Attributes of Papilio polyxenes

Black Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of wings mostly black; on inner edge of hindwing is a black spot centered in larger orange spot. Male has yellow band near edge of wings; female has row of yellow spots. Female hindwing with iridescent blue band. In the Southwest, yellow forms predominate in the subspecies P. coloro.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/4 inches (8 - 11 cm).
Life History: Males perch and patrol for receptive females. Female lays eggs singly on leaves and flowers of the host, which are then eaten by hatching larvae. Hibernates as a chrysalis.
Flight: One-2 flights from April-October in northern regions of range; 3 flights in southern regions.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Queen Anne's Lace, carrot, celery and dill. Sometimes plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae) are preferred.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including red clover, milkweed, and thistles.
Habitat: A variety of open areas including fields, suburbs, marshes, deserts, and roadsides.
Range: Most of the eastern U.S., north into Quebec, west into s. Saskatchewan, Colorado and se. California; south to n. South America. Subspecies coloro in desert Southwest.
Conservation: Not usually of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Maintain open fields in East.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio polyxenes

Click on an image to view full size and to see additional details.


Papilio polyxenes - Papilio-polyxenes-Bob-Moul-493.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Papilio-polyxenes-Bob-Moul-493.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - Papilio-polyxenes-Bob-Moul-494.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Papilio-polyxenes-Bob-Moul-494.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - Papilio-polyxenes-Bob-Moul-495.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Papilio-polyxenes-Bob-Moul-495.jpg






Papilio polyxenes - BlackSwallowtail_small.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - BlackSwallowtail_small.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - BlackSwallowtailEgg2_small.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - BlackSwallowtailEgg2_small.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - BlackSwallowtailEgg_small.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - BlackSwallowtailEgg_small.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - Black_Swallowtail-maleCrop.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Black_Swallowtail-maleCrop.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_caterpillar1_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_caterpillar1_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_caterpillar2_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_caterpillar2_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_caterpillar4_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_caterpillar4_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_caterpillar5_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_caterpillar5_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_caterpillar_prepupa_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_caterpillar_prepupa_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_pupa_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - papilio_coloro_pupa_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - papilio_polyxenes_asterius_caterpillar3_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - papilio_polyxenes_asterius_caterpillar3_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - papilio_polyxenes_asterius_caterpillar4_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - papilio_polyxenes_asterius_caterpillar4_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenesKsGrantJuly2_07CarolAdams-crop-fm.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenesKsGrantJuly2_07CarolAdams-crop-fm.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenesKsGrantJuly2_07CarolAdams-crop.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenesKsGrantJuly2_07CarolAdams-crop.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenesKsGrantJuly2_07CarolAdams-crop1.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenesKsGrantJuly2_07CarolAdams-crop1.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenesKsGrantJuly2_07CarolAdams-cropm.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenesKsGrantJuly2_07CarolAdams-cropm.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenesKsGrantJuly2_07CarolAdams-crop-mating.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenesKsGrantJuly2_07CarolAdams-crop-mating.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - BlackSwallowtail-Simons.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - BlackSwallowtail-Simons.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenes.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenes.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenes2.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenes2.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenes3.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenes3.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenes4.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenes4.jpg
Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenes5.jpg

Papilio polyxenes - Papilio_polyxenes5.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

How to use the map:
Click on the map and move your mouse to pan.
Zoom by using the plus [+] and minus [-] on the left side of the map.
To change which map layers are displayed, click on the plus sign [+] on the right side of the map and turn on/off the data layers and base layers.

*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

See more recently verified sightings of all species.

You don't have Javascript enabled. Hover for more information! But don't worry: you can still use this web site! You have two options:
  • enable Javascript in your browser and then refresh this page, for a much enhanced experience.
  • click the Update button every time you want to update the selection.
Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 23, 2015 totonka Broward County, Florida, United States August 29, 2015 Details
August 28, 2015 stephen stedman Warren County, Tennessee, United States August 29, 2015 Details
August 27, 2015 Sarah Clark New York, United States August 28, 2015 Details
August 21, 2015 brainerd Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States August 25, 2015 Details
August 16, 2015 Magnet54 Morris County, New Jersey, United States August 24, 2015 Details
August 19, 2015 Tootiebear5 Lake County, Florida, United States August 20, 2015 Details
August 19, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 19, 2015 Details
July 24, 2015 Eric Itnyre Washington County, Maryland, United States August 17, 2015 Details
May 12, 2015 catmint20906 Montgomery County, Maryland, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 11, 2015 Paul Tavares Ontario, Canada August 12, 2015 Details
August 12, 2015 Krysia Warren County, New Jersey, United States August 12, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 kpflaumer Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States August 07, 2015 Details
August 05, 2015 PJK63 Knox County, Tennessee, United States August 06, 2015 Details
August 06, 2015 SArnett82 Howard County, Maryland, United States August 06, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 Ru_anthrogirl Montgomery County, Tennessee, United States August 03, 2015 Details
August 03, 2015 richard macleod Nova Scotia, Canada August 03, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 SpadGuy Tucker County, West Virginia, United States August 01, 2015 Details
July 29, 2015 Deltagee01 Florence County, South Carolina, United States July 31, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 jhauser42 Erie County, New York, United States July 31, 2015 Details
July 31, 2015 KimP Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States July 31, 2015 Details
July 31, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 31, 2015 Details
July 29, 2015 EPIMEDIUM McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 30, 2015 Details
July 24, 2015 BOGwalker St Louis County, Minnesota, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 19, 2015 Kzfisherman McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 28, 2015 sarnold Horry County, South Carolina, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 Joshua Lonuzzo Ontario, Canada July 27, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 Melinda Fawver Marshall County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 22, 2015 lurker Boone County, Missouri, United States July 25, 2015 Details
July 12, 2015 jrossbell@gmail.com Morgan County, Kentucky, United States July 24, 2015 Details
July 20, 2015 Dan Copeland Ontario, Canada July 23, 2015 Details
December 09, 2014 Dorygirl Lincoln (mainland only) County, Maine, United States July 22, 2015 Details
July 22, 2015 svmonk Berks County, Pennsylvania, United States July 22, 2015 Details
July 15, 2015 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States July 21, 2015 Details
July 15, 2015 JRonan17 Herkimer County, New York, United States July 21, 2015 Details
July 21, 2015 shuddemell Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States July 21, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 Doug Bruce Pickett County, Tennessee, United States July 20, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 stephen stedman Clay County, Tennessee, United States July 19, 2015 Details
June 24, 2015 jnystrom Washtenaw County, Michigan, United States July 18, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 Sheryl Johnson Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States July 17, 2015 Details
July 16, 2015 stephen stedman Smith County, Tennessee, United States July 17, 2015 Details
July 16, 2015 rowley Seneca County, New York, United States July 17, 2015 Details
July 15, 2015 ezeemonee Erie County, New York, United States July 16, 2015 Details
July 12, 2015 Kzfisherman McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 14, 2015 Details
July 11, 2015 SkrentnyJeff Cook County, Illinois, United States July 14, 2015 Details
July 11, 2015 Mluna25 Queens County, New York, United States July 11, 2015 Details
June 10, 2015 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States July 10, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 10, 2015 Details
June 02, 2015 jjflossem Hernando County, Florida, United States July 09, 2015 Details
June 02, 2015 jjflossem Hernando County, Florida, United States July 09, 2015 Details