Attributes of Papilio machaon

Old World Swallowtail
Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upperside of hindwing near tail has reddish-orange eyespot with black along lower border touching inner edge of hindwing or at least not a centered eyespot.
Wing Span: 2 1/2 - 3 inches (6.5 - 7.5 cm).
Life History: Females lay eggs singly on the host plant, and newly-hatched caterpillars eat the leaves. Older caterpillars feeding on plants of the parsley family prefer to eat the flowers. Chrysalids overwinter.
Flight: In north, one flight in late May-July; two flights in south.
Caterpillar Hosts: Sagebrushes (Artemisia species), including Arctic wormwood and wild tarragon, rarely plants in the parsley family.
Adult Food: Flower nectar.
Habitat: Open hilltops, mountain meadows, tundra.
Range: Holarctic. In North America, south from Alaska to northern British Colombia, east across Canada to western Quebec. Southern British Colombia south through New Mexico. Comments: Includes , P. oregonius and P. bairdii.
Conservation: Not noted as of concern, but is rare or uncommon.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 17, 2014 janazak Yukon Territory, Canada August 27, 2014 Details
August 21, 2014 matthewjcampbell Walla Walla County, Washington, United States August 27, 2014 Details
June 22, 2014 janazak Yukon Territory, Canada June 26, 2014 Details
June 04, 2014 Waskeyroad Dillingham Borough, Alaska, United States June 15, 2014 Details
May 15, 2014 plex1ppus Lincoln County, Washington, United States May 27, 2014 Details
September 05, 2013 COA1955 Morgan County, Colorado, United States December 08, 2013 Details
June 26, 2013 LJodwalis Yukon-Koyukuk Borough, Alaska, United States July 20, 2013 Details
April 22, 1986 legacy.reporter (George T. Austin) Lincoln County, Nevada, United States December 01, 2012 Details
July 30, 1987 legacy.reporter (William S. Swisher) Coconino County, Arizona, United States December 01, 2012 Details
April 22, 1998 pcastrovillo Boise County, Idaho, United States February 29, 2012 Details
May 05, 1980 legacy.reporter (Felix Sperling) Coconino County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2012 Details
May 27, 1980 legacy.reporter (Felix Sperling) Coconino County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2012 Details
August 06, 1980 legacy.reporter (George T. Austin) Elko County, Nevada, United States January 01, 2012 Details
July 31, 2010 Tom Middagh Johnson County, Wyoming, United States May 25, 2011 Details
July 03, 1976 legacy.reporter (Jim Brock) San Bernardino County, California, United States May 01, 2011 Details
July 03, 2006 stevecary (David Ferguson) Torrance County, New Mexico, United States February 04, 2011 Details
June 29, 1980 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Coconino County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
July 04, 1984 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Coconino County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
July 05, 1984 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Coconino County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
July 10, 1995 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Coconino County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
August 01, 1994 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Coconino County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
July 11, 1993 legacy.reporter (Kevin Davenport) Yavapai County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
May 27, 1990 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Coconino County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
June 09, 1995 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Yavapai County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
July 21, 2011 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Yavapai County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
July 24, 2011 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Yavapai County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
July 24, 2011 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Yavapai County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
August 04, 1994 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Apache County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
August 05, 1994 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Apache County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
July 04, 2007 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Apache County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
July 23, 1968 legacy.reporter (Clifford D. Ferris) Apache County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
August 27, 1968 legacy.reporter (James R. Mori) Coconino County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
August 21, 1968 legacy.reporter (Clifford D. Ferris) Cochise County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
June 08, 1973 legacy.reporter (Ronald S. Wielgus) Coconino County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
June 09, 1973 legacy.reporter (Ronald S. Wielgus) Coconino County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
July 25, 1969 legacy.reporter (Peter Herlan) Lander County, Nevada, United States January 01, 2011 Details
June 20, 1971 legacy.reporter (James A. Scott) Lander County, Nevada, United States January 01, 2011 Details
August 01, 1994 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Coconino County, Arizona, United States January 01, 2011 Details
June 28, 1981 legacy.reporter (Wayne Dawes) San Bernardino County, California, United States March 09, 2010 Details
June 06, 1981 legacy.reporter (Wayne Dawes) San Bernardino County, California, United States March 09, 2010 Details
July 04, 1979 legacy.reporter (Wayne Dawes) San Bernardino County, California, United States March 09, 2010 Details
July 08, 1979 legacy.reporter (Wayne Dawes) San Bernardino County, California, United States March 09, 2010 Details
July 29, 1966 legacy.reporter (Hamilton Tyler) San Bernardino County, California, United States January 25, 2010 Details
June 19, 1977 legacy.reporter (Bruce O'Hara) San Bernardino County, California, United States January 07, 2010 Details
July 17, 1977 legacy.reporter (Bruce O'Hara) San Bernardino County, California, United States January 07, 2010 Details
July 04, 1976 legacy.reporter (Wayne Dawes) San Bernardino County, California, United States January 07, 2010 Details
July 18, 1976 legacy.reporter (Wayne Dawes) San Bernardino County, California, United States January 07, 2010 Details
June 15, 1968 legacy.reporter (R. Breedlove, J. Mori) San Bernardino County, California, United States January 06, 2010 Details
July 14, 1985 legacy.reporter (Richard Breedllove) San Bernardino County, California, United States January 05, 2010 Details
August 04, 1907 legacy.reporter (J. A. Comstock) San Bernardino County, California, United States January 04, 2010 Details