Butterflies and Moths of North America

collecting and sharing data about Lepidoptera

Northern Sicklewing
Eantis tamenund (W.H. Edwards, 1871)

Family: Hesperiidae
Subfamily: Pyrginae
Identification: Forewing is pointed, with a shallow indentation below the apex. Upperside of male is dark brown with a purple sheen and pale brown spots; female is brown with bands of square blue-gray or olive-gray spots.
Wing Span: 1 3/8 - 1 3/4 inches (3.5 - 4.5 cm).
Life History: Adults rest under or on top of leaves. Females deposit eggs singly on the top of host plant leaves, which the caterpillars eat. Caterpillars rest in nests of silked-together leaves.
Flight: Many flights all year in South Texas; most common from August-November.
Caterpillar Hosts: Trees in the citrus family (Rutaceae) prickly-ash (Zanthoxylum fagara) in Texas; Z. monophyllum and various Citrus species in tropical America.
Adult Food: Flower nectar.
Habitat: Openings and edges in tropical thorn forest and scrub; city gardens.
Range: Argentina north through tropical America and the West Indies to South Texas. A regular stray north to central Texas, rarely to Arkansas and Kansas.
Conservation: Maintain habitat extent and integrity in the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas.
NCGR: G4 - Apparently secure globally, though it might be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Comments: NULL
Alternate Scientific Names:
Achylodes thraso