Butterflies and Moths of North America

collecting and sharing data about Lepidoptera

Florida Leafwing
Anaea troglodyta floridalis F. Johnson & W.P. Comstock, 1941


Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Charaxinae
Identification: Forewing tip is slightly hooked and margin is straight; hindwing has a pointed tail. Upperside is red with dark outer margins but few other dark markings; forewing has a dark bar in the cell. Underside resembles a dead leaf.
Wing Span: 3 - 3 1/2 inches (7.6 - 9 cm).
Life History: Males perch on twigs about 10 feet off the ground to wait for females. Eggs are laid singly on leaves of the host plant; caterpillars eat leaves. Young caterpillars make a resting perch from a leaf vein; older caterpillars live in a rolled-up leaf shelter.
Flight: The dry season form flies from October-April; the wet season form from May-October.
Caterpillar Hosts: Woolly croton (Croton linearis) in the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae).
Adult Food: Rotting fruit and dung.
Habitat: Pine-palmetto scrub and edges.
Range: Extreme southern peninsular Florida and the Florida Keys.
Conservation: Limited to a few remaining habitats in the Florida Keys.
NCGR: G1 - Critically imperiled globally because of extreme rarity (5 or fewer occurrences, or very few remaining individuals), or because of some factor of its biology making it especially vulnerable to extinction. (Critically endangered throughout its range).
Management Needs: Conserve remaining habitat on the Florida Keys and practice proper successional management.
Comments: NULL