Attributes of Papilio cresphontes

Giant Swallowtail
Papilio cresphontes Cramer, 1777

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Forewing with diagonal band of yellow spots. Tails are edged with black and filled with yellow.
Wing Span: 4 - 6 1/4 inches (10.2 - 16 cm).
Life History: Males patrol for receptive females. Females lay single eggs on host leaves and twigs. Caterpillars resemble bird droppings and eat leaves and young shoots. Chrysalids hibernate.
Flight: Two in the north from May-September; all year in Florida and the Deep South.
Caterpillar Hosts: Trees and herbs of the citrus family (Rutaceae) including Citrus species, prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), hop tree (Ptelea trifoliata), and Common Rue (Ruta graveolens).
Adult Food: Nectar from lantana, azalea, bougainvilla, bouncing Bet, dame's rocket, goldenrod, Japanese honeysuckle, and swamp milkweed.
Habitat: Many locales including rocky and sandy hillsides near streams or gullies in the north; pine flats, towns, and citrus groves in the south.
Range: Throughout eastern North America west to the Rocky Mountains, south through the desert Southwest to South America. A rare stray to Quebec, North Dakota, and Bermuda.
Conservation: Not required in the United States.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Caterpillars ("orange dogs") are occasional pests of citrus.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Papilio cresphontes

Click on an image to view full size and to see additional details.
















Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropd.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropv.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrantSept8-07CarolAdams-cropv.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesIrwin.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesIrwin.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - GiantSwallowtail-Simons.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - GiantSwallowtail-Simons.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-cropl.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-cropl.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-crope.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-crope.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-cropegg.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontesKsGrant----03CarolAdams-cropegg.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontes2.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontes2.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontes.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontes.jpg
Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontes3.jpg

Papilio cresphontes - Papilio_cresphontes3.jpg




The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

How to use the map:
Click on the map and move your mouse to pan.
Zoom by using the plus [+] and minus [-] on the left side of the map.
To change which map layers are displayed, click on the plus sign [+] on the right side of the map and turn on/off the data layers and base layers.

*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

See more recently verified sightings of all species.

You don't have Javascript enabled. Hover for more information! But don't worry: you can still use this web site! You have two options:
  • enable Javascript in your browser and then refresh this page, for a much enhanced experience.
  • click the Update button every time you want to update the selection.
Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
September 23, 2016 Bdog San Diego County, California, United States September 27, 2016 Details
September 01, 2016 Bill Wright_Texas Texas, United States, Wilson County September 24, 2016 Details
July 07, 2016 Steve a Fowler Box Butte County, Nebraska, United States September 23, 2016 Details
September 22, 2016 Rymadee Hopkins County, Texas, United States September 23, 2016 Details
August 14, 2016 ben82288 Kent County, Michigan, United States September 21, 2016 Details
September 17, 2016 abwest Bexar County, Texas, United States September 19, 2016 Details
September 13, 2016 ezeemonee Santa Barbara County, California, United States September 13, 2016 Details
August 14, 2016 teshunka Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States September 10, 2016 Details
September 07, 2016 SaraJE Ontario, Canada September 08, 2016 Details
June 16, 2016 johngor Ontario, Canada September 05, 2016 Details
August 17, 2016 johngor Ontario, Canada September 04, 2016 Details
August 23, 2016 John LeBlanc Hillsborough County, Florida, United States August 29, 2016 Details
August 27, 2016 Bonnie Morrison Howard County, Texas, United States August 27, 2016 Details
July 22, 2016 aarongunnar Dunn County, Wisconsin, United States August 24, 2016 Details
July 19, 2016 Tommie Rogers Marion County, Tennessee, United States August 22, 2016 Details
August 08, 2016 cinnamongirli San Diego County, California, United States August 09, 2016 Details
August 03, 2016 Leslie Warren Mahoning County, Ohio, United States August 04, 2016 Details
August 04, 2016 holla for the environment Ontario, Canada August 04, 2016 Details
August 02, 2016 chaserchick Denton County, Texas, United States August 02, 2016 Details
August 01, 2016 TokenKipper Ontario, Canada August 01, 2016 Details
July 17, 2016 wjwky88 Estill County, Kentucky, United States August 01, 2016 Details
July 30, 2016 Geraldstar Los Angeles County, California, United States July 31, 2016 Details
July 09, 2016 eferrian Orange County, California, United States July 30, 2016 Details
July 28, 2016 davidboon Macomb County, Michigan, United States July 29, 2016 Details
July 25, 2016 jimard8 Madison County, Indiana, United States July 26, 2016 Details
July 26, 2016 Autumnsnow01 Broward County, Florida, United States July 26, 2016 Details
July 19, 2016 Jean S. Black Carroll County, Illinois, United States July 19, 2016 Details
July 17, 2016 PONYRCR Los Angeles County, California, United States July 18, 2016 Details
April 19, 2015 Emily Hjalmarson McCurtain County, Oklahoma, United States July 09, 2016 Details
May 31, 2016 holla for the environment Ontario, Canada July 05, 2016 Details
May 25, 2016 holla for the environment Ontario, Canada July 05, 2016 Details
May 16, 2016 Pierre Howard Murray County, Georgia, United States July 01, 2016 Details
June 28, 2016 mbrown65 Los Angeles County, California, United States June 30, 2016 Details
June 14, 2016 BeaLaporte Ontario, Canada June 30, 2016 Details
October 02, 2013 Snyder@rcrcd.org Riverside County, California, United States June 25, 2016 Details
April 05, 2016 ncrosbyrd McIntosh County, Georgia, United States June 11, 2016 Details
June 08, 2016 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States June 09, 2016 Details
June 03, 2016 heathersway Midland County, Michigan, United States June 03, 2016 Details
May 05, 2016 WendyLKB Kalamazoo County, Michigan, United States June 01, 2016 Details
May 26, 2016 Hglantz07 San Bernardino County, California, United States May 28, 2016 Details
May 22, 2016 PONYRCR Los Angeles County, California, United States May 24, 2016 Details
May 20, 2016 cosmic_cat Little River County, Arkansas, United States May 23, 2016 Details
May 16, 2016 ezeemonee Ventura County, California, United States May 17, 2016 Details
May 05, 2016 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States May 07, 2016 Details
November 04, 2015 ncrosbyrd Hidalgo County, Texas, United States April 06, 2016 Details
April 01, 2016 jbirdyhome Los Angeles County, California, United States April 03, 2016 Details
March 26, 2016 PDXMadeline Ventura County, California, United States March 28, 2016 Details
March 18, 2016 Sue Allie Lake County, Florida, United States March 18, 2016 Details
February 22, 2016 Jacksons1993 Sarasota County, Florida, United States February 25, 2016 Details
August 22, 2015 SkrentnyJeff Putnam County, Illinois, United States February 20, 2016 Details