Attributes of Papilio troilus

Spicebush Swallowtail
Papilio troilus Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of forewing is mostly black with ivory spots along margin. Upper surface of hindwing has orange spot on costal margin and sheen of bluish (female) or bluish-green (male) scales. Underside of hindwing with pale green marginal spots.
Wing Span: 3 - 4 inches (7.5 - 10 cm).
Life History: Males patrol in woods, roads and woodland edges to find receptive females. Females lay single eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars live in shelters of folded-over leaves and come out to feed at night. Some chrysalids from each generation hibernate.
Flight: 2 generations per year from April-October. In Florida, several generations between March-December.
Caterpillar Hosts: Spicebush (Lindera benzoin), sassafras trees (Sassafras albidum); perhaps prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera), sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana), camphor (Cinnamomum camphora), and redbay (Persea borbonia).
Adult Food: Nectar from Japanese honeysuckle, jewelweed, thistles, milkweed, azalea, dogbane, lantana, mimosa, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands, fields, roadsides, yards, pine barrens, wooded swamps, and parks.
Range: Eastern states from southern Canada to Florida; west to Oklahoma and central Texas. Occasionally strays to North Dakota, central Colorado, and Cuba.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio troilus

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 15, 2017 Melinda Fawver Henderson County, Tennessee, United States April 22, 2017 Details
April 09, 2017 Doug Bruce Roane County, Tennessee, United States April 14, 2017 Details
March 23, 2017 Jeff Trahan De Soto Parish, Louisiana, United States April 13, 2017 Details
March 30, 2017 Jeff Trahan Caddo Parish, Louisiana, United States April 10, 2017 Details
April 06, 2017 Nancee Cobb Bay County, Florida, United States April 09, 2017 Details
April 02, 2017 Ken Cheeks Edgefield County, South Carolina, United States April 02, 2017 Details
March 18, 2017 the janitors kid Brevard County, Florida, United States March 18, 2017 Details
March 12, 2017 cosmic_cat Harrison County, Texas, United States March 13, 2017 Details
July 09, 2014 scwilso35 Monongalia County, West Virginia, United States March 11, 2017 Details
July 17, 2014 scwilso35 Monongalia County, West Virginia, United States March 11, 2017 Details
July 24, 2016 markc05 Ocean County, New Jersey, United States February 10, 2017 Details
July 30, 2016 CA Ivy (Jon Ivy) Logan County, Arkansas, United States January 21, 2017 Details
August 14, 2016 CA Ivy (Jon Ivy) Adair County, Oklahoma, United States January 21, 2017 Details
September 05, 2015 CA Ivy (Jon Ivy) Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States January 21, 2017 Details
August 17, 2016 wayne13114 Oswego County, New York, United States December 30, 2016 Details
July 19, 2013 anna_holmes Madison County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
July 26, 2013 anna_holmes Madison County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
July 31, 2015 tjreed1911 Shelby County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
August 25, 2016 Geni Certain Talladega County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
September 25, 2016 ozcomomoths Ozark County, Missouri, United States October 26, 2016 Details
July 19, 2016 SYDruzhinin Morris County, New Jersey, United States October 17, 2016 Details
August 01, 2016 katseyz Sussex County, New Jersey, United States October 17, 2016 Details
October 11, 2016 kk25n28 Preston County, West Virginia, United States October 11, 2016 Details
August 15, 2016 stomlins701 Cocke County, Tennessee, United States October 02, 2016 Details
July 13, 2016 stomlins701 Elmore County, Alabama, United States October 02, 2016 Details
August 17, 2016 stomlins701 Elmore County, Alabama, United States October 02, 2016 Details
August 28, 2016 stomlins701 Elmore County, Alabama, United States October 02, 2016 Details
September 28, 2016 joep01 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States September 28, 2016 Details
September 21, 2016 always curious Hamilton County, Ohio, United States September 21, 2016 Details
August 06, 2016 CentralNY Onondaga County, New York, United States September 20, 2016 Details
August 27, 2016 Allen Gathman Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, United States September 15, 2016 Details
August 04, 2016 Gdaddyfred Gwinnett County, Georgia, United States September 13, 2016 Details
July 22, 2016 Ken Cheeks Jefferson County, Georgia, United States September 13, 2016 Details
September 13, 2016 digginflowers Cape May County, New Jersey, United States September 13, 2016 Details
September 04, 2016 Doug Bruce Obion County, Tennessee, United States September 12, 2016 Details
September 07, 2016 joep01 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States September 08, 2016 Details
September 08, 2016 Chet Gottfried Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States September 08, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 hmclin York County, Pennsylvania, United States September 06, 2016 Details
September 02, 2016 todonnell Venango County, Pennsylvania, United States September 04, 2016 Details
September 02, 2016 Colin Gillette Bradford County, Pennsylvania, United States September 04, 2016 Details
August 30, 2016 firstmatey26 Peoria County, Illinois, United States September 01, 2016 Details
August 26, 2016 Mary Franceline Malone Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States August 31, 2016 Details
August 31, 2016 scfl47 Indian River County, Florida, United States August 31, 2016 Details
August 28, 2016 Stylurus Washtenaw County, Michigan, United States August 28, 2016 Details
August 28, 2016 dlkriensky New York County, New York, United States August 28, 2016 Details
August 26, 2016 KristenR White County, Tennessee, United States August 27, 2016 Details
July 16, 2016 Anne Wills Putnam County, West Virginia, United States August 26, 2016 Details
August 23, 2016 ladybug73 Brevard County, Florida, United States August 24, 2016 Details
August 23, 2016 joep01 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States August 24, 2016 Details
August 13, 2016 S. J. Stedman (Susan E. Pirolo) Putnam County, Tennessee, United States August 22, 2016 Details