Attributes of Antheraea polyphemus

Polyphemus moth
Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Saturniidae
Subfamily: Saturniinae
Identification: Upperside is reddish to yellowish brown; forewing margin is usually lighter than the basal area; forewing submarginal line is pink, or black and pink. Clear oval eyespots are ringed with yellow, blue, and black; hindwing eyespot is separated from the basal area of the wing by a thin pink line. Underside has rust, brown, and pink markings.
Wing Span: 3 15/16 - 5 7/8 inches (10 - 15 cm).
Life History: Adults emerge from their cocoons in the late afternoon, and mating occurs the same day from late evening to early morning. Females lay eggs that evening, singly or in groups of 2 or 3 on leaves of the host plant. Newly-hatched caterpillars eat their eggshells, and caterpillars of all ages are solitary. Older caterpillars eat an entire leaf and then cut the leaf petiole at the base so it falls to the ground, perhaps a defensive measure to eliminate signs of feeding.
Flight: One brood in the north from May-July, two broods in the Ohio Valley and southward from April-May and from July-August, two broods in the California Sierra Nevada, several broods throughout most of the year in Florida, Texas, and Louisiana.
Caterpillar Hosts: A wide variety of trees and shrubs including oak (Quercus), willow (Salix), maple (Acer), and birch (Betula).
Adult Food: Adults do not feed.
Habitat: Deciduous hardwood forests, urban areas, orchards, and wetlands.
Range: Locally common in its broad range; in Canada in province except Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island; in the United States, every state except Arizona and Nevada; and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars can be occasional pests in California plum orchards.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Antheraea polyphemus

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Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg
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Antheraea polyphemus - 100_2127cropped.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
May 24, 2015 edenny Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States May 26, 2015 Details
May 23, 2015 John LeBlanc Sumter County, Florida, United States May 26, 2015 Details
May 15, 2015 2redhot Auglaize County, Ohio, United States May 25, 2015 Details
May 23, 2015 Chrissie Juneau County, Wisconsin, United States May 24, 2015 Details
May 20, 2015 ravenwolf Hamilton County, Ohio, United States May 21, 2015 Details
May 18, 2015 debbel Hartford County, Connecticut, United States May 20, 2015 Details
May 16, 2015 Cfryer Missoula County, Montana, United States May 19, 2015 Details
May 19, 2015 Lunas97 Kootenai County, Idaho, United States May 19, 2015 Details
June 05, 2014 wrheadle Allen County, Indiana, United States May 19, 2015 Details
May 15, 2015 janmorris Dickson County, Tennessee, United States May 18, 2015 Details
May 07, 2015 Ebrownleechaney Miami County, Ohio, United States May 16, 2015 Details
September 21, 2014 a-o Tompkins County, New York, United States May 16, 2015 Details
May 16, 2015 KngdmHrts Clarke County, Georgia, United States May 16, 2015 Details
May 16, 2015 auburnkurls Pierce County, Washington, United States May 16, 2015 Details
May 08, 2015 Bethany E G Santa Cruz County, California, United States May 16, 2015 Details
May 10, 2015 treichard Allegany County, Maryland, United States May 15, 2015 Details
May 11, 2015 dlarson622 Norfolk City County, Virginia, United States May 11, 2015 Details
May 10, 2015 Cld123789 Johnson County, Indiana, United States May 10, 2015 Details
May 04, 2015 nikkihardey Marion County, Kansas, United States May 06, 2015 Details
April 25, 2015 Julieanogg Butler County, Ohio, United States May 06, 2015 Details
May 05, 2015 brynnmar Clermont County, Ohio, United States May 06, 2015 Details
May 03, 2015 Linda Webb Lake County, California, United States May 04, 2015 Details
April 29, 2015 Luczkovichj Pitt County, North Carolina, United States April 30, 2015 Details
April 26, 2015 mpaulem Dickinson County, Kansas, United States April 29, 2015 Details
April 26, 2015 sharisephelps Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States April 27, 2015 Details
April 18, 2015 Skittles213 St. Louis City County, Missouri, United States April 19, 2015 Details
April 18, 2015 mtower Fayette County, Kentucky, United States April 19, 2015 Details
April 15, 2015 butchewing Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States April 16, 2015 Details
July 19, 2014 dawnedwards Ogemaw County, Michigan, United States April 11, 2015 Details
March 11, 2015 Lane9059 Wake County, North Carolina, United States April 11, 2015 Details
April 02, 2015 gcrenshaw Henderson County, Texas, United States April 02, 2015 Details
March 26, 2015 digginflowers Beaufort County, South Carolina, United States March 26, 2015 Details
March 22, 2015 Mikeandtina Indian River County, Florida, United States March 23, 2015 Details
June 17, 2012 klebo Berks County, Pennsylvania, United States March 18, 2015 Details
March 16, 2015 kbarnes Texas, Lampasas County, United States March 17, 2015 Details
August 10, 2013 emquirk Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States March 12, 2015 Details
February 26, 2015 Mpohlers Hillsborough County, Florida, United States March 09, 2015 Details
October 20, 2014 Elisesprenger Illinois, United States March 07, 2015 Details
March 04, 2015 carousel1971 Indian River County, Florida, United States March 04, 2015 Details
June 10, 2004 LRGoodger Cass County, Michigan, United States February 24, 2015 Details
August 19, 2014 adamschaffer Benton County, Arkansas, United States February 05, 2015 Details
June 25, 2014 reutere Delaware County, New York, United States February 04, 2015 Details
June 11, 2014 reutere Delaware County, New York, United States February 02, 2015 Details
June 26, 2014 AllenRatz Buncombe County, North Carolina, United States January 30, 2015 Details
August 21, 2014 racingmt Suffolk County, New York, United States January 26, 2015 Details
August 04, 2014 Seakayaktrist Westchester County, New York, United States January 25, 2015 Details
January 09, 2015 Camila.o Collier County, Florida, United States January 11, 2015 Details
July 01, 2014 NancyB Kings County, New York, United States January 10, 2015 Details
January 04, 2015 WildBoy Broward County, Florida, United States January 05, 2015 Details
May 07, 2012 strixv Prince Georges County, Maryland, United States December 25, 2014 Details