Butterflies and Moths of North America

collecting and sharing data about Lepidoptera

Mournful sphinx
Enyo lugubris (Linnaeus, 1771)


Family: Sphingidae
Subfamily: Macroglossinae
Identification: Body and wings are dark brown. Forewing has a large black patch covering most of the outer half of the wing, a pale tan cell spot, and a fairly straight median line to the inside of the cell spot.
Wing Span: 2 - 2 3/8 inches (5 - 6 cm).
Life History: Adults fly during the day, and make a whirring sound as they fly. Caterpillars pupate in loose cocoons in shallow underground burrows.
Flight: . All year in the tropics, south Florida, and Louisiana; August-November northward.
Caterpillar Hosts: Plants in the grape family (Vitaceae) including Vitus, Ampelopsis, and Cissus species.
Adult Food: Probably flower nectar.
Habitat: Not reported.
Range: Northern Argentina and Uruguay north through Central America, the West Indies, and Mexico to Arizona; east to Florida and north to South Carolina. Strays to Arkansas, Michigan, and New York.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Comments: NULL

Pollinator Week was June 20-26, 2022!

Butterflies and moths are accidental pollinators of many flowering plants. While most species do not have special structures to carry pollen, they do brush against pollen and transfer it to other flowers.

Did you know? The Eastern Tailed-Blue (Cupido comyntas) flies close to the ground and uses its short proboscis to probe flowers of wild strawberry, white sweet clover, and other low-lying plants.