Attributes of Papilio glaucus

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Papilio glaucus Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Male is yellow with dark tiger stripes. Female has 2 forms: one yellow like the male and the other black with shadows of dark stripes. Hindwing of both female forms has a row of striking blue chevrons and an iridescent blue wash over parts of the interior hindwing. The upperside hindwing has a prominent orange marginal spot that is generally larger than the row of pale marginal spots. On the underside of forewing of spring individuals the row of marginal spots may be merged into a continuous band, thus appearing similar to the Canadian Tiger Swallowtail.
Wing Span: 2 1/2 - 4 1/2 inches (6.2 - 11.4 cm).
Life History: Two broods in the north, three in the south. Males patrol for receptive females. Females lay eggs singly on host leaves. Caterpillars eat leaves and rest on silken mats on the upper surface of leaves. Chrysalids overwinter.
Flight: 3 flights from February-November in Deep South; 2 flights from May-September in north.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of various plants including wild cherry (Prunus), sweetbay (Magnolia), basswood (Tilia), tulip tree (Liriodendron), birch (Betula), ash (Fraxinus), cottonwood (Populus), mountain ash (Sorbus), and willow (Salix).
Adult Food: Nectar of flowers from a variety of plants including wild cherry and lilac (Syringa vulgaris). Milkweed (Asclepias) and Joe-Pye Weed [Eupatorium] are favorites in summer.
Habitat: Deciduous broadleaf woods, forest edges, river valleys, parks, and suburbs.
Range: Eastern North America from Ontario south to Gulf coast, west to Colorado plains and central Texas.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio glaucus

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Papilio glaucus - Papilio_glaucus_intermediate_Basham-crop.jpg

Papilio glaucus - Papilio_glaucus_intermediate_Basham-crop.jpg
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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
June 20, 2015 lisagorn Otsego County, New York, United States January 31, 2016 Details
July 17, 2009 Ilse Gebhard Kalamazoo County, Michigan, United States January 20, 2016 Details
June 03, 2009 dlemaste Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States January 09, 2016 Details
July 09, 2015 J_Martineau Dakota County, Minnesota, United States December 16, 2015 Details
September 12, 2015 firewoman Fayette County, Georgia, United States December 15, 2015 Details
November 16, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States December 03, 2015 Details
October 29, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States October 29, 2015 Details
August 05, 2015 Kee Oth Forsyth County, Georgia, United States October 15, 2015 Details
September 04, 2015 PDunwiddie Fulton County, Georgia, United States October 15, 2015 Details
September 04, 2015 PDunwiddie Fulton County, Georgia, United States October 15, 2015 Details
September 13, 2015 Niayre Cobb County, Georgia, United States October 15, 2015 Details
September 25, 2015 Danhale Winnebago County, Wisconsin, United States October 04, 2015 Details
September 16, 2015 K Stilwell Tazewell County, Virginia, United States October 04, 2015 Details
September 13, 2015 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States October 02, 2015 Details
September 19, 2015 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States October 02, 2015 Details
September 19, 2015 n_meadows_jr Alexandria City County, Virginia, United States October 02, 2015 Details
September 05, 2015 n_meadows_jr Alexandria City County, Virginia, United States October 02, 2015 Details
September 01, 2015 n_meadows_jr Alexandria City County, Virginia, United States October 02, 2015 Details
August 17, 2013 woodcrvr Dubuque County, Iowa, United States September 29, 2015 Details
September 26, 2015 Nancee Cobb Washington County, Florida, United States September 29, 2015 Details
August 12, 2015 AllStarMom02 Daviess County, Kentucky, United States September 25, 2015 Details
August 15, 2015 janman Green Lake County, Wisconsin, United States September 22, 2015 Details
September 16, 2015 EarlyDawnPhotography Grant County, Kentucky, United States September 22, 2015 Details
September 12, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States September 14, 2015 Details
September 06, 2015 KZelewsky Du Page County, Illinois, United States September 13, 2015 Details
September 07, 2015 Wethreeducks Fairfax County, Virginia, United States September 12, 2015 Details
August 20, 2015 Cathy110 James City County, Virginia, United States September 10, 2015 Details
August 26, 2015 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States September 10, 2015 Details
August 27, 2015 catmint20906 Montgomery County, Maryland, United States September 10, 2015 Details
August 29, 2015 John LeBlanc Madison County, Virginia, United States September 10, 2015 Details
September 09, 2015 Wethreeducks Fairfax County, Virginia, United States September 10, 2015 Details
September 09, 2015 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States September 10, 2015 Details
September 06, 2015 stephen stedman Stewart County, Tennessee, United States September 09, 2015 Details
August 17, 2015 Judy Ross Hamilton County, Ohio, United States September 09, 2015 Details
September 07, 2015 stephen stedman Perry County, Tennessee, United States September 09, 2015 Details
September 08, 2015 stomlins701 Elmore County, Alabama, United States September 09, 2015 Details
September 08, 2015 stomlins701 Elmore County, Alabama, United States September 09, 2015 Details
September 03, 2015 Divergrl96 Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States September 09, 2015 Details
July 29, 2015 Trailmaker Jefferson County, Ohio, United States September 08, 2015 Details
August 20, 2015 Trailmaker Jefferson County, Ohio, United States September 08, 2015 Details
September 07, 2015 lilkriskattn Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2015 Details
September 07, 2015 lilkriskattn Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2015 Details
August 07, 2015 Brendamouse Allen County, Indiana, United States September 08, 2015 Details
August 22, 2015 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States September 06, 2015 Details
August 10, 2015 isntshelucky81 Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States September 06, 2015 Details
August 21, 2015 Kzfisherman Grant County, Wisconsin, United States September 06, 2015 Details
August 21, 2015 Kzfisherman Grant County, Wisconsin, United States September 06, 2015 Details
August 21, 2015 Kzfisherman Grant County, Wisconsin, United States September 06, 2015 Details
August 08, 2015 jahnke Dakota County, Minnesota, United States September 06, 2015 Details
August 26, 2015 AnnL Todd County, Minnesota, United States September 06, 2015 Details