Attributes of Papilio cresphontes

Giant Swallowtail
Papilio cresphontes Cramer, 1777

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Forewing with diagonal band of yellow spots. Tails are edged with black and filled with yellow.
Wing Span: 4 - 6 1/4 inches (10.2 - 16 cm).
Life History: Males patrol for receptive females. Females lay single eggs on host leaves and twigs. Caterpillars resemble bird droppings and eat leaves and young shoots. Chrysalids hibernate.
Flight: Two in the north from May-September; all year in Florida and the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Trees and herbs of the citrus family (Rutaceae) including Citrus species, prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), hop tree (Ptelea trifoliata), and Common Rue (Ruta graveolens).
Adult Food: Nectar from lantana, azalea, bougainvilla, bouncing Bet, dame's rocket, goldenrod, Japanese honeysuckle, and swamp milkweed.
Habitat: Many locales including rocky and sandy hillsides near streams or gullies in the north; pine flats, towns, and citrus groves in the south.
Range: Throughout eastern North America west to the Rocky Mountains, south through the desert Southwest to South America. A rare stray to Quebec, North Dakota, and Bermuda.
Conservation: Not required in the United States.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars ("orange dogs") are occasional pests of citrus.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio cresphontes

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Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropv.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropv.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesIrwin.jpg

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Papilio cresphontes - GiantSwallowtail-Simons.jpg

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Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-cropegg.jpg
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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 21, 2014 carebear_79382 Texas, Lubbock County, United States July 23, 2014 Details
June 25, 2014 karencherry Los Angeles County, California, United States July 16, 2014 Details
July 14, 2014 mar50 Delaware County, Indiana, United States July 16, 2014 Details
July 12, 2014 kolsh001 Iberia Parish, Louisiana, United States July 13, 2014 Details
December 20, 2012 Jan Shaughnessy Pima County, Arizona, United States July 08, 2014 Details
July 02, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States July 03, 2014 Details
June 28, 2014 Yuying Leon County, Florida, United States June 29, 2014 Details
June 20, 2014 Kimberly Mrozinski Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States June 28, 2014 Details
June 25, 2014 Jean McLane Guadalupe County, Texas, United States June 25, 2014 Details
September 13, 2013 talig Los Angeles County, California, United States June 22, 2014 Details
June 17, 2014 thevioletfern Jefferson County, New York, United States June 17, 2014 Details
June 08, 2014 digginflowers Ontario, Canada June 16, 2014 Details
June 12, 2014 Snoflake Dallas County, Texas, United States June 13, 2014 Details
June 06, 2014 KarenMSmith Lafayette Parish, Louisiana, United States June 11, 2014 Details
June 06, 2014 bjmiller323 Trempealeau County, Wisconsin, United States June 10, 2014 Details
June 02, 2014 jjflossem Hernando County, Florida, United States June 03, 2014 Details
May 24, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States May 26, 2014 Details
May 17, 2014 melissa45 Harris County, Texas, United States May 26, 2014 Details
May 10, 2014 gunhilda Payne County, Oklahoma, United States May 22, 2014 Details
May 15, 2014 jeseka 6384 Maricopa County, Arizona, United States May 18, 2014 Details
April 21, 2014 Clogans1 Riverside County, California, United States May 09, 2014 Details
April 25, 2014 dgardner Charleston County, South Carolina, United States May 02, 2014 Details
April 30, 2014 Ken42 East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, United States April 30, 2014 Details
April 26, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 26, 2014 Details
April 14, 2014 Rebeca Trujillo Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States April 21, 2014 Details
April 13, 2014 gayla Denton County, Texas, United States April 13, 2014 Details
March 07, 2014 Papilionidae Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States April 03, 2014 Details
August 19, 2013 ellenjones6 Franklin County, New York, United States March 22, 2014 Details
August 12, 2013 ellenjones6 Franklin County, New York, United States March 21, 2014 Details
July 14, 2010 pbedell Alleghany County, Virginia, United States March 16, 2014 Details
September 12, 2013 Chip Krilowicz Camden County, New Jersey, United States February 23, 2014 Details
August 07, 2013 linda.leach Rutland County, Vermont, United States February 12, 2014 Details
August 20, 2013 Ann Katz Windsor County, Vermont, United States February 12, 2014 Details
September 15, 2013 S Jorgensen Windsor County, Vermont, United States February 11, 2014 Details
August 23, 2013 jibd123 Warren County, New Jersey, United States February 10, 2014 Details
August 14, 2013 Cliff T Hartford County, Connecticut, United States February 07, 2014 Details
July 26, 2013 soluslupus13 Ontario, Canada January 23, 2014 Details
August 17, 2013 raptorrunner Thurston County, Nebraska, United States January 22, 2014 Details
September 06, 2013 mikeconley Jefferson County, Missouri, United States January 20, 2014 Details
August 17, 2013 BarryV Dallas County, Iowa, United States January 16, 2014 Details
December 22, 2013 jim5 St Lucie County, Florida, United States January 11, 2014 Details
October 19, 2013 amroth26 Pima County, Arizona, United States December 28, 2013 Details
June 05, 1976 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 28, 2013 Details
July 19, 1971 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 28, 2013 Details
December 15, 2013 Allen1co San Diego County, California, United States December 15, 2013 Details
September 03, 2013 Robert Gorman Orange County, California, United States November 29, 2013 Details
September 14, 2013 ezeemonee Orange County, California, United States November 26, 2013 Details
September 17, 2013 Sparks7 Burnet County, Texas, United States November 23, 2013 Details
November 09, 2013 yvenable Orange County, California, United States November 20, 2013 Details
August 11, 2013 marquy Wayne County, Michigan, United States November 15, 2013 Details