Attributes of Papilio polyxenes

Black Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of wings mostly black; on inner edge of hindwing is a black spot centered in larger orange spot. Male has yellow band near edge of wings; female has row of yellow spots. Female hindwing with iridescent blue band. In the Southwest, yellow forms predominate in the subspecies P. coloro.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/4 inches (8 - 11 cm).
Life History: Males perch and patrol for receptive females. Female lays eggs singly on leaves and flowers of the host, which are then eaten by hatching larvae. Hibernates as a chrysalis.
Flight: One-2 flights from April-October in northern regions of range; 3 flights in southern regions.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Queen Anne's Lace, carrot, celery and dill. Sometimes plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae) are preferred.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including red clover, milkweed, and thistles.
Habitat: A variety of open areas including fields, suburbs, marshes, deserts, and roadsides.
Range: Most of the eastern U.S., north into Quebec, west into s. Saskatchewan, Colorado and se. California; south to n. South America. Subspecies coloro in desert Southwest.
Conservation: Not usually of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Maintain open fields in East.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio polyxenes

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 24, 2015 BOGwalker St Louis County, Minnesota, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 Joshua Lonuzzo Ontario, Canada July 27, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 Melinda Fawver Marshall County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 22, 2015 lurker Boone County, Missouri, United States July 25, 2015 Details
July 12, 2015 jrossbell@gmail.com Morgan County, Kentucky, United States July 24, 2015 Details
July 20, 2015 Dan Copeland Ontario, Canada July 23, 2015 Details
December 09, 2014 Dorygirl Lincoln (mainland only) County, Maine, United States July 22, 2015 Details
July 22, 2015 svmonk Berks County, Pennsylvania, United States July 22, 2015 Details
July 15, 2015 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States July 21, 2015 Details
July 15, 2015 JRonan17 Herkimer County, New York, United States July 21, 2015 Details
July 21, 2015 shuddemell Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States July 21, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 Doug Bruce Pickett County, Tennessee, United States July 20, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 stephen stedman Clay County, Tennessee, United States July 19, 2015 Details
June 24, 2015 jnystrom Washtenaw County, Michigan, United States July 18, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 Sheryl Johnson Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States July 17, 2015 Details
July 16, 2015 stephen stedman Smith County, Tennessee, United States July 17, 2015 Details
July 16, 2015 rowley Seneca County, New York, United States July 17, 2015 Details
July 15, 2015 ezeemonee Erie County, New York, United States July 16, 2015 Details
July 12, 2015 Kzfisherman McHenry County, Illinois, United States July 14, 2015 Details
July 11, 2015 SkrentnyJeff Cook County, Illinois, United States July 14, 2015 Details
July 11, 2015 Mluna25 Queens County, New York, United States July 11, 2015 Details
June 10, 2015 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States July 10, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 10, 2015 Details
June 02, 2015 jjflossem Hernando County, Florida, United States July 09, 2015 Details
June 02, 2015 jjflossem Hernando County, Florida, United States July 09, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 Bowbender Ashland County, Ohio, United States July 09, 2015 Details
June 14, 2015 Bowbender Ashland County, Ohio, United States July 09, 2015 Details
July 09, 2014 Debbie Page Kings County, New York, United States July 08, 2015 Details
July 01, 2015 Daryl Hollenbach Kentucky, United States July 07, 2015 Details
July 05, 2015 Chet Gottfried Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States July 06, 2015 Details
July 03, 2015 Jarchibold Saratoga County, New York, United States July 05, 2015 Details
July 05, 2015 LepidoBot19 Madison County, Kentucky, United States July 05, 2015 Details
June 11, 2010 Joe Saunders Mercer County, West Virginia, United States July 02, 2015 Details
June 29, 2015 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States June 30, 2015 Details
June 30, 2015 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States June 30, 2015 Details
June 17, 2015 Kzfisherman McHenry County, Illinois, United States June 25, 2015 Details
June 24, 2015 Clarene New York, United States June 24, 2015 Details
May 17, 2015 ncrosbyrd Georgia, Tattnall County, United States June 23, 2015 Details
June 23, 2015 JackG2 Morris County, New Jersey, United States June 23, 2015 Details
June 20, 2015 pac92682 Perry County, Pennsylvania, United States June 21, 2015 Details
June 19, 2015 mbowling Jeff Davis County, Texas, United States June 21, 2015 Details
June 11, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada June 20, 2015 Details
June 17, 2015 Janet Crawford Lucas County, Ohio, United States June 18, 2015 Details
April 27, 2015 quick3beers Hamilton County, Ohio, United States June 15, 2015 Details
August 22, 2013 SaraJE Ontario, Canada June 15, 2015 Details
May 19, 2013 SaraJE Ontario, Canada June 15, 2015 Details
June 13, 2015 Feetsdr Somerset County, New Jersey, United States June 14, 2015 Details
June 08, 2015 SkrentnyJeff Cook County, Illinois, United States June 13, 2015 Details
June 13, 2015 Juliet1225 Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States June 13, 2015 Details