Attributes of Battus philenor

Pipevine Swallowtail
Battus philenor (Linnaeus, 1771)

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of hindwing iridescent blue or blue-green. Underside of hindwing with submarginal row of 7 round orange spots in iridescent blue field.
Wing Span: 2 3/4 - 5 inches (7 - 13 cm).
Life History: Adult males patrol likely habitat in search of receptive females. Females lay batches of eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars feed in small groups when young but become solitary when older. Wintering is by the chrysalis.
Flight: In the East and California, adults fly primarily in late spring (though as early as late February or March) and summer, but the butterfly is commoner in late summer and fall in the South and Southwest. Where lack of freezing temperatures permit, adults may fly continuously. In lowland tropical Mexico they may be found in any month.
Caterpillar Hosts: Pipevines (Aristolochia species), including Aristolochia californica, A. serpentaria and others.
Adult Food: Solely nectar from flowers including thistles (Cirsium species), bergamot, lilac, viper's bugloss, common azaleas, phlox, teasel, azaleas, dame's-rocket, lantana, petunias, verbenas, lupines, yellow star thistle, California buckeye, yerba santa, brodiaeas, and gilias.
Habitat: A wide variety of open habitats, open woodland, and woodland edges.
Range: Rare stray to Canada (s. Manitoba). Tropical lowlands south to southern Mexico.
Conservation: Normally not of high conservation concern, although states at northern limits have listed under state law. These listings are of dubious value where species is not a permanent resident.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Management of habitats to ensure survival of host plant colonies is the only possible concern.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Battus philenor

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Battus philenor - battus_philenor_philenor_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg

Battus philenor - battus_philenor_philenor_egg_raisingbutterflies.jpg
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Battus philenor - battus_philenor_philenor_caterpillar1_raisingbutterflies.jpg




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Battus philenor - PipevineSwallowtail-Simons.jpg

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Battus philenor - Battus_philenorDurrenberger.jpg

Battus philenor - Battus_philenorDurrenberger.jpg
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Battus philenor - Battus_philenor-caterpillar-Lytle.jpg

Battus philenor - Battus_philenor-caterpillar-Lytle.jpg





The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 17, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 19, 2014 Details
June 10, 2014 ozcomomoths Ozark County, Missouri, United States August 17, 2014 Details
August 04, 2014 Fritz Riedel Calvert County, Maryland, United States August 16, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 Paul C Putnam County, New York, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 06, 2014 CA Ivy Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, United States August 06, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 stephen stedman Benton County, Tennessee, United States August 04, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 systanfield Richland County, South Carolina, United States August 03, 2014 Details
August 01, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States August 01, 2014 Details
July 30, 2014 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States July 31, 2014 Details
May 21, 2014 stomlins701 Sevier County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2014 Details
May 19, 2014 stomlins701 Sevier County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2014 Details
July 26, 2014 Englishman Hernando County, Florida, United States July 26, 2014 Details
July 18, 2014 Ralph S. Carlson Los Angeles County, California, United States July 18, 2014 Details
June 19, 2014 South Laurel Laurel County, Kentucky, United States July 17, 2014 Details
July 11, 2014 digginflowers Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States July 13, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 Cathy Miller Sevier County, Tennessee, United States July 09, 2014 Details
July 06, 2014 Doug Bruce Carter County, Tennessee, United States July 08, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 Doug Bruce Johnson County, Tennessee, United States July 08, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 SyracuseNY Onondaga County, New York, United States July 07, 2014 Details
July 06, 2014 edmondsn Harris County, Texas, United States July 06, 2014 Details
July 01, 2014 krancmm Brazoria County, Texas, United States July 02, 2014 Details
June 24, 2014 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States June 24, 2014 Details
June 17, 2014 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States June 18, 2014 Details
June 11, 2014 Debbie Taylor Pope County, Arkansas, United States June 18, 2014 Details
June 11, 2014 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States June 11, 2014 Details
May 17, 2014 ddodd Texas, Presidio County, United States May 20, 2014 Details
May 08, 2014 Idun Guenther Raleigh County, West Virginia, United States May 12, 2014 Details
May 11, 2014 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States May 12, 2014 Details
July 28, 2010 Martha Veasey Sawyer Montgomery County, Virginia, United States April 24, 2014 Details
April 18, 2014 von40827 Leslie County, Kentucky, United States April 23, 2014 Details
April 22, 2014 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States April 22, 2014 Details
April 20, 2014 CA Ivy Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, United States April 21, 2014 Details
April 20, 2014 mrperrya Solano County, California, United States April 21, 2014 Details
October 31, 2013 Lisa Nicholas Dallas County, Texas, United States April 18, 2014 Details
April 16, 2014 Nvenezio Hays County, Texas, United States April 17, 2014 Details
March 21, 2014 stomlins701 Liberty County, Florida, United States March 23, 2014 Details
March 14, 2014 ChristineWiley Solano County, California, United States March 18, 2014 Details
April 13, 2013 dennis5007 Butte County, California, United States February 25, 2014 Details
January 31, 2014 PDunwiddie Marin County, California, United States February 04, 2014 Details
August 06, 2013 wpr.wheeler Bergen County, New Jersey, United States January 30, 2014 Details
August 16, 2013 richardhsmith (Dave Amadio, Chris Herz, and Denise Bittle) Kent County, Maryland, United States January 21, 2014 Details
April 16, 2013 icosahedron Sonoma County, California, United States January 14, 2014 Details
November 15, 2013 Sparks7 Burnet County, Texas, United States January 05, 2014 Details
August 17, 2013 michaeloberg Douglas County, Nebraska, United States December 31, 2013 Details
May 23, 1976 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 28, 2013 Details
September 25, 2011 diwalks2 Los Angeles County, California, United States December 19, 2013 Details
June 25, 2011 diwalks2 Los Angeles County, California, United States December 19, 2013 Details
December 11, 2013 JimConrad Texas, Real County, United States December 15, 2013 Details
April 24, 2013 azurelioness Harris County, Texas, United States December 03, 2013 Details
July 20, 2012 Robert Gorman Orange County, California, United States November 20, 2013 Details