Attributes of Papilio cresphontes

Giant Swallowtail
Papilio cresphontes Cramer, 1777

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Forewing with diagonal band of yellow spots. Tails are edged with black and filled with yellow.
Wing Span: 4 - 6 1/4 inches (10.2 - 16 cm).
Life History: Males patrol for receptive females. Females lay single eggs on host leaves and twigs. Caterpillars resemble bird droppings and eat leaves and young shoots. Chrysalids hibernate.
Flight: Two in the north from May-September; all year in Florida and the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Trees and herbs of the citrus family (Rutaceae) including Citrus species, prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), hop tree (Ptelea trifoliata), and Common Rue (Ruta graveolens).
Adult Food: Nectar from lantana, azalea, bougainvilla, bouncing Bet, dame's rocket, goldenrod, Japanese honeysuckle, and swamp milkweed.
Habitat: Many locales including rocky and sandy hillsides near streams or gullies in the north; pine flats, towns, and citrus groves in the south.
Range: Throughout eastern North America west to the Rocky Mountains, south through the desert Southwest to South America. A rare stray to Quebec, North Dakota, and Bermuda.
Conservation: Not required in the United States.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars ("orange dogs") are occasional pests of citrus.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio cresphontes

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Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropv.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropv.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesIrwin.jpg

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Papilio cresphontes - GiantSwallowtail-Simons.jpg

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Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-cropl.jpg

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Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-crope.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-crope.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-cropegg.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-cropegg.jpg
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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 29, 2015 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 30, 2015 Details
July 28, 2015 tom howe Blount County, Tennessee, United States July 29, 2015 Details
July 28, 2015 PONYRCR Los Angeles County, California, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 Melinda Fawver Marshall County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 19, 2015 brightfeather Citrus County, Florida, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 13, 2015 rogerashton Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 19, 2015 mommanik24 Marion County, Indiana, United States July 21, 2015 Details
July 17, 2015 lilkriskattn Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States July 20, 2015 Details
July 05, 2015 arcturusangel Hopkins County, Texas, United States July 08, 2015 Details
July 03, 2015 rmhudgins Lafayette County, Wisconsin, United States July 06, 2015 Details
June 27, 2015 totonka Broward County, Florida, United States June 28, 2015 Details
May 04, 2015 ncrosbyrd McIntosh County, Georgia, United States June 23, 2015 Details
June 09, 2015 Ellen Mee Broward County, Florida, United States June 15, 2015 Details
June 15, 2015 Jeff Trahan Rapides Parish, Louisiana, United States June 15, 2015 Details
June 08, 2015 SkrentnyJeff Cook County, Illinois, United States June 13, 2015 Details
June 12, 2015 dkatzmann St Lucie County, Florida, United States June 12, 2015 Details
June 04, 2015 aarongunnar Dunn County, Wisconsin, United States June 10, 2015 Details
June 07, 2015 Lchavana Harris County, Texas, United States June 07, 2015 Details
May 25, 2015 jvkopple2 Kent County, Michigan, United States June 03, 2015 Details
May 30, 2015 gpstewart Texas, United States, Williamson County June 02, 2015 Details
August 10, 2014 SaraJE Ontario, Canada June 02, 2015 Details
May 29, 2015 Adirondackphotography Washington County, New York, United States May 31, 2015 Details
May 30, 2015 Jarchibold Saratoga County, New York, United States May 31, 2015 Details
May 30, 2015 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada May 30, 2015 Details
May 15, 2015 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States May 29, 2015 Details
August 10, 2013 fierablue Genesee County, Michigan, United States May 25, 2015 Details
May 21, 2015 fierablue Genesee County, Michigan, United States May 25, 2015 Details
May 22, 2015 shuda017 Houston County, Minnesota, United States May 23, 2015 Details
May 18, 2015 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States May 18, 2015 Details
May 12, 2015 Rose Baril Maricopa County, Arizona, United States May 13, 2015 Details
April 30, 2015 corkydog Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States May 06, 2015 Details
May 02, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States May 06, 2015 Details
April 08, 2015 KristyBaker Hidalgo County, Texas, United States April 30, 2015 Details
April 06, 2015 KristyBaker Hidalgo County, Texas, United States April 29, 2015 Details
March 18, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States April 22, 2015 Details
April 11, 2015 Crystal2660 Florida, United States April 22, 2015 Details
April 13, 2015 Jaybird Collier County, Florida, United States April 22, 2015 Details
April 18, 2015 tcfromaz Maricopa County, Arizona, United States April 22, 2015 Details
April 14, 2015 kcentanni Orleans Parish, Louisiana, United States April 15, 2015 Details
March 26, 2015 Bixia Maricopa County, Arizona, United States April 08, 2015 Details
April 02, 2015 rebeccafm Los Angeles County, California, United States April 06, 2015 Details
August 19, 2014 ellenjones6 Franklin County, New York, United States March 27, 2015 Details
March 04, 2015 asmalls01 Los Angeles County, California, United States March 24, 2015 Details
March 19, 2015 Ken Bosso East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, United States March 20, 2015 Details
August 13, 2013 Indy Entomologist Boone County, Indiana, United States February 21, 2015 Details
July 10, 1987 Indy Entomologist Carroll County, Indiana, United States February 20, 2015 Details
August 22, 2014 Harbour Hamilton County, Indiana, United States February 19, 2015 Details
July 31, 2014 Jean Dilley Wayne County, Indiana, United States February 18, 2015 Details
August 18, 2014 richardhsmith (Matt Hafner) Harford County, Maryland, United States January 27, 2015 Details
February 20, 2013 tjrickert Cameron County, Texas, United States January 26, 2015 Details