Attributes of Papilio polyxenes

Black Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of wings mostly black; on inner edge of hindwing is a black spot centered in larger orange spot. Male has yellow band near edge of wings; female has row of yellow spots. Female hindwing with iridescent blue band. In the Southwest, yellow forms predominate in the subspecies P. coloro.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/4 inches (8 - 11 cm).
Life History: Males perch and patrol for receptive females. Female lays eggs singly on leaves and flowers of the host, which are then eaten by hatching larvae. Hibernates as a chrysalis.
Flight: One-2 flights from April-October in northern regions of range; 3 flights in southern regions.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Queen Anne's Lace, carrot, celery and dill. Sometimes plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae) are preferred.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including red clover, milkweed, and thistles.
Habitat: A variety of open areas including fields, suburbs, marshes, deserts, and roadsides.
Range: Most of the eastern U.S., north into Quebec, west into s. Saskatchewan, Colorado and se. California; south to n. South America. Subspecies coloro in desert Southwest.
Conservation: Not usually of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Maintain open fields in East.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio polyxenes

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 27, 2017 hmclin York County, Pennsylvania, United States April 28, 2017 Details
April 24, 2017 monikawood Steuben County, New York, United States April 24, 2017 Details
April 23, 2017 cosmic_cat Texas, United States, Upshur County April 23, 2017 Details
February 24, 2017 Jeff Trahan McCurtain County, Oklahoma, United States April 20, 2017 Details
April 16, 2017 Jonathan Clark La Salle Parish, Louisiana, United States April 19, 2017 Details
April 16, 2017 cosmic_cat Miller County, Arkansas, United States April 18, 2017 Details
March 19, 2017 Jeff Trahan De Soto Parish, Louisiana, United States April 17, 2017 Details
April 09, 2017 MAKI Inyo County, California, United States April 16, 2017 Details
April 06, 2017 Nancee Cobb Bay County, Florida, United States April 09, 2017 Details
April 04, 2017 rconnorsphoto Cheatham County, Tennessee, United States April 04, 2017 Details
March 27, 2017 the janitors kid Brevard County, Florida, United States March 27, 2017 Details
March 24, 2017 Bdog San Diego County, California, United States March 26, 2017 Details
March 19, 2017 rseidler De Soto Parish, Louisiana, United States March 23, 2017 Details
March 14, 2017 Lutterback Texas, Kimble County, United States March 15, 2017 Details
March 13, 2017 abwest Bexar County, Texas, United States March 13, 2017 Details
March 10, 2017 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States March 11, 2017 Details
March 04, 2017 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States March 04, 2017 Details
March 02, 2017 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States March 02, 2017 Details
May 27, 2015 JoseBonner Chaves County, New Mexico, United States February 28, 2017 Details
July 16, 2016 JohnBoback Preston County, West Virginia, United States February 27, 2017 Details
May 09, 2016 Christine Stanke Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, United States February 23, 2017 Details
May 31, 2016 Christine Stanke Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, United States February 23, 2017 Details
June 01, 2016 Christine Stanke Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, United States February 23, 2017 Details
June 09, 2016 Christine Stanke Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, United States February 23, 2017 Details
July 17, 2016 Christine Stanke Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States February 23, 2017 Details
August 06, 2016 Christine Stanke Washington County, Wisconsin, United States February 23, 2017 Details
August 19, 2016 Christine Stanke Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, United States February 23, 2017 Details
August 28, 2016 Christine Stanke Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, United States February 23, 2017 Details
September 03, 2016 Christine Stanke Washington County, Wisconsin, United States February 23, 2017 Details
September 05, 2016 Christine Stanke Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, United States February 23, 2017 Details
September 15, 2016 Christine Stanke Washington County, Wisconsin, United States February 23, 2017 Details
February 12, 2017 Jeff Trahan Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, United States February 20, 2017 Details
February 12, 2017 the janitors kid Brevard County, Florida, United States February 15, 2017 Details
October 04, 2016 kkuecker26 Rock County, Wisconsin, United States February 09, 2017 Details
November 05, 2016 Austad19 Dakota County, Minnesota, United States February 02, 2017 Details
August 03, 2013 Christine Stanke Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States February 02, 2017 Details
August 03, 2013 Christine Stanke Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States February 02, 2017 Details
August 11, 2013 Christine Stanke Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States February 02, 2017 Details
August 26, 2013 Christine Stanke Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States February 02, 2017 Details
July 28, 2016 sh11 Ontario, Canada January 27, 2017 Details
July 29, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada January 16, 2017 Details
August 02, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada January 16, 2017 Details
August 10, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada January 16, 2017 Details
July 29, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada January 15, 2017 Details
August 18, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada January 15, 2017 Details
September 05, 2015 sh11 Ontario, Canada January 14, 2017 Details
September 24, 2016 Kzfisherman Lake County, Illinois, United States January 10, 2017 Details
March 28, 2016 J_Martineau Lee County, Florida, United States January 05, 2017 Details
March 14, 2016 JoseBonner San Bernardino County, California, United States December 28, 2016 Details
September 17, 2016 aarongunnar Dane County, Wisconsin, United States December 27, 2016 Details