Attributes of Papilio polyxenes

Black Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of wings mostly black; on inner edge of hindwing is a black spot centered in larger orange spot. Male has yellow band near edge of wings; female has row of yellow spots. Female hindwing with iridescent blue band. In the Southwest, yellow forms predominate in the subspecies P. coloro.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/4 inches (8 - 11 cm).
Life History: Males perch and patrol for receptive females. Female lays eggs singly on leaves and flowers of the host, which are then eaten by hatching larvae. Hibernates as a chrysalis.
Flight: One-2 flights from April-October in northern regions of range; 3 flights in southern regions.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Queen Anne's Lace, carrot, celery and dill. Sometimes plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae) are preferred.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including red clover, milkweed, and thistles.
Habitat: A variety of open areas including fields, suburbs, marshes, deserts, and roadsides.
Range: Most of the eastern U.S., north into Quebec, west into s. Saskatchewan, Colorado and se. California; south to n. South America. Subspecies coloro in desert Southwest.
Conservation: Not usually of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Maintain open fields in East.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio polyxenes

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 26, 2016 Ron Smith Clearfield County, Pennsylvania, United States July 28, 2016 Details
July 25, 2016 Cathie Vodden Ontario, Canada July 25, 2016 Details
July 23, 2016 Mluna25 Queens County, New York, United States July 23, 2016 Details
June 26, 2016 aarongunnar Dane County, Wisconsin, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 13, 2016 amandasondra Ramsey County, Minnesota, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 21, 2016 Mluna25 Queens County, New York, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 21, 2016 lilkriskattn Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 21, 2016 stephen stedman Moore County, Tennessee, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 07, 2016 Karen Adams Franklin County, Ohio, United States July 20, 2016 Details
July 10, 2016 Karen Adams Franklin County, Ohio, United States July 20, 2016 Details
July 18, 2016 SaraJE Ontario, Canada July 19, 2016 Details
July 18, 2016 sh11 Ontario, Canada July 19, 2016 Details
July 18, 2016 monikawood Steuben County, New York, United States July 19, 2016 Details
July 17, 2016 hmclin York County, Pennsylvania, United States July 18, 2016 Details
July 02, 2016 dspicer Georgia, United States, Whitfield County July 17, 2016 Details
July 11, 2016 cassiegang@live.com Texas, Mitchell County, United States July 16, 2016 Details
June 22, 2016 Mom2lucky7 Nassau County, Florida, United States July 15, 2016 Details
July 15, 2016 mmoses3222 Newport News City County, Virginia, United States July 15, 2016 Details
June 30, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 14, 2016 Details
July 12, 2016 dlkriensky Kings County, New York, United States July 13, 2016 Details
July 09, 2016 Jones138 Texas, Parker County, United States July 11, 2016 Details
July 11, 2016 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 11, 2016 Details
June 01, 2016 JessicaE Virginia, Virginia Beach County, United States July 09, 2016 Details
July 05, 2016 Julesanne Meigs County, Ohio, United States July 08, 2016 Details
June 30, 2016 Gariepy Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States July 07, 2016 Details
June 01, 2016 holla for the environment Ontario, Canada July 05, 2016 Details
July 05, 2016 serenityspeaks Lucas County, Ohio, United States July 05, 2016 Details
July 04, 2016 Mluna25 Queens County, New York, United States July 04, 2016 Details
June 18, 2016 Kzfisherman McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 03, 2016 Details
July 02, 2016 Doug Bruce Crockett County, Tennessee, United States July 03, 2016 Details
July 03, 2016 Vera Francis Brunswick County, North Carolina, United States July 03, 2016 Details
July 03, 2016 stephen stedman Gibson County, Tennessee, United States July 03, 2016 Details
June 07, 2016 Bonnie Morrison Howard County, Texas, United States July 01, 2016 Details
June 20, 2016 Mluna25 Queens County, New York, United States June 26, 2016 Details
June 26, 2016 Mluna25 Queens County, New York, United States June 26, 2016 Details
June 20, 2016 Vanessamueller Ontario, Canada June 21, 2016 Details
June 20, 2016 CShermArol Arkansas County, Arkansas, United States June 20, 2016 Details
June 19, 2016 PianoKitten Suffolk County, New York, United States June 20, 2016 Details
June 08, 2016 Mike Dillon Texas, Nolan County, United States June 19, 2016 Details
June 15, 2016 digginflowers Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States June 19, 2016 Details
April 12, 2014 GCSnelling San Bernardino County, California, United States June 18, 2016 Details
June 17, 2016 Cathy Weiner New York County, New York, United States June 18, 2016 Details
June 11, 2016 Doug Bruce Carter County, Tennessee, United States June 17, 2016 Details
June 08, 2016 SkrentnyJeff Cook County, Illinois, United States June 15, 2016 Details
June 11, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States June 13, 2016 Details
June 07, 2016 Ramelle Bintz Door County, Wisconsin, United States June 12, 2016 Details
June 11, 2016 Lynn Allen Kenosha County, Wisconsin, United States June 12, 2016 Details
March 29, 2014 GCSnelling San Bernardino County, California, United States June 08, 2016 Details
June 07, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States June 07, 2016 Details
June 04, 2016 Paul Tavares Ontario, Canada June 05, 2016 Details