Attributes of Apodemia virgulti

Behr's Metalmark
Apodemia virgulti (Behr, 1865)

Family: Riodinidae
Subfamily: Riodininae
Identification: Upperside red-brown to black, checkered with black and white spots. Brick-red patch on forewing [absent or nearly so in subspecies dialeucoides. Hindwing often has brick-red patch on hindwing. Underside gray with white spots; forewing with brick-red patch.
Wing Span: 3/4 - 15/16 inch (19 - 24 cm).
Life History: Males perch in hillside hollows to watch for females. Eggs are laid in groups of 2-4 on lower leaves of host plant, or singly on other parts of plant. Caterpillars rest during the day in shelters of leaves tied together with silk, emerging at night to feed. Young caterpillars feed on leaves, older caterpillars eat leaves and stems. Young caterpillars hibernate inside plant parts such as dried flower heads of Eriogonum fasciculatum.
Flight: March - Sept. (1-2 flights), all year in coastal San Diego County, Calif.
Caterpillar Hosts: Most often Fasciculate Buckwheat, but Wright\'s Buckwheat for subspecies dialeuca and dialeucoides.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers of Eriogonum and other plants.
Habitat: Various arid lands
Range: Cen. Calif. south to cen. Baja Calif.
Conservation: Subspecies pratti (Emmel and Emmel), davenporti (Emmel, Emmel, and Pratt), nigrescens (Emmel and Emmel), mojavelimbus (Emmel, Emmel, and Pratt), arenaria (Emmel, Emmel, and Pratt), and dialeucoides (Emmel, Emmel, and Pratt) are known from relatively few populations in habitats that may be in the process of being invaded by aliens weeds, especially cheatgrass.
NCGR: G3,G4 - Very rare or local throughout its range or found locally in a restricted range OR Apparently secure globally, though it might be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery. All subspecies are of conservation concern.
Management Needs: Habitat restoration, cultivation of the host plant, and captive breeding of the butterfly may be necessary. Comment: Behr's Metalmark was formerly considered a subspecies of the Mormon Metalmark.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Apodemia virgulti

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Apodemia virgulti - apodvirg.jpg

Apodemia virgulti - apodvirg.jpg
Apodemia virgulti - a_virgu.jpg

Apodemia virgulti - a_virgu.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 17, 2014 wvbirder San Diego County, California, United States April 22, 2014 Details
March 03, 2014 gunhilda San Diego County, California, United States March 09, 2014 Details
March 04, 2014 Robert Gorman Riverside County, California, United States March 06, 2014 Details
March 04, 2014 Robert Gorman Riverside County, California, United States March 06, 2014 Details
February 23, 2014 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States February 25, 2014 Details
March 28, 2012 Robert Gorman Orange County, California, United States December 20, 2013 Details
May 29, 2011 diwalks2 San Diego County, California, United States December 14, 2013 Details
May 29, 2011 diwalks2 San Diego County, California, United States December 14, 2013 Details
April 10, 2012 Robert Gorman Riverside County, California, United States November 22, 2013 Details
May 26, 2013 Robert Gorman Riverside County, California, United States November 15, 2013 Details
June 18, 2012 Robert Gorman Riverside County, California, United States November 12, 2013 Details
June 09, 2013 Robert Gorman San Diego County, California, United States November 04, 2013 Details
August 25, 2013 Robert Gorman Orange County, California, United States October 28, 2013 Details
September 11, 2011 rebeccafm Los Angeles County, California, United States July 19, 2013 Details
May 23, 2013 Jaye Nelson San Diego County, California, United States May 24, 2013 Details
May 12, 2013 sniechayev Riverside County, California, United States May 20, 2013 Details
April 14, 2013 David Allen Jones Orange County, California, United States April 22, 2013 Details
March 25, 2013 WestCoastLady Los Angeles County, California, United States March 30, 2013 Details
May 04, 2012 AKimages San Diego County, California, United States May 08, 2012 Details
March 15, 2012 AKimages San Diego County, California, United States March 20, 2012 Details
April 22, 2012 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States January 01, 2012 Details
April 28, 2012 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States January 01, 2012 Details
May 12, 2012 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States January 01, 2012 Details
October 08, 2011 maulikvtrivedi San Diego County, California, United States October 09, 2011 Details
March 21, 2009 guy_incognito Riverside County, California, United States August 12, 2011 Details
June 19, 1977 legacy.reporter (Jim Brock) San Bernardino County, California, United States May 01, 2011 Details
May 30, 1970 legacy.reporter (unknown) San Bernardino County, California, United States May 01, 2011 Details
April 14, 1965 legacy.reporter (unknown) Los Angeles County, California, United States May 01, 2011 Details
April 09, 1977 legacy.reporter (unknown) San Diego County, California, United States May 01, 2011 Details
February 15, 1984 legacy.reporter (unknown) San Diego County, California, United States May 01, 2011 Details
April 02, 1961 legacy.reporter (unknown) San Diego County, California, United States May 01, 2011 Details
September 04, 1962 legacy.reporter (unknown) San Diego County, California, United States May 01, 2011 Details
September 18, 1940 legacy.reporter (unknown) Los Angeles County, California, United States May 01, 2011 Details
April 15, 2010 legacy.reporter (Kim Davis & Mike Stangeland) San Bernardino County, California, United States May 01, 2011 Details
May 01, 2005 legacy.reporter (Kim Davis & Mike Stangeland) Kern County, California, United States May 01, 2011 Details
March 16, 2005 legacy.reporter (Kim Davis & Mike Stangeland) San Diego County, California, United States May 01, 2011 Details
May 06, 2011 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States May 01, 2011 Details
March 27, 2011 sophieparker Los Angeles County, California, United States March 29, 2011 Details
April 27, 1964 legacy.reporter (Robert L. Langston) Tulare County, California, United States December 31, 2010 Details
April 16, 2010 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 31, 2010 Details
May 07, 2010 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Tulare County, California, United States December 31, 2010 Details
May 07, 2010 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Tulare County, California, United States December 31, 2010 Details
April 27, 1964 legacy.reporter (Robert L. Langston) Tulare County, California, United States December 31, 2010 Details
May 07, 2010 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Tulare County, California, United States December 31, 2010 Details
June 19, 1977 legacy.reporter (Jim Brock) San Bernardino County, California, United States December 31, 2010 Details
May 30, 1970 legacy.reporter (unknown) San Bernardino County, California, United States December 31, 2010 Details
April 15, 2010 legacy.reporter (Kim Davis & Mike Stangeland) San Bernardino County, California, United States December 31, 2010 Details
April 11, 1974 legacy.reporter (unknown) Kern County, California, United States December 31, 2010 Details
May 01, 2005 legacy.reporter (Kim Davis & Mike Stangeland) Kern County, California, United States December 31, 2010 Details
April 09, 1977 legacy.reporter (unknown) San Diego County, California, United States December 31, 2010 Details