Attributes of Apodemia virgulti

Behr's Metalmark
Apodemia virgulti (Behr, 1865)

Family: Riodinidae
Subfamily: Riodininae
Identification: Upperside red-brown to black, checkered with black and white spots. Brick-red patch on forewing [absent or nearly so in subspecies dialeucoides. Hindwing often has brick-red patch on hindwing. Underside gray with white spots; forewing with brick-red patch.
Wing Span: 3/4 - 15/16 inch (19 - 24 cm).
Life History: Males perch in hillside hollows to watch for females. Eggs are laid in groups of 2-4 on lower leaves of host plant, or singly on other parts of plant. Caterpillars rest during the day in shelters of leaves tied together with silk, emerging at night to feed. Young caterpillars feed on leaves, older caterpillars eat leaves and stems. Young caterpillars hibernate inside plant parts such as dried flower heads of Eriogonum fasciculatum.
Flight: March - Sept. (1-2 flights), all year in coastal San Diego County, Calif.
Caterpillar Hosts: Most often Fasciculate Buckwheat, but Wright\'s Buckwheat for subspecies dialeuca and dialeucoides.
Adult Food: Nectar from flowers of Eriogonum and other plants.
Habitat: Various arid lands
Range: Cen. Calif. south to cen. Baja Calif.
Conservation: Subspecies pratti (Emmel and Emmel), davenporti (Emmel, Emmel, and Pratt), nigrescens (Emmel and Emmel), mojavelimbus (Emmel, Emmel, and Pratt), arenaria (Emmel, Emmel, and Pratt), and dialeucoides (Emmel, Emmel, and Pratt) are known from relatively few populations in habitats that may be in the process of being invaded by aliens weeds, especially cheatgrass.
NCGR: G3,G4 - Very rare or local throughout its range or found locally in a restricted range OR Apparently secure globally, though it might be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery. All subspecies are of conservation concern.
Management Needs: Habitat restoration, cultivation of the host plant, and captive breeding of the butterfly may be necessary. Comment: Behr's Metalmark was formerly considered a subspecies of the Mormon Metalmark.
Taxonomy Notes:

Images of Apodemia virgulti

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Apodemia virgulti - apodvirg.jpg

Apodemia virgulti - apodvirg.jpg
Apodemia virgulti - a_virgu.jpg

Apodemia virgulti - a_virgu.jpg

The map below displays all BAMONA data for this species and has three different data layers:
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Observation Date Submitter Region Verified Datesort icon
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter San Bernardino County, California, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Riverside County, California, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter San Diego County, California, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Orange County, California, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Los Angeles County, California, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Ventura County, California, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Santa Barbara County, California, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter San Luis Obispo County, California, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Tulare County, California, United States December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter Baja California Norte, Mexico December 31, 2004 Details
January 01, 1950 legacy.reporter (many collectors) Kern County, California, United States January 07, 2008 Details
May 18, 2003 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Inyo County, California, United States January 07, 2008 Details
April 17, 2009 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Santa Barbara County, California, United States April 21, 2009 Details
April 26, 2009 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States May 18, 2009 Details
September 07, 2000 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) San Luis Obispo County, California, United States August 27, 2009 Details
June 01, 1993 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States August 28, 2009 Details
July 02, 1952 legacy.reporter (J. W. Tilden) Los Angeles County, California, United States October 15, 2009 Details
October 11, 2009 legacy.reporter (Dennis Walker) Riverside County, California, United States October 20, 2009 Details
May 02, 1959 legacy.reporter (Oakley Shields) San Diego County, California, United States October 21, 2009 Details
May 10, 1959 legacy.reporter (Oakley Shields) San Diego County, California, United States October 21, 2009 Details
May 26, 1968 legacy.reporter (John Lane) San Bernardino County, California, United States October 21, 2009 Details
April 22, 2000 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States October 21, 2009 Details
May 13, 2000 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States October 21, 2009 Details
April 16, 1981 legacy.reporter (William D. Patterson) Kern County, California, United States October 21, 2009 Details
April 27, 1982 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States October 21, 2009 Details
June 06, 1999 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
May 20, 2000 legacy.reporter (K. Davenport & J. Levy) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
May 27, 2000 legacy.reporter (K. Davenport & J. Pasko) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
September 26, 2000 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
October 28, 2000 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
November 06, 2002 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
July 02, 2005 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
August 22, 2003 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
October 14, 2000 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
June 02, 2002 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
October 30, 2002 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
September 06, 1992 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
September 12, 1992 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
June 01, 1993 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
May 31, 2002 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
June 01, 1962 legacy.reporter (Weldon Kirk) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
May 31, 2002 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
May 20, 2001 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
May 30, 2001 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
May 22, 2002 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
October 14, 2002 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
May 20, 2001 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
September 03, 1976 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
August 31, 1979 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details
September 10, 1979 Ken Davenport (Ken Davenport) Kern County, California, United States December 08, 2009 Details