Attributes of Battus philenor

Pipevine Swallowtail
Battus philenor (Linnaeus, 1771)

Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
Identification: Upper surface of hindwing iridescent blue or blue-green. Underside of hindwing with submarginal row of 7 round orange spots in iridescent blue field.
Wing Span: 2 3/4 - 5 inches (7 - 13 cm).
Life History: Adult males patrol likely habitat in search of receptive females. Females lay batches of eggs on underside of host plant leaves. Caterpillars feed in small groups when young but become solitary when older. Wintering is by the chrysalis.
Flight: In the East and California, adults fly primarily in late spring (though as early as late February or March) and summer, but the butterfly is commoner in late summer and fall in the South and Southwest. Where lack of freezing temperatures permit, adults may fly continuously. In lowland tropical Mexico they may be found in any month.
Caterpillar Hosts: Pipevines (Aristolochia species), including Aristolochia californica, A. serpentaria and others.
Adult Food: Solely nectar from flowers including thistles (Cirsium species), bergamot, lilac, viper's bugloss, common azaleas, phlox, teasel, azaleas, dame's-rocket, lantana, petunias, verbenas, lupines, yellow star thistle, California buckeye, yerba santa, brodiaeas, and gilias.
Habitat: A wide variety of open habitats, open woodland, and woodland edges.
Range: Rare stray to Canada (s. Manitoba). Tropical lowlands south to southern Mexico.
Conservation: Normally not of high conservation concern, although states at northern limits have listed under state law. These listings are of dubious value where species is not a permanent resident.
NCGR: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management Needs: Management of habitats to ensure survival of host plant colonies is the only possible concern.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Battus philenor

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Battus philenor - Battus_philenor-caterpillar-Lytle.jpg





The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
1. All records (yellow dots)   2. Recently verified records (orange dots)*   3. US county records (purple)

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*The orange dots on the map provide access to information about the 400 most recently verified sightings of this species. Sometimes, there are several records at the same location. Use the table view to access these records.

By default, the fifty most recently verified sightings are below. Sort by Observation Date to see the most recent sightings, or filter the sightings by region to get a regional list.

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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
April 15, 2017 breck7348 Solano County, California, United States April 16, 2017 Details
April 02, 2017 Doug Bruce Morgan County, Tennessee, United States April 14, 2017 Details
March 20, 2017 Jeff Trahan Winn Parish, Louisiana, United States April 14, 2017 Details
April 09, 2017 abwest Bexar County, Texas, United States April 11, 2017 Details
April 08, 2017 abwest Bexar County, Texas, United States April 11, 2017 Details
April 10, 2017 abwest Bexar County, Texas, United States April 11, 2017 Details
April 06, 2017 Nancee Cobb Bay County, Florida, United States April 09, 2017 Details
April 06, 2017 Jeff Trahan Red River Parish, Louisiana, United States April 09, 2017 Details
April 08, 2017 Anne Wills Putnam County, West Virginia, United States April 08, 2017 Details
March 25, 2017 rhedden Crosby County, Texas, United States April 06, 2017 Details
March 25, 2017 eboepple1913 Texas, United States March 27, 2017 Details
March 19, 2017 cosmic_cat Gregg County, Texas, United States March 22, 2017 Details
March 16, 2017 breck7348 Solano County, California, United States March 17, 2017 Details
March 10, 2017 cosmic_cat Texas, United States, Upshur County March 11, 2017 Details
March 04, 2017 Steve Krotzer Noxubee County, Mississippi, United States March 05, 2017 Details
March 04, 2017 Steve Krotzer Choctaw County, Mississippi, United States March 05, 2017 Details
March 04, 2017 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States March 04, 2017 Details
February 16, 2017 cobal2913 Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States February 22, 2017 Details
February 12, 2017 Jeff Trahan Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, United States February 20, 2017 Details
May 26, 2015 JoseBonner Texas, Kimble County, United States February 14, 2017 Details
August 31, 2016 Lepidopteron Contra Costa County, California, United States January 25, 2017 Details
June 18, 2016 Lepidopteron Contra Costa County, California, United States January 25, 2017 Details
October 15, 2016 vision_m Bosque County, Texas, United States January 16, 2017 Details
January 04, 2017 mellielong Hillsborough County, Florida, United States January 08, 2017 Details
November 02, 2016 CA Ivy Sebastian County, Arkansas, United States December 06, 2016 Details
October 07, 2016 cosmic_cat Gregg County, Texas, United States November 20, 2016 Details
November 15, 2016 Gerald Johnson Cameron County, Texas, United States November 16, 2016 Details
September 17, 2016 Doug Bruce Blount County, Tennessee, United States November 13, 2016 Details
November 04, 2016 Severino Carbone Sacramento County, California, United States November 09, 2016 Details
October 09, 2016 frogbandit Bernalillo County, New Mexico, United States November 01, 2016 Details
September 24, 2016 Doug Bruce Anderson County, Tennessee, United States October 31, 2016 Details
October 28, 2016 Jachan1 Texas, United States, Webb County October 29, 2016 Details
August 05, 2014 casselsc Montgomery County, Alabama, United States October 26, 2016 Details
October 13, 2016 dbruce Lee County, Mississippi, United States October 25, 2016 Details
October 16, 2016 ButterBelle Smith County, Tennessee, United States October 23, 2016 Details
October 04, 2016 lilkriskattn Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States October 08, 2016 Details
October 04, 2016 lilkriskattn Sequatchie County, Tennessee, United States October 08, 2016 Details
August 16, 2016 stomlins701 Cocke County, Tennessee, United States October 02, 2016 Details
September 16, 2016 stomlins701 Cocke County, Tennessee, United States October 02, 2016 Details
September 29, 2016 stomlins701 Elmore County, Alabama, United States October 02, 2016 Details
September 06, 2016 totonka Davidson County, Tennessee, United States September 26, 2016 Details
September 21, 2016 rmorgan Denton County, Texas, United States September 23, 2016 Details
September 03, 2016 Anne Wills Summers County, West Virginia, United States September 18, 2016 Details
September 04, 2016 Doug Bruce Obion County, Tennessee, United States September 12, 2016 Details
September 03, 2016 Doug Bruce Stewart County, Tennessee, United States September 05, 2016 Details
September 04, 2016 stephen stedman Macon County, Tennessee, United States September 05, 2016 Details
September 05, 2016 Hailee Rae De Witt County, Illinois, United States September 05, 2016 Details
August 31, 2016 GCSnelling Craighead County, Arkansas, United States August 31, 2016 Details
August 24, 2015 skayorton Cochise County, Arizona, United States August 19, 2016 Details
August 07, 2016 whitehubBFM Buncombe County, North Carolina, United States August 18, 2016 Details