Identification: Dull and dark. Males smoky orange; females smoky brown and pale orange; both with blurred markings.
Wing Span: 1 1/2 - 1 3/4 inches (3.8 - 4.5 cm).
Life History: Males patrol near the host plant, close to the ground on hillsides. Two years are required for development from egg to adult. First-stage caterpillars hibernate the first winter; older caterpillars the second winter.