Attributes of Papilio glaucus

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Papilio glaucus Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Male is yellow with dark tiger stripes. Female has 2 forms: one yellow like the male and the other black with shadows of dark stripes. Hindwing of both female forms has a row of striking blue chevrons and an iridescent blue wash over parts of the interior hindwing. The upperside hindwing has a prominent orange marginal spot that is generally larger than the row of pale marginal spots. On the underside of forewing of spring individuals the row of marginal spots may be merged into a continuous band, thus appearing similar to the Canadian Tiger Swallowtail.
Wing Span: 2 1/2 - 4 1/2 inches (6.2 - 11.4 cm).
Life History: Two broods in the north, three in the south. Males patrol for receptive females. Females lay eggs singly on host leaves. Caterpillars eat leaves and rest on silken mats on the upper surface of leaves. Chrysalids overwinter.
Flight: 3 flights from February-November in Deep South; 2 flights from May-September in north.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of various plants including wild cherry (Prunus), sweetbay (Magnolia), basswood (Tilia), tulip tree (Liriodendron), birch (Betula), ash (Fraxinus), cottonwood (Populus), mountain ash (Sorbus), and willow (Salix).
Adult Food: Nectar of flowers from a variety of plants including wild cherry and lilac (Syringa vulgaris). Milkweed (Asclepias) and Joe-Pye Weed [Eupatorium] are favorites in summer.
Habitat: Deciduous broadleaf woods, forest edges, river valleys, parks, and suburbs.
Range: Eastern North America from Ontario south to Gulf coast, west to Colorado plains and central Texas.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio glaucus

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Papilio glaucus - Papilio_glaucus_intermediate_Basham-crop.jpg

Papilio glaucus - Papilio_glaucus_intermediate_Basham-crop.jpg
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Papilio glaucus - Papilio_glaucus-2-Carol-Adams-cropped.jpg
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Papilio glaucus - papilio_glaucus_glaucus_caterpillar4_raisingbutterflies.jpg
Papilio glaucus - femaleTigerswallowtail-Simons.jpg

Papilio glaucus - femaleTigerswallowtail-Simons.jpg
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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 17, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 19, 2014 Details
August 02, 2013 tigralynx Clermont County, Ohio, United States April 17, 2014 Details
April 13, 2014 raffdolphin Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States April 15, 2014 Details
April 15, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 15, 2014 Details
April 12, 2014 Debbie Taylor Pope County, Arkansas, United States April 13, 2014 Details
April 09, 2014 stomlins701 Cocke County, Tennessee, United States April 11, 2014 Details
April 10, 2014 stephen stedman Pickett County, Tennessee, United States April 10, 2014 Details
April 10, 2014 von40827 Leslie County, Kentucky, United States April 10, 2014 Details
April 10, 2014 von40827 Leslie County, Kentucky, United States April 10, 2014 Details
April 25, 2013 John Many Wings Frederick County, Maryland, United States April 07, 2014 Details
August 13, 2013 John Many Wings Frederick County, Maryland, United States April 07, 2014 Details
August 04, 2013 Martha Veasey Sawyer Sevier County, Tennessee, United States April 07, 2014 Details
April 02, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 03, 2014 Details
April 01, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 01, 2014 Details
April 01, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 01, 2014 Details
March 30, 2014 Doug Bruce Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States March 31, 2014 Details
March 30, 2014 Kimberly Mrozinski Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States March 31, 2014 Details
July 27, 2013 ellenjones6 Franklin County, New York, United States March 20, 2014 Details
July 22, 2012 rosenthal.k Fairfax County, Virginia, United States March 16, 2014 Details
July 19, 2012 rosenthal.k Fairfax County, Virginia, United States March 16, 2014 Details
August 09, 2012 rosenthal.k Fairfax County, Virginia, United States March 16, 2014 Details
July 25, 2008 giardini57 Elbert County, Georgia, United States March 04, 2014 Details
August 30, 2012 Terry W. Johnson Monroe County, Georgia, United States March 04, 2014 Details
August 09, 2013 M Kauf Cabell County, West Virginia, United States March 02, 2014 Details
August 28, 2012 rosenthal.k Fairfax County, Virginia, United States February 17, 2014 Details
September 03, 2013 frenchroast Orange County, Vermont, United States February 11, 2014 Details
August 12, 2013 Kimberchick Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, United States February 11, 2014 Details
October 07, 2011 julmast Elkhart County, Indiana, United States February 11, 2014 Details
July 20, 2013 Joansz New Haven County, Connecticut, United States February 06, 2014 Details
July 29, 2013 barry1724 Connecticut, United States February 06, 2014 Details
July 12, 2013 jr.berry Union County, New Jersey, United States February 05, 2014 Details
July 12, 2013 jr.berry Union County, New Jersey, United States February 05, 2014 Details
August 05, 2013 chappell Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States February 05, 2014 Details
July 24, 2005 giardini57 Elbert County, Georgia, United States February 05, 2014 Details
July 13, 2013 jr.berry Union County, New Jersey, United States January 29, 2014 Details
July 15, 2013 Lisann Bergen County, New Jersey, United States January 29, 2014 Details
July 21, 2013 Jarrettbangs Burlington County, New Jersey, United States January 29, 2014 Details
August 01, 2013 rmas32 Essex County, New Jersey, United States January 29, 2014 Details
June 16, 2013 soluslupus13 Ontario, Canada January 23, 2014 Details
July 12, 2013 soluslupus13 Ontario, Canada January 23, 2014 Details
July 31, 2013 soluslupus13 Ontario, Canada January 23, 2014 Details
August 16, 2013 raptorrunner Thurston County, Nebraska, United States January 22, 2014 Details
June 15, 2013 Dick Ratliff Madison County, Tennessee, United States January 17, 2014 Details
August 17, 2013 michaeloberg Webster County, Iowa, United States January 16, 2014 Details
September 23, 2013 9kids4us Marion County, Iowa, United States January 16, 2014 Details
June 07, 2013 BrianH Midland County, Michigan, United States December 31, 2013 Details
August 15, 2013 Zeus79 Macomb County, Michigan, United States November 15, 2013 Details
August 20, 2013 Lisa Weikel Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States November 09, 2013 Details
June 20, 2012 eal79 Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States November 04, 2013 Details
July 21, 2013 AngelaCoco Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States November 03, 2013 Details