Attributes of Antheraea polyphemus

Polyphemus moth
Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Saturniidae
Subfamily: Saturniinae
Identification: Upperside is reddish to yellowish brown; forewing margin is usually lighter than the basal area; forewing submarginal line is pink, or black and pink. Clear oval eyespots are ringed with yellow, blue, and black; hindwing eyespot is separated from the basal area of the wing by a thin pink line. Underside has rust, brown, and pink markings.
Wing Span: 3 15/16 - 5 7/8 inches (10 - 15 cm).
Life History: Adults emerge from their cocoons in the late afternoon, and mating occurs the same day from late evening to early morning. Females lay eggs that evening, singly or in groups of 2 or 3 on leaves of the host plant. Newly-hatched caterpillars eat their eggshells, and caterpillars of all ages are solitary. Older caterpillars eat an entire leaf and then cut the leaf petiole at the base so it falls to the ground, perhaps a defensive measure to eliminate signs of feeding.
Flight: One brood in the north from May-July, two broods in the Ohio Valley and southward from April-May and from July-August, two broods in the California Sierra Nevada, several broods throughout most of the year in Florida, Texas, and Louisiana.
Caterpillar Hosts: A wide variety of trees and shrubs including oak (Quercus), willow (Salix), maple (Acer), and birch (Betula).
Adult Food: Adults do not feed.
Habitat: Deciduous hardwood forests, urban areas, orchards, and wetlands.
Range: Locally common in its broad range; in Canada in province except Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island; in the United States, every state except Arizona and Nevada; and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars can be occasional pests in California plum orchards.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Antheraea polyphemus

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Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg
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Antheraea polyphemus - 100_2127cropped.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
June 01, 2015 AllenRatz Buncombe County, North Carolina, United States July 02, 2015 Details
June 30, 2015 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada July 01, 2015 Details
May 20, 2015 Sue Orlowski Spokane County, Washington, United States July 01, 2015 Details
June 28, 2015 EmHean Mendocino County, California, United States June 30, 2015 Details
June 24, 2015 CrazyDogLady Jefferson County, Washington, United States June 30, 2015 Details
June 26, 2015 mamabear004 Clark County, Washington, United States June 29, 2015 Details
May 11, 2015 Richard1948 Monterey County, California, United States June 29, 2015 Details
June 28, 2015 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States June 28, 2015 Details
June 25, 2015 SusanM Flathead County, Montana, United States June 26, 2015 Details
June 24, 2015 wwittkop Johnson County, Wyoming, United States June 26, 2015 Details
May 10, 2015 b.cn.u Ontario, Canada June 26, 2015 Details
June 26, 2015 toddm1967 Hopkins County, Texas, United States June 26, 2015 Details
June 25, 2015 digginflowers Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States June 25, 2015 Details
June 23, 2015 franpope Garrett County, Maryland, United States June 25, 2015 Details
June 23, 2015 tmlehman Steuben County, Indiana, United States June 25, 2015 Details
June 24, 2015 ColoradEO Boulder County, Colorado, United States June 24, 2015 Details
June 24, 2015 Clgreiner Carlton County, Minnesota, United States June 24, 2015 Details
June 23, 2015 look4mel8r Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, United States June 23, 2015 Details
June 22, 2015 Gardener49 Ontario, Canada June 22, 2015 Details
June 20, 2015 condorfan Oregon, United States June 21, 2015 Details
June 20, 2015 WaldoTreehorn Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States June 21, 2015 Details
June 20, 2015 saf727 Pinellas County, Florida, United States June 21, 2015 Details
June 20, 2015 Krotine Lake County, Ohio, United States June 20, 2015 Details
June 16, 2015 gabrianam Clark County, Washington, United States June 19, 2015 Details
June 18, 2015 DSorens Queens County, New York, United States June 19, 2015 Details
June 14, 2015 patbyrne British Columbia, Canada June 18, 2015 Details
June 17, 2015 iamdman Illinois, United States June 17, 2015 Details
June 14, 2015 Vienna-J King County, Washington, United States June 16, 2015 Details
May 01, 2015 ReneJohnson Orange County, California, United States June 15, 2015 Details
June 13, 2015 Andybev01 Santa Clara County, California, United States June 15, 2015 Details
June 13, 2015 eats_crayons Ontario, Canada June 15, 2015 Details
June 14, 2015 Nanc Ontario, Canada June 14, 2015 Details
June 14, 2015 AspenSighting Pitkin County, Colorado, United States June 14, 2015 Details
June 14, 2015 Sgoodman07@yahoo.com Texas, Matagorda County, United States June 14, 2015 Details
June 12, 2015 Jamithaya Belmont County, Ohio, United States June 13, 2015 Details
June 04, 2015 SkrentnyJeff Cook County, Illinois, United States June 13, 2015 Details
June 12, 2015 Bdollan Marquette County, Michigan, United States June 13, 2015 Details
June 10, 2015 AshelyNS260 Hillsborough County, Florida, United States June 12, 2015 Details
June 11, 2015 25bennyhill Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States June 12, 2015 Details
June 10, 2015 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States June 11, 2015 Details
June 06, 2015 kkminwi St Croix County, Wisconsin, United States June 10, 2015 Details
June 09, 2015 Luvmo48 Orleans Parish, Louisiana, United States June 09, 2015 Details
March 02, 2014 Hilda Pomeroy Oneida County, New York, United States June 08, 2015 Details
June 07, 2015 franpope Tucker County, West Virginia, United States June 08, 2015 Details
June 06, 2015 RAINMAN Kosciusko County, Indiana, United States June 07, 2015 Details
October 10, 2011 cae Potter County, Pennsylvania, United States June 06, 2015 Details
June 04, 2015 adriannezayas1 Kings County, New York, United States June 04, 2015 Details
May 29, 2015 higgy Ontario, Canada June 04, 2015 Details
June 01, 2015 Seakreature Du Page County, Illinois, United States June 01, 2015 Details
May 30, 2015 Bree86 Kootenai County, Idaho, United States May 31, 2015 Details