Butterflies and Moths of North America

collecting and sharing data about Lepidoptera

Can you recommend books on butterflies or moths?

Lepidoptera References

  • Allen, T, Brock, J. & Glassberg, J. 2005. Caterpillars in the Field and Garden, A Field Guide to the Butterfly Caterpillars of North America, Oxford University Press, New York, NY
  • Covell, C.V., Jr. 1999. The butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission Scientific and Technical Series 6:1-220.
  • Forbes, W.T.M. 1923-1960. The Lepidoptera of New York and surrounding states. Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, Ithaca, N.Y. 4 volumes.
  • Heitzman, J.& Heitzman, J. 1996. Butterflies and Moths of Missouri, Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City, MO
  • Mitchell, R.T. and H.S. Zim. 1977. Butterflies and moths: a guide to the more common American species. Golden Press, New York. 160 pp. [ISBN 0-307-244-13-X]
  • Opler, P.A. 1998. Peterson first guide to butterflies and moths: a simplified guide to the common butterflies and moths of North America. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 128 pp. [ISBN 0-395-906652]
  • Scoble, M.J. 1992. The Lepidoptera: form, function and diversity. Natural History Museum Publications. Oxford University Press, New York. 404 pp. [ISBN 0-19-854031-0]
  • Spencer, L., 2006, Arkansas Butterflies and Moths, Ozark Society Foundation, Little Rock, AR
  • Stehr, F.W., editor. 1987. Immature insects. Volume 1. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque, Iowa. 754 pages. [ISBN 0-8403-3702-7]
  • Wagner, D., 2005, Caterpillars of Eastern North America, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ
  • Wright, A.B. 1998. Peterson first guide to caterpillars of North America. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 128 pp. [ISBN 0-395-911842]

Butterfly References

  • Allen, J. 1997. The Butterflies of West Virginia and Their Caterpillars, University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA
  • Bailowitz, R. & Brock, J. 1991. Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona, Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc., Tucson, AZ
  • Betros, B. 2008. A Photographic Field Guide to the Butterflies in the Kansas City Region, Kansas City Star Books, Kansas City, MO
  • Bird, C., et al. 1995. Alberta Butterflies, The Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta
  • Brock J. & Kaufman, K. 2003. Field Guide to Butterflies of North America, Houghton Mifflin, New York, NY
  • Chu, J.R. & Jones, Stephen R. 2011. Butterflies of the Colorado Front Range: A Photographic Guide to 80 Species. Boulder County Nature Association, Boulder, CO. 112 pp. [ISBN 978-0-9837020-0-9]
  • Dole, J., Gerard, W. & Nelson, J. 2004. Butterflies of Oklahoma, Kansas and North Texas, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK
  • Douglas, M.M. 1986. The lives of butterflies. The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. 141 pp. [ISBN 0-472-10078-5]
  • Douglas, M. & Douglas, J., 2005, Butterflies of the Great Lakes Region, University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI
  • Glassberg, J. 1993. Butterflies through binoculars: a field guide to butterflies in the Boston-New York-Washington Region. Oxford University Press, New York. 160 pp., 40 color plates. [ISBN 0-19-507983-3]
  • Glassberg, J. 1999. Butterflies Through Binoculars: The East, A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Eastern North America. Oxford University Press, New York, NY
  • Glassberg, J. 2001. Butterflies Through Binoculars: The West, A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Western North America. Oxford University Press, New York, NY
  • Opler, P.A. and J. Ebner. 1995. Audubon Society's Butterflies for beginners [video]. Mastervision, New York
  • Opler, P.A. and G.O. Krizek. 1984. Butterflies east of the Great Plains. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 294 pp. [ISBN 0-8018-2938-0]
  • Opler, P.A. and V. Malikul. 1992. Peterson field guide to butterflies of eastern North America. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 396 pp. [ISBN 0-395-63279-X, paper; O-395-36452-3, cloth]
  • Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright. 1999. Peterson field guide to western butterflies. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 544 pp. [ISBN 0-395-79152-9]
  • Pyle, R.M. 1981. The Audubon Society field guide to North American butterflies. A.A. Knopf, New York. 924 pp. [ISBN 0-394-51914-0]
  • Pyle, R.M. 1992. The Audubon Society handbook for butterfly watchers. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 274 pp. [ISBN 0-684-18151-7]
  • Sbordoni, V. and S. Forestiero. 1998. Butterflies of the World. Firefly Books, New York. 312 pp.
  • Scott, J.A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif. 583 pp. [ISBN 0-8047-1205-0] (also available as CD-ROM)
  • Tveten, J. & G. 1996. Butterflies of Houston & Southeast Texas, University of Texas Press, Austin, TX
  • Vane-Wright, R.I. and P.R. Ackery, editors. 1984. The biology of butterflies. Academic Press, London. 429 pp. [ISBN 0-12-713750-5]

Moth References

  • Covell, C.V., Jr. 2005. A field guide to the moths of eastern North America. Virginia Museum of Natural History, Martinsville, VA.
  • Himmelman, J., 2002, Discovering Moths, Nighttime Jewels in Your Own Backyard, Down East Books, Camden, ME
  • Hodges, R.W. 1971-present, editor. The moths of America north of Mexico. Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, Washington, D.C. Several fascicles.
  • Holland, W.J. 1903. The moth book. Doubleday, Page and Co., New York. 479 pp. Reprinted by Dover Co.
  • Miller, J.C. and P. Hammond. 2003. Lepidoptera of the Pacific Northwest: Caterpillars and Adults. H.J. Andrews Publication Number 3739.
  • Miller, J.C. and P. Hammond. 2000. Macromoths of Northwest Forests and Woodlands. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, West Virginia. FHTET-98-18. 133 p. For additional copies of this publication, contact Richard Reardon in Morgantown, West Virginia (phone: 304-285-1566, email: rreardon@fs.fed.us); the Cooperative Forest Ecosystem Research (CFER) program in Corvallis, Oregon (phone: 541-737-7612, email: cfer@fsl.orst.edu); or Jeff Miller in Corvallis, Oregon (phone: 541-737-5508, email: millerj@bcc.orst.edu).
  • Powell, J.A. and P.A. Opler. 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press. 383 pp.
  • Rockburne, E.W. and J.D. Lafontaine. 1976. The cutworm moths of Ontario and Quebec. Agriculture Canada, Research Branch Publication 1593. 164 pp. [ISBN 0-660-00514-X]
  • Sbordoni, V. and S. Forestiero. 1985. Butterflies of the World. Time Books, New York. 312 pp. (good coverage of moths)
  • Tuskes, P., Tuttle, J. & Collins, M. 1996. The Wild Silk Moths of North America, A Natural History of the Saturniidae of the United States and Canada, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY
  • Tuttle, J. 2007. The Hawk Moths of North America, A Natural History Study of the Sphingidae of the United States and Canada, Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, Washington, D.C.

Butterfly Gardening and Attracting Butterflies

  • Elhert, Lois. 2001. Waiting for Wings. Harcourt Children's Books. ISBN: 0152026088
  • Ellis, Barbara. 1997. Attracting Birds & Butterflies: How to Plan and Plant Backyard Habitat (Taylor's Weekend Gardening Guides, 3).
    Paperback. Houghton Mifflin Co (Pap). ISBN: 0395813727
  • Emmel, Thomas C. 1997 (November, 1997). Butterfly Gardening: How to Start Your Own Butterfly Garden and Identify Your Butterfly Visitors. Friedman/Fairfax Pub. Hardcover, 112 pages. ISBN: 156799525X
  • Hamilton, Kersten. 1997. The Butterfly Book : Kids Guide to Attracting, Raising, and Keeping Butterflies. John Muir Publications, Santa Fe, N.M. 40 pages. ISBN: 156261309X. (John Muir Publications, P.O. Box 613, Santa Fe, NM 87504, (505) 982-4078, 800-888-7504)
  • Mikula, Rick and Claudia Mikula. 1997. Garden Butterflies of North America : A Gallery of Garden Butterflies & How to Attract Them.
    Willow Creek Press. Hardcover, 160 pages. ISBN: 157223086X
  • Schneck, Marcus. 1994. Creating a Butterfly Garden : A Guide to Attracting and Identifying Butterfly Visitors. Paperback, 80 pages.
    Published by Fireside (Simon & Schuster EDITIONS). . ISBN: 0671892460
  • Xerces Society, Smithsonian Institution. 1990. Butterfly Gardening : Creating Summer Magic in Your Garden. Paperback, 192 pages. Sierra Club Books. ISBN: 087156615X

Conservation, Management, and Monitoring

  • Collins, N.M. 1987. Legislation to conserve insects in Europe. The Amateur Entomologists' Society, A.E.S. Pamphlet #13, 80 pp.
  • Collins, N.M. and M.G. Morris. 1985. Theatened swallowtail butterflies of the world: the IUCN Red Data Book. IUCN (World Conservation Union), Cambridge, U.K. and Gland, Switzerland. 401 pages, 8 color plates. [ISBN 2-88032-603-6]
  • Collins, N.M. and J.A. Thomas, editors. 1991. The conservation of insects and their habitats. Academic Press, London. 450 pp. [ISBN 0-12-181370-3]
  • Malcolm, S.B. and M.P. Zalucki, editors. 1992. Biology and conservation of the Monarch butterfly. Natural history Museum of Los angeles County, Science Series No. 38. 419 pp. [ISSN 0079-0943]
  • New, T.R. 1984. Insect conservation: an Australian perspective. Series Entomologica 32. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. 184 pp. [ISBN 90-6193-507-5]
  • New, T.R., editor. 1993. Conservation biology of Lycaenidae (Butterflies). Occasional Paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission No. 8, Gland Switzerland. 173 pp. [ISBN 2-8317-0159-7]
  • Opler, P.A. 1976. The parade of passing species: a survey of extinctions in the U.S. Science Teacher 43(9):30-34.
  • Pollard, E., M.L. Hall, and T.J. Bibby. 1986. Monitoring the abundance of butterflies: 1976-1985. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood Experiment Station, Abbots Ripton, U.K. [ISBN 0-86139-357-0]
  • Pollard, E. and T.J. Yates. 1993. Monitoring butterflies for ecology and conservation. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Powell, J.A. 1995. Lepidoptera inventories in the continental United States. Pages 168-170 in E. T. LaRoe, G. S. Farris, C. E. Puckett, P. D. Doran, and M. J. Mac, editors. Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance, and health of U.S. plants, animals, and ecosystems. National Biological Service, Washington, D.C.
  • Pullin, A.S. 1995. Ecology and conservation of butterflies. Chapman & Hall, London. 363 pp. [ISBN 0-412-56970-1]
  • Pyle, R.M., M. Bentzien, and P. Opler. 1981. Insect conservation. Annual Review of Entomology 26:233-258.
  • Swengel, A.B. and P.A. Opler, editors. 1993-1996. NABA-Xerces Fourth of July Butterfly Counts. North American Butterfly Association, Morristown, New Jersey.
  • Swengel, A.B. and S.R. Swengel. 1995. The tall-grass butterfly community. Pages 174-175 in E. T. LaRoe, G. S. Farris, C. E. Puckett, P. D. Doran, and M. J. Mac, editors. Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance, and health of U.S. plants, animals, and ecosystems. National Biological Service, Washington, D.C.
  • Wells, S.M., R.M. Pyle, and N.M. Collins, compilers. 1983. The IUCN Invertebrate Red Data Book. IUCN (World Conservation Union), Gland, Switzerland. 632 pp. [ISBN 2-88032-602-X]