Attributes of Papilio polyxenes

Black Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of wings mostly black; on inner edge of hindwing is a black spot centered in larger orange spot. Male has yellow band near edge of wings; female has row of yellow spots. Female hindwing with iridescent blue band. In the Southwest, yellow forms predominate in the subspecies P. coloro.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/4 inches (8 - 11 cm).
Life History: Males perch and patrol for receptive females. Female lays eggs singly on leaves and flowers of the host, which are then eaten by hatching larvae. Hibernates as a chrysalis.
Flight: One-2 flights from April-October in northern regions of range; 3 flights in southern regions.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Queen Anne's Lace, carrot, celery and dill. Sometimes plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae) are preferred.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including red clover, milkweed, and thistles.
Habitat: A variety of open areas including fields, suburbs, marshes, deserts, and roadsides.
Range: Most of the eastern U.S., north into Quebec, west into s. Saskatchewan, Colorado and se. California; south to n. South America. Subspecies coloro in desert Southwest.
Conservation: Not usually of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Maintain open fields in East.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio polyxenes

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 27, 2014 Cherylee Black Ontario, Canada July 28, 2014 Details
August 31, 2008 doris potter Cochise County, Arizona, United States July 28, 2014 Details
August 20, 2011 doris potter Ontario, Canada July 27, 2014 Details
July 24, 2014 juliereid Ontario, Canada July 26, 2014 Details
July 24, 2014 Mephistogirl Orleans Parish, Louisiana, United States July 25, 2014 Details
May 25, 2014 photofreak Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States July 21, 2014 Details
June 26, 2014 Jbetzel-conrad Lorain County, Ohio, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 powerstrat06 St Landry Parish, Louisiana, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 13, 2014 Goodkarmafarm Waldo County, Maine, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 13, 2014 fogartyf Surry County, Virginia, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 17, 2014 morgannagrom Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 19, 2014 aarongunnar Dunn County, Wisconsin, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 19, 2014 jones.a Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 17, 2014 lilla_beth Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States July 18, 2014 Details
June 04, 2014 jessicad824 Pittsylvania County, Virginia, United States July 17, 2014 Details
July 16, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 17, 2014 Details
June 17, 2014 iinv003 Union County, North Carolina, United States July 15, 2014 Details
July 12, 2014 rogerashton Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States July 15, 2014 Details
July 14, 2014 wendytrivedi Sarasota County, Florida, United States July 14, 2014 Details
July 06, 2014 mountain_man Winnebago County, Wisconsin, United States July 12, 2014 Details
July 11, 2014 MelissaBurm Kings County, New York, United States July 12, 2014 Details
July 12, 2014 dspicer Bledsoe County, Tennessee, United States July 12, 2014 Details
July 08, 2014 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States July 10, 2014 Details
July 07, 2014 thamilton1954 Grant County, New Mexico, United States July 10, 2014 Details
July 01, 2014 CindyJean Washington County, Minnesota, United States July 09, 2014 Details
July 08, 2014 catharinejo Jackson County, Kansas, United States July 08, 2014 Details
February 17, 2014 x34pjz9 Lake County, Indiana, United States July 06, 2014 Details
May 13, 2014 cerichardson1 Dearborn County, Indiana, United States July 06, 2014 Details
September 28, 2012 JMJaskula Jasper County, Indiana, United States July 05, 2014 Details
August 27, 2010 julmast Elkhart County, Indiana, United States July 05, 2014 Details
June 19, 2014 Jimmy Acorn Montgomery County, Virginia, United States July 05, 2014 Details
July 04, 2014 1velvetcat Essex County, Massachusetts, United States July 05, 2014 Details
July 04, 2014 digginflowers Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States July 05, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 dmarkovich01 Hood County, Texas, United States July 05, 2014 Details
July 02, 2014 bigreds34 Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States July 04, 2014 Details
July 03, 2014 Jmaloney0217 Orleans Parish, Louisiana, United States July 03, 2014 Details
July 03, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States July 03, 2014 Details
July 03, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States July 03, 2014 Details
June 20, 2014 riverlady Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States July 02, 2014 Details
July 01, 2014 Yuying Leon County, Florida, United States July 02, 2014 Details
June 30, 2014 DawnMalk Polk County, Florida, United States July 02, 2014 Details
July 02, 2014 jkp Albany County, New York, United States July 02, 2014 Details
May 08, 2014 Jimkimbiz Wayne County, Michigan, United States July 01, 2014 Details
May 14, 2014 emmeline Wayne County, Michigan, United States July 01, 2014 Details
May 24, 2014 Dave Kinney Wexford County, Michigan, United States July 01, 2014 Details
June 27, 2014 robinstonebraker Wayne County, Michigan, United States July 01, 2014 Details
July 01, 2014 bigreds34 Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States July 01, 2014 Details
June 29, 2014 Livia Pinellas County, Florida, United States June 29, 2014 Details
June 27, 2014 MikeD Nassau County, New York, United States June 28, 2014 Details
June 24, 2014 srbooth Denver County, Colorado, United States June 27, 2014 Details