Attributes of Zerene cesonia

Southern Dogface
Zerene cesonia (Stoll, 1790)

Family: Pieridae
Subfamily: Coliadinae
Identification: Upperside forewings of both sexes have yellow "dog's head" surrounded by black. "Eye" does not touch black border. Female similar, with duller, more diffuse black areas and 2 seasonal forms: underside hindwing of wet season "summer" form is yellow; that of dry season "winter" form is mottled with black and pink.
Wing Span: 2 1/8 - 3 inches (5.4 - 7.6 cm).
Life History: Males patrol open areas for females. Eggs are laid on the undersides of terminal leaves of host plants. Adults overwinter in reproductive arrest.
Flight: Three flights in the southern states from May-June, July-August, and September-April. Northern colonists have one generation per year, or do not reproduce at all.
Caterpillar Hosts: Small-leaved plants in the pea family (Fabaceae) including alfalfa (Medicago sativa); prairie clovers, indigo (Dalea), and clover (Trifolium) species.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including alfalfa, coreopsis, houstonia, and verbena.
Habitat: Dry, open areas such as short-grass prairie hills, scrub oak groves, open woodland, washes, road edges.
Range: Resident in South America north to southern Texas and peninsular Florida. Stray or temporary resident from central California northeast through the Great Lakes area and all the eastern states.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Zerene cesonia

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Zerene cesonia - Zerene_cesoniaKsGrantOct21-08CarolAdams-crop.jpg

Zerene cesonia - Zerene_cesoniaKsGrantOct21-08CarolAdams-crop.jpg
Zerene cesonia - IMG_4902-Spicer.jpg

Zerene cesonia - IMG_4902-Spicer.jpg
Zerene cesonia - SouthernDogface-Simons.jpg

Zerene cesonia - SouthernDogface-Simons.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
December 02, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States December 02, 2016 Details
December 01, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States December 01, 2016 Details
November 24, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 25, 2016 Details
November 14, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 24, 2016 Details
November 22, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 24, 2016 Details
November 02, 2016 randimal Hidalgo County, Texas, United States November 11, 2016 Details
October 31, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 09, 2016 Details
November 02, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 09, 2016 Details
November 02, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 09, 2016 Details
November 02, 2016 gunhilda Payne County, Oklahoma, United States November 02, 2016 Details
October 30, 2016 CK Franklin Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States October 31, 2016 Details
October 30, 2016 Jachan1 Texas, United States, Webb County October 30, 2016 Details
October 27, 2016 Bdog San Diego County, California, United States October 29, 2016 Details
October 21, 2016 gpstewart Texas, McCulloch County, United States October 27, 2016 Details
October 12, 2016 dbruce Noxubee County, Mississippi, United States October 26, 2016 Details
October 13, 2016 dbruce Lee County, Mississippi, United States October 25, 2016 Details
October 08, 2016 CA Ivy Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States October 09, 2016 Details
September 09, 2016 crprice Stoddard County, Missouri, United States September 23, 2016 Details
September 18, 2016 abwest Bexar County, Texas, United States September 19, 2016 Details
November 13, 2014 ncrosbyrd Pima County, Arizona, United States July 31, 2016 Details
November 12, 2014 ncrosbyrd Pima County, Arizona, United States July 31, 2016 Details
November 28, 2014 gpstewart Texas, United States, Williamson County July 29, 2016 Details
July 24, 2016 CA Ivy Washington County, Arkansas, United States July 24, 2016 Details
July 12, 2016 CA Ivy Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States July 13, 2016 Details
June 25, 2016 Bonnie Morrison Howard County, Texas, United States July 05, 2016 Details
June 23, 2016 Jonathan Clark Catahoula Parish, Louisiana, United States July 03, 2016 Details
June 21, 2016 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States July 01, 2016 Details
March 06, 2016 ncrosbyrd McIntosh County, Georgia, United States June 11, 2016 Details
March 06, 2016 ncrosbyrd McIntosh County, Georgia, United States June 11, 2016 Details
March 06, 2016 ncrosbyrd McIntosh County, Georgia, United States June 11, 2016 Details
May 26, 2016 Bdog Riverside County, California, United States May 28, 2016 Details
December 23, 2012 TeddyKuma Texas, Lampasas County, United States April 25, 2016 Details
November 09, 2015 Clara4 Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States April 21, 2016 Details
April 04, 2016 cahill@graysoncable.com Grayson County, Texas, United States April 08, 2016 Details
November 13, 2014 ncrosbyrd Pima County, Arizona, United States April 05, 2016 Details
October 06, 2015 Doug Bruce Tipton County, Tennessee, United States October 07, 2015 Details
September 13, 2015 aarongunnar Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States September 22, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 Jonathan Clark La Salle Parish, Louisiana, United States July 27, 2015 Details
May 26, 2015 mbowling Brewster County, Texas, United States June 21, 2015 Details
June 14, 2015 Brett Budach Camden County, Missouri, United States June 15, 2015 Details
February 23, 2013 tjrickert Texas, McMullen County, United States January 26, 2015 Details
April 11, 2014 KristyBaker Cameron County, Texas, United States December 27, 2014 Details
October 03, 2014 HHowell White County, Tennessee, United States December 04, 2014 Details
October 13, 2014 roseanna Pulaski County, Kentucky, United States November 20, 2014 Details
September 26, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States September 26, 2014 Details
January 26, 2014 Redheart Canyonlands Bandera County, Texas, United States August 15, 2014 Details
September 02, 2008 doris potter Pima County, Arizona, United States July 28, 2014 Details
June 19, 2014 jvkopple2 Rooks County, Kansas, United States June 20, 2014 Details
November 04, 2012 John429 Maricopa County, Arizona, United States April 24, 2014 Details
February 23, 2014 Sparks7 Burnet County, Texas, United States March 20, 2014 Details