Attributes of Battus philenor

Pipevine Swallowtail
Battus philenor (Linnaeus, 1771)

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of hindwing iridescent blue or blue-green. Underside of hindwing with submarginal row of 7 round orange spots in iridescent blue field.
Wing Span: 2 3/4 - 5 inches (7 - 13 cm).
Life History: Adult males patrol likely habitat in search of receptive females. Females lay batches of eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars feed in small groups when young but become solitary when older. Wintering is by the chrysalis.
Flight: In the East and California, adults fly primarily in late spring (though as early as late February or March) and summer, but the butterfly is commoner in late summer and fall in the South and Southwest. Where lack of freezing temperatures permit, adults may fly continuously. In lowland tropical Mexico they may be found in any month.
Caterpillar Hosts: Pipevines (Aristolochia species), including Aristolochia californica, A. serpentaria and others.
Adult Food: Solely nectar from flowers including thistles (Cirsium species), bergamot, lilac, viper's bugloss, common azaleas, phlox, teasel, azaleas, dame's-rocket, lantana, petunias, verbenas, lupines, yellow star thistle, California buckeye, yerba santa, brodiaeas, and gilias.
Habitat: A wide variety of open habitats, open woodland, and woodland edges.
Range: Rare stray to Canada (s. Manitoba). Tropical lowlands south to southern Mexico.
Conservation: Normally not of high conservation concern, although states at northern limits have listed under state law. These listings are of dubious value where species is not a permanent resident.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Management of habitats to ensure survival of host plant colonies is the only possible concern.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Battus philenor

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Battus philenor - battus_philenor_philenor_caterpillar1_raisingbutterflies.jpg




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Battus philenor - PipevineSwallowtail-Simons.jpg

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Battus philenor - Battus_philenorDurrenberger.jpg

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Battus philenor - Battus_philenor-caterpillar-Lytle.jpg

Battus philenor - Battus_philenor-caterpillar-Lytle.jpg





The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 06, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 29, 2014 Details
September 07, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 29, 2014 Details
September 26, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States September 29, 2014 Details
October 21, 2006 Shirley Wilkerson Comanche County, Texas, United States September 29, 2014 Details
August 17, 2014 gholmes2 Cobb County, Georgia, United States September 24, 2014 Details
September 23, 2014 Rockin.je Bandera County, Texas, United States September 24, 2014 Details
September 16, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States September 20, 2014 Details
September 12, 2014 edmondsn Harris County, Texas, United States September 14, 2014 Details
September 11, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States September 14, 2014 Details
July 26, 2014 Sparks7 Burnet County, Texas, United States September 11, 2014 Details
September 10, 2014 CA Ivy Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, United States September 10, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 stephen stedman Gibson County, Tennessee, United States September 09, 2014 Details
September 04, 2014 stephen stedman Carroll County, Tennessee, United States September 09, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 Doug Bruce Obion County, Tennessee, United States September 09, 2014 Details
September 02, 2014 stephen stedman Benton County, Tennessee, United States September 08, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States September 05, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States September 05, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 flacracker Harlan County, Kentucky, United States September 04, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 srickett Buncombe County, North Carolina, United States August 30, 2014 Details
August 02, 2014 AllenRatz Yancey County, North Carolina, United States August 28, 2014 Details
July 16, 2014 satchmo0802 Cherokee County, North Carolina, United States August 27, 2014 Details
July 23, 2014 AllenRatz Graham County, North Carolina, United States August 27, 2014 Details
August 27, 2014 RBiMages14 White County, Arkansas, United States August 27, 2014 Details
August 24, 2014 Smokin270 York County, Pennsylvania, United States August 26, 2014 Details
July 12, 2014 JReuter Boone County, Missouri, United States August 24, 2014 Details
August 21, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States August 24, 2014 Details
August 20, 2014 stomlins701 Leon County, Florida, United States August 22, 2014 Details
August 21, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 21, 2014 Details
August 17, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 19, 2014 Details
June 10, 2014 ozcomomoths Ozark County, Missouri, United States August 17, 2014 Details
August 04, 2014 Fritz Riedel Calvert County, Maryland, United States August 16, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 Paul C Putnam County, New York, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 CA Ivy Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 stephen stedman Benton County, Tennessee, United States August 04, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 systanfield Richland County, South Carolina, United States August 03, 2014 Details
August 01, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 01, 2014 Details
July 30, 2014 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States July 31, 2014 Details
May 21, 2014 stomlins701 Sevier County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2014 Details
May 19, 2014 stomlins701 Sevier County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2014 Details
July 26, 2014 Englishman Hernando County, Florida, United States July 26, 2014 Details
July 18, 2014 Ralph S. Carlson Los Angeles County, California, United States July 18, 2014 Details
June 19, 2014 South Laurel Laurel County, Kentucky, United States July 17, 2014 Details
July 11, 2014 digginflowers Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States July 13, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 Cathy Miller Sevier County, Tennessee, United States July 09, 2014 Details
July 06, 2014 Doug Bruce Carter County, Tennessee, United States July 08, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 Doug Bruce Johnson County, Tennessee, United States July 08, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 SyracuseNY Onondaga County, New York, United States July 07, 2014 Details
July 06, 2014 edmondsn Harris County, Texas, United States July 06, 2014 Details
July 01, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States July 02, 2014 Details
June 24, 2014 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States June 24, 2014 Details