Attributes of Papilio zelicaon

Anise Swallowtail
Papilio zelicaon Lucas, 1852

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of hindwing has yellow-orange eyespot near tail with round black center that is not connected to hindwing margin. Anal cell of hindwing is primarily yellow.
Wing Span: 2 3/4 - 3 1/2 inches (7 - 9 cm).
Life History: Males perch on hilltops and patrol for receptive females. Female lays eggs singly on host plant leaves and flowers. Young caterpillars eat leaves while older ones eat flowers. Chrysalids hibernate.
Flight: One flight from April-July.
Caterpillar Hosts: Many species in the parsley family (Apiaceae), and some in the citrus family (Rutaceae).
Adult Food: Not reported.
Habitat: Bare hills, mountains, gardens, fields, vacant lots, and roadsides.
Range: From British Columbia southeast to North Dakota, south to s. California, Arizona, New Mexico; Baja California; Mexico. A rare stray to central Nebraska and eastern North Dakota.
Conservation: Not usually of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio zelicaon

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Papilio zelicaon - Papilio_zelicaon-cat-Nelson.jpg

Papilio zelicaon - Papilio_zelicaon-cat-Nelson.jpg
Papilio zelicaon - Papilio_zelicaon-cat2-Nelson.jpg

Papilio zelicaon - Papilio_zelicaon-cat2-Nelson.jpg
Papilio zelicaon - papilio_zelicaon_zelicaon_caterpillar_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Papilio zelicaon - papilio_zelicaon_zelicaon_caterpillar_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Papilio zelicaon - papilio_zelicaon_zelicaon_caterpillar5_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Papilio zelicaon - papilio_zelicaon_zelicaon_caterpillar5_raisingbutterflies.jpg




The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
March 19, 2017 ezeemonee Santa Cruz Island County, California, United States March 20, 2017 Details
July 25, 2016 N_Santill Whatcom County, Washington, United States March 15, 2017 Details
March 07, 2017 MAKI Ventura County, California, United States March 13, 2017 Details
September 15, 2016 Lepidopteron Alameda County, California, United States January 25, 2017 Details
May 14, 2016 Sue Orlowski Lincoln County, Washington, United States December 26, 2016 Details
October 20, 2016 joanmed Alameda County, California, United States October 20, 2016 Details
September 13, 2016 Suzanne Doyle Sonoma County, California, United States September 28, 2016 Details
August 07, 2016 drkanne@hotmail.com Sarpy County, Nebraska, United States September 23, 2016 Details
July 11, 2016 Okole1808 Eagle County, Colorado, United States September 10, 2016 Details
June 15, 2009 techs Crook County, Oregon, United States September 08, 2016 Details
September 01, 2016 Maryw23 Contra Costa County, California, United States September 06, 2016 Details
August 29, 2016 hiker96 Pierce County, Washington, United States September 01, 2016 Details
July 27, 2016 randimal Pierce County, Washington, United States August 24, 2016 Details
August 04, 2016 Sue Orlowski Whitman County, Washington, United States August 24, 2016 Details
July 20, 2016 Sue Orlowski Lincoln County, Washington, United States August 18, 2016 Details
August 02, 2016 ezeemonee Santa Barbara County, California, United States August 03, 2016 Details
June 06, 2016 N Weasel Santa Clara County, California, United States July 26, 2016 Details
July 24, 2016 PDunwiddie Pierce County, Washington, United States July 26, 2016 Details
May 19, 2016 DCLinck San Luis Obispo County, California, United States July 26, 2016 Details
May 19, 2016 DCLinck San Luis Obispo County, California, United States July 26, 2016 Details
June 29, 2016 ncrosbyrd Placer County, California, United States July 25, 2016 Details
February 15, 2015 DCLinck Santa Barbara Island County, California, United States July 24, 2016 Details
September 02, 2004 WatchinTheSky San Diego County, California, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 08, 2016 ezeemonee Santa Barbara County, California, United States July 11, 2016 Details
June 26, 2016 RichHubie Mendocino County, California, United States June 27, 2016 Details
June 15, 2015 altairpilot King County, Washington, United States June 23, 2016 Details
June 18, 2016 SMulhearn Contra Costa County, California, United States June 22, 2016 Details
June 12, 2016 hexC0DE El Paso County, Colorado, United States June 19, 2016 Details
May 14, 2016 Sue Orlowski Lincoln County, Washington, United States May 24, 2016 Details
May 15, 2016 Lepidopteron Alameda County, California, United States May 23, 2016 Details
May 02, 2016 Lepidopteron Alameda County, California, United States May 23, 2016 Details
May 03, 2016 Lepidopteron Alameda County, California, United States May 23, 2016 Details
May 16, 2016 ezeemonee Ventura County, California, United States May 22, 2016 Details
May 15, 2016 ezeemonee Ventura County, California, United States May 22, 2016 Details
May 03, 2016 Sue Orlowski Spokane County, Washington, United States May 19, 2016 Details
May 07, 2016 randimal Kittitas County, Washington, United States May 19, 2016 Details
May 08, 2016 ezeemonee Ventura County, California, United States May 13, 2016 Details
May 08, 2016 PDunwiddie Grays Harbor County, Washington, United States May 11, 2016 Details
May 05, 2016 PDunwiddie Thurston County, Washington, United States May 10, 2016 Details
April 15, 2016 ezeemonee Santa Barbara County, California, United States April 19, 2016 Details
April 16, 2016 ezeemonee Ventura County, California, United States April 19, 2016 Details
April 12, 2016 PDunwiddie Grant County, Washington, United States April 14, 2016 Details
April 10, 2016 matthewjcampbell Umatilla County, Oregon, United States April 11, 2016 Details
April 02, 2016 M Kuhlman Missoula County, Montana, United States April 05, 2016 Details
June 12, 2015 4oclockwatch San Juan County, Washington, United States February 25, 2016 Details
February 21, 2016 MAKI Ventura County, California, United States February 23, 2016 Details
July 07, 2015 Josiah Gilbert San Luis Obispo County, California, United States December 24, 2015 Details
May 31, 2015 J_Martineau Sheridan County, Wyoming, United States December 07, 2015 Details
June 07, 2015 bobscafe British Columbia, Canada November 17, 2015 Details
October 02, 2015 diwalks2 Orange County, California, United States October 08, 2015 Details