Family Pieridae

Subfamily: Dismorphiinae (Mimic-Whites)

Dismorphia spio Hispaniolan Mimic-White
Dismorphia amphione Tiger Mimic-White
Dismorphia crisia Crisia Mimic-White
Enantia albania Costa-spotted Mimic-White
Lieinix nemesis Frosted Mimic-White

Subfamily: Pierinae (Whites)

Anthocharis cethura Desert Orangetip
Anthocharis sara Pacific Orangetip
Anthocharis stella Stella Orangetip
Anthocharis julia Southern Rocky Mountain Orangetip
Anthocharis thoosa Southwestern Orangetip
Anthocharis midea Falcate Orangetip
Euchloe naina Green Marble
Euchloe ausonides Large Marble
Euchloe olympia Olympia Marble
Euchloe guaymasensis Sonoran Marble
Euchloe lotta Desert Marble
Euchloe hyantis California Marble
Euchloe creusa Northern Marble
Hesperocharis costaricensis Costa Rican White
Appias drusilla Florida White
Melete lycimnia Common Melwhite
Melete salacia Black-striped White
Neophasia menapia Pine White
Neophasia terlooii Chiricahua White
Catasticta nimbice Mexican Dartwhite
Catasticta flisa Narrow-banded Dartwhite
Catasticta sisamnus Whitened Dartwhite
Pereute charops Darkened White
Archonias brassolis Cattleheart White
Pieriballia viardi Viardi White
Itaballia demophile Cross-barred White
Leptophobia aripa Mountain White
Leptophobia eleusis Eleusis White
Pieris angelika Arctic White
Pieris marginalis Margined White
Pieris oleracea Mustard White
Pieris virginiensis West Virginia White
Pieris rapae Cabbage White
Pieris brassicae Large White
Pontia beckerii Becker's White
Pontia protodice Checkered White
Pontia occidentalis Western White
Pontia sisymbrii Spring White
Ascia monuste Great Southern White
Ganyra josephina Giant White
Ganyra howarthi Howarth's White

Subfamily: Coliadinae (Sulphurs)

Colias philodice Clouded Sulphur
Colias eurytheme Orange Sulphur
Colias occidentalis Western Sulphur
Colias christina Christina Sulphur
Colias alexandra Queen Alexandra's Sulphur
Colias harfordii Harford's Sulphur
Colias meadii Mead's Sulphur
Colias hecla Hecla Sulphur
Colias canadensis Canadian Sulphur
Colias tyche Booth's Sulphur
Colias nastes Labrador Sulphur
Colias scudderi Scudder's Sulphur
Colias gigantea Giant Sulphur
Colias pelidne Pelidne Sulphur
Colias interior Pink-edged Sulphur
Colias palaeno Palaeno Sulphur
Colias behrii Sierra Sulphur
Zerene cesonia Southern Dogface
Zerene eurydice California Dogface
Anteos maerula Yellow Angled-Sulphur
Anteos clorinde White Angled-Sulphur
Phoebis sennae Cloudless Sulphur
Phoebis argante Apricot Sulphur
Phoebis agarithe Large Orange Sulphur
Phoebis philea Orange-barred Sulphur
Phoebis neocypris Tailed Sulphur
Aphrissa statira Statira Sulphur
Aphrissa neleis Pink-spot Sulphur
Aphrissa orbis Orbed Sulphur
Kricogonia lyside Lyside Sulphur
Eurema daira Barred Yellow
Eurema boisduvaliana Boisduval's Yellow
Eurema mexicana Mexican Yellow
Eurema salome Salome Yellow
Eurema albula Ghost Yellow
Pyrisitia messalina Shy Yellow
Pyrisitia proterpia Tailed Orange
Pyrisitia lisa Little Yellow
Pyrisitia nise Mimosa Yellow
Pyrisitia dina Dina Yellow
Pyrisitia leuce Leuce Yellow
Abaeis nicippe Sleepy Orange
Nathalis iole Dainty Sulphur

Description

The Pieridae are members of the Superfamily Papilionoidea, the true butterflies. Worldwide in distribution, most species are found in the tropics. Adults have medium to small wings that are white, yellow, or orange, with some black or red, and many have hidden ultraviolet patterns that are used in courtship. Species with more than one generation usually have distinct seasonal variation in appearance. Adults of all species visit flowers for nectar, and adults of both sexes have three pairs of walking legs. Males patrol in search of receptive mates, and females lay columnar eggs on leaves, buds, and stems. The majority of caterpillars of North American whites and sulphurs feed on legumes or crucifers (members of the Mustard family). Typically, temperate species overwinter in the pupal or larval stage, while tropical species overwinter as adults.