Attributes of Inachis io

European Peacock
Inachis io (Linnaeus, 1758)

Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Identification: Unmistakable. Chocolate brown above with blue peacock eye-spot on each wing. Below mottled brown-black like a tortoiseshell.
Wing Span: 2 - 2 ½ inches (5.1-6.4 cm).
Life History: Males perch to await females. After mating, females lay batches of eggs on leaves or stems of stinging nettle (Urtica). Larvae feed in late spring and early summer. Adults emerge in summer and overwinter until the following spring.
Flight: July-May.
Caterpillar Hosts: Stinging nettle.
Adult Food: Sap flows, rotting fruits, dung, and flower nectar including butterflybush, yellow composites, bramble, and thistles.
Habitat: Various woodlands and gardens.
Range: Temperate Eurasia. Rare stray or transport to North America.
Conservation: Not needed for rare vagrant.
Management Needs: None needed.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Inachis io

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Inachis io - Inachis_ioOpler.jpg

Inachis io - Inachis_ioOpler.jpg

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
May 10, 2014 Daryl Hutton Ontario, Canada June 04, 2014 Details
January 15, 2013 Lysette85 Cortland County, New York, United States April 23, 2013 Details
April 26, 1997 legacy.reporter (Louis Handfield) Quebec, Canada September 13, 2010 Details
September 08, 2003 legacy.reporter (Louis Handfield) Quebec, Canada September 13, 2010 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter New York County, New York, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Richmond County, New York, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Lane County, Oregon, United States December 31, 2004 Details