Attributes of Papilio troilus

Spicebush Swallowtail
Papilio troilus Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of forewing is mostly black with ivory spots along margin. Upper surface of hindwing has orange spot on costal margin and sheen of bluish (female) or bluish-green (male) scales. Underside of hindwing with pale green marginal spots.
Wing Span: 3 - 4 inches (7.5 - 10 cm).
Life History: Males patrol in woods, roads and woodland edges to find receptive females. Females lay single eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars live in shelters of folded-over leaves and come out to feed at night. Some chrysalids from each generation hibernate.
Flight: 2 generations per year from April-October. In Florida, several generations between March-December.
Caterpillar Hosts: Spicebush (Lindera benzoin), sassafras trees (Sassafras albidum); perhaps prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera), sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana), camphor (Cinnamomum camphora), and redbay (Persea borbonia).
Adult Food: Nectar from Japanese honeysuckle, jewelweed, thistles, milkweed, azalea, dogbane, lantana, mimosa, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands, fields, roadsides, yards, pine barrens, wooded swamps, and parks.
Range: Eastern states from southern Canada to Florida; west to Oklahoma and central Texas. Occasionally strays to North Dakota, central Colorado, and Cuba.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio troilus

Click on an image to view full size and to see additional details.




Papilio troilus - Papilio-troilus-Bob-Moul-491.jpg

Papilio troilus - Papilio-troilus-Bob-Moul-491.jpg
Papilio troilus - Papilio-troilus-Bob-Moul-492.jpg

Papilio troilus - Papilio-troilus-Bob-Moul-492.jpg


Papilio troilus - spicebushPam.jpg

Papilio troilus - spicebushPam.jpg
Papilio troilus - Spicebush-caterpillar-2-s.jpg

Papilio troilus - Spicebush-caterpillar-2-s.jpg
Papilio troilus - Spicebush-caterpillar-LeCroy.jpg

Papilio troilus - Spicebush-caterpillar-LeCroy.jpg
Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtailmale-Simons.jpg

Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtailmale-Simons.jpg
Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail2_small.jpg

Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail2_small.jpg

Papilio troilus - Papilio_troilus.jpg

Papilio troilus - Papilio_troilus.jpg
Papilio troilus - Papilio_troilus2.jpg

Papilio troilus - Papilio_troilus2.jpg


Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail_small.jpg

Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail_small.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

How to use the map:
Click on the map and move your mouse to pan.
Zoom by using the plus [+] and minus [-] on the left side of the map.
To change which map layers are displayed, click on the plus sign [+] on the right side of the map and turn on/off the data layers and base layers.

*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

See more recently verified sightings of all species.

You don't have Javascript enabled. Hover for more information! But don't worry: you can still use this web site! You have two options:
  • enable Javascript in your browser and then refresh this page, for a much enhanced experience.
  • click the Update button every time you want to update the selection.
Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 23, 2015 NeverSeenThatBefore Pasco County, Florida, United States May 06, 2015 Details
May 01, 2015 jjflossem Hernando County, Florida, United States May 06, 2015 Details
April 30, 2015 mellielong Sarasota County, Florida, United States May 06, 2015 Details
May 02, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States May 06, 2015 Details
April 12, 2015 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States April 29, 2015 Details
April 21, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States April 23, 2015 Details
March 18, 2015 jjflossem Hernando County, Florida, United States April 22, 2015 Details
March 25, 2015 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States April 22, 2015 Details
October 04, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States April 22, 2015 Details
April 11, 2015 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 13, 2015 Details
July 25, 1980 Indy Entomologist White County, Indiana, United States February 23, 2015 Details
September 02, 2010 Indy Entomologist Boone County, Indiana, United States February 23, 2015 Details
June 01, 2010 Indy Entomologist Clinton County, Indiana, United States February 22, 2015 Details
August 01, 2014 smgratton55 Elkhart County, Indiana, United States February 19, 2015 Details
August 09, 2014 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States February 19, 2015 Details
August 01, 2014 smgratton55 Elkhart County, Indiana, United States February 18, 2015 Details
October 14, 2014 adamschaffer Benton County, Arkansas, United States February 05, 2015 Details
August 03, 2013 strixv Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States January 09, 2015 Details
September 16, 2014 John LeBlanc Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States December 14, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 Lynn Cremona Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States December 02, 2014 Details
August 15, 2013 Lynn Cremona Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States December 02, 2014 Details
September 30, 2014 Mike Dillon Texas, Morris County, United States September 30, 2014 Details
September 10, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 29, 2014 Details
September 10, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 29, 2014 Details
September 12, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 29, 2014 Details
September 23, 2014 Ansel Oommen Queens County, New York, United States September 24, 2014 Details
September 17, 2014 rowdtown Polk County, Florida, United States September 23, 2014 Details
August 10, 2014 DROBBINS Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States September 23, 2014 Details
August 10, 2014 DROBBINS Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States September 23, 2014 Details
September 05, 2014 Ansel Oommen Queens County, New York, United States September 14, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 HHowell Grainger County, Tennessee, United States September 12, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 mleibsla Carroll County, Ohio, United States September 11, 2014 Details
August 02, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 09, 2014 Details
September 06, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States September 07, 2014 Details
August 31, 2014 AnneJ Jefferson County, Pennsylvania, United States September 06, 2014 Details
September 04, 2014 Ansel Oommen Queens County, New York, United States September 05, 2014 Details
August 31, 2014 arcturusangel Harrison County, Texas, United States September 04, 2014 Details
August 31, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States September 04, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States September 03, 2014 Details
August 03, 2010 dpford Watauga County, North Carolina, United States August 30, 2014 Details
August 22, 2013 TheWayfarer21 Onslow County, North Carolina, United States August 30, 2014 Details
August 24, 2014 maria.hoffman6@gmail.com Suffolk County, New York, United States August 29, 2014 Details
August 29, 2014 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States August 29, 2014 Details
August 28, 2014 chherrmann Suffolk County, New York, United States August 28, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 S_S_B Wilkes County, North Carolina, United States August 27, 2014 Details
August 27, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States August 27, 2014 Details
August 24, 2014 Smokin270 York County, Pennsylvania, United States August 26, 2014 Details
August 25, 2014 nokility Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States August 26, 2014 Details
August 26, 2014 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States August 26, 2014 Details
August 23, 2014 stephen stedman Pickett County, Tennessee, United States August 24, 2014 Details