Attributes of Limenitis arthemis

Red-spotted Purple or White Admiral
Limenitis arthemis (Drury, 1773)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Limenitidinae
Identification: These two very different forms had once been considered separate species. WHITE ADMIRAL: Upperside is black with broad white median bands on both wings; hindwing has a marginal row of blue dashes and a submarginal row of red dots. Underside is reddish-brown with white median bands as on the upperside. RED-SPOTTED PURPLE: Upperside is blue to blue-green with much iridescence on the outer part of the hindwing. Underside is dark brown. Forewing has 2 red-orange bars near the base of the leading edge; hindwing has 3 red-orange spots near the base and a submarginal row of red-orange spots. The two forms hybridize where their ranges overlap, creating various intermediate forms which may be found in or near the overlap zone.
Wing Span: 2 1/4 - 4 inches (5.7 - 10.1 cm).
Life History: Males perch 3 feet or more above the ground on trees and tall bushes and rarely patrol for females. Eggs are laid singly on tips of host plant leaves; caterpillars eat leaves. Third-stage caterpillars hibernate.
Flight: Two broods from April-October.
Caterpillar Hosts: Leaves of many species of trees and shrubs including wild cherry (Prunus), aspen, poplar, cottonwood (Populus), oaks (Quercus), hawthorn (Crataegus), deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum), birch (Betula), willows (Salix), basswood (Tilia), and shadbush (Amelanchier).
Adult Food: Sap flows, rotting fruit, carrion, dung, and occasionally nectar from small white flowers including spiraea, privet, and viburnum. White Admirals also sip aphid honeydew.
Habitat: The White Admiral form is usually found in the north in deciduous broad-leaf or mixed evergreen forests dominated by aspen or birch. The Red-Spotted Purple form is usually found further south than the White Admiral, in deciduous or mixed forests, moist uplands, valley bottoms, and coastal plains.
Range: Alaska and subarctic Canada southeast of the Rocky Mountains to central Texas; east to New England and central Florida. Isolated populations in Arizona, New Mexico, and west Texas south into Mexico. The White Admiral form usually occurs north of a line through north central New England, New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Minnesota. The Red-spotted Purple form is usually found south of this line. Much hybridization occurs where these forms meet. Comments: The Red-spotted Purple is a mimic of the poisonous Pipevine Swallowtail (Battus philenor).
Conservation: Not usually required.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: None reported.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Limenitis arthemis

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Limenitis arthemis - Limenitis_arthemis2.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

There are also three base layers: 1. Satellite    2. Normal   3. Hybrid

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Cape May County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Camden County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Burlington County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Warren County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Sussex County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Union County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Somerset County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Salem County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Passaic County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Bergen County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Ocean County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Morris County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Mercer County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Hudson County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Essex County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Coos County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Sullivan County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Alaska, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Montgomery County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Cullman County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Cleburne County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Calhoun County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Cherokee County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Clarke County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Jackson County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter DeKalb County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Hale County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Madison County, Alabama, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Newton County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Carroll County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Searcy County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Sevier County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Sharp County, Arkansas, United States December 31, 2004 Details