Attributes of Antheraea polyphemus

Polyphemus moth
Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Saturniidae
Subfamily: Saturniinae
Identification: Upperside is reddish to yellowish brown; forewing margin is usually lighter than the basal area; forewing submarginal line is pink, or black and pink. Clear oval eyespots are ringed with yellow, blue, and black; hindwing eyespot is separated from the basal area of the wing by a thin pink line. Underside has rust, brown, and pink markings.
Wing Span: 3 15/16 - 5 7/8 inches (10 - 15 cm).
Life History: Adults emerge from their cocoons in the late afternoon, and mating occurs the same day from late evening to early morning. Females lay eggs that evening, singly or in groups of 2 or 3 on leaves of the host plant. Newly-hatched caterpillars eat their eggshells, and caterpillars of all ages are solitary. Older caterpillars eat an entire leaf and then cut the leaf petiole at the base so it falls to the ground, perhaps a defensive measure to eliminate signs of feeding.
Flight: One brood in the north from May-July, two broods in the Ohio Valley and southward from April-May and from July-August, two broods in the California Sierra Nevada, several broods throughout most of the year in Florida, Texas, and Louisiana.
Caterpillar Hosts: A wide variety of trees and shrubs including oak (Quercus), willow (Salix), maple (Acer), and birch (Betula).
Adult Food: Adults do not feed.
Habitat: Deciduous hardwood forests, urban areas, orchards, and wetlands.
Range: Locally common in its broad range; in Canada in province except Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island; in the United States, every state except Arizona and Nevada; and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars can be occasional pests in California plum orchards.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Antheraea polyphemus

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Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg
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Antheraea polyphemus - 100_2127cropped.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
March 29, 2010 hlivings Texas, Llano County, United States January 25, 2016 Details
June 19, 2015 curtis.lehman Bedford County, Pennsylvania, United States January 11, 2016 Details
December 17, 2015 donnadel Harris County, Texas, United States December 25, 2015 Details
June 30, 2015 AllenRatz Buncombe County, North Carolina, United States December 20, 2015 Details
June 15, 2015 curtis.lehman (Jerry McWilliams) Warren County, Pennsylvania, United States December 15, 2015 Details
July 13, 2015 CathK Washington County, Maine, United States December 14, 2015 Details
July 13, 2015 tlornsen Quebec, Canada December 09, 2015 Details
August 30, 2015 Yonkow Marin County, California, United States December 09, 2015 Details
December 05, 2015 Sally Hilliard Harris County, Texas, United States December 07, 2015 Details
August 23, 2014 JS Quebec, Canada December 05, 2015 Details
August 08, 2015 Mr Bill E-B Ontario, Canada November 04, 2015 Details
June 28, 2015 mattvc03 Bayfield County, Wisconsin, United States November 01, 2015 Details
September 23, 2015 tlkmom Hamilton County, Ohio, United States November 01, 2015 Details
November 01, 2015 ravi2000 Camden County, New Jersey, United States November 01, 2015 Details
September 11, 2015 melsim British Columbia, Canada October 21, 2015 Details
September 11, 2015 Ann-Marie British Columbia, Canada October 21, 2015 Details
October 15, 2015 Pat drake Indian River County, Florida, United States October 20, 2015 Details
June 21, 2012 Joe Bartok Ontario, Canada October 13, 2015 Details
October 12, 2015 Michelle Pelescak Carroll County, Maryland, United States October 13, 2015 Details
July 15, 2015 wingsnfeathers Hartford County, Connecticut, United States October 11, 2015 Details
September 09, 2015 Seafayra Steuben County, New York, United States October 10, 2015 Details
October 06, 2015 JVC Greenville County, South Carolina, United States October 08, 2015 Details
June 01, 2013 Todd Stefanic Butte County, Idaho, United States October 06, 2015 Details
May 31, 2015 Terranomony Thurston County, Washington, United States October 06, 2015 Details
September 21, 2015 K Stilwell Tazewell County, Virginia, United States October 04, 2015 Details
June 21, 2009 NormShea Charleston County, South Carolina, United States October 02, 2015 Details
September 23, 2015 jjflossem Hernando County, Florida, United States October 01, 2015 Details
September 13, 2015 Keena Heathershaw Texas, Montgomery County, United States September 30, 2015 Details
September 20, 2015 Ekelley Jackson County, Missouri, United States September 24, 2015 Details
September 16, 2015 Jtchannell23 Pacific County, Washington, United States September 22, 2015 Details
September 16, 2015 blytle Madison County, Illinois, United States September 18, 2015 Details
September 18, 2015 thanos15084 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States September 18, 2015 Details
June 20, 2010 thanos15084 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States September 18, 2015 Details
September 03, 2011 pabirdermoore Clarion County, Pennsylvania, United States September 18, 2015 Details
June 17, 2011 pabirdermoore Clarion County, Pennsylvania, United States September 18, 2015 Details
September 17, 2015 CRPurvis Randolph County, North Carolina, United States September 17, 2015 Details
May 25, 2015 2redhot Auglaize County, Ohio, United States September 14, 2015 Details
September 14, 2015 Idalia Iroquois County, Illinois, United States September 14, 2015 Details
May 28, 2015 dncms Knox County, Ohio, United States September 14, 2015 Details
September 13, 2015 ncbakpakr Cabarrus County, North Carolina, United States September 13, 2015 Details
July 31, 2015 michaeloberg Webster County, Iowa, United States September 10, 2015 Details
August 16, 2015 michaeloberg Orange County, Florida, United States September 10, 2015 Details
July 12, 2015 butterflygirl13 Putnam County, West Virginia, United States September 08, 2015 Details
September 07, 2015 Flnikki Polk County, Florida, United States September 07, 2015 Details
July 27, 2015 Smackdaddy66 Madison County, Illinois, United States September 06, 2015 Details
September 06, 2015 Shino707 North Carolina, United States September 06, 2015 Details
September 05, 2015 ffgill Virginia, Virginia Beach County, United States September 05, 2015 Details
August 28, 2015 nofatnoflavor Hamilton County, New York, United States September 02, 2015 Details
August 01, 2014 Karen Adams Franklin County, Ohio, United States September 02, 2015 Details
August 05, 2015 jimhamblin Linn County, Iowa, United States August 31, 2015 Details