Attributes of Papilio troilus

Spicebush Swallowtail
Papilio troilus Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of forewing is mostly black with ivory spots along margin. Upper surface of hindwing has orange spot on costal margin and sheen of bluish (female) or bluish-green (male) scales. Underside of hindwing with pale green marginal spots.
Wing Span: 3 - 4 inches (7.5 - 10 cm).
Life History: Males patrol in woods, roads and woodland edges to find receptive females. Females lay single eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars live in shelters of folded-over leaves and come out to feed at night. Some chrysalids from each generation hibernate.
Flight: 2 generations per year from April-October. In Florida, several generations between March-December.
Caterpillar Hosts: Spicebush (Lindera benzoin), sassafras trees (Sassafras albidum); perhaps prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera), sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana), camphor (Cinnamomum camphora), and redbay (Persea borbonia).
Adult Food: Nectar from Japanese honeysuckle, jewelweed, thistles, milkweed, azalea, dogbane, lantana, mimosa, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands, fields, roadsides, yards, pine barrens, wooded swamps, and parks.
Range: Eastern states from southern Canada to Florida; west to Oklahoma and central Texas. Occasionally strays to North Dakota, central Colorado, and Cuba.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio troilus

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Papilio troilus - Papilio-troilus-Bob-Moul-491.jpg
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Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail2_small.jpg

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Papilio troilus - Papilio_troilus2.jpg


Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail_small.jpg

Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail_small.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 25, 2014 cyric Providence County, Rhode Island, United States July 31, 2014 Details
July 06, 2014 Lauenstein Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States July 31, 2014 Details
July 28, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States July 31, 2014 Details
July 31, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States July 31, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 gldearman Jefferson County, Florida, United States July 31, 2014 Details
July 25, 2014 vision_m Texas, Morris County, United States July 29, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 ddodd Marshall County, Alabama, United States July 29, 2014 Details
July 24, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 27, 2014 Details
May 19, 2014 stomlins701 Sevier County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2014 Details
July 07, 2014 emgallaher Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States July 21, 2014 Details
June 15, 2013 kstoss9 Essex County, Massachusetts, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 11, 2014 digginflowers Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States July 13, 2014 Details
June 29, 2014 grayhairstreak New Castle County, Delaware, United States July 13, 2014 Details
July 12, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States July 12, 2014 Details
August 12, 2013 AngelaCoco Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States July 11, 2014 Details
May 18, 2014 britches Bartholomew County, Indiana, United States July 06, 2014 Details
September 17, 2010 julmast Elkhart County, Indiana, United States July 05, 2014 Details
June 29, 2014 peggyt67 Claiborne County, Tennessee, United States July 04, 2014 Details
May 19, 2014 galby Ingham County, Michigan, United States July 01, 2014 Details
June 17, 2014 vision_m Dallam County, Texas, United States June 20, 2014 Details
June 06, 2014 pattiep9 Tazewell County, Illinois, United States June 12, 2014 Details
May 25, 2014 Mary Ann Ortego Texas, Sabine County, United States June 11, 2014 Details
May 29, 2014 ozcomomoths Ozark County, Missouri, United States June 10, 2014 Details
May 24, 2014 cyric Washington County, Rhode Island, United States June 05, 2014 Details
May 31, 2014 Michelle Noonan Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States June 05, 2014 Details
May 18, 2014 mrcnaturally New Castle County, Delaware, United States June 03, 2014 Details
May 03, 2014 emitter Prince Georges County, Maryland, United States June 03, 2014 Details
August 24, 2012 lauraLOVESbirds Chesapeake City County, Virginia, United States June 03, 2014 Details
May 01, 2014 Jonathan Williams Jackson County, Tennessee, United States May 19, 2014 Details
May 03, 2014 Jason Sturner Graham County, North Carolina, United States May 13, 2014 Details
May 12, 2014 mrcnaturally Westchester County, New York, United States May 12, 2014 Details
May 07, 2014 CA Ivy Johnson County, Arkansas, United States May 08, 2014 Details
February 10, 2014 Lester99 Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States May 05, 2014 Details
April 30, 2014 xashleyjanelle Polk County, Florida, United States May 01, 2014 Details
April 26, 2014 tomfishburn Vinton County, Ohio, United States May 01, 2014 Details
April 26, 2014 Melinda Fawver Claiborne County, Tennessee, United States April 27, 2014 Details
April 22, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 23, 2014 Details
April 20, 2014 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States April 21, 2014 Details
July 27, 2013 AngelaCoco Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States April 12, 2014 Details
May 25, 2013 John Many Wings Frederick County, Maryland, United States April 07, 2014 Details
August 11, 2013 Martha Veasey Sawyer Montgomery County, Virginia, United States April 07, 2014 Details
March 25, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States March 28, 2014 Details
March 26, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States March 28, 2014 Details
May 06, 2013 curtis.lehman Ohio County, West Virginia, United States March 19, 2014 Details
July 22, 2012 rosenthal.k Fairfax County, Virginia, United States March 16, 2014 Details
March 10, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States March 15, 2014 Details
August 22, 2013 KEITA53154 Oconee County, South Carolina, United States February 25, 2014 Details
July 17, 2013 lunagirl Westchester County, New York, United States February 20, 2014 Details
November 16, 2013 piscesxo8 Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States February 20, 2014 Details
July 29, 2013 barry1724 Connecticut, United States February 07, 2014 Details