Attributes of Polygonia interrogationis

Question Mark
Polygonia interrogationis (Fabricius, 1798)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Forewing hooked; upperside is red-orange with black spots. Upperside hindwing of summer form is mostly black with a short tail; that of winter form has much orange and a longer, violet-tipped tail. Underside is light brown; hindwing with pearly white question mark in center.
Wing Span: 2 1/4 - 3 inches (5.7 - 7.6 cm).
Life History: Males find females by perching on leaves or tree trunks in the afternoon, flying to chase other insects and even birds. Females lay eggs singly or stacked under leaves of plants that are usually not the hosts. Caterpillars must find a host plant; they then eat leaves and live alone. Adults of the winter form hibernate; some staying in the north, many migrating to the south.
Flight: Overwintered adults fly and lay eggs in the spring until the end of May. The summer form emerges and flies from May-September, laying eggs that develop into the winter form; these adults appear in late August and spend the winter in various shelters.
Caterpillar Hosts: American elm (Ulmus americanus), red elm (Ulmus rubra), hackberry (Celtis), Japanese hop (Humulus japonicus), nettles (Urtica), and false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica).
Adult Food: Rotting fruit, tree sap, dung, carrion. Only when these are unavailable do Question Marks visit flowers such as common milkweed, aster, and sweet pepperbush.
Habitat: Wooded areas with some open space, city parks, suburbs, fencerows.
Range: Southern Canada and all of the eastern United States except peninsular Florida, west to the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains, south to southern Arizona and Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Polygonia interrogationis

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 25, 2017 blueracer Sedgwick County, Kansas, United States April 26, 2017 Details
March 20, 2017 Robert Epstein Cochise County, Arizona, United States April 23, 2017 Details
July 07, 2015 Timmoab Grand County, Utah, United States April 22, 2017 Details
May 09, 2016 Robb Hannawacker San Juan County, Utah, United States April 22, 2017 Details
April 16, 2017 Christinalea Texas, Travis County, United States April 19, 2017 Details
March 19, 2017 Jeff Trahan De Soto Parish, Louisiana, United States April 17, 2017 Details
April 14, 2017 Doug Bruce Carroll County, Tennessee, United States April 15, 2017 Details
April 02, 2017 Melinda Fawver Morgan County, Tennessee, United States April 14, 2017 Details
April 09, 2017 Doug Bruce Meigs County, Tennessee, United States April 14, 2017 Details
March 23, 2017 Jeff Trahan De Soto Parish, Louisiana, United States April 13, 2017 Details
March 29, 2017 Steve Krotzer Monroe County, Mississippi, United States April 10, 2017 Details
April 08, 2017 Jonathan Clark Evangeline Parish, Louisiana, United States April 09, 2017 Details
February 12, 2017 rseidler Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, United States March 23, 2017 Details
March 19, 2017 rseidler De Soto Parish, Louisiana, United States March 23, 2017 Details
July 10, 2014 Rose64 Ontario, Canada March 13, 2017 Details
July 03, 2010 Shirley Wilkerson Brazos County, Texas, United States March 12, 2017 Details
March 08, 2017 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States March 09, 2017 Details
March 04, 2017 Steve Krotzer Noxubee County, Mississippi, United States March 05, 2017 Details
February 27, 2017 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States February 27, 2017 Details
February 23, 2017 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States February 23, 2017 Details
February 22, 2017 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States February 22, 2017 Details
February 19, 2017 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States February 19, 2017 Details
February 19, 2017 CA Ivy Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States February 19, 2017 Details
February 18, 2017 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States February 18, 2017 Details
February 16, 2017 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States February 16, 2017 Details
February 06, 2017 neflodonata Nassau County, Florida, United States February 15, 2017 Details
February 08, 2017 neflodonata Nassau County, Florida, United States February 15, 2017 Details
May 24, 2015 JoseBonner Bexar County, Texas, United States February 13, 2017 Details
May 15, 2016 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States January 21, 2017 Details
September 11, 2016 Pollinators Langlade County, Wisconsin, United States December 27, 2016 Details
June 12, 2015 Mychael Winona County, Minnesota, United States December 22, 2016 Details
September 21, 2016 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States December 08, 2016 Details
October 02, 2016 CA Ivy Adair County, Oklahoma, United States December 08, 2016 Details
October 11, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States December 08, 2016 Details
November 02, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States December 08, 2016 Details
July 31, 2016 aarongunnar Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States November 28, 2016 Details
November 04, 2016 randimal Hidalgo County, Texas, United States November 15, 2016 Details
April 15, 2016 Ashlea.Jimenez Texas, Tarrant County, United States November 12, 2016 Details
October 10, 2016 V.Gajewski Shelby County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
October 26, 2016 lilkriskattn Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States October 26, 2016 Details
October 24, 2016 Jeff Trahan Howard County, Arkansas, United States October 25, 2016 Details
September 01, 2016 foneillnkc Platte County, Missouri, United States October 24, 2016 Details
October 03, 2016 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States October 18, 2016 Details
September 23, 2016 Jeff Trahan Hempstead County, Arkansas, United States September 26, 2016 Details
July 10, 2016 billd Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States September 25, 2016 Details
July 22, 2016 billd Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States September 25, 2016 Details
July 23, 2016 billd Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States September 25, 2016 Details
August 06, 2016 billd Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States September 25, 2016 Details
September 17, 2016 Anne Wills Mason County, West Virginia, United States September 18, 2016 Details
June 21, 2016 KS.trailwalker Anderson County, Kansas, United States September 17, 2016 Details