Attributes of Papilio cresphontes

Giant Swallowtail
Papilio cresphontes Cramer, 1777

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Forewing with diagonal band of yellow spots. Tails are edged with black and filled with yellow.
Wing Span: 4 - 6 1/4 inches (10.2 - 16 cm).
Life History: Males patrol for receptive females. Females lay single eggs on host leaves and twigs. Caterpillars resemble bird droppings and eat leaves and young shoots. Chrysalids hibernate.
Flight: Two in the north from May-September; all year in Florida and the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Trees and herbs of the citrus family (Rutaceae) including Citrus species, prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), hop tree (Ptelea trifoliata), and Common Rue (Ruta graveolens).
Adult Food: Nectar from lantana, azalea, bougainvilla, bouncing Bet, dame's rocket, goldenrod, Japanese honeysuckle, and swamp milkweed.
Habitat: Many locales including rocky and sandy hillsides near streams or gullies in the north; pine flats, towns, and citrus groves in the south.
Range: Throughout eastern North America west to the Rocky Mountains, south through the desert Southwest to South America. A rare stray to Quebec, North Dakota, and Bermuda.
Conservation: Not required in the United States.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars ("orange dogs") are occasional pests of citrus.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio cresphontes

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Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropv.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropv.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesIrwin.jpg

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Papilio cresphontes - GiantSwallowtail-Simons.jpg

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 16, 2014 Doug Bruce Overton County, Tennessee, United States August 22, 2014 Details
August 20, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States August 22, 2014 Details
August 19, 2014 dallison Chenango County, New York, United States August 21, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States August 21, 2014 Details
August 17, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States August 21, 2014 Details
August 20, 2014 Bushytail3 Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States August 20, 2014 Details
August 19, 2014 jwilkinson Frederick County, Maryland, United States August 19, 2014 Details
August 19, 2014 Seroselli Santa Rosa County, Florida, United States August 19, 2014 Details
August 18, 2014 gblkrum Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States August 18, 2014 Details
August 17, 2014 jdb San Diego County, California, United States August 18, 2014 Details
August 16, 2014 AllieBellard Lafayette Parish, Louisiana, United States August 16, 2014 Details
August 16, 2014 vivafrida Los Angeles County, California, United States August 16, 2014 Details
August 14, 2014 Krish49 Jefferson County, Kansas, United States August 15, 2014 Details
August 07, 2014 jmh Washington County, Minnesota, United States August 14, 2014 Details
August 12, 2014 rogerashton Erie County, Ohio, United States August 14, 2014 Details
August 11, 2014 salvoj Warren County, New York, United States August 13, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 CatyAnnsClicks Williams County, Ohio, United States August 13, 2014 Details
August 13, 2014 bagenter Ontario County, New York, United States August 13, 2014 Details
August 05, 2014 hmclin Horry County, South Carolina, United States August 12, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 butterflylover22 Ottawa County, Michigan, United States August 11, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 Momilani Ventura County, California, United States August 10, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 dobber Ontario, Canada August 10, 2014 Details
August 08, 2014 Uncle Ruddy Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States August 09, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 CaliGirl Los Angeles County, California, United States August 09, 2014 Details
August 07, 2014 lknedlik Republic County, Kansas, United States August 08, 2014 Details
August 07, 2014 acanthus17 Monroe County, New York, United States August 07, 2014 Details
August 05, 2014 Kiraly Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 05, 2014 jongauntt Texas, Nacogdoches County, United States August 06, 2014 Details
July 22, 2014 Elaine Link Macoupin County, Illinois, United States August 01, 2014 Details
July 18, 2014 pvalley13 Dutchess County, New York, United States August 01, 2014 Details
July 28, 2014 Kimberly Mrozinski Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States August 01, 2014 Details
August 01, 2014 Kimberly Mrozinski Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States August 01, 2014 Details
July 25, 2014 catharinejo Jackson County, Kansas, United States August 01, 2014 Details
July 31, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States July 31, 2014 Details
March 20, 2014 jg030955 Broward County, Florida, United States July 30, 2014 Details
July 23, 2014 nblady St Tammany Parish, Louisiana, United States July 29, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 nhlives Marion County, Florida, United States July 25, 2014 Details
July 25, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States July 25, 2014 Details
July 21, 2014 carebear_79382 Texas, Lubbock County, United States July 23, 2014 Details
June 25, 2014 karencherry Los Angeles County, California, United States July 16, 2014 Details
July 14, 2014 mar50 Delaware County, Indiana, United States July 16, 2014 Details
July 12, 2014 kolsh001 Iberia Parish, Louisiana, United States July 13, 2014 Details
December 20, 2012 Jan Shaughnessy Pima County, Arizona, United States July 08, 2014 Details
July 02, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States July 03, 2014 Details
June 28, 2014 Yuying Leon County, Florida, United States June 29, 2014 Details
June 20, 2014 Kimberly Mrozinski Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States June 28, 2014 Details
June 25, 2014 Jean McLane Guadalupe County, Texas, United States June 25, 2014 Details
September 13, 2013 talig Los Angeles County, California, United States June 22, 2014 Details
June 17, 2014 thevioletfern Jefferson County, New York, United States June 17, 2014 Details
June 08, 2014 digginflowers Ontario, Canada June 16, 2014 Details