially vulnerable to extinction. (Critically endangered throughout its range). The other subspecies have The Nature Conservancy rank: T4 - Apparently secure globally, though it might be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
NCGR:
Management Needs: For the Pawnee Montane Skipper, periodic fire may be necessary to maintain the open nature of the habitat. Continue to monitor populations.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Hesperia leonardus

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Hesperia leonardus - hesperia_leonardus91606c.jpg

Hesperia leonardus - hesperia_leonardus91606c.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 04, 2016 aarongunnar Sauk County, Wisconsin, United States September 11, 2016 Details
August 18, 2016 jetboulder@aol.com Boulder County, Colorado, United States September 10, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 Doug Bruce Houston County, Tennessee, United States September 07, 2016 Details
September 06, 2016 curtis.lehman Washington County, Pennsylvania, United States September 06, 2016 Details
August 18, 2016 Chris Blomme Ontario, Canada August 25, 2016 Details
August 15, 2016 cfindlater Ontario, Canada August 20, 2016 Details
September 20, 2015 wayne13114 Oswego County, New York, United States September 25, 2015 Details
August 31, 2015 curtis.lehman (James Monroe) Fayette County, West Virginia, United States September 20, 2015 Details
August 21, 2015 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States August 25, 2015 Details
August 19, 2015 Chris Blomme Ontario, Canada August 21, 2015 Details
August 10, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 11, 2015 Details
August 06, 2015 Chris Blomme Ontario, Canada August 07, 2015 Details
October 10, 2011 Allen Belden Halifax County, Virginia, United States March 19, 2015 Details
August 20, 2014 aarongunnar Dunn County, Wisconsin, United States November 21, 2014 Details
September 06, 2014 jmdlgjmdlg Suffolk County, New York, United States September 16, 2014 Details
September 14, 2014 haskelz Nassau County, New York, United States September 16, 2014 Details
September 06, 2014 Randy.Haar Scioto County, Ohio, United States September 13, 2014 Details
September 07, 2014 lumpydave84 Suffolk County, New York, United States September 07, 2014 Details
September 03, 2008 Jake a Bob Bradford County, Pennsylvania, United States July 18, 2014 Details
September 01, 2013 tjantscher Dubuque County, Iowa, United States February 06, 2014 Details
August 24, 2013 aarongunnar Dunn County, Wisconsin, United States October 11, 2013 Details
September 01, 2013 aarongunnar Burnett County, Wisconsin, United States September 21, 2013 Details
September 14, 2013 Melinda Fawver Pickett County, Tennessee, United States September 18, 2013 Details
August 24, 2013 David Trently Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, United States August 28, 2013 Details
August 16, 2013 Dave Kinney Wexford County, Michigan, United States August 27, 2013 Details
August 23, 2013 Jody Ontario, Canada August 23, 2013 Details
August 25, 2012 Devin Floyd Grayson County, Virginia, United States July 17, 2013 Details
August 08, 2012 gary yankech Ontario, Canada July 13, 2013 Details
September 08, 2012 tjantscher Monona County, Iowa, United States May 21, 2013 Details
September 08, 2012 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States March 14, 2013 Details
September 02, 2012 stormyeyes99 Sussex County, New Jersey, United States December 05, 2012 Details
September 15, 2012 TSims Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States October 24, 2012 Details
July 31, 2012 Bob Bouman Northampton County, Pennsylvania, United States October 19, 2012 Details
October 03, 2012 AJ Trently Lewis County, Tennessee, United States October 06, 2012 Details
September 01, 2012 Julius Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States September 02, 2012 Details
August 26, 2012 aarongunnar Dunn County, Wisconsin, United States August 26, 2012 Details
August 29, 2011 Rick Henle Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States June 11, 2012 Details
August 27, 2011 tjrickert Tucker County, West Virginia, United States February 12, 2012 Details
September 11, 1994 legacy.reporter (Tor Hansen) Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States January 01, 2012 Details
September 18, 1994 legacy.reporter (Richard Forster) Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States January 01, 2012 Details
August 30, 1998 legacy.reporter (JS + BN + JT) Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States January 01, 2012 Details
September 13, 1999 legacy.reporter (Alison Robb) Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States January 01, 2012 Details
September 20, 1993 legacy.reporter (Brian Cassie + Lyn Lovell) Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States January 01, 2012 Details
September 13, 1994 legacy.reporter (Jackie Sones) Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States January 01, 2012 Details
October 03, 1994 legacy.reporter (Jackie Sones) Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States January 01, 2012 Details
September 12, 1995 legacy.reporter (Jackie Sones) Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States January 01, 2012 Details
September 20, 1996 legacy.reporter (Dave Small) Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States January 01, 2012 Details
September 21, 1996 legacy.reporter (Dave Small) Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States January 01, 2012 Details
September 11, 1993 legacy.reporter (Stan Bolton) Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States January 01, 2012 Details
September 12, 1994 legacy.reporter (Jackie Sones) Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States January 01, 2012 Details