Attributes of Antheraea polyphemus

Polyphemus moth
Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Saturniidae
Subfamily: Saturniinae
Identification: Upperside is reddish to yellowish brown; forewing margin is usually lighter than the basal area; forewing submarginal line is pink, or black and pink. Clear oval eyespots are ringed with yellow, blue, and black; hindwing eyespot is separated from the basal area of the wing by a thin pink line. Underside has rust, brown, and pink markings.
Wing Span: 3 15/16 - 5 7/8 inches (10 - 15 cm).
Life History: Adults emerge from their cocoons in the late afternoon, and mating occurs the same day from late evening to early morning. Females lay eggs that evening, singly or in groups of 2 or 3 on leaves of the host plant. Newly-hatched caterpillars eat their eggshells, and caterpillars of all ages are solitary. Older caterpillars eat an entire leaf and then cut the leaf petiole at the base so it falls to the ground, perhaps a defensive measure to eliminate signs of feeding.
Flight: One brood in the north from May-July, two broods in the Ohio Valley and southward from April-May and from July-August, two broods in the California Sierra Nevada, several broods throughout most of the year in Florida, Texas, and Louisiana.
Caterpillar Hosts: A wide variety of trees and shrubs including oak (Quercus), willow (Salix), maple (Acer), and birch (Betula).
Adult Food: Adults do not feed.
Habitat: Deciduous hardwood forests, urban areas, orchards, and wetlands.
Range: Locally common in its broad range; in Canada in province except Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island; in the United States, every state except Arizona and Nevada; and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars can be occasional pests in California plum orchards.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Antheraea polyphemus

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Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg
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Antheraea polyphemus - 100_2127cropped.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
October 16, 2014 Austin Pennington Sumter County, Florida, United States October 22, 2014 Details
October 14, 2014 kcherry@allsaintsacademy.com Polk County, Florida, United States October 15, 2014 Details
June 28, 2014 aschilling Dakota County, Minnesota, United States October 14, 2014 Details
October 11, 2014 Melody27Amber St Louis County, Missouri, United States October 14, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 ginathompson Lowndes County, Mississippi, United States September 29, 2014 Details
July 25, 2014 jpals Will County, Illinois, United States September 28, 2014 Details
September 24, 2014 Fireman4496 Ashtabula County, Ohio, United States September 25, 2014 Details
September 24, 2014 Timothy Bartley Galveston County, Texas, United States September 24, 2014 Details
September 19, 2014 JKA Multnomah County, Oregon, United States September 23, 2014 Details
September 23, 2014 Saphy24 St Tammany Parish, Louisiana, United States September 23, 2014 Details
July 25, 2007 YB4 Alberta, Canada September 21, 2014 Details
September 13, 2014 Russell Dawkins British Columbia, Canada September 21, 2014 Details
September 17, 2014 pasteur33 Marion County, Florida, United States September 17, 2014 Details
September 13, 2014 dzaret King County, Washington, United States September 14, 2014 Details
September 11, 2014 deannavp1 Galveston County, Texas, United States September 12, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada September 10, 2014 Details
August 18, 2014 munkiesoup Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States September 09, 2014 Details
August 11, 2014 Ansel Oommen Queens County, New York, United States September 08, 2014 Details
July 29, 2014 george wilkes Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States September 07, 2014 Details
September 07, 2014 Susangallagher Ontario, Canada September 07, 2014 Details
July 30, 2014 Greer87 Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States September 06, 2014 Details
August 19, 2014 krythia1 Mendocino County, California, United States September 03, 2014 Details
August 25, 2014 lmg67 Schenectady County, New York, United States September 03, 2014 Details
September 03, 2014 Ljalex1849 Lexington County, South Carolina, United States September 03, 2014 Details
September 02, 2014 Joan Carr Shelby County, Tennessee, United States September 02, 2014 Details
August 26, 2014 Grhodes Cumberland County, Maine, United States September 01, 2014 Details
August 30, 2014 Susanmweis Cook County, Illinois, United States August 30, 2014 Details
September 18, 2010 franpope Preston County, West Virginia, United States August 28, 2014 Details
August 22, 2014 auburnkurls Pierce County, Washington, United States August 27, 2014 Details
August 26, 2014 bethjd33 Jackson County, Missouri, United States August 26, 2014 Details
July 23, 2014 Carol Thornton-Anderson Orange County, Indiana, United States August 25, 2014 Details
August 24, 2014 gulfcoastbank St Bernard Parish, Louisiana, United States August 24, 2014 Details
June 18, 2014 slongmire Will County, Illinois, United States August 23, 2014 Details
July 21, 2014 Kstev2011 Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States August 22, 2014 Details
August 18, 2014 Tspangler Franklin County, Ohio, United States August 22, 2014 Details
August 17, 2014 aprilandmary Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States August 21, 2014 Details
August 20, 2014 jdtardanico Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States August 21, 2014 Details
August 21, 2014 racingmt Suffolk County, New York, United States August 21, 2014 Details
June 05, 2014 Diana Bentley-Ramsden British Columbia, Canada August 20, 2014 Details
July 31, 2014 michaeloberg Jasper County, Iowa, United States August 19, 2014 Details
August 03, 2014 michaeloberg Osage County, Missouri, United States August 19, 2014 Details
August 05, 2014 michaeloberg Osage County, Missouri, United States August 19, 2014 Details
August 18, 2014 traceson Lamar County, Georgia, United States August 18, 2014 Details
August 15, 2014 tact99 Jefferson County, Alabama, United States August 15, 2014 Details
August 08, 2014 KatsumiEVA Clay County, Indiana, United States August 14, 2014 Details
August 07, 2014 George Watkins Lee County, Georgia, United States August 13, 2014 Details
July 17, 2014 emma.balazs Lincoln County, Maine, United States August 11, 2014 Details
August 10, 2014 RonnAnn Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States August 11, 2014 Details
August 11, 2014 jennifereh Grundy County, Illinois, United States August 11, 2014 Details
August 09, 2014 Aparks124 Knox County, Tennessee, United States August 10, 2014 Details