Attributes of Antheraea polyphemus

Polyphemus moth
Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Saturniidae
Subfamily: Saturniinae
Identification: Upperside is reddish to yellowish brown; forewing margin is usually lighter than the basal area; forewing submarginal line is pink, or black and pink. Clear oval eyespots are ringed with yellow, blue, and black; hindwing eyespot is separated from the basal area of the wing by a thin pink line. Underside has rust, brown, and pink markings.
Wing Span: 3 15/16 - 5 7/8 inches (10 - 15 cm).
Life History: Adults emerge from their cocoons in the late afternoon, and mating occurs the same day from late evening to early morning. Females lay eggs that evening, singly or in groups of 2 or 3 on leaves of the host plant. Newly-hatched caterpillars eat their eggshells, and caterpillars of all ages are solitary. Older caterpillars eat an entire leaf and then cut the leaf petiole at the base so it falls to the ground, perhaps a defensive measure to eliminate signs of feeding.
Flight: One brood in the north from May-July, two broods in the Ohio Valley and southward from April-May and from July-August, two broods in the California Sierra Nevada, several broods throughout most of the year in Florida, Texas, and Louisiana.
Caterpillar Hosts: A wide variety of trees and shrubs including oak (Quercus), willow (Salix), maple (Acer), and birch (Betula).
Adult Food: Adults do not feed.
Habitat: Deciduous hardwood forests, urban areas, orchards, and wetlands.
Range: Locally common in its broad range; in Canada in province except Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island; in the United States, every state except Arizona and Nevada; and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars can be occasional pests in California plum orchards.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Antheraea polyphemus

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Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg
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Antheraea polyphemus - 100_2127cropped.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
June 27, 2016 jollygoodyellow Nova Scotia, Canada June 30, 2016 Details
June 23, 2016 logan_mel Ontario, Canada June 30, 2016 Details
June 25, 2016 Tindomul1of9 Queens County, New York, United States June 28, 2016 Details
June 27, 2016 josephanterola Rowan County, North Carolina, United States June 28, 2016 Details
June 28, 2016 mgraffius York County, Pennsylvania, United States June 28, 2016 Details
June 25, 2016 sseagrave Sheridan County, Wyoming, United States June 27, 2016 Details
June 26, 2016 DietWaffles Otsego County, New York, United States June 27, 2016 Details
June 27, 2016 chares.regan Prince Edward Island, Canada June 27, 2016 Details
June 15, 2016 chrisandtif Douglas County, Colorado, United States June 26, 2016 Details
June 22, 2016 Everton848 Somerset County, New Jersey, United States June 25, 2016 Details
June 21, 2016 Issmister Fremont County, Colorado, United States June 24, 2016 Details
June 23, 2016 wpinelli Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States June 24, 2016 Details
May 29, 2016 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada June 23, 2016 Details
June 06, 2014 altairpilot King County, Washington, United States June 23, 2016 Details
June 14, 2016 shilfiell Livingston County, New York, United States June 22, 2016 Details
June 14, 2016 Jello44 British Columbia, Canada June 21, 2016 Details
June 20, 2016 curtis.lehman (John Fedak) McKean County, Pennsylvania, United States June 20, 2016 Details
June 16, 2016 Tindomul1of9 Queens County, New York, United States June 18, 2016 Details
June 16, 2016 Joe Bartok Ontario, Canada June 16, 2016 Details
June 09, 2016 TCat7187 Cecil County, Maryland, United States June 15, 2016 Details
July 11, 2014 Trailmaker Jefferson County, Ohio, United States June 15, 2016 Details
June 12, 2016 griganavicius@yahoo.com Du Page County, Illinois, United States June 15, 2016 Details
June 14, 2016 GammyShar Cook County, Illinois, United States June 15, 2016 Details
June 10, 2016 madamejude Ontario, Canada June 13, 2016 Details
May 17, 2016 Punkin77coj Virginia, United States June 12, 2016 Details
June 05, 2016 Jlseering Washington County, Minnesota, United States June 12, 2016 Details
May 28, 2016 ebrouwer Dakota County, Minnesota, United States June 12, 2016 Details
June 09, 2016 karunamom3 Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States June 12, 2016 Details
June 08, 2016 rorymk Ontario, Canada June 12, 2016 Details
June 06, 2016 insanelogic British Columbia, Canada June 11, 2016 Details
September 12, 2015 GCSnelling Craighead County, Arkansas, United States June 11, 2016 Details
June 08, 2016 NatashaG Ontario, Canada June 09, 2016 Details
June 07, 2016 kimwilliams Baltimore County, Maryland, United States June 08, 2016 Details
May 26, 2016 Jason Michael lilly Allen County, Indiana, United States June 07, 2016 Details
June 07, 2016 themod444 Ontario, Canada June 07, 2016 Details
June 05, 2016 lauriech Snohomish County, Washington, United States June 06, 2016 Details
June 04, 2016 madamejude Ontario, Canada June 05, 2016 Details
June 04, 2016 echoskybound Baltimore County, Maryland, United States June 05, 2016 Details
June 03, 2016 Howell_Curtis Harrison County, Indiana, United States June 04, 2016 Details
June 03, 2016 Joe Bartok Ontario, Canada June 03, 2016 Details
May 17, 2016 Kathy Campbell Pemiscot County, Missouri, United States June 02, 2016 Details
May 28, 2016 ckrahn British Columbia, Canada June 02, 2016 Details
June 02, 2016 Karen Defoe Pierce County, Washington, United States June 02, 2016 Details
May 31, 2016 jenniferdh72 Madison County, New York, United States June 01, 2016 Details
June 01, 2016 taylorcreek Albemarle County, Virginia, United States June 01, 2016 Details
May 30, 2016 Robb607 Tompkins County, New York, United States May 31, 2016 Details
July 13, 2015 Julesanne Garrett County, Maryland, United States May 31, 2016 Details
May 28, 2016 six winners Alberta, Canada May 29, 2016 Details
May 29, 2016 jessjeric Lake County, Ohio, United States May 29, 2016 Details
May 19, 2015 Lisa Forbes Lancaster County, Nebraska, United States May 28, 2016 Details