Attributes of Papilio troilus

Spicebush Swallowtail
Papilio troilus Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of forewing is mostly black with ivory spots along margin. Upper surface of hindwing has orange spot on costal margin and sheen of bluish (female) or bluish-green (male) scales. Underside of hindwing with pale green marginal spots.
Wing Span: 3 - 4 inches (7.5 - 10 cm).
Life History: Males patrol in woods, roads and woodland edges to find receptive females. Females lay single eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars live in shelters of folded-over leaves and come out to feed at night. Some chrysalids from each generation hibernate.
Flight: 2 generations per year from April-October. In Florida, several generations between March-December.
Caterpillar Hosts: Spicebush (Lindera benzoin), sassafras trees (Sassafras albidum); perhaps prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera), sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana), camphor (Cinnamomum camphora), and redbay (Persea borbonia).
Adult Food: Nectar from Japanese honeysuckle, jewelweed, thistles, milkweed, azalea, dogbane, lantana, mimosa, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands, fields, roadsides, yards, pine barrens, wooded swamps, and parks.
Range: Eastern states from southern Canada to Florida; west to Oklahoma and central Texas. Occasionally strays to North Dakota, central Colorado, and Cuba.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio troilus

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Papilio troilus - Papilio-troilus-Bob-Moul-491.jpg
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Papilio troilus - Papilio_troilus2.jpg


Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail_small.jpg

Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail_small.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 27, 2013 AngelaCoco Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States April 12, 2014 Details
May 25, 2013 John Many Wings Frederick County, Maryland, United States April 07, 2014 Details
August 11, 2013 Martha Veasey Sawyer Montgomery County, Virginia, United States April 07, 2014 Details
March 25, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States March 28, 2014 Details
March 26, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States March 28, 2014 Details
May 06, 2013 curtis.lehman Ohio County, West Virginia, United States March 19, 2014 Details
July 22, 2012 rosenthal.k Fairfax County, Virginia, United States March 16, 2014 Details
March 10, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States March 15, 2014 Details
August 22, 2013 KEITA53154 Oconee County, South Carolina, United States February 25, 2014 Details
July 17, 2013 lunagirl Westchester County, New York, United States February 20, 2014 Details
November 16, 2013 piscesxo8 Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States February 20, 2014 Details
July 29, 2013 barry1724 Connecticut, United States February 07, 2014 Details
May 26, 2013 lepisolli Union County, New Jersey, United States February 05, 2014 Details
September 23, 2013 Chip Krilowicz Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States January 30, 2014 Details
July 23, 2013 jr.berry Union County, New Jersey, United States January 29, 2014 Details
August 06, 2013 jr.berry Union County, New Jersey, United States January 29, 2014 Details
July 21, 2012 luckie322 Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States January 17, 2014 Details
July 18, 2013 Dick Ratliff Madison County, Tennessee, United States January 17, 2014 Details
September 15, 2013 wildman Charleston County, South Carolina, United States December 01, 2013 Details
November 02, 2013 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States November 07, 2013 Details
July 06, 2013 dandtkienzle Tate County, Mississippi, United States October 29, 2013 Details
October 20, 2013 Batreda Raditsas Amelia County, Virginia, United States October 22, 2013 Details
July 25, 2013 Jean Thorne Burke County, North Carolina, United States October 18, 2013 Details
September 30, 2013 amberadele Newton County, Missouri, United States October 12, 2013 Details
October 02, 2013 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States October 12, 2013 Details
September 28, 2013 ldumais Tolland County, Connecticut, United States October 08, 2013 Details
October 03, 2013 Gary The Villages Sumter County, Florida, United States October 04, 2013 Details
September 25, 2013 annhsatt Polk County, Florida, United States September 30, 2013 Details
September 27, 2013 Marilyn v Hiller Florida, United States September 30, 2013 Details
June 06, 2010 Michael Melchiore Massachusetts, United States September 29, 2013 Details
July 28, 2013 pieterm Montgomery County, Maryland, United States September 27, 2013 Details
August 05, 2013 grayhairstreak New Castle County, Delaware, United States September 25, 2013 Details
September 22, 2013 Jennifer Weaver Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States September 25, 2013 Details
September 12, 2013 billmeye Middlesex County, Connecticut, United States September 19, 2013 Details
September 18, 2013 mzfkinard Lexington County, South Carolina, United States September 18, 2013 Details
September 16, 2013 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 17, 2013 Details
September 14, 2013 treichard Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States September 15, 2013 Details
September 15, 2013 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 15, 2013 Details
September 07, 2013 Nancee Cobb Calhoun County, Florida, United States September 10, 2013 Details
August 04, 2013 Doug Bruce Clay County, Tennessee, United States September 10, 2013 Details
August 04, 2013 Doug Bruce Macon County, Tennessee, United States September 10, 2013 Details
September 06, 2013 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States September 07, 2013 Details
August 23, 2013 Llstpierre Hartford County, Connecticut, United States September 04, 2013 Details
August 28, 2013 cyric Washington County, Rhode Island, United States September 04, 2013 Details
September 01, 2013 adulskiy Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States September 04, 2013 Details
September 04, 2013 janetsmommy Indiana, United States September 04, 2013 Details
September 04, 2013 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 04, 2013 Details
July 17, 2013 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 04, 2013 Details
August 01, 2013 candicetrimble Virginia, United States, Warren County September 02, 2013 Details
August 14, 2013 treichard Prince Georges County, Maryland, United States September 02, 2013 Details