Attributes of Antheraea polyphemus

Polyphemus moth
Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer, 1776)

Family: Saturniidae
Subfamily: Saturniinae
Identification: Upperside is reddish to yellowish brown; forewing margin is usually lighter than the basal area; forewing submarginal line is pink, or black and pink. Clear oval eyespots are ringed with yellow, blue, and black; hindwing eyespot is separated from the basal area of the wing by a thin pink line. Underside has rust, brown, and pink markings.
Wing Span: 3 15/16 - 5 7/8 inches (10 - 15 cm).
Life History: Adults emerge from their cocoons in the late afternoon, and mating occurs the same day from late evening to early morning. Females lay eggs that evening, singly or in groups of 2 or 3 on leaves of the host plant. Newly-hatched caterpillars eat their eggshells, and caterpillars of all ages are solitary. Older caterpillars eat an entire leaf and then cut the leaf petiole at the base so it falls to the ground, perhaps a defensive measure to eliminate signs of feeding.
Flight: One brood in the north from May-July, two broods in the Ohio Valley and southward from April-May and from July-August, two broods in the California Sierra Nevada, several broods throughout most of the year in Florida, Texas, and Louisiana.
Caterpillar Hosts: A wide variety of trees and shrubs including oak (Quercus), willow (Salix), maple (Acer), and birch (Betula).
Adult Food: Adults do not feed.
Habitat: Deciduous hardwood forests, urban areas, orchards, and wetlands.
Range: Locally common in its broad range; in Canada in province except Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island; in the United States, every state except Arizona and Nevada; and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars can be occasional pests in California plum orchards.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Antheraea polyphemus

Click on an image to view full size and to see additional details.





Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-243.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus-Hill.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - 100_2127cropped.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - 100_2127cropped.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusWeis2.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea-polyphemus-Bob-Moul-244.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemus_larva-Hill.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - PolyphemusMoth-Simons.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusRobertiello.jpg
Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

Antheraea polyphemus - Antheraea_polyphemusOsmond.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

How to use the map:
Click on the map and move your mouse to pan.
Zoom by using the plus [+] and minus [-] on the left side of the map.
To change which map layers are displayed, click on the plus sign [+] on the right side of the map and turn on/off the data layers and base layers.

*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

See more recently verified sightings of all species.

You don't have Javascript enabled. Hover for more information! But don't worry: you can still use this web site! You have two options:
  • enable Javascript in your browser and then refresh this page, for a much enhanced experience.
  • click the Update button every time you want to update the selection.
Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 15, 2014 Mandar Pingle Leon County, Florida, United States April 15, 2014 Details
April 10, 2014 faiththerapy Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States April 11, 2014 Details
April 01, 2014 MyssMeow Brown County, Texas, United States April 03, 2014 Details
March 20, 2014 phylly1977 Henderson County, Texas, United States March 27, 2014 Details
March 25, 2014 turbomkt San Diego County, California, United States March 25, 2014 Details
March 25, 2014 Stephanie Pugh Gregg County, Texas, United States March 25, 2014 Details
March 20, 2014 candg11611 Texas, McLennan County, United States March 21, 2014 Details
February 28, 2014 Animaltourism Kings County, New York, United States March 20, 2014 Details
March 19, 2014 cjbaughman Brazos County, Texas, United States March 20, 2014 Details
March 18, 2014 ethie02 Berkeley County, West Virginia, United States March 19, 2014 Details
July 12, 2013 shaed Ontario, Canada March 16, 2014 Details
March 15, 2014 scottevans Palm Beach County, Florida, United States March 16, 2014 Details
August 10, 2013 RTSinsects Seminole County, Florida, United States March 09, 2014 Details
March 01, 2014 shaesmith Seminole County, Florida, United States March 02, 2014 Details
February 16, 2014 Orionbaby01 Hillsborough County, Florida, United States February 24, 2014 Details
February 19, 2014 evilgas Pinellas County, Florida, United States February 21, 2014 Details
June 15, 2013 barryaurich Salt Lake County, Utah, United States February 20, 2014 Details
February 18, 2014 Altachaya Richmond County, New York, United States February 20, 2014 Details
October 03, 2013 Lizdp1976 Morris County, New Jersey, United States February 19, 2014 Details
September 07, 2013 ocean53 Cobb County, Georgia, United States February 12, 2014 Details
August 24, 2013 alucard Ocean County, New Jersey, United States February 11, 2014 Details
August 15, 2013 davidmsalkin Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States February 10, 2014 Details
July 01, 2013 mmmlive1999 Boulder County, Colorado, United States February 09, 2014 Details
August 29, 2013 Crazymom4321 Harford County, Maryland, United States February 08, 2014 Details
June 28, 2013 curtis.lehman (Stephen Kloiber) Wayne County, Pennsylvania, United States February 02, 2014 Details
September 11, 1971 stomlins701 Bexar County, Texas, United States December 27, 2013 Details
October 07, 2013 WilliamCBeal Hillsborough County, Florida, United States December 04, 2013 Details
November 28, 2013 nikromatt Duval County, Florida, United States November 30, 2013 Details
August 18, 2011 Rangertsp Lake County, Tennessee, United States November 26, 2013 Details
April 24, 2012 Robert Gorman Orange County, California, United States November 22, 2013 Details
November 06, 2013 doodlebg25 Broward County, Florida, United States November 20, 2013 Details
November 16, 2013 lilihansen St Tammany Parish, Louisiana, United States November 16, 2013 Details
October 16, 2013 casaleanna@comcast.net Alameda County, California, United States November 14, 2013 Details
May 14, 2013 angiescott92@gmail.com Santa Clara County, California, United States November 04, 2013 Details
September 23, 2013 Mapper Johnson County, Illinois, United States November 03, 2013 Details
August 08, 2008 David Trently Sevier County, Tennessee, United States November 03, 2013 Details
November 02, 2013 Zoeandregan Berkeley County, South Carolina, United States November 03, 2013 Details
October 20, 2013 teresa77 Kent County, Delaware, United States November 02, 2013 Details
September 06, 2013 princessrevil Lake County, Indiana, United States October 30, 2013 Details
October 27, 2013 LaLa Lodge Creek Northumberland County, Virginia, United States October 28, 2013 Details
July 14, 2013 Latenight Cameron County, Pennsylvania, United States October 21, 2013 Details
October 16, 2013 susan perrin Ontario, Canada October 20, 2013 Details
September 23, 2013 impulsefestival Charleston County, South Carolina, United States October 19, 2013 Details
June 15, 2013 karenthacker Pitkin County, Colorado, United States October 18, 2013 Details
July 18, 2013 gregorydgraham Adams County, Colorado, United States October 18, 2013 Details
September 12, 2013 barbraj St Louis County, Missouri, United States October 11, 2013 Details
October 07, 2013 Mirandarowland Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States October 11, 2013 Details
December 01, 2011 Carol ONeil James City County, Virginia, United States October 08, 2013 Details
April 15, 2013 ebgood Marin County, California, United States October 01, 2013 Details
October 01, 2013 jandrdavis Guilford County, North Carolina, United States October 01, 2013 Details