Attributes of Papilio cresphontes

Giant Swallowtail
Papilio cresphontes Cramer, 1777

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Forewing with diagonal band of yellow spots. Tails are edged with black and filled with yellow.
Wing Span: 4 - 6 1/4 inches (10.2 - 16 cm).
Life History: Males patrol for receptive females. Females lay single eggs on host leaves and twigs. Caterpillars resemble bird droppings and eat leaves and young shoots. Chrysalids hibernate.
Flight: Two in the north from May-September; all year in Florida and the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Trees and herbs of the citrus family (Rutaceae) including Citrus species, prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), hop tree (Ptelea trifoliata), and Common Rue (Ruta graveolens).
Adult Food: Nectar from lantana, azalea, bougainvilla, bouncing Bet, dame's rocket, goldenrod, Japanese honeysuckle, and swamp milkweed.
Habitat: Many locales including rocky and sandy hillsides near streams or gullies in the north; pine flats, towns, and citrus groves in the south.
Range: Throughout eastern North America west to the Rocky Mountains, south through the desert Southwest to South America. A rare stray to Quebec, North Dakota, and Bermuda.
Conservation: Not required in the United States.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars ("orange dogs") are occasional pests of citrus.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio cresphontes

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Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropv.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropv.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesIrwin.jpg

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Papilio cresphontes - GiantSwallowtail-Simons.jpg

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 02, 2014 Sandy White Lee County, Florida, United States September 02, 2014 Details
August 25, 2014 a-o Tompkins County, New York, United States August 31, 2014 Details
August 28, 2014 pomarinejaeger Tuscola County, Michigan, United States August 31, 2014 Details
August 27, 2014 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States August 31, 2014 Details
August 25, 2014 ksandgren New London County, Connecticut, United States August 30, 2014 Details
August 27, 2014 hoosierquilt Orange County, California, United States August 30, 2014 Details
August 29, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States August 30, 2014 Details
August 01, 2014 Emd10707 Harris County, Texas, United States August 30, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 bpeanutter Washington County, Florida, United States August 30, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 TheGrandTour San Diego County, California, United States August 30, 2014 Details
August 27, 2014 tanyapaul New York, United States August 28, 2014 Details
August 28, 2014 chherrmann Suffolk County, New York, United States August 28, 2014 Details
August 28, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 28, 2014 Details
August 27, 2014 vision_m Texas, Morris County, United States August 28, 2014 Details
August 25, 2014 Skurkowski Otsego County, New York, United States August 27, 2014 Details
August 25, 2014 bluebirds Baltimore County, Maryland, United States August 26, 2014 Details
August 24, 2014 cdemers Essex County, New York, United States August 26, 2014 Details
August 17, 2014 Mike Savoie Peoria County, Illinois, United States August 25, 2014 Details
August 16, 2014 JReuter Boone County, Missouri, United States August 24, 2014 Details
August 23, 2014 Edysonscott San Diego County, California, United States August 24, 2014 Details
August 20, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States August 24, 2014 Details
June 19, 2014 Jimmy Acorn Montgomery County, Virginia, United States August 23, 2014 Details
August 21, 2014 Ralph S. Carlson Los Angeles County, California, United States August 23, 2014 Details
August 23, 2014 mmcganney New York County, New York, United States August 23, 2014 Details
August 16, 2014 Doug Bruce Overton County, Tennessee, United States August 22, 2014 Details
August 20, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States August 22, 2014 Details
August 22, 2014 genealogygenie Miami County, Kansas, United States August 22, 2014 Details
August 19, 2014 dallison Chenango County, New York, United States August 21, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States August 21, 2014 Details
August 17, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States August 21, 2014 Details
August 20, 2014 Bushytail3 Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States August 20, 2014 Details
August 19, 2014 jwilkinson Frederick County, Maryland, United States August 19, 2014 Details
August 19, 2014 Seroselli Santa Rosa County, Florida, United States August 19, 2014 Details
August 18, 2014 gblkrum Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States August 18, 2014 Details
August 17, 2014 jdb San Diego County, California, United States August 18, 2014 Details
August 16, 2014 AllieBellard Lafayette Parish, Louisiana, United States August 16, 2014 Details
August 16, 2014 vivafrida Los Angeles County, California, United States August 16, 2014 Details
August 14, 2014 Krish49 Jefferson County, Kansas, United States August 15, 2014 Details
August 07, 2014 jmh Washington County, Minnesota, United States August 14, 2014 Details
August 12, 2014 rogerashton Erie County, Ohio, United States August 14, 2014 Details
August 11, 2014 salvoj Warren County, New York, United States August 13, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 CatyAnnsClicks Williams County, Ohio, United States August 13, 2014 Details
August 13, 2014 bagenter Ontario County, New York, United States August 13, 2014 Details
August 05, 2014 hmclin Horry County, South Carolina, United States August 12, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 butterflylover22 Ottawa County, Michigan, United States August 11, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 Momilani Ventura County, California, United States August 10, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 dobber Ontario, Canada August 10, 2014 Details
August 08, 2014 Uncle Ruddy Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States August 09, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 CaliGirl Los Angeles County, California, United States August 09, 2014 Details
August 07, 2014 lknedlik Republic County, Kansas, United States August 08, 2014 Details