Attributes of Papilio polyxenes

Black Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of wings mostly black; on inner edge of hindwing is a black spot centered in larger orange spot. Male has yellow band near edge of wings; female has row of yellow spots. Female hindwing with iridescent blue band. In the Southwest, yellow forms predominate in the subspecies P. coloro.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/4 inches (8 - 11 cm).
Life History: Males perch and patrol for receptive females. Female lays eggs singly on leaves and flowers of the host, which are then eaten by hatching larvae. Hibernates as a chrysalis.
Flight: One-2 flights from April-October in northern regions of range; 3 flights in southern regions.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Queen Anne's Lace, carrot, celery and dill. Sometimes plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae) are preferred.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including red clover, milkweed, and thistles.
Habitat: A variety of open areas including fields, suburbs, marshes, deserts, and roadsides.
Range: Most of the eastern U.S., north into Quebec, west into s. Saskatchewan, Colorado and se. California; south to n. South America. Subspecies coloro in desert Southwest.
Conservation: Not usually of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Maintain open fields in East.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio polyxenes

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
June 11, 2010 Joe Saunders Mercer County, West Virginia, United States July 02, 2015 Details
June 29, 2015 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States June 30, 2015 Details
June 30, 2015 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States June 30, 2015 Details
June 17, 2015 Kzfisherman McHenry County, Illinois, United States June 25, 2015 Details
June 24, 2015 Clarene New York, United States June 24, 2015 Details
May 17, 2015 ncrosbyrd Georgia, Tattnall County, United States June 23, 2015 Details
June 23, 2015 JackG2 Morris County, New Jersey, United States June 23, 2015 Details
June 20, 2015 pac92682 Perry County, Pennsylvania, United States June 21, 2015 Details
June 19, 2015 mbowling Jeff Davis County, Texas, United States June 21, 2015 Details
June 11, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada June 20, 2015 Details
June 17, 2015 Janet Crawford Lucas County, Ohio, United States June 18, 2015 Details
April 27, 2015 quick3beers Hamilton County, Ohio, United States June 15, 2015 Details
August 22, 2013 SaraJE Ontario, Canada June 15, 2015 Details
May 19, 2013 SaraJE Ontario, Canada June 15, 2015 Details
June 13, 2015 Feetsdr Somerset County, New Jersey, United States June 14, 2015 Details
June 08, 2015 SkrentnyJeff Cook County, Illinois, United States June 13, 2015 Details
June 13, 2015 Juliet1225 Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States June 13, 2015 Details
June 09, 2015 mayfair224 Bergen County, New Jersey, United States June 12, 2015 Details
May 31, 2015 jcblithe Broward County, Florida, United States June 09, 2015 Details
June 03, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States June 07, 2015 Details
May 25, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States June 07, 2015 Details
May 31, 2015 Daphne Cole Nottoway County, Virginia, United States June 02, 2015 Details
June 01, 2015 fishwings Baltimore County, Maryland, United States June 02, 2015 Details
June 01, 2015 fishwings Baltimore County, Maryland, United States June 02, 2015 Details
June 01, 2015 Martin and Sara Chambers County, Texas, United States June 02, 2015 Details
May 20, 2015 mealexster Texas, Tarrant County, United States May 31, 2015 Details
May 22, 2015 samsrodeo Texas, Taylor County, United States May 29, 2015 Details
May 27, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States May 27, 2015 Details
May 23, 2015 Janet Tubb Ontario, Canada May 26, 2015 Details
May 25, 2015 inthelikeness Comanche County, Texas, United States May 25, 2015 Details
May 04, 2015 Don Gagnon Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States May 23, 2015 Details
May 23, 2015 ShelleyME Galveston County, Texas, United States May 23, 2015 Details
May 23, 2015 Robalero Hidalgo County, Texas, United States May 23, 2015 Details
May 18, 2015 ShaunaRyner Ontario, Canada May 21, 2015 Details
May 20, 2015 Redheart Canyonlands Bandera County, Texas, United States May 21, 2015 Details
May 16, 2015 SteveHarbula Denton County, Texas, United States May 17, 2015 Details
May 16, 2015 ShaunaRyner Ontario, Canada May 16, 2015 Details
May 15, 2015 Englishman Hernando County, Florida, United States May 15, 2015 Details
May 09, 2015 Philip G Sells Albany County, New York, United States May 10, 2015 Details
May 09, 2015 Jarchibold Saratoga County, New York, United States May 10, 2015 Details
May 02, 2015 John Schwartz Kane County, Illinois, United States May 04, 2015 Details
April 29, 2015 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States May 04, 2015 Details
April 30, 2015 Englishman Hernando County, Florida, United States May 01, 2015 Details
April 30, 2015 Redheart Canyonlands Bandera County, Texas, United States May 01, 2015 Details
April 27, 2015 Patty Fischetti Talladega County, Alabama, United States April 30, 2015 Details
April 07, 2015 Nancee Cobb Bay County, Florida, United States April 22, 2015 Details
July 25, 2010 redandsilverfox Fort Bend County, Texas, United States April 13, 2015 Details
April 07, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 13, 2015 Details
August 08, 2014 augie1945 Michigan, United States April 12, 2015 Details
August 24, 2014 mathgeek Oakland County, Michigan, United States April 12, 2015 Details