Butterflies and Moths of North America

collecting and sharing data about Lepidoptera

Olympia Marble
Euchloe olympia (W.H. Edwards, 1871)

Family: Pieridae
Subfamily: Pierinae
Identification: Underside of hindwing with sparse marbling leaving much white space; pink tinge at upper margin in living butterlfies.
Wing Span: 1 3/8 - 2 inches (3.5 - 5.1 cm).
Life History: Males patrol on hilltops for females. Females lay single egg on flower bud of host plant; caterpillars eat flowers and fruits. Chrysalids hibernate.
Flight: One flight from April-July, early in Texas, later in the north.
Caterpillar Hosts: Various rock cresses (Arabis species) in the mustard family (Brassicaceae).
Adult Food: Flowers of rock cresses, chickweed, phlox, and houstonia.
Habitat: Various open areas including prairies, foothills, lakeshore dunes, shale barrens, meadows, open woodlands.
Range: Southern Canada, central Montana and Colorado, south to central Texas, east through Great Lake states. Isolated populations in Appalachians from Pennsylvania to Tennessee.
Conservation: Protect habitat of isolated populations.
NCGR: G4 - Apparently secure globally, though it might be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Conserve habitats with host plants and nectar sources.
Comments: NULL