Attributes of Lycaena phlaeas

American Copper
Lycaena phlaeas (Linnaeus, 1761)

Family: Lycaenidae
Subfamily: Lycaeninae
Identification: Upper surface of forewing shiny, fiery orange-red with black spots; hindwing gray with orange-red outer margin. Underside gray; hindwing with submarginal row of orange-red zigzags.
Wing Span: 7/8 - 1 3/8 inches (2.2 - 3.5 cm).
Life History: Males perch on grass or weeds to look for females. Eggs are laid singly on host plant stems or leaves. Young caterpillars chew holes in the underside of leaves; older ones make channels in the leaf tissue. Chrysalids overwinter.
Flight: One flight from July-September for alpine and arctic populations. Two flights in the north from June-July and August-September; three flights in the south from April-September.
Caterpillar Hosts: Herbs of the buckwheat (Polygonaceae) family including sheep sorrel (Rumex acetosella), curled dock (Rumex crispus), and Oxyria digyna.
Adult Food: Nectar from many flowers including common buttercup, white clover, butterflyweed, yarrow, ox-eye daisy, and various composites.
Habitat: In disturbed places in the East including pastures, landfills, vacant lots, road edges, old fields; rocky places in alpine habitats, and tundra in the arctic.
Range: Nova Scotia south to Georgia, Tennessee, and Arkansas; west across Great Lake states to North Dakota. Native populations found in the Arctic and the western mountains. Comments: Eastern and midwest populations probably result from an introduction from Scandinavia during the colonial period.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Lycaena phlaeas

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Lycaena phlaeas - lycaena-phlaeas-awt-1.jpg

Lycaena phlaeas - lycaena-phlaeas-awt-1.jpg




The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 11, 2016 EeyoreWG Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States October 27, 2016 Details
July 31, 2016 treichard Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States October 26, 2016 Details
October 17, 2016 monikawood Tioga County, Pennsylvania, United States October 18, 2016 Details
July 30, 2016 tom nolan Cape May County, New Jersey, United States October 17, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 Kzfisherman Newton County, Indiana, United States September 10, 2016 Details
July 22, 2016 aarongunnar Dunn County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2016 Details
August 02, 2016 kmelville New Brunswick, Canada August 05, 2016 Details
August 02, 2016 Chris Blomme Ontario, Canada August 03, 2016 Details
July 20, 2016 Ron Smith Clarion County, Pennsylvania, United States July 28, 2016 Details
July 26, 2016 Ron Smith Clearfield County, Pennsylvania, United States July 28, 2016 Details
July 18, 2016 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 19, 2016 Details
July 14, 2016 monikawood Steuben County, New York, United States July 14, 2016 Details
July 14, 2016 monikawood Steuben County, New York, United States July 14, 2016 Details
July 11, 2016 Joe Bartok Ontario, Canada July 12, 2016 Details
July 12, 2016 pporonto Macomb County, Michigan, United States July 12, 2016 Details
June 20, 2016 Chris Blomme Ontario, Canada July 05, 2016 Details
May 19, 2016 Tommie Rogers Georgia, United States, Walker County July 02, 2016 Details
June 24, 2016 Tindomul1of9 Suffolk County, New York, United States June 27, 2016 Details
May 12, 2016 Tindomul1of9 Nassau County, New York, United States June 27, 2016 Details
June 09, 2016 jvkopple2 Kalkaska County, Michigan, United States June 10, 2016 Details
June 02, 2016 jvkopple2 Kalkaska County, Michigan, United States June 02, 2016 Details
May 29, 2016 StaceyWhetstone Knox County, Tennessee, United States May 30, 2016 Details
May 22, 2015 tjrickert Erie County, Pennsylvania, United States March 23, 2016 Details
August 02, 2015 tjrickert Tucker County, West Virginia, United States March 12, 2016 Details
July 18, 2015 curtis.lehman Alleghany County, North Carolina, United States November 24, 2015 Details
July 17, 2015 Trailmaker Jefferson County, Ohio, United States November 04, 2015 Details
October 23, 2015 Don Gagnon Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States October 27, 2015 Details
September 27, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada September 28, 2015 Details
September 23, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada September 26, 2015 Details
September 16, 2015 Tindomul1of9 Nassau County, New York, United States September 24, 2015 Details
September 11, 2015 BMcNaught Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, United States September 15, 2015 Details
August 26, 2015 digginflowers Sussex County, Delaware, United States September 10, 2015 Details
August 29, 2015 Dave Fairall Floyd County, Virginia, United States September 10, 2015 Details
July 23, 2015 tom nolan Cape May County, New Jersey, United States August 24, 2015 Details
August 21, 2015 pavelmelnichuk Monroe County, New York, United States August 22, 2015 Details
August 19, 2015 Chris Blomme Ontario, Canada August 20, 2015 Details
August 01, 2015 Chesaloosa Caroline County, Maryland, United States August 18, 2015 Details
August 12, 2015 caher001 Carroll County, Maryland, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 10, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada August 11, 2015 Details
May 30, 2015 rogerashton Pike County, Pennsylvania, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 17, 2015 Lutya Albany County, New York, United States July 18, 2015 Details
June 05, 2015 Sue Orlowski Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States July 13, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 Intrinsic3141 Suffolk County, New York, United States July 09, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 Intrinsic3141 Suffolk County, New York, United States July 09, 2015 Details
July 07, 2015 ramonabearor Saratoga County, New York, United States July 08, 2015 Details
July 07, 2007 Joe Saunders Mercer County, West Virginia, United States July 02, 2015 Details
June 17, 2015 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States June 18, 2015 Details
June 17, 2015 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada June 17, 2015 Details
June 10, 2015 HHowell Grainger County, Tennessee, United States June 10, 2015 Details
May 23, 2015 Doug Bruce Unicoi County, Tennessee, United States May 24, 2015 Details