Attributes of Papilio polyxenes

Black Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of wings mostly black; on inner edge of hindwing is a black spot centered in larger orange spot. Male has yellow band near edge of wings; female has row of yellow spots. Female hindwing with iridescent blue band. In the Southwest, yellow forms predominate in the subspecies P. coloro.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/4 inches (8 - 11 cm).
Life History: Males perch and patrol for receptive females. Female lays eggs singly on leaves and flowers of the host, which are then eaten by hatching larvae. Hibernates as a chrysalis.
Flight: One-2 flights from April-October in northern regions of range; 3 flights in southern regions.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Queen Anne's Lace, carrot, celery and dill. Sometimes plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae) are preferred.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including red clover, milkweed, and thistles.
Habitat: A variety of open areas including fields, suburbs, marshes, deserts, and roadsides.
Range: Most of the eastern U.S., north into Quebec, west into s. Saskatchewan, Colorado and se. California; south to n. South America. Subspecies coloro in desert Southwest.
Conservation: Not usually of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Maintain open fields in East.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio polyxenes

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 20, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States August 22, 2014 Details
August 12, 2014 froghavenfarm Hickman County, Tennessee, United States August 21, 2014 Details
August 16, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States August 21, 2014 Details
August 20, 2014 pharmnikki Greene County, Arkansas, United States August 20, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 Krish49 Lyon County, Kansas, United States August 17, 2014 Details
August 17, 2014 Bowbender Ashland County, Ohio, United States August 17, 2014 Details
August 11, 2014 jwilkinson Frederick County, Maryland, United States August 16, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 pammianne Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States August 15, 2014 Details
August 12, 2014 Hazel4953 Ontario, Canada August 14, 2014 Details
August 13, 2014 tshires Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States August 14, 2014 Details
August 14, 2014 caher001 Carroll County, Maryland, United States August 14, 2014 Details
August 01, 2014 veemom Cook County, Illinois, United States August 12, 2014 Details
July 30, 2014 pomarinejaeger Sanilac County, Michigan, United States August 11, 2014 Details
August 02, 2014 mpickens1 Houghton County, Michigan, United States August 11, 2014 Details
August 10, 2014 East7007 Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, United States August 11, 2014 Details
July 22, 2014 Molanic Du Page County, Illinois, United States August 09, 2014 Details
July 09, 2014 osprey1984 Washington County, Pennsylvania, United States August 09, 2014 Details
July 25, 2014 Paul Tavares Ontario, Canada August 08, 2014 Details
May 28, 2014 Carl Tenney Olmsted County, Minnesota, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 kyyote Grant County, New Mexico, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 kyyote Grant County, New Mexico, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 05, 2014 maria.hoffman6@gmail.com Suffolk County, New York, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 05, 2014 lepidroptis Kansas, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 Valley Girl Ontario, Canada August 04, 2014 Details
July 10, 2014 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States August 03, 2014 Details
May 03, 2008 abwest St James Parish, Louisiana, United States August 03, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States August 03, 2014 Details
July 30, 2014 grayhairstreak New Castle County, Delaware, United States August 02, 2014 Details
July 22, 2014 commentor Ontario, Canada August 02, 2014 Details
August 02, 2014 8993mom New Castle County, Delaware, United States August 02, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 MelindaM Indiana, United States August 01, 2014 Details
July 27, 2014 CharissaSensenig Warren County, Pennsylvania, United States July 31, 2014 Details
July 27, 2014 Kimberly Mrozinski Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States July 31, 2014 Details
July 28, 2014 vision_m Texas, Morris County, United States July 29, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada July 29, 2014 Details
July 27, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 28, 2014 Details
August 31, 2008 doris potter Cochise County, Arizona, United States July 28, 2014 Details
August 20, 2011 doris potter Ontario, Canada July 27, 2014 Details
July 24, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada July 26, 2014 Details
July 24, 2014 Mephistogirl Orleans Parish, Louisiana, United States July 25, 2014 Details
May 25, 2014 photofreak Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States July 21, 2014 Details
June 26, 2014 Jbetzel-conrad Lorain County, Ohio, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 powerstrat06 St Landry Parish, Louisiana, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 13, 2014 Goodkarmafarm Waldo County, Maine, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 13, 2014 fogartyf Surry County, Virginia, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 17, 2014 morgannagrom Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 19, 2014 aarongunnar Dunn County, Wisconsin, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 19, 2014 jones.a Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 17, 2014 lilla_beth Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States July 18, 2014 Details
June 04, 2014 jessicad824 Pittsylvania County, Virginia, United States July 17, 2014 Details