Attributes of Pieris rapae

Cabbage White
Pieris rapae (Linnaeus, 1758)

Family: Pieridae
Subfamily: Pierinae
Identification: Upperside of wings white; forewing with black tip. Two submarginal black spots in female, one in male. Underside of hindwing and forewing apex evenly yellow-green or gray-green. Spring and fall short-day form is smaller, less yellow, with reduced black areas.
Wing Span: 1 3/4 - 2 1/4 inches (4.5 - 5.8 cm).
Life History: Males patrol for females. Females lay single eggs on undersides of host leaves. Chrysalids hibernate.
Flight: Two to three in northern part of range; 7-8 in the south. It is usually the first butterfly to emerge in spring.
Caterpillar Hosts: Many plants in the mustard (Brassicaceae) family and occasionally some in the caper family (Capparidaceae).
Adult Food: Flower nectar from a very wide array of plants including mustards, dandelion, red clover, asters, and mints.
Habitat: Almost any type of open space including weedy areas, gardens, roadsides, cities, and suburbs.
Range: From central Canada south through the United States (except Florida Keys, southern Louisiana, and South Texas) to northwest Mexico.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Ensure control steps do not affect other invertebrate fauna.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Pieris rapae

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Pieris rapae - pieris_rapaecat101508c.jpg

Pieris rapae - pieris_rapaecat101508c.jpg
Pieris rapae - Cabbagewhitecrop.jpg

Pieris rapae - Cabbagewhitecrop.jpg
Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae.jpg

Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae.jpg
Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae2.jpg

Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae2.jpg
Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae3.jpg

Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae3.jpg
Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae4.jpg

Pieris rapae - Pieris_rapae4.jpg

Pieris rapae - Cabbage-White-carroll.jpg

Pieris rapae - Cabbage-White-carroll.jpg







The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

See more recently verified sightings of all species.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 18, 2015 BCaron Santa Barbara County, California, United States May 04, 2015 Details
April 12, 2015 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States April 29, 2015 Details
April 17, 2015 MAKI Multnomah County, Oregon, United States April 23, 2015 Details
July 04, 2014 jennifereh Grundy County, Illinois, United States April 13, 2015 Details
April 12, 2015 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States April 12, 2015 Details
April 06, 2015 ezeemonee Santa Barbara County, California, United States April 09, 2015 Details
March 28, 2015 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States March 30, 2015 Details
July 05, 2014 ellenjones6 Franklin County, New York, United States March 23, 2015 Details
August 19, 2014 ellenjones6 Franklin County, New York, United States March 23, 2015 Details
July 19, 2014 ellenjones6 Franklin County, New York, United States March 23, 2015 Details
March 22, 2015 Sue Orlowski Lincoln County, Washington, United States March 23, 2015 Details
January 26, 2015 deanna06 Oakland County, Michigan, United States March 16, 2015 Details
August 02, 2014 hmclin York County, Pennsylvania, United States March 12, 2015 Details
March 10, 2015 MAKI Ventura County, California, United States March 10, 2015 Details
February 28, 2015 ezeemonee Ventura County, California, United States March 02, 2015 Details
August 03, 2014 Nancy Witthuhn Ness County, Kansas, United States February 27, 2015 Details
April 20, 2014 K Stilwell Tazewell County, Virginia, United States January 04, 2015 Details
June 09, 2014 AngelaCoco Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States December 31, 2014 Details
October 25, 2014 Doug Bruce Greene County, Tennessee, United States December 06, 2014 Details
October 26, 2014 Doug Bruce Anderson County, Tennessee, United States December 06, 2014 Details
July 27, 2014 WendyJG Winnebago County, Illinois, United States September 29, 2014 Details
September 27, 2014 WendyJG Winnebago County, Illinois, United States September 28, 2014 Details
July 02, 2014 WendyJG Winnebago County, Illinois, United States September 28, 2014 Details
September 22, 2014 amandadarcy Suffolk County, New York, United States September 26, 2014 Details
September 26, 2014 missjohnson Erie County, Ohio, United States September 26, 2014 Details
September 23, 2014 jim8435wisc Adams County, Wisconsin, United States September 25, 2014 Details
September 24, 2014 MarFole Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States September 25, 2014 Details
September 24, 2014 missjohnson Erie County, Ohio, United States September 25, 2014 Details
July 23, 2014 NJskywatcher Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States September 24, 2014 Details
August 08, 2014 AllenRatz Buncombe County, North Carolina, United States September 20, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 HHowell Grainger County, Tennessee, United States September 12, 2014 Details
August 24, 2014 Jarchibold Saratoga County, New York, United States September 12, 2014 Details
July 23, 2014 patricia silvernail Jackson County, Georgia, United States September 11, 2014 Details
August 23, 2014 b.cn.u Ontario, Canada September 11, 2014 Details
July 04, 2014 Terry W. Johnson Monroe County, Georgia, United States September 10, 2014 Details
June 30, 2014 b.cn.u Ontario, Canada September 08, 2014 Details
September 02, 2014 Doug Bruce Bedford County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 osprey1984 Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States September 06, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 jollygoodyellow Nova Scotia, Canada September 03, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 jollygoodyellow Nova Scotia, Canada September 03, 2014 Details
August 25, 2014 Colleen62 Ontario, Canada September 02, 2014 Details
August 27, 2014 rocksnstars Oxford County, Maine, United States September 01, 2014 Details
August 16, 2014 Jimulacrum Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States August 31, 2014 Details
August 28, 2014 dendroica5 Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States August 31, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 JReuter Boone County, Missouri, United States August 31, 2014 Details
July 24, 2014 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States August 27, 2014 Details
August 27, 2014 neilds37 Clallam County, Washington, United States August 27, 2014 Details
August 23, 2014 CT Costa Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States August 26, 2014 Details
August 13, 2014 Janet Tubb Ontario, Canada August 26, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 Janet Tubb Ontario, Canada August 26, 2014 Details