Attributes of Papilio troilus

Spicebush Swallowtail
Papilio troilus Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of forewing is mostly black with ivory spots along margin. Upper surface of hindwing has orange spot on costal margin and sheen of bluish (female) or bluish-green (male) scales. Underside of hindwing with pale green marginal spots.
Wing Span: 3 - 4 inches (7.5 - 10 cm).
Life History: Males patrol in woods, roads and woodland edges to find receptive females. Females lay single eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars live in shelters of folded-over leaves and come out to feed at night. Some chrysalids from each generation hibernate.
Flight: 2 generations per year from April-October. In Florida, several generations between March-December.
Caterpillar Hosts: Spicebush (Lindera benzoin), sassafras trees (Sassafras albidum); perhaps prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera), sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana), camphor (Cinnamomum camphora), and redbay (Persea borbonia).
Adult Food: Nectar from Japanese honeysuckle, jewelweed, thistles, milkweed, azalea, dogbane, lantana, mimosa, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands, fields, roadsides, yards, pine barrens, wooded swamps, and parks.
Range: Eastern states from southern Canada to Florida; west to Oklahoma and central Texas. Occasionally strays to North Dakota, central Colorado, and Cuba.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio troilus

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Papilio troilus - Papilio-troilus-Bob-Moul-491.jpg
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Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail2_small.jpg

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Papilio troilus - Papilio_troilus2.jpg


Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail_small.jpg

Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail_small.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 08, 2015 jpviolette Somerset County, New Jersey, United States August 29, 2015 Details
August 28, 2015 jjflossem Hernando County, Florida, United States August 29, 2015 Details
July 31, 2015 janakcyrus Cumberland County, Tennessee, United States August 28, 2015 Details
August 03, 2015 janakcyrus Cumberland County, Tennessee, United States August 28, 2015 Details
June 21, 2015 vickiels Clermont County, Ohio, United States August 26, 2015 Details
August 20, 2015 Mary Franceline Malone Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States August 25, 2015 Details
August 08, 2015 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States August 24, 2015 Details
August 14, 2015 Terry W. Johnson Crisp County, Georgia, United States August 22, 2015 Details
August 22, 2015 Ansel Oommen Queens County, New York, United States August 22, 2015 Details
August 16, 2015 Doug Bruce Overton County, Tennessee, United States August 21, 2015 Details
August 20, 2015 Buckeye Bruce Vinton County, Ohio, United States August 21, 2015 Details
August 08, 2015 roseanna McCreary County, Kentucky, United States August 19, 2015 Details
August 12, 2015 Tindomul1of9 Queens County, New York, United States August 19, 2015 Details
August 16, 2015 rdcpics York County, Pennsylvania, United States August 18, 2015 Details
July 19, 2015 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States August 17, 2015 Details
July 23, 2015 eerfrrettub Mecklenburg County, Virginia, United States August 17, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 ortonm Prince William County, Virginia, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 04, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 08, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 14, 2015 Jonathan Clark Grant Parish, Louisiana, United States August 16, 2015 Details
August 12, 2015 stomlins701 Elmore County, Alabama, United States August 14, 2015 Details
August 09, 2015 deannalack White County, Tennessee, United States August 12, 2015 Details
August 12, 2015 hmclin York County, Pennsylvania, United States August 12, 2015 Details
August 09, 2015 digginflowers Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States August 11, 2015 Details
August 10, 2015 stephen stedman Fentress County, Tennessee, United States August 10, 2015 Details
August 08, 2015 mommanik24 Dubois County, Indiana, United States August 09, 2015 Details
August 08, 2015 Doug Bruce Lawrence County, Tennessee, United States August 08, 2015 Details
August 01, 2015 csandt Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States August 07, 2015 Details
August 06, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 07, 2015 Details
July 20, 2015 Carolyn Seaton York County, South Carolina, United States August 06, 2015 Details
August 03, 2015 Bill Emch Wetzel County, West Virginia, United States August 04, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 Teresa Jacobs Carter County, Tennessee, United States August 04, 2015 Details
August 01, 2015 Doug Bruce Marshall County, Tennessee, United States August 02, 2015 Details
August 01, 2015 CA Ivy Washington County, Arkansas, United States August 02, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 stephen stedman Trousdale County, Tennessee, United States August 02, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 Buckeye Bruce Franklin County, Ohio, United States August 02, 2015 Details
July 03, 2015 Ken Cheeks Burke County, Georgia, United States August 01, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 SpadGuy Tucker County, West Virginia, United States August 01, 2015 Details
July 29, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States July 29, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 IndyLindy Wells County, Indiana, United States July 28, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 Doug Bruce Marshall County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 26, 2015 Melinda Fawver Maury County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 04, 2015 Ken Cheeks Aiken County, South Carolina, United States July 26, 2015 Details
February 06, 2015 Ron Smith Pinellas County, Florida, United States July 26, 2015 Details
May 17, 2015 whhowe Ontario County, New York, United States July 22, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 Doug Bruce Clay County, Tennessee, United States July 20, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 Doug Bruce Pickett County, Tennessee, United States July 20, 2015 Details
July 10, 2015 lilkriskattn Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States July 20, 2015 Details
September 26, 2014 mellielong Lincoln County, West Virginia, United States July 19, 2015 Details
July 18, 2010 mellielong Jackson County, West Virginia, United States July 19, 2015 Details