Butterflies and Moths of North America

collecting and sharing data about Lepidoptera

Pluto sphinx
Xylophanes pluto (Fabricius, 1777)


Family: Sphingidae
Subfamily: Macroglossinae
Identification: Forewing upperside is olive green with a paler median band and pale lines with purple shading along them. Hindwing upperside has a white spot surrounded by black at the base, a wide orangish yellow median band, and a brown to greenish band along the outer margin.
Wing Span: 2 1/16 - 2 9/16 inches (5.3 - 6.5 cm).
Life History: Not reported.
Flight: . Several broods throughout the year in Florida and South Texas.
Caterpillar Hosts: Milkberry (Chiococca species), Hamelia patens, and Erythroxylon species.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including wild verbena.
Habitat: Tropical and subtropical lowlands.
Range: Brazil north through Central America, Mexico, and the West Indies to Florida and South Texas.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Comments: NULL

Pollinator Week was June 20-26, 2022!

Butterflies and moths are accidental pollinators of many flowering plants. While most species do not have special structures to carry pollen, they do brush against pollen and transfer it to other flowers.

Did you know? The Eastern Tailed-Blue (Cupido comyntas) flies close to the ground and uses its short proboscis to probe flowers of wild strawberry, white sweet clover, and other low-lying plants.