Attributes of Papilio polyxenes

Black Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of wings mostly black; on inner edge of hindwing is a black spot centered in larger orange spot. Male has yellow band near edge of wings; female has row of yellow spots. Female hindwing with iridescent blue band. In the Southwest, yellow forms predominate in the subspecies P. coloro.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/4 inches (8 - 11 cm).
Life History: Males perch and patrol for receptive females. Female lays eggs singly on leaves and flowers of the host, which are then eaten by hatching larvae. Hibernates as a chrysalis.
Flight: One-2 flights from April-October in northern regions of range; 3 flights in southern regions.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Queen Anne's Lace, carrot, celery and dill. Sometimes plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae) are preferred.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including red clover, milkweed, and thistles.
Habitat: A variety of open areas including fields, suburbs, marshes, deserts, and roadsides.
Range: Most of the eastern U.S., north into Quebec, west into s. Saskatchewan, Colorado and se. California; south to n. South America. Subspecies coloro in desert Southwest.
Conservation: Not usually of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Maintain open fields in East.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio polyxenes

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 01, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States November 28, 2016 Details
May 18, 2016 knolte Okeechobee County, Florida, United States November 27, 2016 Details
October 17, 2016 Madcat2020 Arapahoe County, Colorado, United States November 22, 2016 Details
November 02, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States November 09, 2016 Details
October 26, 2016 pamela schaffner Lee County, Florida, United States November 01, 2016 Details
October 09, 2016 mercretas Montgomery County, Maryland, United States October 31, 2016 Details
May 18, 2015 treehuginghippi Covington County, Mississippi, United States October 30, 2016 Details
August 09, 2013 ddodd Marshall County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
September 15, 2016 Joanne Finch Tolland County, Connecticut, United States October 26, 2016 Details
October 19, 2016 akeo Cook County, Illinois, United States October 20, 2016 Details
September 04, 2016 yardbird Camden County, New Jersey, United States October 17, 2016 Details
October 13, 2016 SundayCoder Essex County, New Jersey, United States October 14, 2016 Details
October 07, 2016 jbord39 Texas, Travis County, United States October 11, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States October 08, 2016 Details
October 06, 2016 Bdog Riverside County, California, United States October 07, 2016 Details
October 07, 2016 Mezzo Morris County, New Jersey, United States October 07, 2016 Details
September 27, 2016 Ashbond23 Ocean County, New Jersey, United States October 04, 2016 Details
October 03, 2016 Deb Harkcom Maryland, United States October 03, 2016 Details
July 30, 2016 aarongunnar Dane County, Wisconsin, United States October 02, 2016 Details
July 18, 2016 KS.trailwalker Franklin County, Kansas, United States October 01, 2016 Details
September 23, 2016 getank Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States September 25, 2016 Details
September 24, 2016 monstermoose Henry County, Indiana, United States September 24, 2016 Details
September 11, 2016 billwx Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States September 17, 2016 Details
September 06, 2016 Ssbodeen St Croix County, Wisconsin, United States September 11, 2016 Details
July 29, 2016 Spine Hartford County, Connecticut, United States September 10, 2016 Details
August 02, 2016 Laura Lynch Massachusetts, United States September 10, 2016 Details
May 13, 2016 JimPurvis Tipton County, Indiana, United States September 10, 2016 Details
September 08, 2016 Hailee Rae Champaign County, Illinois, United States September 09, 2016 Details
July 06, 2016 johngor Ontario, Canada September 08, 2016 Details
September 04, 2016 Doug Bruce Obion County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2016 Details
September 08, 2016 fragglecat Hays County, Texas, United States September 08, 2016 Details
July 13, 2016 johngor Ontario, Canada September 07, 2016 Details
August 31, 2016 basilbecky Shelby County, Kentucky, United States September 01, 2016 Details
August 26, 2016 margueritehamilton Ontario, Canada August 31, 2016 Details
August 29, 2016 Margie Blue Manitoba, Canada August 30, 2016 Details
August 29, 2016 Veggie Steve Warren County, Ohio, United States August 30, 2016 Details
August 28, 2016 Anne Wills Mason County, West Virginia, United States August 29, 2016 Details
July 21, 2016 Colin Gillette Bradford County, Pennsylvania, United States August 29, 2016 Details
August 25, 2016 Maroma1961 New York County, New York, United States August 25, 2016 Details
July 20, 2016 dzworkz Manitoba, Canada August 24, 2016 Details
August 21, 2016 aarongunnar Green Lake County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2016 Details
August 21, 2016 aarongunnar Green Lake County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2016 Details
August 09, 2016 wolfhoundgirl Wake County, North Carolina, United States August 23, 2016 Details
August 21, 2016 joep01 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States August 22, 2016 Details
July 02, 2016 Tommie Rogers Marion County, Tennessee, United States August 22, 2016 Details
August 19, 2016 Cathy Weiner New York County, New York, United States August 21, 2016 Details
July 10, 2016 MsPenguin Manitoba, Canada August 19, 2016 Details
August 19, 2016 Samroberts84 Virginia, United States August 19, 2016 Details
August 19, 2016 Samroberts84 Virginia, Virginia Beach County, United States August 19, 2016 Details
July 22, 2016 hiker96 Queens County, New York, United States August 17, 2016 Details