Attributes of Papilio cresphontes

Giant Swallowtail
Papilio cresphontes Cramer, 1777

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Forewing with diagonal band of yellow spots. Tails are edged with black and filled with yellow.
Wing Span: 4 - 6 1/4 inches (10.2 - 16 cm).
Life History: Males patrol for receptive females. Females lay single eggs on host leaves and twigs. Caterpillars resemble bird droppings and eat leaves and young shoots. Chrysalids hibernate.
Flight: Two in the north from May-September; all year in Florida and the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Trees and herbs of the citrus family (Rutaceae) including Citrus species, prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), hop tree (Ptelea trifoliata), and Common Rue (Ruta graveolens).
Adult Food: Nectar from lantana, azalea, bougainvilla, bouncing Bet, dame's rocket, goldenrod, Japanese honeysuckle, and swamp milkweed.
Habitat: Many locales including rocky and sandy hillsides near streams or gullies in the north; pine flats, towns, and citrus groves in the south.
Range: Throughout eastern North America west to the Rocky Mountains, south through the desert Southwest to South America. A rare stray to Quebec, North Dakota, and Bermuda.
Conservation: Not required in the United States.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars ("orange dogs") are occasional pests of citrus.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio cresphontes

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Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg
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Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropv.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesIrwin.jpg

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Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-cropegg.jpg
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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
May 30, 2015 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada May 30, 2015 Details
May 15, 2015 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States May 29, 2015 Details
August 10, 2013 fierablue Genesee County, Michigan, United States May 25, 2015 Details
May 21, 2015 fierablue Genesee County, Michigan, United States May 25, 2015 Details
May 22, 2015 shuda017 Houston County, Minnesota, United States May 23, 2015 Details
May 18, 2015 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States May 18, 2015 Details
May 12, 2015 Rose Baril Maricopa County, Arizona, United States May 13, 2015 Details
April 30, 2015 corkydog Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States May 06, 2015 Details
May 02, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States May 06, 2015 Details
April 08, 2015 KristyBaker Hidalgo County, Texas, United States April 30, 2015 Details
April 06, 2015 KristyBaker Hidalgo County, Texas, United States April 29, 2015 Details
March 18, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States April 22, 2015 Details
April 11, 2015 Crystal2660 Florida, United States April 22, 2015 Details
April 13, 2015 Jaybird Collier County, Florida, United States April 22, 2015 Details
April 18, 2015 tcfromaz Maricopa County, Arizona, United States April 22, 2015 Details
April 14, 2015 kcentanni Orleans Parish, Louisiana, United States April 15, 2015 Details
March 26, 2015 Bixia Maricopa County, Arizona, United States April 08, 2015 Details
April 02, 2015 rebeccafm Los Angeles County, California, United States April 06, 2015 Details
August 19, 2014 ellenjones6 Franklin County, New York, United States March 27, 2015 Details
March 04, 2015 asmalls01 Los Angeles County, California, United States March 24, 2015 Details
March 19, 2015 Ken Bosso East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, United States March 20, 2015 Details
August 13, 2013 Indy Entomologist Boone County, Indiana, United States February 21, 2015 Details
July 10, 1987 Indy Entomologist Carroll County, Indiana, United States February 20, 2015 Details
August 22, 2014 Harbour Hamilton County, Indiana, United States February 19, 2015 Details
July 31, 2014 Jean Dilley Wayne County, Indiana, United States February 18, 2015 Details
August 18, 2014 richardhsmith (Matt Hafner) Harford County, Maryland, United States January 27, 2015 Details
February 20, 2013 tjrickert Cameron County, Texas, United States January 26, 2015 Details
August 29, 2014 milberts Franklin County, Vermont, United States January 20, 2015 Details
August 11, 2014 Peter R. Addison County, Vermont, United States January 12, 2015 Details
August 19, 2014 milberts Franklin County, Vermont, United States January 09, 2015 Details
April 10, 2014 KristyBaker Cameron County, Texas, United States December 27, 2014 Details
November 09, 2014 Kurt R. Schwarz Hidalgo County, Texas, United States December 09, 2014 Details
September 07, 2014 Nancee Cobb Bay County, Florida, United States November 21, 2014 Details
September 13, 2014 Nancee Cobb Bay County, Florida, United States November 21, 2014 Details
September 16, 2014 amandatackett St Johns County, Florida, United States November 21, 2014 Details
September 20, 2014 PJ Secola Hillsborough County, Florida, United States November 21, 2014 Details
September 10, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 29, 2014 Details
September 12, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 29, 2014 Details
September 24, 2014 ShooFly Los Angeles County, California, United States September 27, 2014 Details
September 25, 2014 fifthgenerationdeb Pima County, Arizona, United States September 27, 2014 Details
August 29, 2014 Daniel Boehlke Washington County, Wisconsin, United States September 25, 2014 Details
September 07, 2014 John Schwartz Kane County, Illinois, United States September 21, 2014 Details
September 15, 2014 rfriedman San Diego County, California, United States September 18, 2014 Details
September 14, 2014 digginflowers Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States September 16, 2014 Details
August 31, 2014 emilywalsh Suffolk County, New York, United States September 16, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 bonktorpy Racine County, Wisconsin, United States September 14, 2014 Details
August 31, 2014 Tony_Manzara Washington County, Minnesota, United States September 14, 2014 Details
August 23, 2014 Ken Cheeks Georgetown County, South Carolina, United States September 13, 2014 Details
September 12, 2014 Nicksdad Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States September 12, 2014 Details
September 08, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States September 09, 2014 Details