Attributes of Papilio cresphontes

Giant Swallowtail
Papilio cresphontes Cramer, 1777

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Forewing with diagonal band of yellow spots. Tails are edged with black and filled with yellow.
Wing Span: 4 - 6 1/4 inches (10.2 - 16 cm).
Life History: Males patrol for receptive females. Females lay single eggs on host leaves and twigs. Caterpillars resemble bird droppings and eat leaves and young shoots. Chrysalids hibernate.
Flight: Two in the north from May-September; all year in Florida and the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Trees and herbs of the citrus family (Rutaceae) including Citrus species, prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), hop tree (Ptelea trifoliata), and Common Rue (Ruta graveolens).
Adult Food: Nectar from lantana, azalea, bougainvilla, bouncing Bet, dame's rocket, goldenrod, Japanese honeysuckle, and swamp milkweed.
Habitat: Many locales including rocky and sandy hillsides near streams or gullies in the north; pine flats, towns, and citrus groves in the south.
Range: Throughout eastern North America west to the Rocky Mountains, south through the desert Southwest to South America. A rare stray to Quebec, North Dakota, and Bermuda.
Conservation: Not required in the United States.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars ("orange dogs") are occasional pests of citrus.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio cresphontes

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Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropv.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropv.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesIrwin.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesIrwin.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - GiantSwallowtail-Simons.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - GiantSwallowtail-Simons.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-cropl.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-cropl.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-crope.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-crope.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-cropegg.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-cropegg.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontes2.jpg

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Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontes3.jpg




The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 13, 2014 gayla Denton County, Texas, United States April 13, 2014 Details
March 07, 2014 Papilionidae Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States April 03, 2014 Details
August 19, 2013 ellenjones6 Franklin County, New York, United States March 22, 2014 Details
August 12, 2013 ellenjones6 Franklin County, New York, United States March 21, 2014 Details
July 14, 2010 pbedell Alleghany County, Virginia, United States March 16, 2014 Details
September 12, 2013 Chip Krilowicz Camden County, New Jersey, United States February 23, 2014 Details
August 07, 2013 linda.leach Rutland County, Vermont, United States February 12, 2014 Details
August 20, 2013 Ann Katz Windsor County, Vermont, United States February 12, 2014 Details
September 15, 2013 S Jorgensen Windsor County, Vermont, United States February 11, 2014 Details
August 23, 2013 jibd123 Warren County, New Jersey, United States February 10, 2014 Details
August 14, 2013 Cliff T Hartford County, Connecticut, United States February 07, 2014 Details
July 26, 2013 soluslupus13 Ontario, Canada January 23, 2014 Details
August 17, 2013 raptorrunner Thurston County, Nebraska, United States January 22, 2014 Details
September 06, 2013 mikeconley Jefferson County, Missouri, United States January 20, 2014 Details
August 17, 2013 BarryV Dallas County, Iowa, United States January 16, 2014 Details
December 22, 2013 jim5 St Lucie County, Florida, United States January 11, 2014 Details
October 19, 2013 amroth26 Pima County, Arizona, United States December 28, 2013 Details
June 05, 1976 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 28, 2013 Details
July 19, 1971 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 28, 2013 Details
December 15, 2013 Allen1co San Diego County, California, United States December 15, 2013 Details
September 03, 2013 Robert Gorman Orange County, California, United States November 29, 2013 Details
September 14, 2013 ezeemonee Orange County, California, United States November 26, 2013 Details
September 17, 2013 Sparks7 Burnet County, Texas, United States November 23, 2013 Details
November 09, 2013 yvenable Orange County, California, United States November 20, 2013 Details
August 11, 2013 marquy Wayne County, Michigan, United States November 15, 2013 Details
September 12, 2013 ckooyer Kent County, Michigan, United States November 15, 2013 Details
July 28, 2013 Robert Gorman Orange County, California, United States November 14, 2013 Details
November 08, 2013 John van Dort Olancho, Honduras November 10, 2013 Details
October 12, 2013 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States November 07, 2013 Details
September 07, 2013 pmacphotos Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States October 30, 2013 Details
October 05, 2013 Gailad Oswego County, New York, United States October 24, 2013 Details
October 18, 2013 lisaM Bexar County, Texas, United States October 22, 2013 Details
October 21, 2013 Kathleen53 Martin County, Florida, United States October 22, 2013 Details
October 30, 2012 randimal Baja California Sur, Mexico October 21, 2013 Details
October 20, 2013 Tonia Graves Pima County, Arizona, United States October 21, 2013 Details
October 13, 2013 twebbmd Los Angeles County, California, United States October 14, 2013 Details
August 30, 2013 lorijc2 Ontario, Canada October 12, 2013 Details
October 10, 2013 christinejoycestott Ontario, Canada October 12, 2013 Details
October 02, 2013 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States October 12, 2013 Details
September 12, 2013 Horace Thompson Ramsey County, Minnesota, United States October 11, 2013 Details
September 11, 2013 jimmything Waukesha County, Wisconsin, United States October 11, 2013 Details
September 09, 2013 julmast Elkhart County, Indiana, United States October 10, 2013 Details
October 06, 2013 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States October 07, 2013 Details
October 05, 2013 Redheart Canyonlands Bandera County, Texas, United States October 05, 2013 Details
October 01, 2013 SBirene Los Angeles County, California, United States October 04, 2013 Details
October 02, 2013 MAKI Ventura County, California, United States October 04, 2013 Details
September 26, 2013 doris potter Quebec, Canada September 29, 2013 Details
September 05, 2013 dugsterm Sherburne County, Minnesota, United States September 25, 2013 Details
August 21, 2013 Kianaj Ontario, Canada September 24, 2013 Details
August 16, 2013 gasomr Randolph County, Indiana, United States September 21, 2013 Details