Attributes of Papilio troilus

Spicebush Swallowtail
Papilio troilus Linnaeus, 1758

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of forewing is mostly black with ivory spots along margin. Upper surface of hindwing has orange spot on costal margin and sheen of bluish (female) or bluish-green (male) scales. Underside of hindwing with pale green marginal spots.
Wing Span: 3 - 4 inches (7.5 - 10 cm).
Life History: Males patrol in woods, roads and woodland edges to find receptive females. Females lay single eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars live in shelters of folded-over leaves and come out to feed at night. Some chrysalids from each generation hibernate.
Flight: 2 generations per year from April-October. In Florida, several generations between March-December.
Caterpillar Hosts: Spicebush (Lindera benzoin), sassafras trees (Sassafras albidum); perhaps prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera), sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana), camphor (Cinnamomum camphora), and redbay (Persea borbonia).
Adult Food: Nectar from Japanese honeysuckle, jewelweed, thistles, milkweed, azalea, dogbane, lantana, mimosa, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Deciduous woodlands, fields, roadsides, yards, pine barrens, wooded swamps, and parks.
Range: Eastern states from southern Canada to Florida; west to Oklahoma and central Texas. Occasionally strays to North Dakota, central Colorado, and Cuba.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None noted.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio troilus

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Papilio troilus - SpicebushSwallowtail_small.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
May 29, 2016 Jonathan Clark La Salle Parish, Louisiana, United States May 31, 2016 Details
May 19, 2016 kecallesto Erie County, New York, United States May 28, 2016 Details
May 25, 2016 monikawood Steuben County, New York, United States May 26, 2016 Details
May 15, 2016 Doug Bruce Anderson County, Tennessee, United States May 23, 2016 Details
May 21, 2016 Doug Bruce Roane County, Tennessee, United States May 23, 2016 Details
May 23, 2016 Carolyn Seaton York County, South Carolina, United States May 23, 2016 Details
May 21, 2016 scfl47 Indian River County, Florida, United States May 22, 2016 Details
April 29, 2016 sas27397 Tazewell County, Virginia, United States May 11, 2016 Details
April 29, 2016 mc2055 Tazewell County, Virginia, United States May 11, 2016 Details
April 29, 2016 mc2055 Tazewell County, Virginia, United States May 11, 2016 Details
May 08, 2016 Doug Bruce Anderson County, Tennessee, United States May 10, 2016 Details
May 05, 2016 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States May 07, 2016 Details
April 29, 2016 lilkriskattn Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States May 01, 2016 Details
April 26, 2016 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States April 27, 2016 Details
April 24, 2016 stephen stedman Scott County, Tennessee, United States April 25, 2016 Details
April 22, 2016 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States April 23, 2016 Details
April 15, 2016 CA Ivy Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, United States April 16, 2016 Details
March 23, 2016 ncrosbyrd Glynn County, Georgia, United States March 29, 2016 Details
March 26, 2016 CA Ivy (Jon C. Ivy) Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States March 27, 2016 Details
August 25, 2015 kgalarza Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States February 27, 2016 Details
December 24, 2015 franpope Garrett County, Maryland, United States February 27, 2016 Details
August 26, 2015 Bill Keim Queen Annes County, Maryland, United States January 29, 2016 Details
July 15, 2011 Ilse Gebhard Kalamazoo County, Michigan, United States January 20, 2016 Details
July 12, 2015 CA Ivy (Jon C. Ivy) Adair County, Oklahoma, United States December 10, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 Trailmaker Jefferson County, Ohio, United States November 04, 2015 Details
September 09, 2015 claytonha Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States October 17, 2015 Details
August 22, 2015 saapple Venango County, Pennsylvania, United States October 08, 2015 Details
October 07, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States October 07, 2015 Details
September 12, 2015 K Stilwell Russell County, Virginia, United States October 04, 2015 Details
September 04, 2015 sshively Rapides Parish, Louisiana, United States October 03, 2015 Details
September 19, 2015 cosmic_cat Harrison County, Texas, United States September 29, 2015 Details
September 23, 2015 starchild74 Warren County, Tennessee, United States September 24, 2015 Details
September 19, 2015 Shirley Wilkerson Brazos County, Texas, United States September 20, 2015 Details
September 19, 2015 ButterBelle Putnam County, Tennessee, United States September 19, 2015 Details
July 17, 2009 AJ Trently Fayette County, Tennessee, United States September 17, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 Trailmaker Jefferson County, Ohio, United States September 13, 2015 Details
August 29, 2015 John LeBlanc Madison County, Virginia, United States September 10, 2015 Details
September 06, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States September 09, 2015 Details
September 04, 2015 stomlins701 Elmore County, Alabama, United States September 06, 2015 Details
August 29, 2015 cosmic_cat Texas, United States, Wood County September 05, 2015 Details
September 03, 2015 jitterbuggin Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, United States September 03, 2015 Details
August 29, 2015 Kcothren Guilford County, North Carolina, United States September 01, 2015 Details
August 28, 2015 MarkCase Randolph County, North Carolina, United States September 01, 2015 Details
August 08, 2015 jpviolette Somerset County, New Jersey, United States August 29, 2015 Details
August 28, 2015 jjflossem Hernando County, Florida, United States August 29, 2015 Details
July 31, 2015 janakcyrus Cumberland County, Tennessee, United States August 28, 2015 Details
August 03, 2015 janakcyrus Cumberland County, Tennessee, United States August 28, 2015 Details
June 21, 2015 vickiels Clermont County, Ohio, United States August 26, 2015 Details
August 20, 2015 Mary Franceline Malone Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States August 25, 2015 Details
August 08, 2015 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States August 24, 2015 Details