Attributes of Antheraea polyphemus

Polyphemus moth
Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Saturniidae
Subfamily: Saturniinae
Identification: Upperside is reddish to yellowish brown; forewing margin is usually lighter than the basal area; forewing submarginal line is pink, or black and pink. Clear oval eyespots are ringed with yellow, blue, and black; hindwing eyespot is separated from the basal area of the wing by a thin pink line. Underside has rust, brown, and pink markings.
Wing Span: 3 15/16 - 5 7/8 inches (10 - 15 cm).
Life History: Adults emerge from their cocoons in the late afternoon, and mating occurs the same day from late evening to early morning. Females lay eggs that evening, singly or in groups of 2 or 3 on leaves of the host plant. Newly-hatched caterpillars eat their eggshells, and caterpillars of all ages are solitary. Older caterpillars eat an entire leaf and then cut the leaf petiole at the base so it falls to the ground, perhaps a defensive measure to eliminate signs of feeding.
Flight: One brood in the north from May-July, two broods in the Ohio Valley and southward from April-May and from July-August, two broods in the California Sierra Nevada, several broods throughout most of the year in Florida, Texas, and Louisiana.
Caterpillar Hosts: A wide variety of trees and shrubs including oak (Quercus), willow (Salix), maple (Acer), and birch (Betula).
Adult Food: Adults do not feed.
Habitat: Deciduous hardwood forests, urban areas, orchards, and wetlands.
Range: Locally common in its broad range; in Canada in province except Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island; in the United States, every state except Arizona and Nevada; and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars can be occasional pests in California plum orchards.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Antheraea polyphemus

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Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg
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Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
March 11, 2017 jeffmci9 Texas, Travis County, United States March 23, 2017 Details
March 20, 2017 nerdkitten Hernando County, Florida, United States March 21, 2017 Details
June 09, 2016 ajdicki_2020 Montcalm County, Michigan, United States March 16, 2017 Details
August 10, 2016 N_Santill Chelan County, Washington, United States March 15, 2017 Details
March 09, 2017 Moobamoo Clay County, Florida, United States March 11, 2017 Details
March 07, 2017 hmahmood Texas, United States, Williamson County March 10, 2017 Details
June 11, 2016 scwilso35 Randolph County, West Virginia, United States March 10, 2017 Details
March 02, 2017 thenose Texas, United States, Victoria County March 02, 2017 Details
February 23, 2017 dkt1978 Texas, United States, Walker County February 28, 2017 Details
February 18, 2017 geraldswegner Indian River County, Florida, United States February 23, 2017 Details
January 23, 2017 geraldswegner Indian River County, Florida, United States February 23, 2017 Details
June 14, 2016 Oasis Washtenaw County, Michigan, United States February 09, 2017 Details
June 17, 2016 Rapalla111 Marquette County, Michigan, United States February 09, 2017 Details
June 17, 2016 KeriBlank Jackson County, Michigan, United States February 09, 2017 Details
January 23, 2017 pjdurlach Orange County, Florida, United States January 27, 2017 Details
July 17, 2016 tjrickert Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, United States January 09, 2017 Details
December 02, 2016 maverick2353 Palm Beach County, Florida, United States January 08, 2017 Details
September 30, 2016 WillH Montgomery County, Maryland, United States January 03, 2017 Details
August 25, 2016 Paul Tavares Manitoba, Canada December 26, 2016 Details
June 14, 2016 mothman27 Whitley County, Indiana, United States December 13, 2016 Details
June 11, 2016 msblueeyez Nassau County, New York, United States December 11, 2016 Details
May 31, 2016 Ilona L. Dane County, Wisconsin, United States December 02, 2016 Details
June 15, 2016 Ilona L. Dane County, Wisconsin, United States December 02, 2016 Details
April 03, 2007 Paul Ribitzki Pawnee County, Oklahoma, United States November 18, 2016 Details
November 12, 2016 ridgeboy Polk County, Florida, United States November 12, 2016 Details
September 07, 2016 sassyhunny Harrison County, Mississippi, United States October 30, 2016 Details
September 17, 2015 sgherf Harrison County, Mississippi, United States October 25, 2016 Details
October 21, 2016 yardbird Burlington County, New Jersey, United States October 22, 2016 Details
September 22, 2016 kaytismom Madison County, Illinois, United States October 18, 2016 Details
October 05, 2016 Sgrobslp Iroquois County, Illinois, United States October 05, 2016 Details
October 02, 2016 Mstalter Hillsborough County, Florida, United States October 03, 2016 Details
June 28, 2016 Abigood Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States October 01, 2016 Details
July 30, 2016 jollygoodyellow Nova Scotia, Canada September 27, 2016 Details
September 25, 2016 Rosec329 Orange County, Florida, United States September 26, 2016 Details
August 04, 2016 jfish Lancaster County, Nebraska, United States September 23, 2016 Details
September 22, 2016 Samroberts84 Norfolk City County, Virginia, United States September 22, 2016 Details
September 21, 2016 ibbluesgal Garland County, Arkansas, United States September 21, 2016 Details
September 04, 2015 eepal Ontario, Canada September 19, 2016 Details
September 18, 2016 sibeardjr Texas, United States, Walker County September 19, 2016 Details
August 23, 2016 zjrogers Franklin County, Georgia, United States September 13, 2016 Details
September 11, 2016 catherinehaskell Greenville County, South Carolina, United States September 12, 2016 Details
August 24, 2016 kabmadge St Louis County, Minnesota, United States September 11, 2016 Details
August 31, 2016 VNorth Manitoba, Canada September 11, 2016 Details
September 10, 2016 MelissaMack Escambia County, Florida, United States September 10, 2016 Details
August 07, 2015 Le Claire Oakland County, Michigan, United States September 09, 2016 Details
August 27, 2016 huffjohn10 Benton County, Arkansas, United States September 08, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 karen.alexander1974 Grant County, Indiana, United States September 07, 2016 Details
September 02, 2016 jkspeech Whatcom County, Washington, United States September 06, 2016 Details
July 10, 2016 ggunset Delaware County, New York, United States September 06, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 Lisaj Berks County, Pennsylvania, United States September 05, 2016 Details