Family Papilionidae

Subfamily: Parnassiinae (Parnassians)

Parnassius eversmanni Eversmann's Parnassian
Parnassius clodius Clodius Parnassian
Parnassius phoebus Phoebus Parnassian
Parnassius behrii Sierra Nevada Parnassian
Parnassius smintheus Rocky Mountain Parnassian

Subfamily: Papilioninae (Swallowtails)

Eurytides thyastes Orange Kite-Swallowtail
Parides alopius White-dotted Cattleheart
Parides photinus Pink-spotted Cattleheart
Parides montezuma Montezuma's Cattleheart
Parides eurimedes Mylotes Cattleheart
Parides childrenae Green-celled Cattleheart
Parides panares Wedge-spotted Cattleheart
Battus philenor Pipevine Swallowtail
Battus polydamas Polydamas Swallowtail
Battus laodamus Green-patch Swallowtail
Eurytides epidaus Mexican Kite-Swallowtail
Eurytides philolaus Dark Kite-Swallowtail
Eurytides thyastes Orange Kite-Swallowtail
Eurytides marcellus Zebra Swallowtail
Mimoides thymbraeus White-crescent Swallowtail
Mimoides phaon Variable Swallowtail
Papilio machaon Old World Swallowtail
Papilio brevicauda Short-tailed Swallowtail
Papilio joanae Ozark Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Black Swallowtail
Papilio zelicaon Anise Swallowtail
Papilio indra Indra Swallowtail
Papilio demoleus demoleus Lime Swallowtail
Papilio xuthus Asian Swallowtail
Papilio canadensis Canadian Tiger Swallowtail
Papilio appalachiensis Appalachian Tiger Swallowtail
Papilio glaucus Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Papilio rutulus Western Tiger Swallowtail
Papilio eurymedon Pale Swallowtail
Papilio multicaudata Two-tailed Swallowtail
Papilio pilumnus Three-tailed Swallowtail
Papilio troilus Spicebush Swallowtail
Papilio palamedes Palamedes Swallowtail
Pterourus garamas Magnificent Swallowtail
Papilio garamus Magnificent Swallowtail
Papilio victorinus Victorine Swallowtail
Papilio thoas Thoas Swallowtail
Papilio cresphontes Giant Swallowtail
Papilio astyalus Broad-banded Swallowtail
Papilio ornythion Ornythion Swallowtail
Papilio aristodemus Schaus' Swallowtail
Papilio andraemon Bahaman Swallowtail
Papilio androgeus Androgeus Swallowtail
Papilio anchisiades Ruby-spotted Swallowtail
Papilio rogeri Pink-spotted Swallowtail
Papilio erostratus Erostratus Swallowtail
Papilio pelaus Caribbean Swallowtail
Heraclides machaonides Machaonides Swallowtail
Heraclides torquatus Torquatus Swallowtail

Description

The Papilionidae belong to the Superfamily Papilionoidea, the true butterflies. Swallowtails are worldwide in distribution and comprise approximately 560 species. They are richest in the tropics, and their brilliant colors make them favorites of butterfly enthusiasts. Many swallowtail species, especially in the tropics, mimic other butterflies that are distasteful, while others are distasteful and cause birds and other vertebrate predators to regurgitate. Swallowtail adults are medium to large and may or may not have tails, while parnassian adults are medium, tailless, and have translucent wings. All adult parnassians and swallowtails have three pairs of walking legs, and adults of all species visit flowers for nectar.