Attributes of Papilio troilus

Spicebush Swallowtail
Papilio troilus Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of forewing is mostly black with ivory spots along margin. Upper surface of hindwing has orange spot on costal margin and sheen of bluish (female) or bluish-green (male) scales. Underside of hindwing with pale green marginal spots.
Wing Span: 3 - 4 inches (7.5 - 10 cm).
Life History: Males patrol in woods, roads and woodland edges to find receptive females. Females lay single eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars live in shelters of folded-over leaves and come out to feed at night. Some chrysalids from each generation hibernate.
Flight: 2 generations per year from April-October. In Florida, several generations between March-December.
Caterpillar Hosts: Spicebush (Lindera benzoin), sassafras trees (Sassafras albidum); perhaps prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera), sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana), camphor (Cinnamomum camphora), and redbay (Persea borbonia).
Adult Food: Nectar from Japanese honeysuckle, jewelweed, thistles, milkweed, azalea, dogbane, lantana, mimosa, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands, fields, roadsides, yards, pine barrens, wooded swamps, and parks.
Range: Eastern states from southern Canada to Florida; west to Oklahoma and central Texas. Occasionally strays to North Dakota, central Colorado, and Cuba.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio troilus

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Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail_small.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 28, 2016 Stylurus Washtenaw County, Michigan, United States August 28, 2016 Details
August 26, 2016 KristenR White County, Tennessee, United States August 27, 2016 Details
July 16, 2016 Anne Wills Putnam County, West Virginia, United States August 26, 2016 Details
August 23, 2016 ladybug73 Brevard County, Florida, United States August 24, 2016 Details
August 23, 2016 joep01 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States August 24, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 S. J. Stedman (Susan E. Pirolo) Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 22, 2016 Details
August 10, 2013 DCLinck Clark County, Arkansas, United States August 21, 2016 Details
August 14, 2016 CA Ivy Crawford County, Arkansas, United States August 18, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 CCTNYC Pennsylvania, United States August 16, 2016 Details
August 16, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 16, 2016 Details
August 16, 2016 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States August 16, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 Doug Bruce Overton County, Tennessee, United States August 15, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 elegrand Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 15, 2016 Details
August 06, 2016 Doug Bruce Anderson County, Tennessee, United States August 14, 2016 Details
April 24, 2016 rdhealy1951@aol.com Hart County, Kentucky, United States August 13, 2016 Details
August 07, 2016 saapple Venango County, Pennsylvania, United States August 09, 2016 Details
July 14, 2016 air3bwm Floyd County, Indiana, United States August 04, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 ButterBelle White County, Tennessee, United States August 04, 2016 Details
August 01, 2016 lumpydave84 Suffolk County, New York, United States August 02, 2016 Details
July 31, 2016 lumpydave84 Suffolk County, New York, United States August 02, 2016 Details
August 02, 2016 pporonto Macomb County, Michigan, United States August 02, 2016 Details
August 01, 2016 kstock Macomb County, Michigan, United States August 01, 2016 Details
July 17, 2016 wjwky88 Estill County, Kentucky, United States August 01, 2016 Details
August 09, 2015 wjwky88 Estill County, Kentucky, United States August 01, 2016 Details
July 16, 2016 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States July 31, 2016 Details
July 31, 2016 Benjamin Miller Hocking County, Ohio, United States July 31, 2016 Details
July 29, 2016 digginflowers Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States July 30, 2016 Details
July 27, 2016 mellielong Lincoln County, West Virginia, United States July 28, 2016 Details
July 28, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States July 28, 2016 Details
July 23, 2016 Ron Smith Clarion County, Pennsylvania, United States July 28, 2016 Details
July 26, 2016 davidboon Wayne County, Michigan, United States July 26, 2016 Details
July 23, 2016 Kzfisherman Kankakee County, Illinois, United States July 25, 2016 Details
July 24, 2016 lilkriskattn Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States July 25, 2016 Details
July 24, 2016 lilkriskattn Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States July 25, 2016 Details
July 19, 2016 rdcpics York County, Pennsylvania, United States July 23, 2016 Details
July 21, 2016 digginflowers Adams County, Pennsylvania, United States July 23, 2016 Details
July 18, 2015 Allen Gathman Perry County, Missouri, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 21, 2016 stephen stedman Moore County, Tennessee, United States July 21, 2016 Details
July 20, 2016 Karen Adams Franklin County, Ohio, United States July 20, 2016 Details
July 14, 2016 DCLinck Montgomery County, Maryland, United States July 20, 2016 Details
July 17, 2016 stephen stedman Macon County, Tennessee, United States July 17, 2016 Details
July 15, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 16, 2016 Details
July 14, 2016 CadeLake St Joseph County, Michigan, United States July 14, 2016 Details
June 09, 2016 dendroica5 Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States July 11, 2016 Details
July 04, 2016 stephen stedman Lincoln County, Tennessee, United States July 11, 2016 Details
July 09, 2016 joep01 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States July 10, 2016 Details
July 08, 2016 Jeff Trahan Jackson Parish, Louisiana, United States July 09, 2016 Details
June 25, 2016 L_in_Somerville Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States July 05, 2016 Details
June 30, 2016 lilkriskattn Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States July 02, 2016 Details
May 27, 2016 Sue Orlowski Botetourt County, Virginia, United States June 12, 2016 Details