Attributes of Colias eurytheme

Orange Sulphur
Colias eurytheme Boisduval, 1852

Family: Pieridae
Subfamily: Coliadinae
Identification: Quite variable. Upperside of male yellow with orange overlay, yellow veins, wide black border, and dark black cell spot. Female yellow or white with irregular black border surrounding light spots. Underside hindwing spot silver with 2 concentric dark rings, and a spot above it.
Wing Span: 1 3/8 - 2 3/4 inches (3.5 - 7 cm).
Life History: Males patrol for receptive females, who lay eggs singly on top of host plant leaves. Most feeding takes place at night. Young caterpillars chew holes in the tops of leaves, then later feed from the leaf tip. Older caterpillars eat half of the leaf before moving to the other half. Chrysalids overwinter.
Flight: Two-three flights in the north from June-October, 4-5 in the south from March-November.
Caterpillar Hosts: Plants in the pea family (Fabaceae) including alfalfa (Medicago sativa), white clover (Trifolium repens), and white sweet clover (Melilotus alba).
Adult Food: Nectar from many kinds of flowers including dandelion, milkweeds, goldenrods, and asters.
Habitat: A wide variety of open sites, especially clover and alfalfa fields, mowed fields, vacant lots, meadows, road edges.
Range: Southern Canada to central Mexico, coast to coast in the United States except for the Florida peninsula. Comments: One of the most widespread and common butterflies in North America.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars can be very destructive in alfalfa fields.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Colias eurytheme

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Colias eurytheme - Colias-eurytheme-ventral-Queener-crop.jpg

Colias eurytheme - Colias-eurytheme-ventral-Queener-crop.jpg
Colias eurytheme - OrangeSulphur2_small.jpg

Colias eurytheme - OrangeSulphur2_small.jpg
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Colias eurytheme - Orangesulphurcrop.jpg
Colias eurytheme - OrangeSulphur_small.jpg

Colias eurytheme - OrangeSulphur_small.jpg
Colias eurytheme - Colias_eurytheme.jpg

Colias eurytheme - Colias_eurytheme.jpg
Colias eurytheme - Colias_eurytheme2.jpg

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Colias eurytheme - Colias_eurythemeSanders.jpg

Colias eurytheme - Colias_eurythemeSanders.jpg
Colias eurytheme - TammyKnuth-Colias_eurytheme-crop.jpg

Colias eurytheme - TammyKnuth-Colias_eurytheme-crop.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 01, 2015 gpstewart Texas, United States, Williamson County July 02, 2015 Details
June 29, 2015 Gardens by Renata Jelito Queens County, New York, United States June 30, 2015 Details
June 28, 2015 John LeBlanc Madison County, Virginia, United States June 29, 2015 Details
June 28, 2015 roseanna Casey County, Kentucky, United States June 28, 2015 Details
April 01, 2012 Joe Saunders Mercer County, West Virginia, United States June 25, 2015 Details
June 20, 2015 AnnL Todd County, Minnesota, United States June 22, 2015 Details
June 15, 2015 sfp Jessamine County, Kentucky, United States June 16, 2015 Details
September 10, 2014 sh11 Ontario, Canada June 16, 2015 Details
September 07, 2014 SaraJE Ontario, Canada June 15, 2015 Details
June 06, 2015 marshallbw72 Williamson County, Tennessee, United States June 07, 2015 Details
August 02, 2014 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States June 02, 2015 Details
August 02, 2014 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States June 02, 2015 Details
May 30, 2015 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States May 31, 2015 Details
May 27, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States May 28, 2015 Details
May 13, 2015 lilkriskattn Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States May 23, 2015 Details
May 03, 2015 MAKI Yolo County, California, United States May 07, 2015 Details
March 24, 2015 JerryE Burnet County, Texas, United States April 09, 2015 Details
April 08, 2015 lilkriskattn Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States April 09, 2015 Details
April 03, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 03, 2015 Details
March 31, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States March 31, 2015 Details
March 29, 2014 rebeccafm Los Angeles County, California, United States March 28, 2015 Details
March 24, 2015 JerryE Burnet County, Texas, United States March 27, 2015 Details
March 07, 2015 Bixia Calaveras County, California, United States March 16, 2015 Details
March 09, 2015 Nancy Hamlett Los Angeles County, California, United States March 10, 2015 Details
August 01, 2014 Nancy Witthuhn Ness County, Kansas, United States February 28, 2015 Details
November 07, 2014 Nancy Witthuhn Ness County, Kansas, United States February 26, 2015 Details
June 17, 2010 Indy Entomologist Clinton County, Indiana, United States February 22, 2015 Details
July 03, 1979 Indy Entomologist Carroll County, Indiana, United States February 22, 2015 Details
June 17, 2010 Indy Entomologist Clinton County, Indiana, United States February 20, 2015 Details
August 17, 2014 rjcohrs Hancock County, Indiana, United States February 19, 2015 Details
August 14, 2014 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States February 18, 2015 Details
February 15, 2015 MAKI Ventura County, California, United States February 18, 2015 Details
July 26, 2014 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States February 17, 2015 Details
June 20, 2013 adamschaffer Benton County, Arkansas, United States February 06, 2015 Details
August 11, 2014 Kazumi Barren County, Kentucky, United States January 12, 2015 Details
July 13, 2013 strixv Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States January 09, 2015 Details
November 09, 2014 K Stilwell Tazewell County, Virginia, United States January 04, 2015 Details
September 16, 2014 Prairie Wetlands Learning Center Otter Tail County, Minnesota, United States December 28, 2014 Details
October 17, 2008 Finatic02 Fairfax County, Virginia, United States December 18, 2014 Details
October 25, 2014 Doug Bruce Greene County, Tennessee, United States December 06, 2014 Details
October 26, 2014 Doug Bruce Anderson County, Tennessee, United States December 06, 2014 Details
October 06, 2014 dbruce Bolivar County, Mississippi, United States December 06, 2014 Details
August 04, 2014 Sue Orlowski Spokane County, Washington, United States December 04, 2014 Details
November 07, 2014 Sue Orlowski Lincoln County, Washington, United States December 04, 2014 Details
September 29, 2014 jim8435wisc Lafayette County, Wisconsin, United States November 25, 2014 Details
September 27, 2014 hmclin York County, Pennsylvania, United States September 30, 2014 Details
September 20, 2014 WendyJG Lee County, Illinois, United States September 29, 2014 Details
September 01, 2014 WendyJG Winnebago County, Illinois, United States September 28, 2014 Details
September 23, 2014 maria.hoffman6@gmail.com Suffolk County, New York, United States September 27, 2014 Details
July 15, 2014 RogerF Clark County, Nevada, United States September 26, 2014 Details