Attributes of Lycaena phlaeas

American Copper
Lycaena phlaeas (Linnaeus, 1761)

Family: Lycaenidae
Subfamily: Lycaeninae
Identification: Upper surface of forewing shiny, fiery orange-red with black spots; hindwing gray with orange-red outer margin. Underside gray; hindwing with submarginal row of orange-red zigzags.
Wing Span: 7/8 - 1 3/8 inches (2.2 - 3.5 cm).
Life History: Males perch on grass or weeds to look for females. Eggs are laid singly on host plant stems or leaves. Young caterpillars chew holes in the underside of leaves; older ones make channels in the leaf tissue. Chrysalids overwinter.
Flight: One flight from July-September for alpine and arctic populations. Two flights in the north from June-July and August-September; three flights in the south from April-September.
Caterpillar Hosts: Herbs of the buckwheat (Polygonaceae) family including sheep sorrel (Rumex acetosella), curled dock (Rumex crispus), and Oxyria digyna.
Adult Food: Nectar from many flowers including common buttercup, white clover, butterflyweed, yarrow, ox-eye daisy, and various composites.
Habitat: In disturbed places in the East including pastures, landfills, vacant lots, road edges, old fields; rocky places in alpine habitats, and tundra in the arctic.
Range: Nova Scotia south to Georgia, Tennessee, and Arkansas; west across Great Lake states to North Dakota. Native populations found in the Arctic and the western mountains. Comments: Eastern and midwest populations probably result from an introduction from Scandinavia during the colonial period.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Lycaena phlaeas

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Lycaena phlaeas - lycaena-phlaeas-awt-1.jpg

Lycaena phlaeas - lycaena-phlaeas-awt-1.jpg




The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 02, 2013 jwilkinson Frederick County, Maryland, United States August 16, 2014 Details
August 08, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 10, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 10, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 06, 2014 Details
July 26, 2014 Sheryl Johnson Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States July 31, 2014 Details
July 18, 2014 ddodd Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States July 22, 2014 Details
July 18, 2014 ddodd Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States July 22, 2014 Details
June 08, 2014 Butterflyer 1966 Jackson County, Alabama, United States July 21, 2014 Details
June 14, 2014 bjones7777 Jackson County, Alabama, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 08, 2014 1velvetcat Essex County, Massachusetts, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 11, 2014 NigelBI Washington (Block Island) County, Rhode Island, United States July 21, 2014 Details
May 26, 2014 Blocky Washington (Block Island) County, Rhode Island, United States July 21, 2014 Details
May 12, 2012 Jake a Bob Bradford County, Pennsylvania, United States July 15, 2014 Details
June 27, 2014 Deb Lux Burlington County, New Jersey, United States June 29, 2014 Details
June 13, 2014 fluffberger Wayne County, Pennsylvania, United States June 23, 2014 Details
June 15, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada June 18, 2014 Details
June 14, 2014 Rita Venable Van Buren County, Tennessee, United States June 18, 2014 Details
June 10, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada June 12, 2014 Details
June 06, 2014 Rick Henle Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States June 08, 2014 Details
May 25, 2014 Sean Werle Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States June 05, 2014 Details
April 25, 2014 tom nolan Cape May County, New Jersey, United States April 27, 2014 Details
April 26, 2014 stephen stedman Cumberland County, Tennessee, United States April 26, 2014 Details
September 08, 2013 tom nolan Cape May County, New Jersey, United States March 24, 2014 Details
August 19, 2012 damselflies Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States February 06, 2014 Details
May 21, 2013 Naseem Reza Dukes (Martha's Vineyard) County, Massachusetts, United States October 08, 2013 Details
September 15, 2012 a-o Rockinham (Isles of Shoals) County, New Hampshire, United States September 26, 2013 Details
September 01, 2013 dncms Knox County, Ohio, United States September 25, 2013 Details
September 18, 2013 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada September 19, 2013 Details
September 17, 2013 Colleen62 Ontario, Canada September 17, 2013 Details
September 01, 2013 bellinca York County, Pennsylvania, United States September 09, 2013 Details
August 04, 2013 Doug Bruce Macon County, Tennessee, United States September 09, 2013 Details
August 22, 2013 1velvetcat Essex County, Massachusetts, United States August 23, 2013 Details
August 10, 2013 aarongunnar Polk County, Wisconsin, United States August 18, 2013 Details
August 14, 2013 rogerashton Pike County, Pennsylvania, United States August 18, 2013 Details
August 15, 2013 mrcnaturally Westchester County, New York, United States August 17, 2013 Details
August 09, 2013 digginflowers Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States August 13, 2013 Details
August 02, 2013 hmclin York County, Pennsylvania, United States August 12, 2013 Details
July 30, 2013 jwilkinson Howard County, Maryland, United States August 10, 2013 Details
July 30, 2013 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 01, 2013 Details
July 28, 2013 mmwm Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States July 29, 2013 Details
October 12, 2012 razer9672 Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States July 16, 2013 Details
July 06, 2013 dendroica5 Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States July 16, 2013 Details
July 13, 2013 Naturegirlmaddy Saratoga County, New York, United States July 15, 2013 Details
June 06, 2013 Sean Werle Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States July 03, 2013 Details
June 05, 2012 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 03, 2013 Details
June 06, 2012 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 03, 2013 Details
June 07, 2012 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 03, 2013 Details
June 09, 2013 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 01, 2013 Details
June 17, 2013 shaed Ontario, Canada June 18, 2013 Details
May 25, 2013 Mike Stinson Amherst County, Virginia, United States June 13, 2013 Details