Attributes of Pieris rapae

Cabbage White
Pieris rapae (Linnaeus, 1758)

Family: Pieridae
Subfamily: Pierinae
Identification: Upperside of wings white; forewing with black tip. Two submarginal black spots in female, one in male. Underside of hindwing and forewing apex evenly yellow-green or gray-green. Spring and fall short-day form is smaller, less yellow, with reduced black areas.
Wing Span: 1 3/4 - 2 1/4 inches (4.5 - 5.8 cm).
Life History: Males patrol for females. Females lay single eggs on undersides of host leaves. Chrysalids hibernate.
Flight: Two to three in northern part of range; 7-8 in the south. It is usually the first butterfly to emerge in spring.
Caterpillar Hosts: Many plants in the mustard (Brassicaceae) family and occasionally some in the caper family (Capparidaceae).
Adult Food: Flower nectar from a very wide array of plants including mustards, dandelion, red clover, asters, and mints.
Habitat: Almost any type of open space including weedy areas, gardens, roadsides, cities, and suburbs.
Range: From central Canada south through the United States (except Florida Keys, southern Louisiana, and South Texas) to northwest Mexico.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Ensure control steps do not affect other invertebrate fauna.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Pieris rapae

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Pieris rapae - pieris_rapaecat101508c.jpg

Pieris rapae - pieris_rapaecat101508c.jpg
Pieris rapae - Cabbagewhitecrop.jpg

Pieris rapae - Cabbagewhitecrop.jpg
Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae.jpg

Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae.jpg
Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae2.jpg

Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae2.jpg
Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae3.jpg

Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae3.jpg
Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae4.jpg

Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae4.jpg

Pieris rapae - Cabbage-White-carroll.jpg

Pieris rapae - Cabbage-White-carroll.jpg







The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 27, 2014 crm211b Ontario, Canada July 27, 2014 Details
July 17, 2014 mmwm Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States July 26, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 23, 2014 Details
June 08, 2014 patricia silvernail Jackson County, Georgia, United States July 21, 2014 Details
May 02, 2014 schmev24 Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 missjohnson Erie County, Ohio, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 19, 2014 anna_holmes Madison County, Alabama, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 13, 2014 Colleen62 Ontario, Canada July 19, 2014 Details
July 15, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada July 16, 2014 Details
July 06, 2014 treichard Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States July 15, 2014 Details
July 13, 2014 nletson Williamson County, Tennessee, United States July 14, 2014 Details
June 15, 2014 tom nolan Burlington County, New Jersey, United States July 14, 2014 Details
July 13, 2014 systanfield Richland County, South Carolina, United States July 13, 2014 Details
July 13, 2014 dpitcher Erie County, Ohio, United States July 13, 2014 Details
July 04, 2014 buddingnaturalist Olmsted County, Minnesota, United States July 12, 2014 Details
May 04, 2014 AngelaCoco Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States July 11, 2014 Details
July 03, 2014 treichard York County, Pennsylvania, United States July 11, 2014 Details
July 01, 2014 davidr Cambria County, Pennsylvania, United States July 11, 2014 Details
July 04, 2014 owlgirls British Columbia, Canada July 10, 2014 Details
July 10, 2014 Achrisvet Loudoun County, Virginia, United States July 10, 2014 Details
June 29, 2014 John LeBlanc Henrico County, Virginia, United States July 09, 2014 Details
June 28, 2014 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States July 09, 2014 Details
July 03, 2014 jim8435wisc Sauk County, Wisconsin, United States July 09, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 Doug Bruce Johnson County, Tennessee, United States July 09, 2014 Details
July 07, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada July 07, 2014 Details
July 19, 2010 julmast Elkhart County, Indiana, United States July 06, 2014 Details
September 22, 2013 AngelaCoco Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States July 06, 2014 Details
July 04, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada July 05, 2014 Details
July 04, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 05, 2014 Details
July 03, 2014 Ralph S. Carlson Washington County, Oregon, United States July 04, 2014 Details
June 29, 2014 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States July 03, 2014 Details
June 29, 2014 bgooding94 Snohomish County, Washington, United States July 02, 2014 Details
June 30, 2014 chelseahecox Pierce County, Washington, United States July 02, 2014 Details
June 22, 2014 jennifereh Grundy County, Illinois, United States July 02, 2014 Details
June 22, 2014 Cabngirl Sonoma County, California, United States June 27, 2014 Details
September 10, 2013 Kathryn Palumbo British Columbia, Canada June 26, 2014 Details
June 22, 2014 John LeBlanc Charles City County, Virginia, United States June 25, 2014 Details
June 25, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada June 25, 2014 Details
June 22, 2014 a-o Tompkins County, New York, United States June 23, 2014 Details
June 20, 2014 johngor Ontario, Canada June 22, 2014 Details
June 16, 2014 Intrinsic3141 Suffolk County, New York, United States June 17, 2014 Details
June 16, 2014 Intrinsic3141 Suffolk County, New York, United States June 17, 2014 Details
June 13, 2014 Hheck Lucas County, Ohio, United States June 16, 2014 Details
June 13, 2014 mrsgates Lucas County, Ohio, United States June 16, 2014 Details
June 13, 2014 dpitcher Ohio, United States June 13, 2014 Details
June 07, 2014 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States June 10, 2014 Details
May 25, 2014 Sean Werle Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States June 05, 2014 Details
May 31, 2014 allelopath Santa Fe County, New Mexico, United States June 03, 2014 Details
June 02, 2014 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States June 03, 2014 Details
May 29, 2014 mikeconley St Louis County, Missouri, United States May 31, 2014 Details