Attributes of Pieris rapae

Cabbage White
Pieris rapae (Linnaeus, 1758)

Family: Pieridae
Subfamily: Pierinae
Identification: Upperside of wings white; forewing with black tip. Two submarginal black spots in female, one in male. Underside of hindwing and forewing apex evenly yellow-green or gray-green. Spring and fall short-day form is smaller, less yellow, with reduced black areas.
Wing Span: 1 3/4 - 2 1/4 inches (4.5 - 5.8 cm).
Life History: Males patrol for females. Females lay single eggs on undersides of host leaves. Chrysalids hibernate.
Flight: Two to three in northern part of range; 7-8 in the south. It is usually the first butterfly to emerge in spring.
Caterpillar Hosts: Many plants in the mustard (Brassicaceae) family and occasionally some in the caper family (Capparidaceae).
Adult Food: Flower nectar from a very wide array of plants including mustards, dandelion, red clover, asters, and mints.
Habitat: Almost any type of open space including weedy areas, gardens, roadsides, cities, and suburbs.
Range: From central Canada south through the United States (except Florida Keys, southern Louisiana, and South Texas) to northwest Mexico.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Ensure control steps do not affect other invertebrate fauna.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Pieris rapae

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Pieris rapae - pieris_rapaecat101508c.jpg

Pieris rapae - pieris_rapaecat101508c.jpg
Pieris rapae - Cabbagewhitecrop.jpg

Pieris rapae - Cabbagewhitecrop.jpg
Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae.jpg

Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae.jpg
Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae2.jpg

Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae2.jpg
Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae3.jpg

Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae3.jpg
Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae4.jpg

Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae4.jpg

Pieris rapae - Cabbage-White-carroll.jpg

Pieris rapae - Cabbage-White-carroll.jpg







The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 15, 2015 Christine Stanke Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States March 23, 2017 Details
March 20, 2017 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States March 21, 2017 Details
June 12, 2016 scwilso35 Hampshire County, West Virginia, United States March 11, 2017 Details
July 16, 2016 JohnBoback Preston County, West Virginia, United States February 28, 2017 Details
February 24, 2017 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States February 25, 2017 Details
January 16, 2017 czwrucke Dodge County, Wisconsin, United States January 26, 2017 Details
August 17, 2016 sh11 Ontario, Canada January 25, 2017 Details
December 14, 2016 MAKI Ventura County, California, United States January 17, 2017 Details
June 07, 2014 sh11 Ontario, Canada January 16, 2017 Details
September 09, 2013 sh11 Ontario, Canada January 14, 2017 Details
December 23, 2016 CJMR869 Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States December 28, 2016 Details
October 03, 2016 heisiar Dane County, Wisconsin, United States December 24, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States November 28, 2016 Details
November 23, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States November 27, 2016 Details
July 31, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States November 23, 2016 Details
November 07, 2016 johngor Ontario, Canada November 09, 2016 Details
October 09, 2016 frogbandit Bernalillo County, New Mexico, United States November 01, 2016 Details
October 13, 2016 Doug Bruce Hardeman County, Tennessee, United States October 31, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 mercretas Montgomery County, Maryland, United States October 29, 2016 Details
June 21, 2016 jollygoodyellow Nova Scotia, Canada October 27, 2016 Details
August 09, 2013 anna_holmes Madison County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
June 29, 2015 anna_holmes Madison County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
August 09, 2016 Cekeys Montgomery County, Maryland, United States October 26, 2016 Details
October 19, 2016 Jsehorn Cleveland County, Oklahoma, United States October 21, 2016 Details
July 04, 2016 tom nolan Burlington County, New Jersey, United States October 17, 2016 Details
September 24, 2016 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States October 12, 2016 Details
October 05, 2016 RichHubie Mendocino County, California, United States October 06, 2016 Details
May 29, 2016 randimal Elmore County, Idaho, United States September 20, 2016 Details
September 14, 2016 RichHubie Mendocino County, California, United States September 15, 2016 Details
September 10, 2016 mathgeek Sandusky County, Ohio, United States September 15, 2016 Details
September 15, 2016 Mary Franceline Malone Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States September 15, 2016 Details
August 31, 2016 Paul Tavares Manitoba, Canada September 11, 2016 Details
August 28, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States September 11, 2016 Details
August 17, 2016 4wildlife Franklin County, Ohio, United States September 11, 2016 Details
August 05, 2016 4wildlife Ontario, Canada August 31, 2016 Details
August 09, 2016 digginflowers Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States August 29, 2016 Details
August 27, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 28, 2016 Details
July 16, 2016 aarongunnar Waukesha County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2016 Details
August 19, 2016 margueritehamilton Ontario, Canada August 22, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 Allen Gathman Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, United States August 16, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 Doug Bruce Overton County, Tennessee, United States August 15, 2016 Details
August 10, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 11, 2016 Details
August 08, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 08, 2016 Details
July 25, 2016 guy_incognito Cochise County, Arizona, United States August 07, 2016 Details
August 06, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 06, 2016 Details
July 30, 2016 Doug Bruce Bedford County, Tennessee, United States August 01, 2016 Details
October 05, 2015 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States August 01, 2016 Details
June 21, 2016 jollygoodyellow Nova Scotia, Canada July 31, 2016 Details
July 02, 2016 emitter Prince Georges County, Maryland, United States July 30, 2016 Details
July 19, 2016 Ron Smith Clarion County, Pennsylvania, United States July 28, 2016 Details