Family Lycaenidae

Subfamily: Miletinae (Harvesters)

Subfamily: Lycaeninae (Coppers)

Lycaena arota Tailed Copper
Lycaena phlaeas American Copper
Lycaena cupreus Lustrous Copper
Lycaena xanthoides Great Copper
Lycaena dione Gray Copper
Lycaena editha Edith's Copper
Lycaena gorgon Gorgon Copper
Lycaena hyllus Bronze Copper
Lycaena rubidus Ruddy Copper
Lycaena ferrisi Ferris' Copper
Lycaena heteronea Blue Copper
Lycaena epixanthe Bog Copper
Lycaena helloides Purplish Copper
Lycaena dorcas Dorcas Copper
Lycaena nivalis Lilac-bordered Copper
Lycaena mariposa Mariposa Copper
Lycaena hermes Hermes Copper
Euphilotes stanfordorum Stanfords' Blue
Euphilotes columbiae Columbian Blue
Plebejus cotundra Cotundra Blue

Subfamily: Theclinae (Hairstreaks)

Hypaurotis crysalus Colorado Hairstreak
Habrodais grunus Golden Hairstreak
Eumaeus childrenae Superb Cycadian or Great Cycadian
Eumaeus toxea Mexican Cycadian
Brangas neora Common Brangas
Evenus regalis Regal Hairstreak
Atlides halesus Great Purple Hairstreak
Pseudolycaena damo Sky-blue Hairstreak
Callophrys affinis Western Green Hairstreak
Callophrys apama "Apama" Western Green Hairstreak
Callophrys dumetorum Coastal Green Hairstreak
Callophrys lemberti 'Alpine' Sheridan's Hairstreak
Callophrys sheridanii Sheridan's Green Hairstreak
Callophrys sheridanii comstocki Desert Green Hairstreak
Callophrys hesseli Hessel's Hairstreak
Callophrys nelsoni Nelson's Hairstreak
Callophrys rosneri Rosner's Hairstreak
Callophrys thornei Thorne's Juniper
Callophrys muiri Muir's Hairstreak
Callophrys barryi Barry's Hairstreak
Callophrys gryneus Juniper Hairstreak
Callophrys gryneus gryneus 'Olive' Juniper Hairstreak
Callophrys spinetorum Thicket Hairstreak
Callophrys johnsoni Johnson's Hairstreak
Callophrys xami Xami Hairstreak
Callophrys mcfarlandi Sandia Hairstreak
Callophrys augustinus Brown Elfin
Callophrys mossii Moss' Elfin
Callophrys fotis Desert Elfin
Callophrys polios Hoary Elfin
Callophrys irus Frosted Elfin
Callophrys henrici Henry's Elfin
Callophrys niphon Eastern Pine Elfin
Callophrys eryphon Western Pine Elfin
Cyanophrys goodsoni Goodson's Greenstreak
Cyanophrys herodotus Tropical Greenstreak
Cyanophrys longula Long-winged Greenstreak
Cyanophrys miserabilis Clench's Greenstreak
Cyanophrys agricolor Stained Greenstreak
Rekoa meton Meton Hairstreak
Rekoa palegon Gold-bordered Hairstreak
Rekoa marius Marius Hairstreak
Rekoa zebina Zebina Hairstreak
Arawacus togarna Togarna Hairstreak
Arawacus sito Fine-lined Hairstreak
Arawacus leucogyna Leucogyna Hairstreak
Arawacus jada Creamy Stripestreak
Kisutam sillus Sky-blue Groundstreak
Satyrium favonius Oak Hairstreak
Satyrium favonius ontario 'Northern' Southern Hairstreak
Satyrium ilavia Ilavia Hairstreak
Satyrium polingi Poling's Hairstreak
Satyrium titus Coral Hairstreak
Satyrium acadica Acadian Hairstreak
Satyrium californica California Hairstreak
Satyrium sylvinus Sylvan Hairstreak
Satyrium caryaevorus Hickory Hairstreak
Satyrium edwardsii Edwards' Hairstreak
Satyrium calanus Banded Hairstreak
Satyrium kingi King's Hairstreak
Satyrium liparops Striped Hairstreak
Satyrium auretorum Gold-hunter's Hairstreak
Satyrium tetra Mountain Mahogany Hairstreak
Satyrium saepium Hedgerow Hairstreak
Satyrium behrii Behr's Hairstreak
Satyrium fuliginosum Sooty Hairstreak
Satyrium semiluna Sagebrush Sooty Hairstreak
Phaeostrymon alcestis Soapberry Hairstreak
Ocaria ocrisia Black Hairstreak
Chlorostrymon simaethis Silver-banded Hairstreak
Chlorostrymon maesites Amethyst Hairstreak
Chlorostrymon telea Telea Hairstreak
Allosmaitia strophius Strophius Hairstreak
Ziegleria guzanta Orange-crescent Groundstreak
Electrostrymon sangala Ruddy Hairstreak
Electrostrymon joya Muted Hairstreak
Electrostrymon angelia Fulvous Hairstreak
Calycopis cecrops Red-banded Hairstreak
Calycopis clarina White-striped Groundstreak
Calycopis isobeon Dusky-blue Groundstreak
Strymon melinus Gray Hairstreak
Strymon avalona Avalon Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon rufofusca Red-crescent Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon albata White Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon alea Lacey's Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon bebrycia Red-lined Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon yojoa Yojoa Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon cestri Tailless Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon martialis Martial Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon istapa Mallow Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon bubastus ponce Disjunct Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon bazochii Lantana Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon columella Columella Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon acis Bartram's Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon limenia Disguised Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon serapio Bromeliad Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon solitario Big Bend Scrub-Hairstreak
Strymon megarus Megarus Scrub-Hairstreak
Tmolus echion Red-spotted Hairstreak
Ministrymon leda Leda Ministreak
Ministrymon clytie Clytie Ministreak
Ministrymon azia Gray Ministreak
Ministrymon una Pale Ministreak
Ostrinotes keila Keila Hairstreak
Strephonota tephraeus Pearly-gray Hairstreak
Panthiades bitias Bitias Hairstreak
Panthiades bathildis Zebra-striped Hairstreak
Oenomaus ortygnus Aquamarine Hairstreak
Parrhasius m album White-M Hairstreak
Parrhasius moctezuma Mexican-M Hairstreak
Hypostrymon critola Sonoran Hairstreak
Erora laeta Early Hairstreak
Erora quaderna Arizona Hairstreak

Subfamily: Polyommatinae (Blues)

Leptotes cassius Cassius Blue
Leptotes marina Marine Blue
Zizula cyna Cyna Blue
Brephidium exilis Western Pygmy-Blue
Brephidium pseudofea Eastern Pygmy-Blue
Cupido comyntas Eastern Tailed-Blue
Cupido amyntula Western Tailed-Blue
Udara blackburni Hawaiian Blue, Blackburn's Blue
Celastrina ladon Spring Azure
Celastrina lucia Northern Azure
Celastrina neglecta Summer Azure
Celastrina echo Echo Azure
Celastrina gozora Mexican Azure
Celastrina nigra Dusky Azure
Celastrina neglectamajor Appalachian Azure
Celastrina humulus Hops Azure
Celastrina idella Holly Azure
Celastrina serotina Cherry Gall Azure
Glaucopsyche piasus Arrowhead Blue
Glaucopsyche lygdamus Silvery Blue
Philotes sonorensis Sonoran Blue
Philotiella speciosa Small Dotted-Blue
Philotiella leona Pumice Dotted-Blue
Euphilotes battoides Western Square-dotted Blue
Euphilotes centralis Central Dotted-Blue
Euphilotes bernardino Bernardino Dotted-Blue
Euphilotes intermedia Intermediate Dotted-Blue
Euphilotes ellisi Ellis' Dotted-Blue
Euphilotes baueri Bauer's Dotted-Blue
Euphilotes enoptes Pacific Dotted-Blue
Euphilotes ancilla Rocky Mountain Dotted-Blue
Euphilotes mojave Mojave Dotted-Blue
Euphilotes rita Rita Dotted-Blue
Euphilotes pallescens Pallid Dotted-Blue
Euphilotes spaldingi Spalding's Dotted-Blue
Hemiargus ceraunus Ceraunus Blue
Echinargus isola Reakirt's Blue
Cyclargus thomasi Miami Blue
Cyclargus ammon Nickerbean Blue
Plebejus idas Northern Blue
Plebejus anna Anna's Blue
Plebejus melissa Melissa Blue (includes Karner Blue)
Plebejus saepiolus Greenish Blue
Plebejus emigdionis San Emigdio Blue
Plebejus icarioides Boisduval's Blue
Plebejus shasta Shasta Blue
Plebejus acmon Acmon Blue
Plebejus lupini Lupine Blue
Plebejus neurona Veined Blue
Plebejus optilete Cranberry Blue
Plebejus glandon Arctic Blue
Plebejus glandon rusticus 'Rustic' Arctic Blue
Plebejus podarce Sierra Nevada Blue
Plebejus cassiope Cassiope Blue
Plebejus fridayi Friday's Blue
Polyommatus icarus European Common Blue

Description

The Lycaenidae are members of the Superfamily Papilionoidea, the true butterflies. Worldwide in distribution, this family has approximately 4,700 species that are unevenly distributed. Coppers are especially dominant in north temperate regions, blues are richest in the Old World tropics and north temperate zones, and hairstreaks are particularly abundant in New World tropics. The adults are typically small to tiny and often brilliantly colored--iridescent blues, bright reds, and oranges. Adults of both sexes have three pairs of walking legs, though most males have fused segments in their front legs. Most adults visit flowers for nectar, but some harvesters feed on wooly aphid honeydew and some hairstreaks feed on aphid honeydew or bird droppings. Females lay single, sea urchin shaped eggs on host leaves or flower buds; the resulting caterpillars are typically slug-shaped. In many species, caterpillars depend on ants for protection, so caterpillars produce sugary secretions that are collected by the ants. Most species overwinter in either the egg or pupal stage.