Attributes of Papilio polyxenes

Black Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of wings mostly black; on inner edge of hindwing is a black spot centered in larger orange spot. Male has yellow band near edge of wings; female has row of yellow spots. Female hindwing with iridescent blue band. In the Southwest, yellow forms predominate in the subspecies P. coloro.
Wing Span: 3 1/4 - 4 1/4 inches (8 - 11 cm).
Life History: Males perch and patrol for receptive females. Female lays eggs singly on leaves and flowers of the host, which are then eaten by hatching larvae. Hibernates as a chrysalis.
Flight: One-2 flights from April-October in northern regions of range; 3 flights in southern regions.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of plants in the parsley family (Apiaceae) including Queen Anne's Lace, carrot, celery and dill. Sometimes plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae) are preferred.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers including red clover, milkweed, and thistles.
Habitat: A variety of open areas including fields, suburbs, marshes, deserts, and roadsides.
Range: Most of the eastern U.S., north into Quebec, west into s. Saskatchewan, Colorado and se. California; south to n. South America. Subspecies coloro in desert Southwest.
Conservation: Not usually of concern.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Maintain open fields in East.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio polyxenes

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The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

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Observation Datesort icon Submitter Region Verified Date
January 01, 1869 richardhsmith (Smith) New Haven County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
January 01, 1902 legacy.reporter (Walden) New Haven County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
January 01, 1912 legacy.reporter (Bower) Middlesex County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
January 01, 1919 legacy.reporter (unknown) New Haven County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
January 01, 1923 legacy.reporter (unknown) Tolland County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
January 01, 1931 legacy.reporter (unknown) Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
September 10, 1934 legacy.reporter (unknown) San Bernardino County, California, United States December 17, 2009 Details
June 08, 1935 legacy.reporter (John F. Emmel) San Bernardino County, California, United States January 07, 2010 Details
January 01, 1936 legacy.reporter (unknown) Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
January 01, 1938 legacy.reporter (Howes) Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
January 01, 1939 legacy.reporter (Starrett) Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
January 01, 1940 legacy.reporter (unknown) Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
January 01, 1943 legacy.reporter (Gaines) New Haven County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
January 01, 1944 legacy.reporter (Morton) New Haven County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
January 01, 1949 legacy.reporter (Pease) Hartford County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
January 01, 1949 legacy.reporter (Remington) New Haven County, Connecticut, United States May 01, 2011 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Warren County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Union County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Sussex County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Somerset County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Salem County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Passaic County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Ocean County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Morris County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Essex County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Hudson County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Cape May County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Camden County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Burlington County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Bergen County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Sullivan County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Coos County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Baldwin County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Cullman County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Houston County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Lee County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Macon County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Madison County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details