Attributes of Papilio troilus

Spicebush Swallowtail
Papilio troilus Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of forewing is mostly black with ivory spots along margin. Upper surface of hindwing has orange spot on costal margin and sheen of bluish (female) or bluish-green (male) scales. Underside of hindwing with pale green marginal spots.
Wing Span: 3 - 4 inches (7.5 - 10 cm).
Life History: Males patrol in woods, roads and woodland edges to find receptive females. Females lay single eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars live in shelters of folded-over leaves and come out to feed at night. Some chrysalids from each generation hibernate.
Flight: 2 generations per year from April-October. In Florida, several generations between March-December.
Caterpillar Hosts: Spicebush (Lindera benzoin), sassafras trees (Sassafras albidum); perhaps prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera), sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana), camphor (Cinnamomum camphora), and redbay (Persea borbonia).
Adult Food: Nectar from Japanese honeysuckle, jewelweed, thistles, milkweed, azalea, dogbane, lantana, mimosa, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands, fields, roadsides, yards, pine barrens, wooded swamps, and parks.
Range: Eastern states from southern Canada to Florida; west to Oklahoma and central Texas. Occasionally strays to North Dakota, central Colorado, and Cuba.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio troilus

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Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail_small.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 27, 2015 Teresa Jacobs Carter County, Tennessee, United States August 04, 2015 Details
August 01, 2015 Doug Bruce Marshall County, Tennessee, United States August 02, 2015 Details
August 01, 2015 CA Ivy Washington County, Arkansas, United States August 02, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 stephen stedman Trousdale County, Tennessee, United States August 02, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 Buckeye Bruce Franklin County, Ohio, United States August 02, 2015 Details
July 03, 2015 Ken Cheeks Burke County, Georgia, United States August 01, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 SpadGuy Tucker County, West Virginia, United States August 01, 2015 Details
July 29, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States July 29, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 IndyLindy Wells County, Indiana, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 Doug Bruce Marshall County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 26, 2015 Melinda Fawver Maury County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 04, 2015 Ken Cheeks Aiken County, South Carolina, United States July 26, 2015 Details
February 06, 2015 Ron Smith Pinellas County, Florida, United States July 26, 2015 Details
May 17, 2015 whhowe Ontario County, New York, United States July 22, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 Doug Bruce Clay County, Tennessee, United States July 20, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 Doug Bruce Pickett County, Tennessee, United States July 20, 2015 Details
July 10, 2015 lilkriskattn Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States July 20, 2015 Details
September 26, 2014 mellielong Lincoln County, West Virginia, United States July 19, 2015 Details
July 18, 2010 mellielong Jackson County, West Virginia, United States July 19, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 dragonlady Leon County, Florida, United States July 18, 2015 Details
September 23, 2014 mellielong Lincoln County, West Virginia, United States July 18, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 stomlins701 Elmore County, Alabama, United States July 18, 2015 Details
July 12, 2015 Cary Bird Orange County, Indiana, United States July 13, 2015 Details
July 13, 2015 Pleurastic Licking County, Ohio, United States July 13, 2015 Details
July 04, 2015 Jonathan Clark La Salle Parish, Louisiana, United States July 12, 2015 Details
July 11, 2015 stephen stedman Smith County, Tennessee, United States July 11, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 stomlins701 Elmore County, Alabama, United States July 10, 2015 Details
June 06, 2014 PONYRCR Nassau County, New York, United States July 09, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 South Laurel Laurel County, Kentucky, United States July 09, 2015 Details
July 08, 2015 peggyt67 Claiborne County, Tennessee, United States July 08, 2015 Details
July 04, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States July 07, 2015 Details
July 04, 2015 Bill Emch Lee County, South Carolina, United States July 04, 2015 Details
June 29, 2015 von40827 Leslie County, Kentucky, United States July 01, 2015 Details
July 01, 2015 Bill Emch Lee County, South Carolina, United States July 01, 2015 Details
May 18, 2015 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States June 30, 2015 Details
June 27, 2015 roseanna Scott County, Kentucky, United States June 28, 2015 Details
June 20, 2015 Kzfisherman Cook County, Illinois, United States June 25, 2015 Details
May 28, 2015 ncrosbyrd McIntosh County, Georgia, United States June 23, 2015 Details
June 20, 2015 arcturusangel Houston County, Texas, United States June 21, 2015 Details
June 19, 2015 Sleonard09 Muskegon County, Michigan, United States June 19, 2015 Details
June 15, 2015 Jeff Trahan Rapides Parish, Louisiana, United States June 15, 2015 Details
May 19, 2015 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States June 01, 2015 Details
May 24, 2015 bonehead40 Maryland, United States May 31, 2015 Details
May 09, 2015 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States May 17, 2015 Details
May 03, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States May 16, 2015 Details
May 09, 2015 Jonathan Clark La Salle Parish, Louisiana, United States May 14, 2015 Details
May 02, 2015 CA Ivy McDonald County, Missouri, United States May 14, 2015 Details
May 01, 2015 CA Ivy (Jon C. Ivy) Adair County, Oklahoma, United States May 14, 2015 Details
April 23, 2015 NeverSeenThatBefore Pasco County, Florida, United States May 06, 2015 Details
May 01, 2015 jjflossem Hernando County, Florida, United States May 06, 2015 Details