Attributes of Lycaena phlaeas

American Copper
Lycaena phlaeas (Linnaeus, 1761)

Family: Lycaenidae
Subfamily: Lycaeninae
Identification: Upper surface of forewing shiny, fiery orange-red with black spots; hindwing gray with orange-red outer margin. Underside gray; hindwing with submarginal row of orange-red zigzags.
Wing Span: 7/8 - 1 3/8 inches (2.2 - 3.5 cm).
Life History: Males perch on grass or weeds to look for females. Eggs are laid singly on host plant stems or leaves. Young caterpillars chew holes in the underside of leaves; older ones make channels in the leaf tissue. Chrysalids overwinter.
Flight: One flight from July-September for alpine and arctic populations. Two flights in the north from June-July and August-September; three flights in the south from April-September.
Caterpillar Hosts: Herbs of the buckwheat (Polygonaceae) family including sheep sorrel (Rumex acetosella), curled dock (Rumex crispus), and Oxyria digyna.
Adult Food: Nectar from many flowers including common buttercup, white clover, butterflyweed, yarrow, ox-eye daisy, and various composites.
Habitat: In disturbed places in the East including pastures, landfills, vacant lots, road edges, old fields; rocky places in alpine habitats, and tundra in the arctic.
Range: Nova Scotia south to Georgia, Tennessee, and Arkansas; west across Great Lake states to North Dakota. Native populations found in the Arctic and the western mountains. Comments: Eastern and midwest populations probably result from an introduction from Scandinavia during the colonial period.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Lycaena phlaeas

Click on an image to view full size and to see additional details.






Lycaena phlaeas - lycaena-phlaeas-awt-1.jpg

Lycaena phlaeas - lycaena-phlaeas-awt-1.jpg




The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

How to use the map:
Click on the map and move your mouse to pan.
Zoom by using the plus [+] and minus [-] on the left side of the map.
To change which map layers are displayed, click on the plus sign [+] on the right side of the map and turn on/off the data layers and base layers.

*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

See more recently verified sightings of all species.

You don't have Javascript enabled. Hover for more information! But don't worry: you can still use this web site! You have two options:
  • enable Javascript in your browser and then refresh this page, for a much enhanced experience.
  • click the Update button every time you want to update the selection.
Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 08, 2013 tom nolan Cape May County, New Jersey, United States March 24, 2014 Details
August 19, 2012 damselflies Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States February 06, 2014 Details
May 21, 2013 Naseem Reza Dukes (Martha's Vineyard) County, Massachusetts, United States October 08, 2013 Details
September 15, 2012 a-o Rockinham (Isles of Shoals) County, New Hampshire, United States September 26, 2013 Details
September 01, 2013 dncms Knox County, Ohio, United States September 25, 2013 Details
September 18, 2013 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada September 19, 2013 Details
September 17, 2013 Colleen62 Ontario, Canada September 17, 2013 Details
September 01, 2013 bellinca York County, Pennsylvania, United States September 09, 2013 Details
August 04, 2013 Doug Bruce Macon County, Tennessee, United States September 09, 2013 Details
August 22, 2013 1velvetcat Essex County, Massachusetts, United States August 23, 2013 Details
August 10, 2013 aarongunnar Polk County, Wisconsin, United States August 18, 2013 Details
August 14, 2013 rogerashton Pike County, Pennsylvania, United States August 18, 2013 Details
August 15, 2013 mrcnaturally Westchester County, New York, United States August 17, 2013 Details
August 09, 2013 digginflowers Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States August 13, 2013 Details
August 02, 2013 hmclin York County, Pennsylvania, United States August 12, 2013 Details
July 30, 2013 jwilkinson Howard County, Maryland, United States August 10, 2013 Details
July 30, 2013 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 01, 2013 Details
July 28, 2013 mmwm Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States July 29, 2013 Details
October 12, 2012 razer9672 Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States July 16, 2013 Details
July 06, 2013 dendroica5 Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States July 16, 2013 Details
July 13, 2013 Naturegirlmaddy Saratoga County, New York, United States July 15, 2013 Details
June 06, 2013 Sean Werle Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States July 03, 2013 Details
June 05, 2012 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 03, 2013 Details
June 06, 2012 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 03, 2013 Details
June 07, 2012 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 03, 2013 Details
June 09, 2013 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 01, 2013 Details
June 17, 2013 shaed Ontario, Canada June 18, 2013 Details
May 25, 2013 Mike Stinson Amherst County, Virginia, United States June 13, 2013 Details
May 24, 2013 Dave Kinney Wexford County, Michigan, United States May 31, 2013 Details
May 26, 2013 tomfishburn Lucas County, Ohio, United States May 27, 2013 Details
July 25, 2010 Tim Fenske Door County, Wisconsin, United States March 28, 2013 Details
July 14, 2005 tjantscher Otter Tail County, Minnesota, United States January 08, 2013 Details
May 29, 2011 dpgbfly1 Isanti County, Minnesota, United States January 06, 2013 Details
July 24, 2009 dpgbfly1 Mille Lacs County, Minnesota, United States January 06, 2013 Details
May 12, 2012 LinRandolph Ashtabula County, Ohio, United States January 04, 2013 Details
July 20, 2008 dpgbfly1 Sherburne County, Minnesota, United States January 01, 2013 Details
September 18, 2008 dpgbfly1 Sherburne County, Minnesota, United States January 01, 2013 Details
July 08, 2012 Dancingbear860 New London County, Connecticut, United States November 21, 2012 Details
August 20, 2012 Sean Werle Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States November 17, 2012 Details
August 20, 2012 Sean Werle Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States November 09, 2012 Details
July 25, 2012 Larry522 Chittenden County, Vermont, United States October 30, 2012 Details
July 07, 2012 Shane Miller Beaver County, Pennsylvania, United States October 24, 2012 Details
August 15, 2012 saapple Venango County, Pennsylvania, United States October 19, 2012 Details
October 14, 2012 treichard Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States October 17, 2012 Details
May 13, 2011 mrcnaturally Westchester County, New York, United States October 07, 2012 Details
July 16, 2012 Chip Krilowicz Cape May County, New Jersey, United States October 06, 2012 Details
June 28, 2012 Rick Henle Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States October 03, 2012 Details
July 22, 2012 Rick Henle Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States September 24, 2012 Details
July 24, 2012 Rick Henle Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States September 21, 2012 Details
August 30, 2012 Sean Werle Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States September 17, 2012 Details