Attributes of Papilio joanae

Ozark Swallowtail
Papilio joanae Heitzman, 1973

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Nearly identical to Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes). Face is yellow; black pupil in eyespot trailing edge of hindwing is not centered and touches inner edge of windwing.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/16 inches (8.2 - 10.2 cm).
Life History: Females lay eggs singly on the host plant, and newly-hatched caterpillars eat the leaves and reproductive parts. Chrysalids overwinter
Flight: Two flights of adults (April to September).
Caterpillar Hosts: Yellow pimpernal, meadow parsnip, and golden alexander in the parsley family (Apiaceae).
Adult Food: Nectar of flowers such as rose verbena, wood betony, puccoon, and false garlic.
Habitat: Cedar blades and woodlands.
Range: Missouri, northern Arkansas, and western Kentucky. Comments: A relative of the Old World Swallowtail.
Conservation: Species of concern with small limited range. Alien weeds such as garlic mustard may be reducing habitat quality.
NCGR: G3 - Very rare or local throughout its range or found locally in a restricted range.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
May 22, 1975 legacy.reporter (J.R. Heitzman, John Tewell) Benton County, Missouri, United States December 22, 2011 Details
May 18, 1975 legacy.reporter (J.R. Heitzman and John Tewell) Benton County, Missouri, United States December 22, 2011 Details
April 26, 1978 legacy.reporter (Pavulaan, Harry) St Louis County, Missouri, United States March 12, 2007 Details
April 17, 1988 legacy.reporter (Pavulaan, Harry) St Francois County, Missouri, United States March 12, 2007 Details
June 01, 1973 legacy.reporter (Gilbert, Sherri) St Clair County, Missouri, United States March 12, 2007 Details
August 21, 1905 legacy.reporter (Rowley, R.R.) Pike County, Missouri, United States March 12, 2007 Details
September 03, 1974 legacy.reporter (Wagner, David) Phelps County, Missouri, United States March 12, 2007 Details
January 01, 1982 legacy.reporter (Heintich, Martin) Pettis County, Missouri, United States March 12, 2007 Details
April 25, 1981 legacy.reporter (Martin, Sarah) Laclede County, Missouri, United States March 12, 2007 Details
June 19, 1971 legacy.reporter (Transano, Joy) Knox County, Missouri, United States March 12, 2007 Details
January 01, 1973 legacy.reporter (Martin, Sarah) Johnson County, Missouri, United States March 12, 2007 Details
May 16, 1985 legacy.reporter (MacRae, Ted) Jefferson County, Missouri, United States March 12, 2007 Details
July 14, 1980 legacy.reporter (Schmidli, Dennis) Henry County, Missouri, United States March 12, 2007 Details
June 07, 1973 legacy.reporter Franklin County, Missouri, United States March 12, 2007 Details
July 21, 1974 legacy.reporter (Gier, Gary) Dallas County, Missouri, United States March 09, 2007 Details
April 03, 1995 legacy.reporter (Hoback, W.) Christian County, Missouri, United States March 09, 2007 Details
August 02, 1991 legacy.reporter (Gier, Gary) Carter County, Missouri, United States March 09, 2007 Details
June 17, 1973 legacy.reporter (Waters, Clinton) Camden County, Missouri, United States March 09, 2007 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Boone County, Missouri, United States February 21, 2007 Details
April 29, 1990 legacy.reporter Benton County, Missouri, United States February 21, 2007 Details
August 02, 1991 legacy.reporter Barry County, Missouri, United States February 21, 2007 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Washington County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Oldham County, Kentucky, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Hickory County, Missouri, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Maries County, Missouri, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Montgomery County, Missouri, United States December 31, 2004 Details