Attributes of Battus philenor

Pipevine Swallowtail
Battus philenor (Linnaeus, 1771)

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of hindwing iridescent blue or blue-green. Underside of hindwing with submarginal row of 7 round orange spots in iridescent blue field.
Wing Span: 2 3/4 - 5 inches (7 - 13 cm).
Life History: Adult males patrol likely habitat in search of receptive females. Females lay batches of eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars feed in small groups when young but become solitary when older. Wintering is by the chrysalis.
Flight: In the East and California, adults fly primarily in late spring (though as early as late February or March) and summer, but the butterfly is commoner in late summer and fall in the South and Southwest. Where lack of freezing temperatures permit, adults may fly continuously. In lowland tropical Mexico they may be found in any month.
Caterpillar Hosts: Pipevines (Aristolochia species), including Aristolochia californica, A. serpentaria and others.
Adult Food: Solely nectar from flowers including thistles (Cirsium species), bergamot, lilac, viper's bugloss, common azaleas, phlox, teasel, azaleas, dame's-rocket, lantana, petunias, verbenas, lupines, yellow star thistle, California buckeye, yerba santa, brodiaeas, and gilias.
Habitat: A wide variety of open habitats, open woodland, and woodland edges.
Range: Rare stray to Canada (s. Manitoba). Tropical lowlands south to southern Mexico.
Conservation: Normally not of high conservation concern, although states at northern limits have listed under state law. These listings are of dubious value where species is not a permanent resident.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Management of habitats to ensure survival of host plant colonies is the only possible concern.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Battus philenor

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Battus philenor - battus_philenor_philenor_caterpillar1_raisingbutterflies.jpg




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Battus philenor - Battus_philenor-caterpillar-Lytle.jpg





The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 22, 2014 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States August 27, 2015 Details
August 21, 2015 rconnorsphoto Humphreys County, Tennessee, United States August 25, 2015 Details
June 03, 2015 DebW Curry County, New Mexico, United States August 23, 2015 Details
August 12, 2015 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States August 23, 2015 Details
August 22, 2015 arcturusangel Harrison County, Texas, United States August 23, 2015 Details
August 14, 2015 Jonathan Clark Grant Parish, Louisiana, United States August 21, 2015 Details
August 16, 2015 Doug Bruce Overton County, Tennessee, United States August 21, 2015 Details
July 19, 2015 joseph92 Bedford County, Virginia, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 04, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 07, 2015 Ken Cheeks Burke County, Georgia, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 16, 2015 Jonathan Clark Grant Parish, Louisiana, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 14, 2015 lfleming99 San Bernardino County, California, United States August 15, 2015 Details
July 17, 2015 Carolyn Seaton York County, South Carolina, United States August 13, 2015 Details
August 08, 2015 Doug Bruce Lawrence County, Tennessee, United States August 12, 2015 Details
August 09, 2015 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States August 11, 2015 Details
August 04, 2015 MarkNenadov Ontario, Canada August 10, 2015 Details
July 24, 2015 Carolyn Seaton Lancaster County, South Carolina, United States August 07, 2015 Details
August 05, 2015 hiltnj Davidson County, Tennessee, United States August 05, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 Melinda Fawver Robertson County, Tennessee, United States August 04, 2015 Details
August 02, 2015 stephen stedman Trousdale County, Tennessee, United States August 02, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 SpadGuy Tucker County, West Virginia, United States August 01, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 SpadGuy Tucker County, West Virginia, United States August 01, 2015 Details
May 24, 2015 ajijic1936 Jalisco, Mexico July 29, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 Melinda Fawver Marshall County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 26, 2015 Melinda Fawver Maury County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 ButterBelle Blount County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 24, 2015 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States July 25, 2015 Details
July 12, 2010 mellielong Lincoln County, West Virginia, United States July 19, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 stephen stedman Clay County, Tennessee, United States July 19, 2015 Details
June 19, 2015 beckerla Pasco County, Florida, United States July 18, 2015 Details
July 18, 2010 mellielong Jackson County, West Virginia, United States July 18, 2015 Details
July 12, 2015 theresaawilson Jefferson County, Indiana, United States July 18, 2015 Details
July 10, 2015 cblazo Franklin County, Pennsylvania, United States July 17, 2015 Details
May 31, 2015 snakeowl Fulton County, Georgia, United States July 16, 2015 Details
July 16, 2015 stomlins701 Elmore County, Alabama, United States July 16, 2015 Details
July 14, 2015 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States July 14, 2015 Details
July 11, 2015 stephen stedman Smith County, Tennessee, United States July 11, 2015 Details
July 02, 2015 CA Ivy Crawford County, Arkansas, United States July 08, 2015 Details
June 27, 2015 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States July 07, 2015 Details
July 03, 2015 Beverly Carter Baxter County, Arkansas, United States July 06, 2015 Details
June 22, 2015 roseanna Pulaski County, Kentucky, United States July 04, 2015 Details
July 02, 2015 Bill Emch Lee County, South Carolina, United States July 02, 2015 Details
May 27, 2015 Sue Orlowski Sacramento County, California, United States July 01, 2015 Details
June 06, 2015 marshallbw72 Williamson County, Tennessee, United States June 30, 2015 Details
June 27, 2015 CA Ivy (J.C. Ivy) Logan County, Arkansas, United States June 29, 2015 Details
June 28, 2015 roseanna Casey County, Kentucky, United States June 28, 2015 Details
June 28, 2015 Marjorie Siegel Sonoma County, California, United States June 28, 2015 Details
June 24, 2015 G Hanson Sacramento County, California, United States June 25, 2015 Details
May 22, 2015 ncrosbyrd McIntosh County, Georgia, United States June 23, 2015 Details