Butterflies and Moths of North America

collecting and sharing data about Lepidoptera

Louisiana eyed silkmoth
Automeris louisiana Ferguson & Brou, 1981

Family: Saturniidae
Subfamily: Hemileucinae
Identification: Upperside brown to light yellow-brown, and the wing margins are yellow to light brown. Hindwings are yellow-brown to orange with pink along the inner margins. Each hindwing has a large black and blue eyespot with a white dash in the middle.
Wing Span: 2 1/2 - 3 1/2 inches (6.4 - 9 cm).
Life History: Mating occurs in the early morning before dawn. Females lay eggs on the host plant. Young caterpillars feed in groups, and older caterpillars are solitary. Cocoons are spun in the cordgrass around several leaf blades which are gathered together about 6-12 inches above the ground.
Flight: Three to four broods from February to early November.
Caterpillar Hosts: Cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) and possibly others.
Adult Food: Adults do not feed.
Habitat: Coastal salt marshes.
Range: Southwestern Mississippi, southern Louisiana, and adjacent extreme southeast Texas.
Conservation: Populations should be monitored to determine impacts of wetland loss.
NCGR: GU - Unable to assign rank due to lack of available information.
Management Needs: None reported.
Comments: NULL
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