Attributes of Papilio troilus

Spicebush Swallowtail
Papilio troilus Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of forewing is mostly black with ivory spots along margin. Upper surface of hindwing has orange spot on costal margin and sheen of bluish (female) or bluish-green (male) scales. Underside of hindwing with pale green marginal spots.
Wing Span: 3 - 4 inches (7.5 - 10 cm).
Life History: Males patrol in woods, roads and woodland edges to find receptive females. Females lay single eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars live in shelters of folded-over leaves and come out to feed at night. Some chrysalids from each generation hibernate.
Flight: 2 generations per year from April-October. In Florida, several generations between March-December.
Caterpillar Hosts: Spicebush (Lindera benzoin), sassafras trees (Sassafras albidum); perhaps prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera), sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana), camphor (Cinnamomum camphora), and redbay (Persea borbonia).
Adult Food: Nectar from Japanese honeysuckle, jewelweed, thistles, milkweed, azalea, dogbane, lantana, mimosa, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands, fields, roadsides, yards, pine barrens, wooded swamps, and parks.
Range: Eastern states from southern Canada to Florida; west to Oklahoma and central Texas. Occasionally strays to North Dakota, central Colorado, and Cuba.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio troilus

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Papilio troilus - Papilio-troilus-Bob-Moul-491.jpg
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Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail2_small.jpg

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Papilio troilus - Papilio_troilus2.jpg


Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail_small.jpg

Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail_small.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 10, 2014 DROBBINS Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States September 23, 2014 Details
August 10, 2014 DROBBINS Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States September 23, 2014 Details
September 05, 2014 Ansel Oommen Queens County, New York, United States September 14, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 HHowell Grainger County, Tennessee, United States September 12, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 mleibsla Carroll County, Ohio, United States September 11, 2014 Details
August 02, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 09, 2014 Details
September 06, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States September 07, 2014 Details
August 31, 2014 AnneJ Jefferson County, Pennsylvania, United States September 06, 2014 Details
September 04, 2014 Ansel Oommen Queens County, New York, United States September 05, 2014 Details
August 31, 2014 arcturusangel Harrison County, Texas, United States September 04, 2014 Details
August 31, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States September 04, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States September 03, 2014 Details
August 03, 2010 dpford Watauga County, North Carolina, United States August 30, 2014 Details
August 22, 2013 TheWayfarer21 Onslow County, North Carolina, United States August 30, 2014 Details
August 24, 2014 maria.hoffman6@gmail.com Suffolk County, New York, United States August 29, 2014 Details
August 29, 2014 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States August 29, 2014 Details
August 28, 2014 chherrmann Suffolk County, New York, United States August 28, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 S_S_B Wilkes County, North Carolina, United States August 27, 2014 Details
August 27, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States August 27, 2014 Details
August 24, 2014 Smokin270 York County, Pennsylvania, United States August 26, 2014 Details
August 25, 2014 nokility Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States August 26, 2014 Details
August 26, 2014 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States August 26, 2014 Details
August 23, 2014 stephen stedman Pickett County, Tennessee, United States August 24, 2014 Details
August 24, 2014 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States August 24, 2014 Details
August 20, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States August 22, 2014 Details
August 04, 2014 marquy Wayne County, Michigan, United States August 18, 2014 Details
July 22, 2014 satchmo0802 Albemarle County, Virginia, United States August 16, 2014 Details
July 22, 2014 satchmo0802 Albemarle County, Virginia, United States August 16, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 grayhairstreak Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States August 15, 2014 Details
August 11, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 12, 2014 Details
August 04, 2014 KristyBaker Rutherford County, Tennessee, United States August 11, 2014 Details
May 10, 2014 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States August 10, 2014 Details
August 02, 2014 hunter58 Hernando County, Florida, United States August 10, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States August 09, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 KristyBaker DeKalb County, Tennessee, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 04, 2014 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States August 05, 2014 Details
August 01, 2014 alesya123 Blount County, Tennessee, United States August 05, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States August 04, 2014 Details
July 09, 2014 Elaine Link Macoupin County, Illinois, United States August 04, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 Doug Bruce Moore County, Tennessee, United States August 04, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 emitter Prince Georges County, Maryland, United States August 02, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States August 01, 2014 Details
August 01, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 01, 2014 Details
July 25, 2014 cyric Providence County, Rhode Island, United States July 31, 2014 Details
July 06, 2014 Lauenstein Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States July 31, 2014 Details
July 28, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States July 31, 2014 Details
July 31, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States July 31, 2014 Details
July 20, 2014 gldearman Jefferson County, Florida, United States July 31, 2014 Details
July 25, 2014 vision_m Texas, Morris County, United States July 29, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 ddodd Marshall County, Alabama, United States July 29, 2014 Details