Attributes of Papilio polyxenes

Black Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of wings mostly black; on inner edge of hindwing is a black spot centered in larger orange spot. Male has yellow band near edge of wings; female has row of yellow spots. Female hindwing with iridescent blue band. In the Southwest, yellow forms predominate in the subspecies P. coloro.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/4 inches (8 - 11 cm).
Life History: Males perch and patrol for receptive females. Female lays eggs singly on leaves and flowers of the host, which are then eaten by hatching larvae. Hibernates as a chrysalis.
Flight: One-2 flights from April-October in northern regions of range; 3 flights in southern regions.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Queen Anne's Lace, carrot, celery and dill. Sometimes plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae) are preferred.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including red clover, milkweed, and thistles.
Habitat: A variety of open areas including fields, suburbs, marshes, deserts, and roadsides.
Range: Most of the eastern U.S., north into Quebec, west into s. Saskatchewan, Colorado and se. California; south to n. South America. Subspecies coloro in desert Southwest.
Conservation: Not usually of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Maintain open fields in East.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio polyxenes

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 15, 2014 michelleholmes504 Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States April 17, 2014 Details
July 21, 2013 AngelaCoco Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States April 12, 2014 Details
July 29, 2012 Karen Adams Franklin County, Ohio, United States April 09, 2014 Details
December 31, 2013 solares2001 Mexico, Mexico April 01, 2014 Details
March 29, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States March 30, 2014 Details
May 16, 2013 curtis.lehman Brooke County, West Virginia, United States March 26, 2014 Details
May 06, 2013 curtis.lehman Ohio County, West Virginia, United States March 18, 2014 Details
August 02, 2011 rosenthal.k Dorchester County, Maryland, United States March 16, 2014 Details
March 08, 2014 Howard G. Byrne III Pima County, Arizona, United States March 10, 2014 Details
February 19, 2014 Kimberly Mrozinski Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States February 19, 2014 Details
September 28, 2013 Ken Cheeks Aiken County, South Carolina, United States February 18, 2014 Details
November 03, 2006 JMonaco Suffolk County, New York, United States February 15, 2014 Details
September 08, 2013 fgparker Bergen County, New Jersey, United States February 15, 2014 Details
August 27, 2013 Meslcarroll Bergen County, New Jersey, United States February 12, 2014 Details
July 29, 2013 stormyeyes99 Sussex County, New Jersey, United States February 11, 2014 Details
August 23, 2013 jibd123 Warren County, New Jersey, United States February 11, 2014 Details
August 12, 2013 Kimberchick Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, United States February 11, 2014 Details
May 01, 2013 docj77 York County, Maine, United States February 06, 2014 Details
June 20, 2013 C Stoff Burlington County, New Jersey, United States February 05, 2014 Details
September 25, 2011 C Stoff Burlington County, New Jersey, United States February 05, 2014 Details
October 08, 2011 C Stoff Burlington County, New Jersey, United States February 05, 2014 Details
August 14, 2013 Mschlereth Essex County, New Jersey, United States February 05, 2014 Details
July 13, 2013 lyredragon Douglas County, Nebraska, United States February 02, 2014 Details
July 21, 2013 lyredragon Douglas County, Nebraska, United States February 02, 2014 Details
July 21, 2013 lyredragon Douglas County, Nebraska, United States February 02, 2014 Details
August 12, 2013 stormyeyes99 Sussex County, New Jersey, United States January 30, 2014 Details
September 05, 2013 anna_holmes Madison County, Alabama, United States January 29, 2014 Details
September 06, 2013 anna_holmes Madison County, Alabama, United States January 29, 2014 Details
September 12, 2013 anna_holmes Madison County, Alabama, United States January 29, 2014 Details
September 15, 2013 Lunasmommy Marshall County, Alabama, United States January 29, 2014 Details
June 29, 2013 michaeloberg Webster County, Iowa, United States January 20, 2014 Details
August 17, 2013 michaeloberg Webster County, Iowa, United States January 16, 2014 Details
May 07, 2010 ddodd Texas, United States, Val Verde County January 14, 2014 Details
August 02, 2013 Randy L Anderson Henderson County, Illinois, United States January 06, 2014 Details
November 24, 2013 markmaypo Lancaster County, Nebraska, United States January 01, 2014 Details
May 12, 1976 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 28, 2013 Details
May 17, 1976 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 28, 2013 Details
June 16, 1976 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 28, 2013 Details
March 11, 2013 Sparks7 Burnet County, Texas, United States December 05, 2013 Details
September 28, 2013 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States December 01, 2013 Details
September 28, 2013 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States December 01, 2013 Details
September 28, 2013 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States November 29, 2013 Details
November 21, 2013 polson524 Erath County, Texas, United States November 27, 2013 Details
July 17, 2013 jeffmci9 Texas, Travis County, United States November 20, 2013 Details
March 02, 2013 nabaker Texas, Kimble County, United States November 20, 2013 Details
July 20, 2013 Zeus79 Macomb County, Michigan, United States November 15, 2013 Details
October 02, 2013 toddewen Tippecanoe County, Indiana, United States November 15, 2013 Details
November 03, 2013 rougir@aol.com Hidalgo County, Texas, United States November 11, 2013 Details
October 13, 2013 Lindaethompson Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States November 04, 2013 Details
October 13, 2013 Lindaethompson Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States November 04, 2013 Details