Attributes of Lycaena phlaeas

American Copper
Lycaena phlaeas (Linnaeus, 1761)

Family: Lycaenidae
Subfamily: Lycaeninae
Identification: Upper surface of forewing shiny, fiery orange-red with black spots; hindwing gray with orange-red outer margin. Underside gray; hindwing with submarginal row of orange-red zigzags.
Wing Span: 7/8 - 1 3/8 inches (2.2 - 3.5 cm).
Life History: Males perch on grass or weeds to look for females. Eggs are laid singly on host plant stems or leaves. Young caterpillars chew holes in the underside of leaves; older ones make channels in the leaf tissue. Chrysalids overwinter.
Flight: One flight from July-September for alpine and arctic populations. Two flights in the north from June-July and August-September; three flights in the south from April-September.
Caterpillar Hosts: Herbs of the buckwheat (Polygonaceae) family including sheep sorrel (Rumex acetosella), curled dock (Rumex crispus), and Oxyria digyna.
Adult Food: Nectar from many flowers including common buttercup, white clover, butterflyweed, yarrow, ox-eye daisy, and various composites.
Habitat: In disturbed places in the East including pastures, landfills, vacant lots, road edges, old fields; rocky places in alpine habitats, and tundra in the arctic.
Range: Nova Scotia south to Georgia, Tennessee, and Arkansas; west across Great Lake states to North Dakota. Native populations found in the Arctic and the western mountains. Comments: Eastern and midwest populations probably result from an introduction from Scandinavia during the colonial period.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Lycaena phlaeas

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Lycaena phlaeas - lycaena-phlaeas-awt-1.jpg

Lycaena phlaeas - lycaena-phlaeas-awt-1.jpg




The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
June 24, 2016 Tindomul1of9 Suffolk County, New York, United States June 27, 2016 Details
May 12, 2016 Tindomul1of9 Nassau County, New York, United States June 27, 2016 Details
June 09, 2016 jvkopple2 Kalkaska County, Michigan, United States June 10, 2016 Details
June 02, 2016 jvkopple2 Kalkaska County, Michigan, United States June 02, 2016 Details
May 29, 2016 StaceyWhetstone Knox County, Tennessee, United States May 30, 2016 Details
May 22, 2015 tjrickert Erie County, Pennsylvania, United States March 23, 2016 Details
August 02, 2015 tjrickert Tucker County, West Virginia, United States March 12, 2016 Details
July 18, 2015 curtis.lehman Alleghany County, North Carolina, United States November 24, 2015 Details
July 17, 2015 Trailmaker Jefferson County, Ohio, United States November 04, 2015 Details
October 23, 2015 Don Gagnon Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States October 27, 2015 Details
September 27, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada September 28, 2015 Details
September 23, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada September 26, 2015 Details
September 16, 2015 Tindomul1of9 Nassau County, New York, United States September 24, 2015 Details
September 11, 2015 BMcNaught Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, United States September 15, 2015 Details
August 26, 2015 digginflowers Sussex County, Delaware, United States September 10, 2015 Details
August 29, 2015 Dave Fairall Floyd County, Virginia, United States September 10, 2015 Details
July 23, 2015 tom nolan Cape May County, New Jersey, United States August 24, 2015 Details
August 21, 2015 pavelmelnichuk Monroe County, New York, United States August 22, 2015 Details
August 19, 2015 Chris Blomme Ontario, Canada August 20, 2015 Details
August 01, 2015 Chesaloosa Caroline County, Maryland, United States August 18, 2015 Details
August 12, 2015 caher001 Carroll County, Maryland, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 10, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 11, 2015 Details
May 30, 2015 rogerashton Pike County, Pennsylvania, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 17, 2015 Lutya Albany County, New York, United States July 18, 2015 Details
June 05, 2015 Sue Orlowski Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States July 13, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 Intrinsic3141 Suffolk County, New York, United States July 09, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 Intrinsic3141 Suffolk County, New York, United States July 09, 2015 Details
July 07, 2015 ramonabearor Saratoga County, New York, United States July 08, 2015 Details
July 07, 2007 Joe Saunders Mercer County, West Virginia, United States July 02, 2015 Details
June 17, 2015 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States June 18, 2015 Details
June 17, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada June 17, 2015 Details
June 10, 2015 HHowell Grainger County, Tennessee, United States June 10, 2015 Details
May 23, 2015 Doug Bruce Unicoi County, Tennessee, United States May 24, 2015 Details
September 12, 2012 Allen Belden Sussex County, Virginia, United States March 19, 2015 Details
July 05, 1979 Indy Entomologist White County, Indiana, United States February 20, 2015 Details
August 26, 2014 gmill711 Goodhue County, Minnesota, United States November 20, 2014 Details
September 19, 2014 sefmgmt Cape May County, New Jersey, United States September 24, 2014 Details
September 19, 2014 S. J. Stedman Barren County, Kentucky, United States September 21, 2014 Details
September 21, 2014 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States September 21, 2014 Details
August 07, 2014 monteuxgallery Hancock County, Maine, United States September 17, 2014 Details
July 22, 2014 Jack Senzig Juneau County, Wisconsin, United States September 14, 2014 Details
September 08, 2014 John429 Washtenaw County, Michigan, United States September 10, 2014 Details
August 24, 2014 Colleen62 Ontario, Canada September 02, 2014 Details
August 17, 2014 rocksnstars Oxford County, Maine, United States August 31, 2014 Details
August 23, 2014 rocksnstars Oxford County, Maine, United States August 31, 2014 Details
September 02, 2013 jwilkinson Frederick County, Maryland, United States August 16, 2014 Details
August 08, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 10, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 10, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 06, 2014 Details
July 26, 2014 Sheryl Johnson Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States July 31, 2014 Details