Attributes of Antheraea polyphemus

Polyphemus moth
Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Saturniidae
Subfamily: Saturniinae
Identification: Upperside is reddish to yellowish brown; forewing margin is usually lighter than the basal area; forewing submarginal line is pink, or black and pink. Clear oval eyespots are ringed with yellow, blue, and black; hindwing eyespot is separated from the basal area of the wing by a thin pink line. Underside has rust, brown, and pink markings.
Wing Span: 3 15/16 - 5 7/8 inches (10 - 15 cm).
Life History: Adults emerge from their cocoons in the late afternoon, and mating occurs the same day from late evening to early morning. Females lay eggs that evening, singly or in groups of 2 or 3 on leaves of the host plant. Newly-hatched caterpillars eat their eggshells, and caterpillars of all ages are solitary. Older caterpillars eat an entire leaf and then cut the leaf petiole at the base so it falls to the ground, perhaps a defensive measure to eliminate signs of feeding.
Flight: One brood in the north from May-July, two broods in the Ohio Valley and southward from April-May and from July-August, two broods in the California Sierra Nevada, several broods throughout most of the year in Florida, Texas, and Louisiana.
Caterpillar Hosts: A wide variety of trees and shrubs including oak (Quercus), willow (Salix), maple (Acer), and birch (Betula).
Adult Food: Adults do not feed.
Habitat: Deciduous hardwood forests, urban areas, orchards, and wetlands.
Range: Locally common in its broad range; in Canada in province except Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island; in the United States, every state except Arizona and Nevada; and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars can be occasional pests in California plum orchards.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Antheraea polyphemus

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Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg
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Antheraea polyphemus - 100_2127cropped.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
July 18, 2014 Cortneybcooper Calhoun County, Alabama, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 19, 2014 gothiclibrarian Marion County, Indiana, United States July 21, 2014 Details
July 21, 2014 Shannon Toburen Reno County, Kansas, United States July 21, 2014 Details
June 01, 2013 kstoss9 Oxford County, Maine, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 18, 2014 mattmacklind Cass County, Missouri, United States July 20, 2014 Details
July 18, 2014 mmwm Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States July 19, 2014 Details
July 17, 2014 Flowitit Suffolk County, New York, United States July 18, 2014 Details
July 17, 2014 kiddo Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States July 18, 2014 Details
June 18, 2014 scavs Lorain County, Ohio, United States July 17, 2014 Details
June 15, 2012 nbruns Lafayette County, Missouri, United States July 17, 2014 Details
May 04, 2014 c.c. Bay County, Florida, United States July 17, 2014 Details
May 04, 2014 c.c. Bay County, Florida, United States July 17, 2014 Details
May 04, 2014 c.c. Bay County, Florida, United States July 17, 2014 Details
May 04, 2014 c.c. Bay County, Florida, United States July 17, 2014 Details
May 04, 2014 c.c. Bay County, Florida, United States July 17, 2014 Details
June 15, 2014 kstoss9 Oxford County, Maine, United States July 13, 2014 Details
July 13, 2014 deepsee1 El Dorado County, California, United States July 13, 2014 Details
July 13, 2014 Jannie618 Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States July 13, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 mothwatch Douglas County, Wisconsin, United States July 12, 2014 Details
July 11, 2014 macbane Berks County, Pennsylvania, United States July 11, 2014 Details
June 13, 2014 chut7 British Columbia, Canada July 10, 2014 Details
July 09, 2014 macpam Ontario, Canada July 09, 2014 Details
July 05, 2014 Dusty100 Saskatchewan, Canada July 08, 2014 Details
July 04, 2014 TiffanyB King County, Washington, United States July 07, 2014 Details
May 30, 2014 ALittleSlow Martin County, Indiana, United States July 05, 2014 Details
June 15, 2014 Jimmy Acorn Montgomery County, Virginia, United States July 03, 2014 Details
June 24, 2006 janazak British Columbia, Canada July 03, 2014 Details
June 02, 2014 TimothyDwyer Macomb County, Michigan, United States July 01, 2014 Details
June 13, 2014 fthngrg Kalamazoo County, Michigan, United States July 01, 2014 Details
June 22, 2014 gmfessen Manistee County, Michigan, United States July 01, 2014 Details
June 25, 2014 railfab Grays Harbor County, Washington, United States June 29, 2014 Details
June 28, 2014 IndepCopyEditor St Louis County, Minnesota, United States June 29, 2014 Details
June 26, 2014 tomt966 Gadsden County, Florida, United States June 28, 2014 Details
June 28, 2014 brandoskis Harris County, Texas, United States June 28, 2014 Details
May 23, 2014 skirwan Connecticut, United States June 27, 2014 Details
May 27, 2014 paris33 Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States June 27, 2014 Details
June 27, 2014 CWard Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States June 27, 2014 Details
June 27, 2014 bhughes British Columbia, Canada June 27, 2014 Details
June 24, 2014 Sean Werle Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States June 26, 2014 Details
May 28, 2014 helloimami Pottawattamie County, Iowa, United States June 24, 2014 Details
June 19, 2014 cul8rbye Cumberland County, Tennessee, United States June 23, 2014 Details
June 23, 2014 jklaver Alberta, Canada June 23, 2014 Details
June 17, 2014 bvanderweide Oakland County, Michigan, United States June 23, 2014 Details
June 23, 2014 Billj3559@yahoo.com Nova Scotia, Canada June 23, 2014 Details
June 22, 2014 CathK Albany County, New York, United States June 22, 2014 Details
June 21, 2014 germaine Washington County, Oregon, United States June 22, 2014 Details
June 16, 2014 franday New Brunswick, Canada June 21, 2014 Details
June 19, 2014 Matt f Nassau County, New York, United States June 20, 2014 Details
June 17, 2014 LynnGreis Camden County, New Jersey, United States June 19, 2014 Details
June 15, 2014 NKELLEY Dakota County, Minnesota, United States June 18, 2014 Details