Attributes of Antheraea polyphemus

Polyphemus moth
Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Saturniidae
Subfamily: Saturniinae
Identification: Upperside is reddish to yellowish brown; forewing margin is usually lighter than the basal area; forewing submarginal line is pink, or black and pink. Clear oval eyespots are ringed with yellow, blue, and black; hindwing eyespot is separated from the basal area of the wing by a thin pink line. Underside has rust, brown, and pink markings.
Wing Span: 3 15/16 - 5 7/8 inches (10 - 15 cm).
Life History: Adults emerge from their cocoons in the late afternoon, and mating occurs the same day from late evening to early morning. Females lay eggs that evening, singly or in groups of 2 or 3 on leaves of the host plant. Newly-hatched caterpillars eat their eggshells, and caterpillars of all ages are solitary. Older caterpillars eat an entire leaf and then cut the leaf petiole at the base so it falls to the ground, perhaps a defensive measure to eliminate signs of feeding.
Flight: One brood in the north from May-July, two broods in the Ohio Valley and southward from April-May and from July-August, two broods in the California Sierra Nevada, several broods throughout most of the year in Florida, Texas, and Louisiana.
Caterpillar Hosts: A wide variety of trees and shrubs including oak (Quercus), willow (Salix), maple (Acer), and birch (Betula).
Adult Food: Adults do not feed.
Habitat: Deciduous hardwood forests, urban areas, orchards, and wetlands.
Range: Locally common in its broad range; in Canada in province except Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island; in the United States, every state except Arizona and Nevada; and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars can be occasional pests in California plum orchards.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Antheraea polyphemus

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Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - 100_2127cropped.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - 100_2127cropped.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
August 01, 2015 Judy Hurry St John The Baptist Parish, Louisiana, United States August 01, 2015 Details
August 01, 2015 Johna New Castle County, Delaware, United States August 01, 2015 Details
July 31, 2015 jennhas3boys Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, United States July 31, 2015 Details
July 24, 2015 dmmartin Nova Scotia, Canada July 31, 2015 Details
August 31, 2011 Greenesnake Gibson County, Tennessee, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 17, 2015 MissourahGal Chariton County, Missouri, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 17, 2015 MissourahGal Chariton County, Missouri, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 louannf Kanawha County, West Virginia, United States July 27, 2015 Details
July 24, 2015 sheilamiller1922 McLean County, Illinois, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 16, 2015 Jimulacrum Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 23, 2015 GoldenRose82 Carter County, Kentucky, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 ppduck Erie County, Pennsylvania, United States July 26, 2015 Details
July 26, 2015 brianfolk Ontario, Canada July 26, 2015 Details
July 17, 2015 tjb7689 Maine, United States July 25, 2015 Details
July 25, 2015 mels5367 Fort Bend County, Texas, United States July 25, 2015 Details
July 23, 2015 allura400 Chemung County, New York, United States July 23, 2015 Details
July 20, 2015 Malvern Public Library Mills County, Iowa, United States July 21, 2015 Details
July 21, 2015 digginflowers Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States July 21, 2015 Details
July 21, 2015 bn-pasnt Charleston County, South Carolina, United States July 21, 2015 Details
June 29, 2015 farchuleta Fremont County, Colorado, United States July 20, 2015 Details
July 18, 2015 waynem Nova Scotia, Canada July 20, 2015 Details
July 19, 2015 niksclements Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States July 19, 2015 Details
July 13, 2015 GBTYTEAM Newport News City County, Virginia, United States July 17, 2015 Details
July 16, 2015 South Laurel Laurel County, Kentucky, United States July 16, 2015 Details
July 15, 2008 timlee19 Lucas County, Ohio, United States July 16, 2015 Details
July 12, 2015 btenney2010 Oswego County, New York, United States July 15, 2015 Details
July 15, 2015 trdolan Cook County, Illinois, United States July 15, 2015 Details
May 07, 2015 wildreturn Lincoln County, Missouri, United States July 15, 2015 Details
June 30, 2015 JohnRoosenberg Schoharie County, New York, United States July 14, 2015 Details
July 14, 2015 Nybackus Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States July 14, 2015 Details
July 10, 2015 Monica Miller Greene County, Pennsylvania, United States July 14, 2015 Details
July 10, 2015 jjflossem Hernando County, Florida, United States July 13, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 Cm12231984 Harrison County, Ohio, United States July 12, 2015 Details
July 10, 2015 badclam Pacific County, Washington, United States July 12, 2015 Details
July 10, 2015 olympiacocoae Ontario, Canada July 11, 2015 Details
July 11, 2015 gerryanimator Beaver County, Pennsylvania, United States July 11, 2015 Details
July 10, 2015 Kriserickson Multnomah County, Oregon, United States July 10, 2015 Details
July 09, 2015 Tomanion Hartford County, Connecticut, United States July 09, 2015 Details
July 07, 2015 Artytee Queens County, New York, United States July 08, 2015 Details
July 08, 2015 DeejaiDorah Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States July 08, 2015 Details
July 07, 2015 big sky Sheridan County, Montana, United States July 08, 2015 Details
June 21, 2015 KimberlyKay Clark County, Washington, United States July 07, 2015 Details
July 06, 2015 JRoot Ontario, Canada July 07, 2015 Details
July 06, 2015 madamejude Ontario, Canada July 07, 2015 Details
July 07, 2015 madamejude Ontario, Canada July 07, 2015 Details
June 04, 2015 stormyeyes99 Sussex County, New Jersey, United States July 06, 2015 Details
June 22, 2015 koala4747 Ontario, Canada July 05, 2015 Details
June 01, 2015 AllenRatz Buncombe County, North Carolina, United States July 02, 2015 Details
June 30, 2015 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada July 01, 2015 Details
May 20, 2015 Sue Orlowski Spokane County, Washington, United States July 01, 2015 Details