Attributes of Papilio glaucus

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Papilio glaucus Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Male is yellow with dark tiger stripes. Female has 2 forms: one yellow like the male and the other black with shadows of dark stripes. Hindwing of both female forms has a row of striking blue chevrons and an iridescent blue wash over parts of the interior hindwing. The upperside hindwing has a prominent orange marginal spot that is generally larger than the row of pale marginal spots. On the underside of forewing of spring individuals the row of marginal spots may be merged into a continuous band, thus appearing similar to the Canadian Tiger Swallowtail.
Wing Span: 2 1/2 - 4 1/2 inches (6.2 - 11.4 cm).
Life History: Two broods in the north, three in the south. Males patrol for receptive females. Females lay eggs singly on host leaves. Caterpillars eat leaves and rest on silken mats on the upper surface of leaves. Chrysalids overwinter.
Flight: 3 flights from February-November in Deep South; 2 flights from May-September in north.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of various plants including wild cherry (Prunus), sweetbay (Magnolia), basswood (Tilia), tulip tree (Liriodendron), birch (Betula), ash (Fraxinus), cottonwood (Populus), mountain ash (Sorbus), and willow (Salix).
Adult Food: Nectar of flowers from a variety of plants including wild cherry and lilac (Syringa vulgaris). Milkweed (Asclepias) and Joe-Pye Weed [Eupatorium] are favorites in summer.
Habitat: Deciduous broadleaf woods, forest edges, river valleys, parks, and suburbs.
Range: Eastern North America from Ontario south to Gulf coast, west to Colorado plains and central Texas.
Conservation: Not required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio glaucus

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 29, 2016 Swazee04 Bedford County, Virginia, United States August 29, 2016 Details
August 28, 2016 Hailee Rae De Witt County, Illinois, United States August 28, 2016 Details
August 21, 2016 crazyhorse Clay County, Missouri, United States August 27, 2016 Details
April 12, 2016 KristenR White County, Tennessee, United States August 27, 2016 Details
August 27, 2016 KristenR White County, Tennessee, United States August 27, 2016 Details
July 16, 2016 Anne Wills Putnam County, West Virginia, United States August 26, 2016 Details
July 16, 2016 Anne Wills Putnam County, West Virginia, United States August 26, 2016 Details
August 21, 2016 Dwaine Wagoner Natrona County, Wyoming, United States August 25, 2016 Details
August 23, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 25, 2016 Details
July 26, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2016 Details
November 03, 2014 jwunder3 Orange County, Florida, United States August 24, 2016 Details
July 10, 2016 Anne Wills Putnam County, West Virginia, United States August 24, 2016 Details
August 24, 2016 Joeyaunan Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States August 24, 2016 Details
July 09, 2016 Anne Wills Putnam County, West Virginia, United States August 23, 2016 Details
July 20, 2016 Abbw Calloway County, Kentucky, United States August 22, 2016 Details
August 17, 2016 Sue Allie Lake County, Florida, United States August 20, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 Ansel Oommen Queens County, New York, United States August 20, 2016 Details
August 17, 2016 joep01 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States August 19, 2016 Details
August 18, 2016 joep01 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States August 19, 2016 Details
August 19, 2016 iwong51 Fayette County, Kentucky, United States August 19, 2016 Details
August 06, 2016 Kzfisherman McHenry County, Illinois, United States August 18, 2016 Details
August 14, 2016 CA Ivy Crawford County, Arkansas, United States August 18, 2016 Details
August 14, 2016 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States August 18, 2016 Details
August 17, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 17, 2016 Details
August 17, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 17, 2016 Details
August 16, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 16, 2016 Details
August 16, 2016 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States August 16, 2016 Details
August 16, 2016 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States August 16, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 Melinda Fawver Overton County, Tennessee, United States August 15, 2016 Details
August 06, 2016 Doug Bruce Anderson County, Tennessee, United States August 14, 2016 Details
August 14, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 14, 2016 Details
August 14, 2016 sadlerl Tippecanoe County, Indiana, United States August 14, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 mary2gail Davidson County, Tennessee, United States August 14, 2016 Details
August 14, 2016 Jo Roy Polk County, Georgia, United States August 14, 2016 Details
August 11, 2016 Wendie Washington County, Tennessee, United States August 13, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 jetboulder@aol.com Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States August 12, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 jetboulder@aol.com Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States August 12, 2016 Details
August 12, 2016 Charcroson Washtenaw County, Michigan, United States August 12, 2016 Details
August 02, 2014 RWC25419 Berkeley County, West Virginia, United States August 12, 2016 Details
August 10, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 11, 2016 Details
July 15, 2016 air3bwm Floyd County, Indiana, United States August 09, 2016 Details
August 07, 2016 joep01 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States August 09, 2016 Details
July 23, 2016 KS.trailwalker Franklin County, Kansas, United States August 06, 2016 Details
August 04, 2016 SherriWood Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States August 05, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 Traveling_Gopher Loudon County, Tennessee, United States August 05, 2016 Details
August 05, 2016 Hailee Rae De Witt County, Illinois, United States August 05, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 04, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 04, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 04, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 ButterBelle White County, Tennessee, United States August 04, 2016 Details