Attributes of Papilio polyxenes

Black Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of wings mostly black; on inner edge of hindwing is a black spot centered in larger orange spot. Male has yellow band near edge of wings; female has row of yellow spots. Female hindwing with iridescent blue band. In the Southwest, yellow forms predominate in the subspecies P. coloro.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/4 inches (8 - 11 cm).
Life History: Males perch and patrol for receptive females. Female lays eggs singly on leaves and flowers of the host, which are then eaten by hatching larvae. Hibernates as a chrysalis.
Flight: One-2 flights from April-October in northern regions of range; 3 flights in southern regions.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Queen Anne's Lace, carrot, celery and dill. Sometimes plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae) are preferred.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including red clover, milkweed, and thistles.
Habitat: A variety of open areas including fields, suburbs, marshes, deserts, and roadsides.
Range: Most of the eastern U.S., north into Quebec, west into s. Saskatchewan, Colorado and se. California; south to n. South America. Subspecies coloro in desert Southwest.
Conservation: Not usually of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Maintain open fields in East.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio polyxenes

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
January 16, 2016 mellielong Orange County, Florida, United States January 29, 2016 Details
September 18, 2010 Ilse Gebhard Kalamazoo County, Michigan, United States January 19, 2016 Details
July 12, 2012 rbuist Manitoba, Canada January 09, 2016 Details
October 10, 2015 Jamnjackie Cobb County, Georgia, United States December 15, 2015 Details
June 28, 2015 Mjlord Quebec, Canada December 09, 2015 Details
July 15, 2015 tlornsen Quebec, Canada December 08, 2015 Details
June 08, 2015 Bufftub 2 Oakland County, Michigan, United States October 25, 2015 Details
September 17, 2015 rjcohrs Hancock County, Indiana, United States October 13, 2015 Details
October 11, 2015 scwoodruff Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States October 12, 2015 Details
October 04, 2015 E Munro Texas, Travis County, United States October 10, 2015 Details
October 05, 2015 roarlikechewbacca Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, United States October 08, 2015 Details
September 23, 2015 Mothy Middlesex County, Connecticut, United States September 26, 2015 Details
September 23, 2015 Alicia Szekeres Dane County, Wisconsin, United States September 26, 2015 Details
September 23, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States September 24, 2015 Details
September 09, 2015 aarongunnar Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States September 22, 2015 Details
September 20, 2015 Mfithen Brown County, Ohio, United States September 20, 2015 Details
September 15, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States September 17, 2015 Details
September 08, 2015 jbaca59 Santa Fe County, New Mexico, United States September 15, 2015 Details
September 15, 2015 Cmuebel Hamilton County, Ohio, United States September 15, 2015 Details
September 15, 2015 dianneaugustine Jackson County, Oklahoma, United States September 15, 2015 Details
September 06, 2015 KZelewsky Du Page County, Illinois, United States September 13, 2015 Details
September 12, 2015 C. Cormier Ontario, Canada September 12, 2015 Details
September 04, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States September 12, 2015 Details
September 11, 2015 ssaucier New York, United States September 11, 2015 Details
September 11, 2015 rmheldman@verizon.net Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States September 11, 2015 Details
September 11, 2015 SaraJE Ontario, Canada September 11, 2015 Details
August 27, 2015 digginflowers Sussex County, Delaware, United States September 10, 2015 Details
August 30, 2015 John LeBlanc Madison County, Virginia, United States September 10, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 gpstewart Texas, United States, Williamson County September 10, 2015 Details
August 13, 2015 Graham Monroe Mora County, New Mexico, United States September 09, 2015 Details
September 08, 2015 Divergrl96 Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States September 09, 2015 Details
September 07, 2015 Divergrl96 Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States September 09, 2015 Details
September 07, 2015 Judy Ross Hamilton County, Ohio, United States September 09, 2015 Details
September 06, 2015 Brendamouse Allen County, Indiana, United States September 08, 2015 Details
September 06, 2015 commentator Ontario, Canada September 08, 2015 Details
September 02, 2015 fivesense Navajo County, Arizona, United States September 06, 2015 Details
September 06, 2015 stephen stedman Stewart County, Tennessee, United States September 06, 2015 Details
September 05, 2015 Sweetpea1 Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States September 05, 2015 Details
September 02, 2015 Homegardener3816 Fairfax County, Virginia, United States September 05, 2015 Details
September 02, 2015 ccalebaugh Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States September 02, 2015 Details
July 19, 2015 Trailmaker Jefferson County, Ohio, United States September 01, 2015 Details
September 01, 2012 woodcrvr Dubuque County, Iowa, United States August 31, 2015 Details
August 30, 2015 SaraJE Ontario, Canada August 31, 2015 Details
August 22, 2015 auddine Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States August 31, 2015 Details
August 31, 2015 JClark720 Miami County, Ohio, United States August 31, 2015 Details
August 29, 2015 marshallbw72 Williamson County, Tennessee, United States August 30, 2015 Details
August 30, 2015 ydlrun Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States August 30, 2015 Details
August 23, 2015 totonka Broward County, Florida, United States August 29, 2015 Details
August 28, 2015 stephen stedman Warren County, Tennessee, United States August 29, 2015 Details
August 27, 2015 Sarah Clark New York, United States August 28, 2015 Details