Attributes of Zerene cesonia

Southern Dogface
Zerene cesonia (Stoll, 1790)

Family: Pieridae
Subfamily: Coliadinae
Identification: Upperside forewings of both sexes have yellow "dog's head" surrounded by black. "Eye" does not touch black border. Female similar, with duller, more diffuse black areas and 2 seasonal forms: underside hindwing of wet season "summer" form is yellow; that of dry season "winter" form is mottled with black and pink.
Wing Span: 2 1/8 - 3 inches (5.4 - 7.6 cm).
Life History: Males patrol open areas for females. Eggs are laid on the undersides of terminal leaves of host plants. Adults overwinter in reproductive arrest.
Flight: Three flights in the southern states from May-June, July-August, and September-April. Northern colonists have one generation per year, or do not reproduce at all.
Caterpillar Hosts: Small-leaved plants in the pea family (Fabaceae) including alfalfa (Medicago sativa); prairie clovers, indigo (Dalea), and clover (Trifolium) species.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including alfalfa, coreopsis, houstonia, and verbena.
Habitat: Dry, open areas such as short-grass prairie hills, scrub oak groves, open woodland, washes, road edges.
Range: Resident in South America north to southern Texas and peninsular Florida. Stray or temporary resident from central California northeast through the Great Lakes area and all the eastern states.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Zerene cesonia

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Zerene cesonia - Zerene_cesoniaKsGrantOct21-08CarolAdams-crop.jpg

Zerene cesonia - Zerene_cesoniaKsGrantOct21-08CarolAdams-crop.jpg
Zerene cesonia - IMG_4902-Spicer.jpg

Zerene cesonia - IMG_4902-Spicer.jpg
Zerene cesonia - SouthernDogface-Simons.jpg

Zerene cesonia - SouthernDogface-Simons.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Essex County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Madison County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Montgomery County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Arkansas County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Benton County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Boone County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Carroll County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Clark County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Clay County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Cleburne County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Conway County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Craighead County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Franklin County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Garland County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Greene County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Howard County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Independence County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Jefferson County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Lee County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Little River County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Madison County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Miller County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Newton County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter St Francis County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Sevier County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Stone County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Washington County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Mohave County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Mohave County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Coconino County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Coconino County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Navajo County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Apache County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Apache County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Greenlee County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Gila County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Graham County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter La Paz County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Yuma County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Maricopa County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Pinal County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Cochise County, Arizona, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Mariposa County, California, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Mono County, California, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Inyo County, California, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter San Luis Obispo County, California, United States December 31, 2004 Details