Eumorpha pandorus (Hübner, 1821)
Identification: Upperside is light brown with shades of olive green to green. Forewing has pink streaks along vein ends and near the inner margin, and a dark squarish mark at the middle of the inner margin. The area from the base to the squarish mark is dark green. Underside usually is yellow-green, but sometimes is pale brown.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/2 inches (8.2 - 11.5 cm).
Life History: Adults fly at dusk. Fully-grown caterpillars pupate in shallow chambers in the soil.
Flight: One flight in the north from June-August; probably two flights in the south from April-October.
Caterpillar Hosts: Grape (Vitis), ampelopsis (Ampelopsis), and Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus).
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including petunia (Petunia hybrida), bouncing bet (Saponaria officinalis), and white campion (Lychnis alba).
Habitat: Not reported.
Range: Nova Scotia and Maine west through southern Wisconsin to central Kansas; south to south Florida and South Texas.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
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