Attributes of Papilio polyxenes

Black Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of wings mostly black; on inner edge of hindwing is a black spot centered in larger orange spot. Male has yellow band near edge of wings; female has row of yellow spots. Female hindwing with iridescent blue band. In the Southwest, yellow forms predominate in the subspecies P. coloro.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/4 inches (8 - 11 cm).
Life History: Males perch and patrol for receptive females. Female lays eggs singly on leaves and flowers of the host, which are then eaten by hatching larvae. Hibernates as a chrysalis.
Flight: One-2 flights from April-October in northern regions of range; 3 flights in southern regions.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Queen Anne's Lace, carrot, celery and dill. Sometimes plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae) are preferred.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including red clover, milkweed, and thistles.
Habitat: A variety of open areas including fields, suburbs, marshes, deserts, and roadsides.
Range: Most of the eastern U.S., north into Quebec, west into s. Saskatchewan, Colorado and se. California; south to n. South America. Subspecies coloro in desert Southwest.
Conservation: Not usually of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Maintain open fields in East.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio polyxenes

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 30, 2015 Englishman Hernando County, Florida, United States May 01, 2015 Details
April 30, 2015 Redheart Canyonlands Bandera County, Texas, United States May 01, 2015 Details
April 27, 2015 Patty Fischetti Talladega County, Alabama, United States April 30, 2015 Details
April 07, 2015 Nancee Cobb Bay County, Florida, United States April 22, 2015 Details
July 25, 2010 redandsilverfox Fort Bend County, Texas, United States April 13, 2015 Details
April 07, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 13, 2015 Details
August 08, 2014 augie1945 Michigan, United States April 12, 2015 Details
August 24, 2014 mathgeek Oakland County, Michigan, United States April 12, 2015 Details
July 09, 2014 Lizzie74 Oakland County, Michigan, United States April 11, 2015 Details
March 25, 2015 Ken Bosso East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, United States March 26, 2015 Details
September 20, 2014 Sfireblue Weld County, Colorado, United States March 11, 2015 Details
March 08, 2015 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States March 09, 2015 Details
February 17, 2015 Nancy Hamlett Los Angeles County, California, United States March 02, 2015 Details
July 26, 2014 Nancy Witthuhn Ness County, Kansas, United States March 01, 2015 Details
July 18, 1979 Indy Entomologist Carroll County, Indiana, United States February 22, 2015 Details
August 04, 2012 strixv Morgan County, West Virginia, United States February 19, 2015 Details
June 30, 2014 a-o Tompkins County, New York, United States January 28, 2015 Details
August 13, 2014 mskayak Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States January 20, 2015 Details
August 10, 2013 todayhooks Lancaster County, Nebraska, United States January 15, 2015 Details
June 22, 2014 Alex2eye Providence County, Rhode Island, United States January 09, 2015 Details
June 20, 2014 AngelaCoco Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States December 31, 2014 Details
June 16, 2014 AngelaCoco Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States December 31, 2014 Details
August 29, 2014 Sheila George Crisp County, Georgia, United States December 16, 2014 Details
September 18, 2014 SpfldgrandmaD Virginia, United States December 14, 2014 Details
September 30, 2014 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States December 14, 2014 Details
August 16, 2014 Helyn Harris Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States September 24, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 Ken Cheeks Richmond County, Georgia, United States September 24, 2014 Details
September 06, 2014 pagliarini1 Newport County, Rhode Island, United States September 22, 2014 Details
September 19, 2014 leafgirl13 Ontario, Canada September 22, 2014 Details
September 12, 2014 shadowhusky6 Cayuga County, New York, United States September 21, 2014 Details
September 17, 2014 dendroica5 Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States September 18, 2014 Details
September 14, 2014 Diana123 Ohio, United States September 15, 2014 Details
September 05, 2014 Ansel Oommen Queens County, New York, United States September 14, 2014 Details
September 10, 2014 waynomo Fairfax County, Virginia, United States September 10, 2014 Details
September 10, 2014 CA Ivy Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, United States September 10, 2014 Details
September 05, 2014 maria.hoffman6@gmail.com Suffolk County, New York, United States September 09, 2014 Details
August 10, 2013 Foxmoor Suffolk County, New York, United States September 09, 2014 Details
September 08, 2014 Cheryl Fontaine Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States September 08, 2014 Details
September 02, 2014 Doug Bruce Bedford County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2014 Details
September 08, 2014 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States September 08, 2014 Details
September 07, 2014 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States September 08, 2014 Details
September 05, 2014 MelindaM Warrick County, Indiana, United States September 06, 2014 Details
May 24, 2014 b.cn.u Ontario, Canada September 05, 2014 Details
September 02, 2014 maria.hoffman6@gmail.com Suffolk County, New York, United States September 03, 2014 Details
July 08, 2014 plasma.eger El Paso County, Colorado, United States August 31, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 Jarchibold Saratoga County, New York, United States August 31, 2014 Details
June 28, 2013 TheWayfarer21 Onslow County, North Carolina, United States August 30, 2014 Details
August 24, 2014 tomfishburn Erie County, Ohio, United States August 30, 2014 Details
August 29, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 29, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 iinv003 Union County, North Carolina, United States August 28, 2014 Details