Attributes of Battus philenor

Pipevine Swallowtail
Battus philenor (Linnaeus, 1771)

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of hindwing iridescent blue or blue-green. Underside of hindwing with submarginal row of 7 round orange spots in iridescent blue field.
Wing Span: 2 3/4 - 5 inches (7 - 13 cm).
Life History: Adult males patrol likely habitat in search of receptive females. Females lay batches of eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars feed in small groups when young but become solitary when older. Wintering is by the chrysalis.
Flight: In the East and California, adults fly primarily in late spring (though as early as late February or March) and summer, but the butterfly is commoner in late summer and fall in the South and Southwest. Where lack of freezing temperatures permit, adults may fly continuously. In lowland tropical Mexico they may be found in any month.
Caterpillar Hosts: Pipevines (Aristolochia species), including Aristolochia californica, A. serpentaria and others.
Adult Food: Solely nectar from flowers including thistles (Cirsium species), bergamot, lilac, viper's bugloss, common azaleas, phlox, teasel, azaleas, dame's-rocket, lantana, petunias, verbenas, lupines, yellow star thistle, California buckeye, yerba santa, brodiaeas, and gilias.
Habitat: A wide variety of open habitats, open woodland, and woodland edges.
Range: Rare stray to Canada (s. Manitoba). Tropical lowlands south to southern Mexico.
Conservation: Normally not of high conservation concern, although states at northern limits have listed under state law. These listings are of dubious value where species is not a permanent resident.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Management of habitats to ensure survival of host plant colonies is the only possible concern.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Battus philenor

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Battus philenor - Battus_philenor-caterpillar-Lytle.jpg





The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
June 24, 2016 Neesy Tompkins Texas, Nueces County, United States June 26, 2016 Details
June 13, 2016 MAKI Shasta County, California, United States June 18, 2016 Details
June 11, 2016 Doug Bruce Carter County, Tennessee, United States June 17, 2016 Details
June 05, 2016 CA Ivy Crawford County, Arkansas, United States June 12, 2016 Details
May 21, 2016 philip.woodscc@gmail.com Texas, Kendall County, United States May 27, 2016 Details
May 14, 2016 D. Dodd Texas, United States, Val Verde County May 26, 2016 Details
May 17, 2016 Jls363 Sacramento County, California, United States May 23, 2016 Details
May 06, 2016 sas27397 Tazewell County, Virginia, United States May 11, 2016 Details
April 23, 2016 Emaleigh Virginia, United States, Washington County May 11, 2016 Details
April 13, 2016 Ftaylor1029 Texas, United States, Wilson County May 11, 2016 Details
April 07, 2016 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States April 27, 2016 Details
April 23, 2016 Doug Bruce Morgan County, Tennessee, United States April 26, 2016 Details
April 17, 2016 Doug Bruce Lincoln County, Tennessee, United States April 19, 2016 Details
April 02, 2016 ncrosbyrd Rockdale County, Georgia, United States April 16, 2016 Details
April 15, 2016 CA Ivy Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, United States April 16, 2016 Details
April 08, 2016 CA Ivy (Jon C. Ivy) Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States April 08, 2016 Details
November 06, 2015 ncrosbyrd Hidalgo County, Texas, United States April 06, 2016 Details
September 18, 2015 ChloeGaye13 Dona Ana County, New Mexico, United States April 01, 2016 Details
March 25, 2016 PDunwiddie Bexar County, Texas, United States March 28, 2016 Details
March 26, 2016 CA Ivy Cherokee County, Oklahoma, United States March 27, 2016 Details
February 19, 2016 ReneeL Texas, United States, Webb County February 24, 2016 Details
September 19, 2015 Cathy Miller Charleston County, South Carolina, United States November 29, 2015 Details
October 17, 2015 ButterBelle Blount County, Tennessee, United States October 19, 2015 Details
September 04, 2015 PDunwiddie Fulton County, Georgia, United States October 15, 2015 Details
October 09, 2015 Laurie Sheppard Grayson County, Texas, United States October 12, 2015 Details
October 04, 2015 E Munro Texas, Travis County, United States October 10, 2015 Details
October 06, 2015 Doug Bruce Tipton County, Tennessee, United States October 07, 2015 Details
September 16, 2015 dngoodtime Harris County, Texas, United States October 03, 2015 Details
September 29, 2014 nmhwilson Napa County, California, United States October 01, 2015 Details
March 30, 2015 wayne13114 Marion County, Florida, United States September 30, 2015 Details
July 31, 2015 Trailmaker Jefferson County, Ohio, United States September 13, 2015 Details
September 13, 2015 S. J. Stedman (Edmund K. LeGrand) Jackson County, Tennessee, United States September 13, 2015 Details
September 07, 2015 Judy Ross Hamilton County, Ohio, United States September 12, 2015 Details
September 06, 2015 Doug Bruce Stewart County, Tennessee, United States September 09, 2015 Details
September 07, 2015 stephen stedman Perry County, Tennessee, United States September 09, 2015 Details
August 29, 2015 cosmic_cat Texas, United States, Wood County September 06, 2015 Details
April 20, 2015 grayhairstreak Jeff Davis County, Texas, United States September 06, 2015 Details
September 02, 2015 gpstewart Texas, United States, Williamson County September 03, 2015 Details
August 30, 2015 ShelbyJW Burnet County, Texas, United States August 30, 2015 Details
September 22, 2014 mathgeek Jackson County, Illinois, United States August 27, 2015 Details
August 21, 2015 rconnorsphoto Humphreys County, Tennessee, United States August 25, 2015 Details
June 03, 2015 DebW Curry County, New Mexico, United States August 23, 2015 Details
August 12, 2015 John Wilson Socorro County, New Mexico, United States August 23, 2015 Details
August 22, 2015 cosmic_cat Harrison County, Texas, United States August 23, 2015 Details
August 14, 2015 Jonathan Clark Grant Parish, Louisiana, United States August 21, 2015 Details
August 16, 2015 Doug Bruce Overton County, Tennessee, United States August 21, 2015 Details
July 19, 2015 joseph92 Bedford County, Virginia, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 04, 2015 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 07, 2015 Ken Cheeks Burke County, Georgia, United States August 17, 2015 Details
August 16, 2015 Jonathan Clark Grant Parish, Louisiana, United States August 17, 2015 Details